Suwon

Last updated
Suwon

수원시
Korean transcription(s)
   Hangul
   Hanja
  Revised RomanizationSuwon-si
  McCune–ReischauerSuwŏn-si
Hwaseong Third North Secret Gate and Dongbuk Gangnu - 2009-03-01.JPG
Hwaseong Fortress and the skyline of Suwon
Happy Suwon.png
Flag
Symbol of Suwon.svg
Emblem of Suwon
Gyeonggi-Suwon.svg
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 37°16′N127°01′E / 37.267°N 127.017°E / 37.267; 127.017 Coordinates: 37°16′N127°01′E / 37.267°N 127.017°E / 37.267; 127.017
CountryFlag of South Korea.svg  South Korea
Region Sudogwon
Administrative divisions 4 gu, 43 dong
Government
  Type Mayor-Council
  MayorYeom Tae-Young ( Democratic )
  CouncilSuwon City Council
  Members of the Gyeonggi Provincial Council
  Members of the National Assembly
Area
  Total121.04 km2 (46.73 sq mi)
Population
(January 31, 2019 [1] )
  Total1,241,311
  Density10,255.4/km2 (26,561/sq mi)
  Dialect
Gyeonggi
Flower Azalea
Tree Pine
Bird White heron
Website Suwon

Suwon [lower-alpha 1] (Hangul : 수원; Hanja : 水原, Korean pronunciation:  [su.wʌn] ) is the capital and largest metropolis of Gyeonggi-do, South Korea's most populous province which surrounds Seoul, the national capital. Suwon lies about 30 kilometres (19 miles) south of Seoul. It is traditionally known as "The City of Filial Piety". With a population close to 1.2 million, it is larger than Ulsan, although it is not governed as a metropolitan city.

Hangul Native alphabet of the Korean language

The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul, has been used to write the Korean language since its creation in the 15th century by King Sejong the Great. It may also be written as Hangeul following the standard Romanization.

Hanja Korean language characters of Chinese origin

Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. More specifically, it refers to those Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the Korean language with Korean pronunciation. Hanja-mal or Hanja-eo refers to words that can be written with Hanja, and hanmun refers to Classical Chinese writing, although "Hanja" is sometimes used loosely to encompass these other concepts. Because Hanja never underwent major reform, they are almost entirely identical to traditional Chinese and kyūjitai characters, though the stroke orders for some characters are slightly different. For example, the characters and are written as 敎 and 硏. Only a small number of Hanja characters are modified or unique to Korean. By contrast, many of the Chinese characters currently in use in Japan and Mainland China have been simplified, and contain fewer strokes than the corresponding Hanja characters.

South Korea Republic in East Asia

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying to the east of the Asian mainland. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great. South Korea lies in the north temperate zone and has a predominantly mountainous terrain. It comprises an estimated 51.4 million residents distributed over 100,363 km2 (38,750 sq mi). Its capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of around 10 million.

Contents

Suwon has existed in various forms throughout Korea's history, growing from a small settlement to become a major industrial and cultural center. It is the only remaining completely walled city in South Korea. The city walls are one of the more popular tourist destinations in Gyeonggi Province. Samsung Electronics R&D center and headquarters are in Suwon. The city is served by two motorways, the national railway network, and the Seoul Metropolitan Subway. Suwon is a major educational center, home to 11 universities. [3]

History of Korea Wikimedia history article

The Lower Paleolithic era in the Korean Peninsula and Manchuria began roughly half a million years ago. The earliest known Korean pottery dates to around 8000 BCE, and the Neolithic period began after 6000 BCE, followed by the Bronze Age by 2000 BCE, and the Iron Age around 700 BCE.

Samsung Electronics South Korean multinational electronics company

Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. is a South Korean multinational electronics company headquartered in Suwon, South Korea. Due to some circular ownership, it is the flagship company of the Samsung chaebol, accounting for 70% of the group's revenue in 2012. Samsung Electronics has assembly plants and sales networks in 80 countries and employs around 308,745 people. It is the world's largest manufacturer of consumer electronics and semiconductors by revenue. As of June 2018, Samsung Electronics' market cap stood at US$325.9 billion.

Seoul Metropolitan Subway Rapid-transit rail system in Seoul, South Korea

The Seoul Metropolitan Subway is a metropolitan railway system consisting of 22 rapid transit, light metro, commuter rail and people mover lines located in northwest South Korea. The system serves most of the Seoul Metropolitan Area including the Incheon metropolis and satellite cities in Gyeonggi province. Some regional lines in the network stretch out to rural areas in northern Chungnam province and western Gangwon province that lie over 100 km away from the capital as well as Suwon.

Suwon is home to football club Suwon Samsung Bluewings, which have won the K League on four occasions [4] and AFC Champions League twice. The KT Wiz of the Korea Baseball Organization also plays in Suwon.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Suwon Samsung Bluewings professional association football club based in Suwon, South Korea

Suwon Samsung Bluewings is a South Korean football club based in Suwon, South Korea, that plays in the K League 1. Founded in December 1995, they have become one of Asian football's most famous clubs with a host of domestic and continental honours. Suwon have won the championship on four occasions, in 1998, 1999, 2004 and 2008.

K League association football league

K League is South Korea's professional association football league including the first division K League 1 and the second division K League 2.

History

In ancient tribal times, Suwon was known as Mosu-guk (Hangul : 모수국). During the Three Kingdoms era, however, the area comprising modern Suwon and Hwaseong City was called Maehol-gun (매홀군).

Three Kingdoms of Korea Period of Korean history, where three kingdoms (Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla) coexisted on the Korean peninsula

The concept of the Three Kingdoms of Korea refers to the three kingdoms of Baekje, Silla and Goguryeo. Goguryeo was later known as Goryeo, from which the modern name Korea is derived. The Three Kingdoms period was defined as being from 57 BC to 668 AD.

In 757, under King Gyeongdeok of the Unified Silla, the name was changed to Suseong-gun (수성군). In 940 during the Goryeo dynasty changed again in to Suju (수주). King Taejong of the Joseon dynasty renamed the city to Suwon in 1413. [5]

Gyeongdeok of Silla was the 35th ruler who reigned from 742 to 765 over the kingdom of Silla. He is perhaps best known today for his efforts to encourage Buddhism.

Goryeo Korean dynasty

Goryeo was a Korean kingdom founded in 918, during a time of national division called the Later Three Kingdoms period, that unified and ruled the Korean Peninsula until 1392. Goryeo achieved what has been called a "true national unification" by Korean historians as it not only unified the Later Three Kingdoms but also incorporated much of the ruling class of the northern kingdom of Balhae, who had origins in Goguryeo of the earlier Three Kingdoms of Korea. The name "Korea" is derived from the name of Goryeo, also spelled Koryŏ, which was first used in the early 5th century by Goguryeo.

Taejong of Joseon 3rd King of Joseon Dynasty in Korea

Taejong of Joseon was the third king of the Joseon dynasty in Korea and the father of King Sejong the Great.

In 1592, during the Imjin wars, Commander Yi Kwang attempted to launch his army toward the capital city, Seoul (at the time called Hanseong). [6] The army was withdrawn, however, after news that the city had already been sacked reached the commander. [6] As the army grew in size to 50,000 men with the accumulation of several volunteer forces, Yi Kwang and the irregular commanders reconsidered their aim to reclaim the capital, and led the combined forces north to Suwon. [6] [7]

Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–1598) Japanese invasions of Korea in the 1590s

The Japanese invasions of Korea comprised two separate yet linked operations: an initial invasion in 1592, a brief truce in 1596, and a second invasion in 1597. The conflict ended in 1598 with the withdrawal of the Japanese forces from the Korean Peninsula after a military stalemate in Korea's southern coastal provinces.

Construction of Hwaseong

Later, during the Joseon Dynasty, King Jeongjo made an ultimately unsuccessful attempt to make Suwon the nation's capital in 1796. Part of this project was the construction of Hwaseong Fortress, a fortified wall running around the entire city partially intended to guard the tomb of his father, Prince Sado, which he had located there. [8]

The walls were one of Korea's first examples of paid labour, (corvée labour being common previously). The walls still exist today, though they (together with the fortress) were damaged severely during the Korean War.

Hwaseong originally was constructed under the guidance of philosopher Jeong Yag-yong. Shortly after the death of King Jeongjo (1800), a white paper detailing the construction of the fortress was published. This proved invaluable during its reconstruction in the 1970s.

The fortress walls once encircled the entire city, but modern urban growth has seen the city spread out far beyond the fortress. The walls are now a designated UNESCO World Heritage site, [8] and often are used in materials promoting the city.

Korean War

North Korean T-34-85 caught on a bridge south of Suwon by US attack aircraft in the Korean War Wrecked North Korean tank on bridge south of Suwon HD-SN-99-03158.JPEG
North Korean T-34-85 caught on a bridge south of Suwon by US attack aircraft in the Korean War

The Korean War greatly affected Suwon, as the city changed hands four times. Very shortly after the outbreak of war, the 49th Fighter Wing of the United States Air Force was dispatched to Korea from Japan. Its first task was to evacuate civilians from Suwon and Gimpo, but Suwon soon fell to the advancing North Koreans. Shortly before the Battle of Osan, the first conflict between United States and North Korean forces, on July 4, 1950, defenses were erected on the road between Suwon and nearby Osan (then still under Southern command). The next day, Northern troops advanced south. In the 3½-hour battle which followed, 150 American and 42 North Korean soldiers were killed and the United States troops were forced to retreat. The North Korean advance southwards to take Osan was delayed by an estimated seven hours. [9] [10]

On December 16, 1950, the Greek Expeditionary Force relocated to Suwon, attached to the US 1st Cavalry Division. From November 6, 1951, the United States Air Force's top fighter pilot Gabby Gabreski was in charge of K-13 Air Base in Suwon. By the end of the war, Suwon was in South Korea. A memorial to the French military stands in Jangan-gu, near the Yeongdong Expressway's North Suwon exit.

Recent history

Geography

Flags on Hwaseong. Flags on Hwaseong.JPG
Flags on Hwaseong.

Suwon lies in the north of the Gyeonggi plain, just south of South Korea's capital, Seoul. It is bordered by Uiwang to the north-west, Yongin to the east, the city of Hwaseong to the south-west, and also shares a short border with Ansan to the west.

There are a few hills around Suwon. The highest of these is Gwanggyosan to the north, on the border with Yongin, though those to the east are more numerous. Gwanggyosan is 582 metres (1,909 ft) above sea level. [11]

Most of the streams passing through Suwon originate on Gwanggyosan or other nearby peaks. Since Suwon is bounded to the east by other hills, the streams, chiefly the Suwoncheon (and one notable tributary being the Jungbocheon), flow southwards through the city, eventually emptying into the Yellow Sea at Asan Bay. The entirety of Suwon is drained in this manner.

As is true of all the South Korean mainland, there are no natural lakes in Suwon. There are, however, many small reservoirs, namely Seoho (서호) near Hwaseo Station, Ilwon Reservoir (일원 저수지) near Sungkyunkwan University, Bambat Reservoir (밤밭 저수지) near Sungkyunkwan University Station, Ilwang Reservoir (일왕 저수지) in Manseok Park, Pajang Reservoir (파장 저수지) near the North Suwon exit of the Yeongdong Expressway, Gwanggyo Reservoir (광교 저수지) at the foot of Gwanggyosan, Woncheon and Sindae Reservoirs (원천 저수지 & 신대 저수지) near Ajou University (아주대학교), Geumgok Reservoir (금곡 저수지), a small reservoir at the foot of Chilbosan, and the larger Wangsong Reservoir (왕송 저수지), located mainly in the city of Uiwang, but its dam located in Suwon.

At the closest point, being the Chilbosan ridge (239m) [12] to the west on the border with Ansan, Suwon lies 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from the Yellow Sea coast.

Climate

Climate data for Suwon (1981–2010, extremes 1964–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)15.3
(59.5)
19.3
(66.7)
25.0
(77.0)
30.5
(86.9)
33.2
(91.8)
33.9
(93.0)
37.5
(99.5)
39.3
(102.7)
33.7
(92.7)
29.0
(84.2)
25.8
(78.4)
17.8
(64.0)
39.3
(102.7)
Average high °C (°F)2.1
(35.8)
5.0
(41.0)
10.6
(51.1)
17.9
(64.2)
23.0
(73.4)
26.8
(80.2)
28.8
(83.8)
29.8
(85.6)
25.9
(78.6)
20.0
(68.0)
12.0
(53.6)
5.0
(41.0)
17.2
(63.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)−2.9
(26.8)
−0.3
(31.5)
5.0
(41.0)
11.6
(52.9)
17.2
(63.0)
21.7
(71.1)
24.8
(76.6)
25.6
(78.1)
20.8
(69.4)
14.0
(57.2)
6.6
(43.9)
0.0
(32.0)
12.0
(53.6)
Average low °C (°F)−7.4
(18.7)
−5.0
(23.0)
0.0
(32.0)
5.9
(42.6)
12.0
(53.6)
17.4
(63.3)
21.7
(71.1)
22.1
(71.8)
16.4
(61.5)
8.8
(47.8)
1.8
(35.2)
−4.4
(24.1)
7.5
(45.5)
Record low °C (°F)−24.8
(−12.6)
−25.8
(−14.4)
−11.3
(11.7)
−4.7
(23.5)
2.3
(36.1)
7.8
(46.0)
13.2
(55.8)
13.0
(55.4)
3.6
(38.5)
−3.6
(25.5)
−12.6
(9.3)
−24.4
(−11.9)
−25.8
(−14.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)22.4
(0.88)
24.2
(0.95)
47.9
(1.89)
61.3
(2.41)
97.8
(3.85)
129.2
(5.09)
351.1
(13.82)
299.8
(11.80)
153.9
(6.06)
53.1
(2.09)
49.7
(1.96)
21.8
(0.86)
1,312.3
(51.67)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)7.36.27.67.88.79.415.414.18.76.28.78.1108.2
Average snowy days7.45.22.60.10.00.00.00.00.00.11.76.223.2
Average relative humidity (%)65.164.364.262.567.672.380.178.374.571.068.666.469.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 166.0171.6198.0215.2221.3188.3136.7166.0182.0200.2158.0159.72,162.8
Percent possible sunshine 54.056.253.454.650.442.830.539.548.857.451.653.448.6
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration [13] [14] [15] (percent sunshine and snowy days) [16]

Administrative divisions

Districts of Suwon Suwon Local Areas Map.PNG
Districts of Suwon

The city is divided into 4 gu (districts): [3]

RomanizationHangulHanjaPop. (2015) [17] Area (m2)
1. Gwonseon-gu 권선구 344,41447,355,349.2
2. Jangan-gu 장안구 300,00733,119,867.5
3. Paldal-gu 팔달구 201,14213,077,959.4
4. Yeongtong-gu 영통구 332,89927,500,143.7

The newest of these is Yeongtong-gu, which was separated from Paldal-gu on November 24, 2003. [18] These districts are in turn divided into 42 dong . [19]

Demographics

50.2% of the population of Suwon is composed of male residents. [3] Indeed, it is only in Paldal-gu that the number of female residents is greater than that of males. 1.85% of the population is of foreign nationality, the highest concentration (2.3%) being in Paldal-gu. Further information regarding the residents of each district is shown below. [3]

Total peopleKorean malesKorean femalesKorean (total)Foreign malesForeign femalesForeign (total)
Suwon (total)1,086,904535,906531,2111,067,1179,9149,87319,787
Gwonseon-gu 315,512156,783154,004310,7892,3142,4114,725
Jangan-gu 290,732143,737143,351287,0881,7421,9023,644
Paldal-gu 224,194107,929108,926216,8553,6523,6877,339
Yeongtong-gu 256,466127,457124,930252,3872,2061,8734,079

Overall, the population of Suwon is increasing, but the domestic population is falling. For example, the Korean population of Suwon fell by 585 from December 2007 to January 2008. [3] However, both genders of the foreign population increased in number in each gu in the same time period. It appears to be a pattern that the foreign population is increasing, as Suwon also saw a 13% increase in the number of registered foreigners residing in the city in the first half of 2007. [20] The only gu currently showing an increase in population is Gwonseon-gu (though the same was until recently true of Paldal-gu), while all others have falling number of residents, especially Jangan-gu and Yeongtong-gu. [20]

Education

Colleges and universities

Sungkyunkwan University Sungkyunkwan University Suwon Engineering Building 2 Trees 1.JPG
Sungkyunkwan University

There are 11 universities in Suwon and 2 colleges, and these include Sungkyunkwan University's Natural Sciences Campus, Kyonggi University, Ajou University, Kyunghee University, Dongnam Health College, Gukje Digital University, Hapdong Theological Seminary, and Suwon Women's College. [21] The University of Suwon is not actually in Suwon, but in the neighbouring city of Hwaseong. The agricultural campus of Seoul National University was located in Suwon until 2005, but is now in Gwanak-gu, Seoul.

There are also 2 junior colleges in Suwon. [22]

Primary and secondary schools

There are 33 high schools, 37 middle schools, 81 primary schools and 107 kindergartens in Suwon. [21]

Suwon has three schools devoted to special education, namely the Jahye Institute, the School of Suwon Seokwang and Dream Tree Special School, [21] and also has wings of mainstream schools for students requiring special education, being the Special Education School of Suwonbuk Middle School, the Special Education School of Suwon Girls' Middle School. [23]

International schools:

Industry

The main industrial employer in Suwon is Samsung. In fact, Samsung had major facilities Seoul, but at the beginning of the Korean War, inventories were so damaged that the founder, Lee Byung-chul was forced to start business again in 1951. Samsung Electronics was founded in Suwon in 1969 and it now has its headquarters and a large factory complex in central Suwon; it is the city's largest employer. Other companies with offices here include SK, Samsung Electronics, Samsung LED, Samsung SDI and others.

Culture

Hwaseong Fortress Hwaseong2.jpg
Hwaseong Fortress

Hwaseong Fortress is Suwon's most notable attraction. Built in 1796, the entire city used to be encircled by the walls, but now Suwon has expanded beyond this boundary. Hwaseong is also listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Haenggung Palace, within Hwaseong, is another noteworthy historical attraction. On completion of the Bundang Line extension, Suwon will also be only a few stops from Singal, the location of the Korean Folk Village, and the Everland theme park is nearby in Yongin.

Recreation

The path around the walls of Hwaseong Fortress is popular with locals and tourists for sightseeing and walking. Manseok Park in northern Suwon has a 1200m track around a lake. Other facilities at Manseok Park include tennis (indoor & outdoor), soccer (dirt and artificial turf) and the Suwon X-Games skatepark. Various other parks are dotted around Suwon and several ski resorts and hiking trails are within easy reach of the city.

Travel and tourism

Including Suwon Hwaseong, Suwon city offers various tracking, tour and festivals for tourists. [25]

Sports

Suwon has several sports facilities, including an archery field, badminton courts, ten-pin bowling lanes, indoor swimming pools, tennis courts, soft tennis courts and football pitches. [26]

Suwon Gymnasium hosted the handball events in the 1988 Summer Olympics; it has a capacity of 5,145.

Suwon is home to the Suwon World Cup Stadium, a venue during the 2002 FIFA World Cup and home to K League 1 team Suwon Samsung Bluewings. Suwon FC, who competes in K League 2, and Suwon UDC, who competes in the WK League, play at the Suwon Sports Complex.

Suwon is home to KBO League team KT Wiz since 2015. The team plays at the Suwon Baseball Stadium. The city was previously the home of the Hyundai Unicorns, but the team folded after the 2007 season. Basketball teams Samsung Thunders (men's basketball team) and Samsung Life Bichumi (women's basketball team) were also based in Suwon in the past. [27]

Entertainment

Suwon has three major multiplex theaters: Megabox and CGV theaters in the Suwon Station complex in the city center, as well as Kinex 5 in the district of Yeongtong-gu. There are also other theaters that show fewer foreign films: Cinema Town, Taehan Theater, Piccadilly Theater, Jungang Theater, Royal Theater, Dano Theater and Dano Art Hall. [28]

Woncheon in the Yeongtong-gu district also has two amusement parks, Woncheon Greenland and Woncheon Lakeland. [29] But now it is closed. [29]

Other amenities

Suwon City Council prides itself on the condition of its public lavatories. It has made efforts in recent years to ensure that new lavatories are clean and while improving existing facilities. There are now guided bus tours of the municipal restrooms offered for visitors. [30]

Transport

Suwon Station Suwon Station.jpg
Suwon Station

Suwon is a regional transportation hub and Suwon Station is an important stop on the Gyeongbu railway line between Seoul and Busan. There is a bus service to the KTX high-speed train station at Gwangmyeong. Suwon is connected to Seoul and other nearby cities by city and express buses with departure points across the city. There are also two bus terminals in Suwon with inter-city and express bus connections to most cities in Korea. These are Suwon Bus Terminal, which is located near 'Hotel Ramada' and West Suwon Bus Terminal, which is located near Sungkyunkwan University. KTX trains also make limited number of stops on services from Seoul to Busan.

Suwon has several stations on Seoul Subway Line 1, which runs North–South through the city, namely Sungkyunkwan University, Hwaseo, Suwon and Seryu. The Bundang Line also crosses Suwon East-West, terminating at Suwon, and the Suin Line connecting Suwon Station to Incheon is under construction. Until 1973, the Suryo Line also connected Suwon to Yeoju.

The Yeongdong Expressway (Number 50) passes through Suwon and two exits on this motorway lie within the city limits, being North Suwon and East Suwon. Suwon is also served by the Suwon exit of the Gyeongbu Expressway (Number 1), though this lies a short distance east of the Suwon's limits, near Singal in the city of Yongin.

In 2013, the city hosted the EcoMobility World Festival in the Haenggun-dong neighbourhood (pop. 4,300), where for a month, streets were closed to cars as a car-free experiment. Instead of cars, residents used non-motorized vehicles provided by the festival organizers. [31] The experiment was not unopposed; however, on balance it was considered a success. Following the festival, the city embarked on discussions about adopting the practice on a permanent basis. [32]

In 2017, Suwon Station transfer center was opened. It was installed to disperse buses and taxi stands in the eastern plaza of Suwon Station.

Media

There are two newspapers based in Suwon. These are the Gyeonggi Daily (경기일보) and, since 1960, the Gyeongin Daily (경인일보). The former is based in Jangan-gu, with the latter's offices being in Paldal-gu. Both feature news exclusively in Korean.

Military

The Air Force has a base in Jang-ji dong, Gwon-sun gu, Suwon. This was used by the United States Air Force during the Korean War. The base is now occupied mostly by the ROKAF (Republic of Korea Air Force), though the US Army houses half of a battalion there presently, and there are a limited number of US Air Force personnel.

Religion

As in most of South Korea, according to 2006 statistics compiled by the government, about 25.3% of the population professes to follow no particular religion. Christians account for 20% of the population and Buddhists 52%. The Catholic Diocese of Suwon was created in 1963 by Pope Paul VI.

Food

Galbi being cooked Korean.food-Galbi-03.jpg
Galbi being cooked

Suwon is famous for Suwon galbi, a variation on the style beef short rib enjoyed throughout Korea. The city also has the same variety of Korean dishes served throughout the peninsula and has a wide variety of restaurants serving food from outside Korea. Since 1995, Galbi festival has been held annually, attracting many tourists.

Flora and fauna

Suwon's wildlife is similar to that of most of Gyeonggi-do. A notable species, however, is the Suwon tree frog. This is one of only two tree frogs to inhabit the Korean peninsula and it lives in the Gyeonggi-do area only.

Notable residents

Famous people from Suwon include:

Twin towns – sister cities

Suwon is twinned with:

See also

Notes

  1. In the 19th century, Suwon was spelled Sou-wen. [2]

Related Research Articles

Gyeonggi Province Province in Sudogwon, South Korea

Gyeonggi-do is the most populous province in South Korea. Its name, Gyeonggi means "the area surrounding the capital". Thus Gyeonggi-do can be translated as "province surrounding Seoul". The provincial capital is Suwon. Seoul—South Korea's largest city and national capital—is in the heart of the province but has been separately administered as a provincial-level special city since 1946. Incheon—South Korea's third-largest city—is on the coast of the province and has been similarly administered as a provincial-level metropolitan city since 1981. The three jurisdictions are collectively referred to as Sudogwon and cover 11,730 km2 (4,530 sq mi), with a combined population of 25.5 million—amounting to over half of the entire population of South Korea.

Yongin Specific city in Sudogwon, South Korea

Yongin is a major city in the Seoul Capital Area, located in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. With a population of nearly 1 million, the city has developed abruptly since the 21st century, recording the highest population growth of any city in the country. Yongin is home to Everland and Caribbean Bay, South Korea's most popular amusement and water parks. The city is also home to the Korean Folk Village, the largest of its kind.

Seongnam Specific city in Sudogwon, South Korea

Seongnam is the second largest city in South Korea's Gyeonggi Province after Suwon and the 10th largest city in the country. Its population is approximately one million. Seongnam is a satellite city of Seoul. It is largely a residential city located immediately southeast of Seoul and belongs to the Seoul National Capital Area.

Jangan-gu Non-autonomous District in Sudogwon, South Korea

Jangan-gu, established on July 1, 1988, is the northern district of the city of Suwon in Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. It's approximately 15 km. from central Seoul.

Yeongtong-gu Non-autonomous District in Sudogwon, South Korea

Yeongtong-gu, established in 2003, is the eastern district of the city of Suwon in Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. It is split from Paldal-gu and Suwon's newest "gu".

Paldal-gu Non-autonomous District in Sudogwon, South Korea

Paldal-gu is the central district of the city of Suwon in Gyeonggi-do, South Korea.

Gwonseon-gu Non-autonomous District in Sudogwon, South Korea

Gwonseon-gu is the south-western district of the city of Suwon in Gyeonggi-do, South Korea.

Gwanggyosan mountain in South Korea

Gwanggyosan is a big mountain in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. It lies on the border of Suwon and Yongin, though the wider range extends north and so also borders Uiwang, Gwacheon, Seoul and Seongnam.

Suji-gu Non-autonomous District in Sudogwon (Gijeon), South Korea

Suji-gu, or Suji, is one of the three city districts in Yongin City, South Korea which is approximately 29 km south of Seoul. Suji became a city district on October 31, 2005, about nine years after Yongin officially became a city. When Yongin City was established in 1996, both urban and rural areas were covered to become a part of the city; thus to this day, Yongin's urbanization is varied throughout different regions of the city. Suji is one of the most urbanized areas of Yongin, as it borders Seongnam City's Bundang District and Suwon City, two more well developed areas. Home to the newly built Shinsegae Department Store and Dankook University in one of its towns, Jukjeon, Suji is rapidly developing as Yongin City becomes more and more urbanized. In recent years, the district has attracted upper-class Koreans, with the completion of the Samsung East Palace in 2010.

The 2010 Korean FA Cup, known as the Hana Bank FA Cup for sponsorship reasons, was the 15th edition of Korean FA Cup. The 2010 KFA Cup began on 6 March 2010 and ended on 24 October 2010.

National Route 1 (South Korea) road in South Korea

National Route 1(Hangul: 국도 제1호선; RR: Gukdo Je Il Hoseon) is a national highway in South Korea. It connects Mokpo, South Jeolla Province with the city of Paju in Gyeonggi-do. Before the division of the Korean peninsula, the highway ran until Sinuiju, North P'yongan Province, in present-day North Korea.

Jung-dong or Jungdong can refer to several administrative wards in South Korean cities or countries:

Ipbuk-dong Place in Sudogwon, South Korea

Ipbuk-dong is a dong in Gwonseon-gu, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. Ipbuk-dong is divided into 2 different "dongs", namely Ipbuk-dong and Dangsu-dong (당수동/堂樹洞), which are separated by the Hwanggujicheon, a stream which flows south from Wangsong Reservoir on the neighbourhood's northern boundary with the city of Uiwang, through Suwon, eventually to Asan Bay. Dangsu-dong has Suwon's sole boundary with the city of Ansan, while also meeting Hwaseong at a point. The dong is 96% green belt, though further apartment construction is planned.

Seoul Capital Area Place in South Korea ----

The Seoul Capital Area (SCA), Sudogwon or Gyeonggi region is the metropolitan area of Seoul, Incheon, and Gyeonggi-do located in north-west South Korea. It has a population of 25 million and is ranked as the fifth largest metropolitan area in the world. Its area is about 11,704 km2 (4,519 sq mi). It forms the cultural, commercial, financial, industrial, and residential center of South Korea. The largest city is Seoul, with a population of approximately 10 million people, followed by Incheon, with 3 million inhabitants.

National Route 43 is a national highway in South Korea connecting Sejong City to Kosong County. It was established on 31 August 1971.

Gwanggyo

Gwanggyo refers to a planned city surrounding Yeongtong-gu of Suwon and Suji-gu of Yongin. Gwanggyo is located 25 km south away from Seoul in Suwon city and Youngin city, Gyeonggi province. Gwanggyo newtown area 11 square kilometers was designated in 2004 by Gyeonggi Province, Suwon city, Youngin city, and Gyeonggi Development Corporation(GICO). It will accommodate more than 31,000 households. Gwanggyo newtown was not only for the housing supply but also for several regional goals such as provincial office movement, convention center building, and creating economic growth core in Gyeonggi provincial area. Its infrastructure was scheduled to be constructed by 2012.

The 2016 Korean FA Cup, known as the KEB Hana Bank FA Cup due to sponsorship reasons, was the 21st edition of Korean FA Cup. It began on 12 March 2016 and ended on 3 December 2016 with the final. Suwon Samsung Bluewings won their fourth FA Cup title after defeating defending champions FC Seoul in the final, and qualified for the 2017 AFC Champions League.

Gyeongginam-do is a proposed the most populous province in South Korea that would span the contiguous area of Southern Gyeonggi Province. Its name, Gyeonggi means "the area surrounding capital". Thus Gyeonggi-do can be translated as "province surrounding Seoul". Southern Gyeonggi Province is the portion of the South Korean Gyeonggi Province southth of the Han River and Bukhan River.

References

Citations

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  9. Charles E. Heller and William A. Stofft, eds. America's First Battles, 1776–1965 (1986)
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Bibliography

  1. "2015년 인구주택총조사 전수집계결과 보도자료" [2015 Population and Housing Census]. Statistics Korea.