Suva Reka

Last updated
Suharëke

  • Suharekë / Suhareka  (Albanian)
    Suhareka or Suharekë,
    Сува Река or Suva Reka  (Serbian)
Komuna e Suharekës
PrizrenCollection2 2010 100 3145.JPG
Suva Reka
Stema e Komunes Suhareke.svg
Seal
Suhareke - Suvareka.png
Location of the municipality of Suva Reka within Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°22′48″N20°49′19″E / 42.38000°N 20.82194°E / 42.38000; 20.82194 Coordinates: 42°22′48″N20°49′19″E / 42.38000°N 20.82194°E / 42.38000; 20.82194
LocationFlag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo [lower-alpha 1]
District Prizren
Government
  MayorBali Muharremaj (AAK)
  Municipal361 km2 (139 sq mi)
Elevation
389 m (1,276 ft)
Population
 (2011)
  Urban
10,422
  Municipal
59,722
  Municipal density170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
23000
Area code(s) +383 29
Car plates 04
Climate Cfb
Website kk.rks-gov.net/suhareke

Suva Reka (Serbian Cyrillic : Сува Река, Albanian : Suharekë, also known as Suhareka or Theranda) is a town and municipality located in the Prizren district of central-southern Kosovo. [lower-alpha 1] According to the 2011 census, the town has 10,422 inhabitants, while the municipality has 59,722 inhabitants.

Contents

Suhareka is located 18 km (11 mi) from the city of Prizren, and 57 km (35 mi) from Kosovo's capital, Prishtina.

Name

Suva Reka means "dry river" in Serbian.[ citation needed ] The Albanian spellings are Suharekë [1] or Suhareka (derived from the Slavic form), while an alternative [2] name was recently created by the Albanological Institute, [3] Therandë, [4] adopted from an unlocated Roman site (possibly in Suva Reka or Ljubižda in the Miruša valley [5] ). [6]

History

Historical background

The municipality includes several medieval Serbian sites and old settlements, such as the villages of Banja, Dulje, Mušutište, Popovljane, Rečane, and churches of Virgin Hodegetria, St. George, Holy Trinity, St. Nicholas, among others. The settlement of Suva Reka itself was first mentioned in 1465.

Yugoslav period

From 1929 to 1941, Suva Reka was a village part of the Vardar Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Between 1918 and 1941 the demographic structure of the municipality of Suva Reka has been affected by settlements and colonization such as the Serbian colonization and population settlement, for the most part from the Toplica District. [7]

On the night of 9–10 June 1984, ethnic Albanians desecrated 29 tombstones of the Church of the Holy Saviour. [8] [9]

Kosovo War and aftermath

During the Kosovo War (1998–99), the Yugoslav army operated in the region and it was reported that it had killed and wounded many Albanian civilians. According to the Suva Reka office of the Council for the Defense of Human Rights and Freedoms, 430 people were killed in the municipality and 67 people were missing as of late August 1999.

The Suhareka massacre conducted on 26 March 1999 committed by Serbian police officers resulted in 48 victims, fourteen of which were under 15 years old. 46 members of the victims were part of the Berisha family who were targeted because they had rented one of their homes to the OSCE observers in Suva Reke/Suharekë, who provided a sense of security to the local Albanians but withdrew from the area when NATO bombing began. After the slight withdrawal of the OSCE, incidences of abuse increased around late March, specifically with the beating and the harassment of ethnic Albanians residents by the Serbian police. Consequently, tensions soon increased after at least seven ethnic Albanians were killed by police or disappeared in unclear circumstances.

According to the OSCE, killings of smaller numbers of people also took place in the following villages: Bukos (Bukosh), Budakovo (Budakove), Vranic (Vraniq), Geljance (Gelanc), Sopina (Sopine), Mus-utiste (Mushtishte), and Lesane (Leshane).

After the war, Serbian heritage was destroyed all over Kosovo. The churches (including cemeteries) of Virgin Hodegetria, St. George, Holy Trinity, St. Nicholas and others were completely destroyed in 1999 after the arrival of KFOR and the end of the war. [10]

NATO set up a military base in the municipality, Camp Casablanca.

Culture

Demographics

Municipal historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194827,044    
195330,184+2.22%
196134,729+1.77%
197145,316+2.70%
198159,434+2.75%
199172,229+1.97%
201159,722−0.95%
2016
est.
59,681−0.01%
Source: Division of Kosovo

According to the 2011 census done by the Government of Kosovo, the municipality of Suhareka had 59,722 inhabitants of which 98.9% were Kosovo Albanians. [11] According to OSCE, the whereabouts of the displaced Serb and Roma communities is unknown. [11]

Twin towns – Sister cities

Suva Reka is twinned with:

Notes and references

Notes
  1. 1 2 Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently (this note self-updates) recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 113 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.
References
  1. "Suhareke". kk.rks-gov.net. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  2. Robert Elsie (15 November 2010). Historical Dictionary of Kosovo. Scarecrow Press. pp. 298–. ISBN   978-0-8108-7483-1.
  3. Saskia Drude (2008). Hundert Wochen Kosovo: Alltag in einem unfertigen Land. Karin Fischer Verlag. pp. 99–. ISBN   978-3-89514-836-1.
  4. Elsie,R. (2010-11-15). Historical Dictionary of Kosovo. p. 268. ISBN   9780810874831.
  5. Arheološko blago Kosova i Metohije: Text. Srpska Akademija nauka i umetnosti. 1998. p. 286.
  6. Andreas Wittkowsky (2011). Grand Hotel Kosovo: Schlaglichter einer europäischen Staatsbildung (in German). LIT Verlag Münster. pp. 69–. ISBN   978-3-643-11425-9.
  7. "Kolonizimi serb i Kosovës" (in Albanian). 9 Jan 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-01-09..
  8. Православље (429). 1 February 1985 https://web.archive.org/web/20111127072556/http://svetosavlje.org/biblioteka/Zitija/OdKosovaDoJadovna/OdKosovaDoJadovna07.htm. Archived from the original on 27 November 2011.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. Antonije Isaković (1990). "Kosovsko-metohijski zbornik". SANU: 84.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. Влада Републике Србије за Косово и Метохију. "Уништена и оштећена културна добра на Косову и Метохији у периоду од 1999. до 2004. године" (PDF).Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  11. 1 2 http://www.osce.org/kosovo/13131?download=true
  12. "Komuna Suhareke - Suhareka & Fellbach". kk.rks-gov.net. Retrieved 2017-01-31.
  13. "Lilburn Becomes a 'Sister City' With Kosovo Town". patch.com. 16 July 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2018.

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