Suvorov Square (Saint Petersburg)

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View of Suvorov Square by night from the Field of Mars Marsovo pole, Suvorovskaia ploshchad', Troitskii most, Dvortsovaia naberezhnaia.jpg
View of Suvorov Square by night from the Field of Mars

Suvorov Square (Russian :Суворовская площадь, tr. Suvorovskaya Ploshchad) is a city square in Tsentralny District, Saint Petersburg. It is located between Palace Embankment and the junction of the embankment of the Swan Canal and Millionnaya Street, at the southern end of the Trinity Bridge and the northern end of the Field of Mars. [1] It is bordered to the east by the Saltykov Mansion and to the west by the service wing of the Marble Palace. [1]

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

Romanization of Russian Romanization of the Russian alphabet

Romanization of Russian is the process of transliterating the Russian language from the Cyrillic script into the Latin script.

Tsentralny District, Saint Petersburg District in federal city of St. Petersburg, Russia

Tsentralny District is a district of the federal city of St. Petersburg, Russia. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 214,625; down from 236,856 recorded in the 2002 Census.

Contents

Location

Construction on the left bank of the Neva began in the early years of the city's foundation. The riverbank was strengthened with wooden embankments, and from the early 1760s, by stone ones. The embankment was rebuilt between the Summer Garden and the Winter Palace in the 1770s and the river frontage became a popular site for the palaces and townhouses of the wealthy and powerful. [2] One plot, now occupied by the Saltykov Mansion, passed through a number of owners, before being gifted to Count Nikolai Saltykov by Empress Catherine the Great. [2]

Summer Garden park

The Summer Garden occupies an island between the Fontanka, Moika, and the Swan Canal in Saint Petersburg, Russia and shares its name with the adjacent Summer Palace of Peter the Great.

Winter Palace historic building in St. Petersburg, Russia

The Winter Palace was the official residence of the Russian Emperors from 1732 to 1917. Today, the palace and its precincts form the Hermitage Museum. Situated between Palace Embankment and Palace Square, in Saint Petersburg, adjacent to the site of Peter the Great's original Winter Palace, the present and fourth Winter Palace was built and altered almost continuously between the late 1730s and 1837, when it was severely damaged by fire and immediately rebuilt. The storming of the palace in 1917, as depicted in Soviet paintings and Sergei Eisenstein's 1927 film October, became an iconic symbol of the Russian Revolution.

Nikolai Saltykov Field Marshal of Russia

Count, then Prince Nikolay Ivanovich Saltykov, a member of the Saltykov noble family, was a Russian Field Marshal and imperial courtier best known as the tutor of the eventual Tsar Paul I of Russia and his two sons, Constantine and Alexander.

Development

Suvorov Square at some point between 1903 and 1917 Suvorov Square.jpg
Suvorov Square at some point between 1903 and 1917

By the late eighteenth century the plot of land to the west of the Saltykov Mansion was owned by Alexander Vorontsov. Vorontsov passed on the land and it became a garden for the Saltykov Mansion, stretching between the mansion and the Marble Palace, and separating the Tsaritsa Meadow from the bank of the Neva. [3] In 1818 the garden was bought by the treasury and redeveloped into a square to the designs of architect Carlo Rossi. [3] Mikhail Kozlovsky's monument to Alexander Suvorov was moved to the centre of the new square, and from 1823 it became known as Suvorov Square. [3] Rossi reworked the facade of the Saltykov Mansion facing the square, adding new window openings to the previously blank walls, and creating a porch entrance onto the square. [2] He also continued Sadovaya Street alongside the Field of Mars, connecting it with Millionnaya Street at the square. [2] From 1824 a pontoon bridge across the Neva linked Suvorov Square with Trinity Square  [ ru ], becoming known as Trinity Bridge. [3] The pontoon design was replaced by a permenant structure in 1903. During the winters from 1895 to 1910 a tramway was laid across the ice  [ ru ] of the Neva from the square towards the Vyborg side  [ ru ] of the river, and later to the Petersburg side  [ ru ]. [1]

Alexander Vorontsov 18th/19th-century Russian Imperial chancellor

Count Alexander Romanovich Vorontsov was the Chancellor of the Russian Empire during the early years of Alexander I's reign.

Field of Mars (Saint Petersburg) square in Saint Petersburg, Russia

The Field of Mars or Marsovo Polye is a large park named for the Campus Martius in Ancient Rome, situated in the center of Saint Petersburg, with an area of nearly 9 hectares. Bordering the Field of Mars to the north are the Marble (Mramorny) Palace, Suvorov Square and Betskoi's and Saltykov's houses. To the west are the Barracks of the Pavlovsky Regiment. The Moyka River forms the boundary to the south.

Carlo Rossi (architect) Italian-born Russian architect

Carlo di Giovanni Rossi was an Italian architect who worked in Imperial Russia. He was the author of many classical buildings and architectural ensembles in Saint Petersburg and its environments.

The square today is crossed by the access roads for the Trinity Bridge, and those connecting from Swan Canal embankment and Millionnaya Streets to the Palace Embankment. The Suvorov Monument is on a traffic island at the centre of the square. [1]

Traffic island

A traffic island is a solid or painted object in a road that channels traffic. It can also be a narrow strip of island between roads that intersect at an acute angle. If the island uses road markings only, without raised kerbs or other physical obstructions, it is called a painted island or ghost island. Traffic islands can be used to reduce the speed of cars driving through, or to provide a central refuge to pedestrians crossing the road.

Related Research Articles

Neva River river in Russia connecting Lake Ladoga and the Baltic Sea

The Neva is a river in northwestern Russia flowing from Lake Ladoga through the western part of Leningrad Oblast to the Neva Bay of the Gulf of Finland. Despite its modest length of 74 kilometres (46 mi), it is the fourth largest river in Europe in terms of average discharge.

Fontanka River left branch of the river Neva in Saint Petersburg, Russia

The Fontanka, a left branch of the river Neva, flows through the whole of Central Saint Petersburg, Russia - from the Summer Garden to Gutuyevsky Island. It is 6.7 kilometres (4.2 mi) long; its width is up to 70 metres (230 ft), and its depth is up to 3.5 metres (11 ft). The Moyka River forms a branch of the Fontanka. The Fontanka Embankment is lined with the former private residences of Russian nobility.

Palace Embankment thoroughfare in Saint Petersburg, Russia

The Palace Embankment or Palace Quay is a street along the Neva River in Central Saint Petersburg which contains the complex of the Hermitage Museum buildings, the Hermitage Theatre, the Marble Palace, the Vladimir Palace, the New Michael Palace, the Saltykov Mansion and the Summer Garden.

Trinity Bridge, Saint Petersburg bridge over Neva river in Saint Petersburg, Russia

Trinity Bridge is a bascule bridge across the Neva in Saint Petersburg, Russia. It connects Kamennoostrovsky Prospect with Suvorov Square. It was the third permanent bridge across the Neva, built between 1897 and 1903 by the French firm Société de Construction des Batignolles. It is 582 meters (1,909 ft) long and 23.6 meters (77 ft) wide.

Kolomna Municipal Okrug municipal okrug of Saint Petersburg

Kolomna Municipal Okrug is a municipal okrug of Admiralteysky District of the federal city of St. Petersburg, Russia. Population: 39,164 (2010 Census); 37,642 (2002 Census).

The appearance of St. Petersburg includes long, straight boulevards, vast spaces, gardens and parks, decorative wrought-iron fences, monuments and decorative sculptures. The Neva River itself, together with its many canals and their granite embankments and bridges help to give the city its particular ambience.

Winter Canal

Winter Canal is a canal in Saint Petersburg, Russia, connecting Bolshaya Neva with Moika River in the vicinity of Winter Palace.

The Vorontsov Palace is a Baroque palace compound which occupies a large parcel of land located between Sadovaya Street and the Fontanka River in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Leningrad Hero City Obelisk

Leningrad Hero City Obelisk is a monument in the shape of an obelisk located in Vosstaniya Square in Saint Petersburg, Russia, which was known as Leningrad from 1924 to 1991. It was installed on Victory Day of May 1985 to commemorate the fortieth anniversary of the Red Army's victory in the German-Soviet War. The monument was designed by architects Vladimir Lukyanov and A. I. Alymov.

The Neva embankment refer to various embankments along the Neva River in Saint Petersburg, Russia:

Saltykov Mansion

The Saltykov Mansion is a Neoclassical palace at the crossing of the Palace Embankment and Millionnaya Street in Saint Petersburg, Russia. It was designed by Giacomo Quarenghi in the 1780s. Several months before her death, Catherine the Great presented the palace to Prince Nikolai Saltykov, the tutor of her grandsons.

Muzhestva Square

Ploschad Muzhestva is an open public square, shaped as a roundabout, in the north-east of Saint Petersburg, Russia. Its name and decoration commemorate the fortitude city dwellers demonstrated during the nearly 900-day-long 1941–44 Nazi Germany Siege of Leningrad as the square opens the way to the biggest burial place of the siege victims Piskaryovskoye Memorial Cemetery.

Prospekt Nepokoryonnykh

Prospekt Nepokoryonnykh is a street in the northeast of Saint Petersburg, Russia, in Kalininsky District of the city.

Outline of Saint Petersburg Overview of and topical guide to Saint Petersburg

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Saint Petersburg:

Suvorov Monument (Saint Petersburg) Monument in Saint Petersburg

The Suvorov Monument is a bronze sculpture of Generalissimo Alexander Suvorov located in Saint Petersburg. It is at the centre of Suvorov Square, opposite the Field of Mars and the Trinity Bridge, and between the Marble Palace and the Saltykov Mansion.

Suvorov Square (Moscow)

Suvorov Square is a city square in Moscow, Russia. Specifically, it is located in the Meshchansky District of the Central Administrative Okrug of Moscow. Durov Street, Oktyabrskaya Street and Soviet Army Street are among the many streets that overlook the square.

Swan Canal Canal in Saint Petersburg

The Swan Canal is a waterway located in Saint Petersburg. Dating from the early years of the foundation of the city, it connects the Moyka and Neva Rivers.

Red Canal Former canal in Saint Petersburg

Red Canal was an eighteenth-century waterway in Saint Petersburg. Built between 1711 and 1719, it was part of a series of canals dug to improve the drainage of the marshy areas of the city. The canal was one of two connecting the Moyka River and the Neva River in the area of what is now the Field of Mars. Opened in the presence of Peter the Great and Tsarina Catherine in 1719, the canal became a popular site for the nobility to construct large townhouses. By the 1770s the canal was no longer required for its original purpose, and with the expansion of buildings across the Neva embankment, the canal was filled in. A stone bridge built over the canal in 1768 was transferred to the Winter Canal, and survives today as the First Winter Bridge.

First Winter Bridge Bridge in Saint Petersburg

First Winter Bridge is a single-span stone bridge in Saint Petersburg, carrying Millionnaya Street across the Winter Canal. The current bridge was orginally built in 1768 to cross a different watercourse, and was rebuilt and opened in its present location in 1784.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Veksler, Arkadiy (2017). 22 площади Санкт-Петербурга. Увлекательная экскурсия по Северной столице (in Russian). Litres. ISBN   9785457240377.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Ансамбль Суворовской площади" (in Russian). 100 великих достопримечательностей Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Суворовская площадь". dvorspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 29 May 2019.

Coordinates: 59°56′45″N30°19′47″E / 59.94583°N 30.32972°E / 59.94583; 30.32972

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.