Suzuki Carry

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Suzuki Carry
Suzuki Carry Truck KC 4WD DA16T.JPG
Suzuki Carry KC 4WD truck (DA16T)
Overview
Manufacturer Suzuki
Production1961–present
Body and chassis
Class Kei truck/Microvan (Japan)
Light commercial vehicle (outside Japan)
Chronology
Predecessor Suzulight SP

The Suzuki Carry (スズキ・キャリイ, Suzuki Kyarī) is a kei truck produced by the Japanese automaker Suzuki. The microvan version was originally called the Carry van until 1982 when the passenger van versions were renamed as the Suzuki Every (スズキ・エブリイ, Suzuki Eburī). In Japan, the Carry and Every are kei cars but the Suzuki Every Plus, the bigger version of Every, had a longer bonnet for safety purposes and a larger 1.3-liter 86-hp (63 kW) four-cylinder engine. They have been sold under myriad different names in several countries, and is the only car to have been offered with Chevrolet as well as Ford badges. [1]

Contents

Introduction

In their home market, the Carry truck and van (and Every van) have traditionally competed with a number of similarly sized vehicles, such as the Kurogane Baby, Honda Acty, Subaru Sambar, Mitsubishi Minicab, and Daihatsu Hijet. Some of these are also competitors in export markets, mainly the Carry and the Hijet.

The first two generations of Carrys were sold with the Suzulight badge rather than the company name Suzuki, emphasizing the company's focus on "Light Cars" (also known as kei jidosha ).

First generation (FB/FBD; 1961)

First generation (FB/FBD)
1964 Suzuki Carry-Van 01.jpg
1964–1965 Suzulight Carry van (FBD)
Overview
Also calledSuzulight Carry
Production1961–1965
Assembly Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door pickup
3-/4-door van
Layout FMR layout
Powertrain
Engine 359 cc FB two-stroke I2

The Carry series was born in October 1961 with the FB Suzulight Carry, a pickup truck with the engine underneath the front seat, but with a short bonnet. The layout has been referred to as a "semicabover". [2] The FB Carry underwent some light modifications in October 1963, for the 1964 model year. A glassed FBD Carry Van was added in September 1964. The engine was called the FB, a 359 cc (21.9 cu in) air-cooled, two-stroke two-cylinder with 21 hp (16 kW). This engine remained in use, in three-cylinder form, until late 1987 in the Suzuki Jimny (as the LJ50). Top speed was no more than 76 km/h (47 mph). FB suspension was rigid with leaf springs, front and rear. [1] A panel van (FBC) was also available from July 1962.

Suzulight Carry truck (FB) Suzulight carry fb.JPG
Suzulight Carry truck (FB)

Second generation (L20; 1965)

Second generation (L20)
SuzukiCarry2nd.jpg
1965–1969 Suzulight Carry truck (L20)
Overview
Also calledSuzulight Carry
Production1965–1969
Assembly Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door pickup
4-door van
Layout FMR layout
Powertrain
Engine 359 cc FB two-stroke I2

In June 1965, the rebodied L20 Suzulight Carry replaced the FB. The ladder-frame chassis was modified, now with independently sprung front wheels (by torsion bars). While output remained 21 hp, the engine benefitted from Suzuki's patented Cylinder Crank Injection lubrication system. The Carry Van was replaced by the new L20V in January 1966, [3] and there was also a dropside pickup (L21). Finally, the L20H, a pickup with a canvas canopy and a rear-facing seat placed in the bed, providing seating for four, was offered. Top speed for the second generation was down to 75 km/h. [4] The Carry Van had a horizontally divided, two-piece tailgate, and sliding rear windows.

Production of this more traditional version continued in parallel with the cabover L30 Carry, ending only with the 1969 introduction of the L40.

Third generation (L30/L31; 1966)

Third generation (L30/L31)
3rdCarry.jpg
1966–1969 Suzuki Carry truck (L30)
Overview
Production1966–1969
Assembly Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan [5]
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door van
2-door pickup
Layout FMR layout
Powertrain
Engine 359 cc FB two-stroke I2

The new L30 Suzuki Carry (the "Suzulight" label was being retired) is a full cabover design, with the same FB engine mounted horizontally underneath the load area. The starter and generator were combined and mounted directly on the front of the crankshaft. Introduced in February 1966, the L30 was built alongside its more traditional predecessor until they were both replaced by the L40. A canopied L30H, similar to the L20H, but with the seats in the bed facing each other, was available from the start. Also, an L31, with a drop-side bed, was available. Performance and mechanics were very similar to its bonneted sister, but the load area was considerably larger. Maximum load capacity was still 350 kg (770 lb). [6]

A short-lived Carry Van version of the L30 ("L30V") was not introduced until March 1968, but offered four doors and a two-piece tailgate (top and bottom). Bodywork was the same ahead of the B-pillar. [7]

Fourth generation (L40/L41; 1969)

Fourth generation (L40/L41)
Suzuki Carry 405.JPG
1969–1972 Suzuki Carry truck (L40)
Overview
Production1969–1972
Assembly Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro at Italdesign
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door van
2-door pickup
Layout FMR layout
Powertrain
Engine 359 cc FB two-stroke I2
Dimensions
Wheelbase 1,745 mm (68.7 in) [8]
Suzuki Carry Van 401.JPG
Suzuki Carry Van 402.JPG
1969–1972 Suzuki Carry van (L40)

In July 1969, the Giugiaro-designed L40 Carry was introduced. In November of the same year, a van version with two opening side doors and a top-hinged rear gate was added. Giugiaro's design was more obvious in the Carry Van iteration, very symmetrical with similar looks to the front and rear. The L40's design was not overly utilitarian, limiting interior space and being a bit too modern for the usually very orthodox Japanese commercial customer base. The L40 did benefit, though, from an updated, 25 PS (18 kW) reed valve version of the now venerable FB engine. [9] Dimensions, dictated by kei jidosha regulations, remained 2,990 mm × 1,295 mm (117.7 in × 51.0 in) and 359 cc (21.9 cu in). Maximum load was 350 kg (770 lb) for the truck and 300 kg (660 lb) for the van versions. Top speed increased considerably to 95 kilometres per hour (59 mph). [6]

As part of a minor facelift in April 1971, the Carry received a 27 PS (still at 6,000 rpm) version of the well-known FB engine, featuring Suzuki's Cylinder Crank Injection and Selmix lubrication system. This engine also found its way into the recently introduced LJ10 Jimny. Torque was 3.7 kg⋅m (36 N⋅m; 27 lb⋅ft) at 5,000 rpm. The Panel Van version has a boxy unit mounted on the rear of a Carry truck chassis. In 1971, a V40FC Camper version of the Van was also added.

While the truck versions were replaced in May 1972, the L40V continued for another three months before an L50 Van took its place. [10]

Fifth generation (L50/L60; 1972)

Fifth generation (L50/L60)
SuzukiCarry5th.jpg
1975–1976 Suzuki Carry truck (L50, facelift)
Overview
Production1972–1976
Assembly Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door van
2-door pickup
Layout FMR layout
Powertrain
Engine 359 cc L50 two-stroke I2
596 cc L60 two-stroke I2

The fifth-generation L50 Carry truck debuted in May 1972, followed by a new Carry van in August. The new model echoes Giugiaro's design, but without ventilation windows in the front doors and with a more traditional appearance. Headlights are now round, while the van version receives a more square rear body and with a sliding rear side door. The engine is a water-cooled design (L50), otherwise similar to the previous engine, but now with 28 hp (21 kW). Maximum load was back up to 350 kg (770 lb). [6]

SuzukiCarry5thvan.jpg
SuzukiCarry5thvanrear.jpg
1972–1973 Suzuki Carry Super DeLuxe van (L50VF)

In December 1972, a five-door van (L50VF, with sliding side doors) was added. Three months later, the dropside L51 went on sale. In November 1973, the Carry underwent a minor facelift, receiving a new grille and modified front bumper. The interior was also updated, with a new dashboard and finally hanging gas and clutch pedals. The fifth-generation Carry led Suzuki to great market success, with Suzuki selling more kei trucks than all others during 1973 and 1974. [11]

In September 1975, a special export version was introduced, aimed at customers who wanted more loading ability. The new L60 series received a larger, 446-cc (also L60) version of the L50 two-cylinder, 29 PS (as opposed to 26 for export market 360-cc models), a stronger differential "to transmit the generous torque" [12] and sturdier springs meant load capacity increased to 550 kg (1,210 lb). For 1975, the Carry received minor changes allowing for the fitment of new larger license plates. In December 1975, the domestic market L50s' engine lost two horsepower (down to 26) in the effort of fulfilling new, stricter emissions standards. [10]


Sixth generation (ST10/ST20/ST80; 1976)

Sixth generation (ST10/ST20/ST80)
Suzuki-CarryWide.JPG
Suzuki Carry truck (ST20)
Overview
Also calledJilin JL 110C/E (China)
Production1976–1979
1977–1983 (Indonesia)
Assembly
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door van
2-door pickup
Layout FMR layout
Powertrain
Engine 539 cc LJ50 two-stroke I3
797 cc F8A I4
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • 1,745 mm (68.7 in) (ST10)
  • 1,840 mm (72.4 in) (ST20)
Length
  • 3,035 mm (119.5 in) (ST10)
  • 3,155 mm (124.2 in) (ST20V)
  • 3,195 mm (125.8 in) (ST20 truck)
Width
  • 1,295 mm (51.0 in) (ST10)
  • 1,395 mm (54.9 in) (ST20)

In May 1976, responding to changed standards for the kei class, Suzuki released the Carry 55, chassis code ST10/ST10V. It had the larger, water-cooled but still two-stroke three-cylinder LJ50 engine of 539 cc but was otherwise hard to distinguish from the preceding L50 series. The only two differences in appearance were bigger (albeit slimmer) bumpers, which no longer enveloped the bottom of the front, as well as slightly altered doors with a slight bump in the swage line to accommodate the door handle. [13] [14] There was also an ST11 version with a drop-side bed. The ST10 (along with the LC20 Fronte) was the first Suzuki to enter CKD production in Indonesia, in 1976. [15] In 1977 it was replaced by the larger ST20.

Suzuki Carry ST20 used as a songthaew, rear view Truck taxi in Lopburi 02.jpg
Suzuki Carry ST20 used as a songthaew, rear view

Soon thereafter, in September 1976, the interim ST10 (only built for four months) was gradually replaced by the widened and lengthened ST20 pickup version, which also has a longer wheelbase. [14] Marketed as the Suzuki Carry Wide 550, it now reached the maximum dimensions set for the class. In November, the ST20 Van tcame in - this version was 4 cm (1.6 in) shorter than the truck as it reused the shorter rear side bodypanels of the L50 and ST10 versions. Some special variants of the ST10 (such as refrigerated versions, panel vans, etcetera) remained on sale alongside the ST20 for a little while longer until new versions could be developed and old stock be sold out. There was also an ST20K model available: the "K" refers to the "trucklike" nature of the vehicle in that it had three drop-sides as opposed to the utility version which had only a tailgate and formed sides. The ST20 range retained the three-cylinder 539-cc two-stroke engine of the ST10 and has a carrying capacity of 350 kg (772 lb). Maximum power remained 26 PS (19 kW) at 4500 rpm. [16] In October 1977, after about 187,000 had been built, the ST20 underwent a light facelift, with increased equipment and all versions (excepting the base truck) now featuring a front grille. [13]

Equipment levels were base, Standard, and Super Deluxe. The base version has no front grille, the Standard has a black grille, while the Super Deluxe features chrome trim on the grille and chromed hubcaps. By October 1977, the Custom Van was available in the Japanese market. Well equipped, with metallic paint, reclining fabric-covered seats, and chrome bumpers, this was aimed squarely at use as a private car. [13] This heralded the development of the future "Every" range of passenger microvans.

By 1977, the export-only ST80 appeared - this version was the first Carry to be equipped with a four-stroke engine, the inline-four 797-cc F8A as recently introduced in the LJ80 Jimny. In the Carry, however, the engine only developed 37 hp (28 kW; 38 PS) at 5500 rpm. The ST20 Carry was also produced in Indonesia from 1978 until at least 1983, where it was nicknamed "Turungtung" (or Truntung). [17] This is an onomatopoetic word for the sound made by the Carry's two-stroke engine. The ST20 Carry was the first Suzuki product to be built in Indonesia, where it saw extensive use as an Angkot. [18] The ST20 was only offered as a truck in Indonesia, but local body builders such as Adi Putro and Liling Putra came up with multi-seat taxi bodies and other variations. The Indonesian ST20 has a claimed 33 PS (24 kW) at 4500 rpm and 52 N⋅m (38 lb⋅ft) of torque at 3000 rpm, being unaffected by emissions regulations. [19]

ST80V facelift version (Chile). This style of grille appeared in October 1977. 1979 Suzuki Carry ST80V (Chile).jpg
ST80V facelift version (Chile). This style of grille appeared in October 1977.

Seventh generation (ST30/ST40/ST90/ST100; 1979)

Seventh generation (ST30/ST40/ST90/ST100)
SuzukiCarry8th.jpg
1979–1985 Suzuki Carry truck (ST40)
Overview
Also calledSuzuki Every (passenger van)
Suzuki Bolan (van, Pakistan) [20]
Suzuki Ravi (pick-up, Pakistan) [21]
Ford Pronto (Taiwan)
Maruti Omni (India)
Chang'an SC6320G [22] [23] /SC1010X/5010XJC/5010XKC [24] (van, China)
Chang'an SC1011CS (pick-up truck, China)
Changhe CH730/CH110X/CH1010/CH6320 (van; China)
Changhe CH1010F/CH1011/CH1012/CH1014 (pick-up truck, China) [25]
Hanjiang SFJ1011/SFJ1012 (pick-up truck, China) [26]
Hanjiang SFJ 6320/6322/6323 (van, China)
Production1979–1985
1979–present (Pakistan) [20] [21]
1982–2000
(China; Changhe; was the first manufacturer to produce minivans and pick-up trucks in the country)
151,629 units sold by Changhe
1983–2009 (Indonesia)
1984–2019 (India)
1990–1999 (Chang'an)
1993–2003 (China; Hanjiang)
Assembly Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan
Chung Li, Taiwan (Ford Lio Ho) [27]
Bekasi, Indonesia
Gurgaon, India
Karachi, Pakistan
Chongqing, China (Chang'an)
Hanzhong, China (Hanjiang)
Jingdezhen, China (Changhe)
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door van
2-door pickup
Layout Front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 539 cc LJ50 two-stroke I3
543 cc F5A I3
797 cc F8A I4
970 cc F10A I4
China
797 cc DA462Q/462D I4
(Hanjiang SFJ1012A)
797 cc HH462QE I4
(Hanjiang SFJ1012B)
797 cc YH462QE1 I4
(Hanjiang SFJ1012C)
970 cc I3 (Chang'an SC6320G) [28]
970 cc DA465Q/465D I4
(Hanjiang SFJ1011A)
1050 cc HH465Q-1E I4
(Hanjiang SFJ1011B)
Transmission 5 speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 1,840 mm (72 in)
1,940 mm (76 in) (Indonesia)
1,990 mm (78 in)
(Hanjiang 1012 models)
Length3,555 mm (140.0 in)
(Hanjiang models)
3,655 mm (143.9 in)
(Hanjiang 1012C)
Width1,395 mm (54.9 in)
(Hanjiang models)
Height1,835 mm (72.2 in)
(Hanjiang models)
1,735 mm (68.3 in)
(Hanjiang SFJ1012A)

In March 1979, the new ST30 series arrived. The dimensions remained the same as before, as did the two-stroke engine, although it was moved forward and now resided underneath the front seat. At the time of the ST30's introduction, the Carry had been the bestselling Kei truck in the Japanese domestic market for eight straight years. [29] For export markets, the ST90 version was equipped with the larger four-stroke F8A engine of 797 cc, entering production in August 1979. In October 1980, the domestic market Carry became available with the new 543 cc four-stroke F5A engine (ST40), although the torquey two-stroke engine remained popular. [30] Later, export models were also fitted with the 970 cc four-cylinder engine; they received the ST100 chassis codes.

In December 1982, the Van portion of the Carry range became separated in the Japanese domestic market and was now sold as the Suzuki Every. [30] The Every was only available with the four-stroke engine, as the two-stroke could not pass the tighter emissions standards for passenger cars. New for May 1981 was a four-wheel drive version, originally only available as a pickup. This received the ST31/41 chassis code. A four-wheel drive van version was added in November 1982. [30]

Export models

Pakistan

In Pakistan, Pak Suzuki Motors, a smalltime affiliate of the Suzuki Motor Corporation, still assembles and distributes the Suzuki Bolan, based on the ST90V version of the Carry (also known as Hi-Roof) with the three-cylinder F8B 796 cc carburetor engine with output of 37 hp (28 kW). The four-speed manual transmission allows for a top speed of 120 km/h (75 mph). As of 2021 it is available as either a plain, panelled Cargo Van with vinyl seats or as the seven-seater VX variant which features air conditioning. [31] The Bolan is widely used as an ambulance all over Pakistan and as a taxi in parts of the country. There is also a pickup version, called Ravi.

Taiwan

The Ford Pronto is a rebadged Carry ST, which was manufactured between 1985 and 2007 [32] by Ford Lio Ho, a joint venture between Ford and Lio Ho in Taiwan. The Pronto was only available in the Taiwanese market, where it was introduced specifically to compete with China Motor Corporation's Mitsubishi Minicab and Sanfu's Subaru Sambar in the local minivan market. In 2007, Ford Lio Ho ceased to produce the Pronto because the engine couldn't be made to meet revised local environmental regulations.

Indonesia

Suzuki Carry 1.0 (ST100) minibus, coachbuilt by Podo Joyo Suzuki Carry 1.0 Podo Joyo.jpg
Suzuki Carry 1.0 (ST100) minibus, coachbuilt by Podo Joyo

In Indonesia, the seventh generation Carry and Super Carry were assembled by Suzuki Indomobil Motor beginning in 1983, fitted with the well-known 970 cc F10A engine with 50 PS (37 kW). This carried the ST100 model code, and was also available as a minivan. [33] Thanks to a locally developed rear body with a longer overhang and a wheelbase extended by 10 cm (3.9 in), it was about 20 cm (7.9 in) longer than the Carrys sold elsewhere, which allowed a third row of seats to be fitted.

In 1986, it was updated with a new half-trapezium front headlight, but only lasted for less than six months [34] and was replaced again with square headlights by the end of 1986 (until the end of production in 2009) with new front and larger bumpers; this model was originally sold as the "Super Carry Extra". This model, available as a van or truck, reached 3,530 mm (139.0 in) in overall length and is 1,465 mm (57.7 in) wide. These dimensions remained true until the end of Carry 1.0 production in Indonesia. Unlike most markets, Indonesian Carry trucks could legally seat three people. [35] In 1989 the Super Carry received a five-speed transmission, as well as a tachometer.

Late in the model's life, the engine was updated to meet the Euro 2 emissions standards, which took effect in Indonesia in 2007. This meant that the old F10A engine was updated with multi-point fuel injection and a catalytic converter, increasing power to 60 PS (44 kW). [35] Although removed from the regular price lists in 2006, this version of the Carry was still built to special order until 2009, alongside the larger Carry Futura (based on the eighth generation Carry). Until 1987, when surpassed by the Daihatsu Zebra and Toyota Kijang, the Carry was Indonesia's best selling vehicle. [33]

The seventh generation Carrys in Indonesia, alongside the eighth generation Carry Futura, are widely used as transportation minibuses known locally as " angkot ".

India

Maruti Suzuki Omni
Maruti Suzuki Omni Paro Taxi Front.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Maruti Suzuki
Also calledMaruti Van
Production1984–2019 [36]
Assembly Gurgaon, India
Body and chassis
Class Microvan
Body style 4-door van
Layout FMR layout
Powertrain
Engine 796 cc (0.8 L) I3
Transmission 4-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 1,840 mm (72.4 in)
Length3,370 mm (132.7 in)
Width1,410 mm (55.5 in)
Height1,640 mm (64.6 in)
Curb weight 785 kg (1,731 lb)
Chronology
Successor Maruti Suzuki Versa/Eeco

The Maruti Suzuki Omni is a microvan manufactured by Suzuki's Indian subsidiary Maruti Suzuki. The first version of Maruti Suzuki Omni had a 796 cc (49 cu in) inline-three engine, same as the Maruti 800 city car. Sold simply as the Maruti Suzuki Van, this was the second vehicle to be launched by Maruti Suzuki. It arrived one year after the 800, in 1984. The name was changed to "Omni" in 1988. It received a facelift in 1998, [37] and further minor revisions in 2005, when improvements were made to the exterior and the interior, and new colours became available. [38] Later version of the Omni includes the:

  • Omni (E), released in 1996, an 8-seater microbus version of the Omni
  • Omni XL - 1999, as the Omni E but with a higher roof.
  • Omni Cargo LPG - 2004, created to answer the growing popularity of this car being used as an inter-city cargo vehicle. [39]
  • Omni LPG - 2003, same 796 cc engine, added with a factory fitted LPG Kit, authorised by the Indian RTOs (Regional Transport Offices). This makes it the most economic four-wheeler in India, as far as driving costs are concerned.
  • Omni Ambulance - A Omni E, designed for ambulance usage. This is the most common type of ambulances found in Indian cities.

The Omni could be divided into two categories: the family version and the cargo version. The newer family version has two extra seats directly behind the front seating and facing away towards the rear of the van making it an eight seater. Older versions are modified by individual owners to add additional capacity this way. The cargo version is completely devoid of back seats. Both versions have sliding back doors and hatchbacks. [40]

The Omni (E) has the following official specifications (2010): [41]

NameVehicle specifications
Max. speed:100 km/h (62 mph)
Initial acceleration:0-60 km/h (37 mph) in 10 seconds
Fuel:Petrol
Fuel consumption in city:13–14 km/L (7.7–7.1 L/100 km)
Fuel consumption on highways:16–17 km/L (6.3–5.9 L/100 km)
Power:37 bhp (28 kW) at 5,000 rpm
Construction:Cast iron
Displacement:796 cc
Ignition:Multipoint fuel injection
Layout:3-cylinder in-line
Max. torque:62 N⋅m (46 ft⋅lbf) at 3,000 rpm
Valve train:2 valves per cylinder
Transmission:Manual- 4-speed
Front suspension:MacPherson strut with gas filled shock absorbers
Rear suspension:Leaf spring with shock absorbers
Front brakes:Booster assisted disc
Rear brakes:Drum
Tyres:145 R-12 LT 6PR (radial)

The initial versions were so basic that the interior dashboard even lacked a fan blower opening as a standard.

In April 2019, Maruti Suzuki announced they would discontinue the Omni after 35 years of production. The Omni was not able to meet India's updated safety and emission standards implemented the same month, which requires new vehicles to have a driver's airbag, antilock brakes, seatbelt reminders, speed warning beeps and rear parking sensors. The flat front of the Omni also prevented the addition of crumple zones. Its replacement is the Eeco.

Eighth generation (DA71/DB71/DA81/DA41/DB41/DA51/DB51; 1985)

Eighth generation (DA71/DB71/DA81/DA41/DB41/DA51/DB51)
Suzuki Carry 013.JPG
1985-1989 Suzuki Carry truck (DA71T)
Overview
Also called
  • Suzuki Every
  • Suzuki Super Carry
  • Autozam Scrum (Japan)
  • Bedford Rascal (United Kingdom)
  • Changhe Changlingwang
  • Chevrolet CMV/CMP (Central America)
  • Daewoo Damas/Labo (South Korea)
  • Ford Pronto
  • Holden Scurry (Australia)
  • Hafei Songhuajiang HFJ6350 (China)
  • Chang'an SC6330 (China)
  • ZAP Truck XL (United States)
  • Norkis Multicab/Suzuki Bravo (Philippines)
  • Ford Pronto (Taiwan)
Production1985–1991 (Japan)
1986–1993 (England)
1995–1999 (China)
1991-2021 (South Korea)
2000–Present (Vietnam)
Assembly Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan (Iwata Plant)
Changwon, South Korea (GM Korea)
Bien Hoa, Dong Nai, Vietnam (Vietnam Suzuki Corp)
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door pickup
5-door van/microbus
Layout Front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 539 cc LJ50 two-stroke I3
543 cc F5A I3
547 cc F5B I3
657 cc F6A I3
797 cc F8A I4
970 cc F10A I4
Transmission 4/5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 1,840 mm (72 in)
Length
  • 3,175 or 3,275 mm (125 or 129 in) (truck)
  • 3,195 or 3,295 mm (126 or 130 in) (van)
Width1,395–1,475 mm (55–58 in)
Height1,675–1,800 mm (66–71 in)
Curb weight 600–780 kg (1,323–1,720 lb)

The eighth generation Carry (and second generation Every) appeared in March 1985. [42] It was modernized and the range again expanded, with a more powerful fuel injected engine available on top. The chassis codes became quite confusing, with DA/DB71 used for the F5A engined model (DB signifying four-wheel drive) and DA81 for the two-stroke truck which remained available until the Carry underwent a facelift in July 1986. T, B, and V suffixes were used to denote trucks, trucks with tip decks, and vans. Beginning in late 1987, a 52 PS (38 kW) turbocharged engine was available in the Every, while the Carry truck received a three-valve, supercharged version of the F5A engine with 48 PS (35 kW). There was also a short-lived nine-valve version with 32 PS (24 kW) available for better equipped versions of the Every; the regular six-valve version had to make do with 30 PS (22 kW). [43] In May 1989 the more modern multi-valve F5B engine entered the lineup; it received the DA/DB41 chassis code and replaced most of the F5A engines. [42] This new engine also became available in the badge-engineered Autozam Scrum, sold by Mazda (DG/DH41).

Facelift

With the rules regarding the size and engines of kei-cars being altered for March 1990, Suzuki had to update the Carry/Every which now carried the DA/DB51 chassis code. [42] The larger 657 cc F6A engine provided somewhat more power, ranging from 38 to 58 PS (28 to 43 kW), and new more rounded bodywork provided a more modern look. [44] The least powerful engine received an upgrade in the passenger-oriented Every models in September 1990, increasing output to 42 PS (31 kW) at 5500 rpm while torque went up from 5.3 to 5.8 kg⋅m (52 to 57 N⋅m; 38 to 42 lb⋅ft) at 4000 rpm. [45] This engine became standard fitment for the lower end Carrys as well in March 1991, but only six months later the DA/DB51 was replaced by the reshelled ninth generation Carry and Every. [44]

Export models

Post-1985 European market Carrys still used the 797 cc four-cylinder F8A familiar from the ST90 Carry, while Super Carrys were equipped with the F10A 970 cc four. Chassis codes are SK408 and SK410, while power outputs are 37 and 45 PS respectively (27.5 and 33 kW), top speeds 110 and 115 km/h. Heftier bumpers meant overall length was up 10 cm, for a total of 3295 mm. [46] Production of export models began in July 1985. The SK408 (sometimes called the DA11) was discontinued in October 1989. The SK410 Super Carrys (DA21) received the same F10a 970cc inline-four as fitted to the SJ410 Samurai. In much of Europe, this generation of the Carry was also sold as the Bedford, Vauxhall, or GME Rascal. These were built at the GM plant in Luton, to circumvent JAMA's voluntary export restrictions. [47]

In Australia, this model was sold as both the Super Carry (in ute, van, or wagon form) and as the Holden Scurry, which was not available as a "ute". [48] In Australia, the Scurry was designated as the NB series.

The Super Carry continues in production in Vietnam for local markets, as a truck or panel van, with a Euro 2 emissions compliant engine. [49] The 970 cc engine has electronic fuel injection and develops 31 kW (42 PS) at 5500 rpm. The 3,240 mm (128 in) long truck is the best selling truck in Vietnam and the engine was updated to meet the Euro 4 emissions standards in 2017. [50]

Bedford Rascal

Bedford Rascal
1989 Bedford Rascal 1.0.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Bedford/Vauxhall (General Motors)
Also calledVauxhall Rascal
GME Rascal
Production1986–1993 (England)
1993–1999 (Japan)
Assembly Luton, England
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door van
2-door pickup
Campervan
Layout Front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 970 cc (1.0 L) F10A I4 [51]
Transmission 4/5-speed manual [52]
Dimensions
Length3,295 mm (129.7 in) [51]
Width1,395 mm (54.9 in) [51]
Height1,780 mm (70.1 in) [51]
Curb weight 755 kg (1,664 lb) [51]
Chronology
Successor Opel/Vauxhall Combo

The Bedford Rascal (later Vauxhall Rascal), also built as the Suzuki Super Carry, is a kei truck and microvan that was developed as a joint venture between the American car company General Motors (GM) and the Japanese automaker Suzuki. [52] It was sold under GM's British-based Bedford marque as well as in Suzuki form. Other names were used in a few international markets, such as GME (General Motors Europe) for those continental European markets where Suzukis were generally not marketed and where the "Bedford" and "Vauxhall" brands were largely unknown.

The van was produced at the IBC Vehicles plant in Luton, England, adjacent to the main Vauxhall factory (GM's British-based passenger car marque). Alongside the Bedford, the Suzuki-branded twin was manufactured for the European market (where Bedford is a less established brand).

Sold from 1986 to 1994, the Rascal, like the Super Carry, is a small and economical van intended for many purposes. The vehicle's strengths were its diminutive size and maximum payload weight; 550 kg for the van and 575 kg for the pickup. [52] The principal visible difference between Bedford and Suzuki versions is the front trim: the Super Carry has two separate plastic headlamp surrounds and the Rascal has a single full width one with "Bedford" moulded in the middle.

Timeline:

Rascals were mainly sold as vans; pickup and camper versions were also made.

ST/SL (Futura) models (ST130/SL413/ST150/SL415/ST160/SL416; 1991)

Indonesia

Suzuki Carry (ST/SL models)
2018 Suzuki Carry Flat Deck 1.5 SL415 (20190826).jpg
Suzuki Carry 1.5 (SL415; 2017 facelift)
Overview
Also called
  • Suzuki Carry Futura 1.3/1.5/1.6 (Indonesia)
  • Mitsubishi Colt T120SS (Indonesia)
  • Maruti Suzuki Super Carry (India)
  • Suzuki Super Carry
Production1991–2019 (Indonesia)
2016–present (India)
Assembly Bekasi, West Java, Indonesia (Suzuki Indomobil Motor)
Pulo Gadung, East Jakarta, Indonesia (PT Krama Yudha Ratu Motor)
Gurgaon, Haryana, India (Maruti Suzuki)
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door pickup
4-door van (Indonesia only)
3-door utility van (Philippines)
Layout Front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 793 cc E08A DDiS I2 (turbodiesel, India & Philippines)
1196 cc G12C I4 (CNG, India)
1343 cc 4G17 I4 (Colt T120SS, Indonesia)
1360 cc G13C I4 (Indonesia)
1468 cc 4G15 I4 (Colt T120SS, Indonesia)
1493 cc G15A I4 (Indonesia)
1590 cc G16A I4 (Indonesia)
Transmission 4/5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 1,970 mm (78 in)
Length
  • 3,700–3,940 mm (146–155 in) (pickup)
  • 3,875 mm (153 in) (van)
Width1,570 mm (62 in)
Height1,825–1,850 mm (72–73 in)
Curb weight 600–780 kg (1,323–1,720 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Mitsubishi Jetstar (Colt T120SS)
Successor Suzuki Carry (DC/DN61T) (pickup)
Suzuki APV (van)

In Indonesia, the Carry received a redesign which made its debut in mid-February 1991. [53] This was a response to the 1989 introduction of the 1.3-liter Daihatsu Zebra; somewhat larger it was now 3,700 mm (146 in) long and also ten centimeters wider than before. [54] It has a wheelbase of 1,970 mm (78 in). Overall length then grew to 3,875 mm (153 in), the width to 1,570 mm (62 in). [55] It has a 1,360 cc G13C engine, later enlarged to 1,493 cc (G15A, introduced around 2000) and then 1,590 cc. Internal codenames for these models are ST130, ST150, and ST160 respectively; the ST130 Suzuki Carry Futura was also referred to as the SL413, ST150 as the SL415 and ST160 as the SL416. Beginning in 1994, the rear doors received wind-down rather than sliding windows. In March 2005, the 1.5 engine was upgraded to fuel injection rather than the earlier carburettors. Unlike the Mitsubishi version, Suzuki also offers a factory-bodied minibus version. The bare chassis version is usually converted into a microbus by local bodybuilders, for use as an angkot, or share taxi.

For the Indonesian market, the Carry Futura is also offered as the Mitsubishi Colt T120SS. The name is a continuation of the first generation Mitsubishi Delica, which was marketed as the "Colt T120" in many countries including Indonesia. When production began in 1991, it replaced the Minicab-based "Jetstar". The T120SS is based on the locally developed Carry Futura, with which it shares everything aside from the engines. [1] Overall length is 3,720 mm (3,940 mm for the "3-way wide deck" version). [56]

The Colt T120SS is available as either a bare chassis, a fixed-side pickup truck, or one where all three sides fold down, called "3-way wide deck". The engine used is either Mitsubishi's 1.3 L (1,343 cc) carburetted 4G17 or the bigger 1.5 L (1,468 cc) fuel injected 4G15. The smaller engine puts out 78 PS (57 kW) at 6000 rpm. [56] This engine had the same specs from its time of introduction in 1991 until it was replaced in 2005, except for one major difference: in 1996 it was redesigned and is no longer an interference engine. [57] The larger unit, which meets Euro 2 emission standards, produces 86 PS (63 kW) at 5750 rpm. [58] Both engines feature three valves per cylinder. The bigger engine arrived in March 2005 with 1.5-litre Multi Point Injection, when the T120SS was also lightly facelifted, with a new grille featuring a triangular central portion. [57] From 1997 to 2019, Mitsubishi Motors built 324,960 units of the T120SS. [59]

The Indonesian market Carry Futura was facelifted several times, in August 1997, March 2005 and April 2010, and again in January 2017, with a redesigned grille and bumper. The Colt T120SS only received a single facelift (in 2005).

The Carry Futura and Colt T120SS were discontinued in 2019, few months after Indonesia's enforcement of rules for Euro 4 emission standards as both manufacturers asked for an extension of the Euro 4 deadline that was set in October 2018. [60] The last T120SS rolled off the production line at PT Krama Yudha Ratu Motor plant in Pulo Gadung, East Jakarta on 22 January 2019, while the Carry Futura continues to be produced at Suzuki Indomobil Motor plant in Bekasi until February 2019.

India

Starting in 2016, Maruti Suzuki has produced a rebadged version of the Carry Futura in India as the Super Carry. [61] This model receives a 793 cc (48.4 cu in) two-cylinder engine with 32 PS (24 kW) at 3500 rpm. [62] and 75 Nm of torque connected to a 5-speed manual transmission. The minuscule engine is not able to power an air-conditioning system. [63] It is also available with the CNG-powered G12B 1.2-liter inline-four engine. The diesel engine was discontinued in March 2020 as the engine is not compliant with the Bharat Stage 6 emissions standard. [64]

Philippines

The Super Carry was also imported to the Philippines from India from late October 2016, with the same 793 cc (48.4 cu in) diesel engine as the Indian version. [62] It is available as a flat-bed truck, utility van, cargo van or prepared to be fitted with Jeepney bodywork. It is 3,800 mm (149.6 in) long, with a wheelbase of 2,110 mm (83.1 in), a cargo bed of 2,384 mm (93.9 in), and can take a load of 625 kg (1,378 lb) as well as two occupants. [62] After the all-new model Carry arrived in the Philippines in 2019, the Super Carry continued to be sold alongside it.

Ninth generation (DC51T/DD51T/DE51V/DF51V; 1991)

Ninth generation (DC51T/DD51T/DE51V/DF51V)
Suzuki Carry 1001.JPG
1991–1999 Suzuki Carry truck
Overview
Also called Autozam Scrum
Changan SC6331
Ford Pronto
Norkis Multicab (Philippines)
Production1991–1999
1993–2003 (China) [65]
Assembly Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door pickup
5-door van/microbus
Layout FMR layout, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive (Carry)
mid-engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive (Every/Carry Van)
Powertrain
Engine 657 cc F6A I3
China:
800 cc I3
1.0 L I4
Transmission 4/5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 1,855 mm (73 in) (Carry)
2,000 mm (79 in) (Every/Carry Van)
Length3,295 mm (130 in)
Width1,395 mm (55 in)
Height1,715–1,865 mm (68–73 in)
Curb weight 650–720 kg (1,433–1,587 lb)

The ninth generation Carry (and third generation Every) appeared in September 1991. [44] The 657 cc F6A engine remained from the previous generation, but an all-new bodywork was much smoother, originally with slim, small rectangular headlights. The chassis was largely unchanged for the truck (albeit with a somewhat longer wheelbase), but the vans had a considerably longer wheelbase and an engine mounted midships, just ahead of the rear axle. Chassis codes changed accordingly, and were now different for the Carry and the Every. The trucks are DC/DD51T and the vans are DE/DF51V ("DD" and "DF" for four-wheel drive versions). [44] Two different front treatments were available, one with small rectangular aerodynamic headlights and one with large, round units (used on lower-spec models).

The ninth-generation Carry received a very gentle facelift in September 1993, which meant that the front drum brakes were switched to discs on all models. Two months later the Carry Van line switched to the Every nameplate and the division between trucks and vans was made clearer yet. Another light change occurred in July 1995, when the front turn signals were changed from clear to amber and the bolt pattern was changed from 114.3 to 100 mm. This generation continued to be built until 1999. Most export markets continued to receive the previous generation Carry, with bigger engines and most commonly with van bodywork. The older Super Carry is generally more rugged than the DE/DF51, which was fitted with a coil sprung De Dion rear axle not as suitable for carrying heavy loads. In those rather few foreign markets where the ninth-generation Carry was available, it was sold as the SK306 and with a version of the 657 cc engine used in the Japanese Domestic Market. In late 1997, the retro-styled Suzuki Every C arrived. [1]

Tenth generation (DA52/DB52/DA62/DA63/DA64/DA65; 1999)

Tenth generation (DA52/DB52/DA62/DA63/DA64/DA65)
11th generation Suzuki Carry.jpg
1999 Suzuki Carry truck
Overview
Also called Mazda Scrum
Chana-Kuayue Xinbao
Chana Shenqi T20/T20L
Dongfeng DFAC Xiaobawang
Ford Pronto
Norkis Multicab/Transformer (Philippines)
Production1999–2013
2009–present (China)
Assembly Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan
Chongqing, China
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door pickup
5-door van/microbus
Layout FMR layout, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive (Carry)
mid-engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive (Every/Carry Van)
Powertrain
Engine
  • 657 cc F6A I3
  • 657 cc F6A turbo I3
  • 657 cc K6A I3
  • 657 cc K6A turbo I3
Transmission 5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 1,905 mm (75 in) (Carry)
2,350 mm (93 in) (Every/Carry Van)
Length3,395 mm (134 in)
Width1,475 mm (58 in)
Height1,755–1,800 mm (69–71 in)
Curb weight 650–780 kg (1,433–1,720 lb)

The tenth generation Carry was introduced in January 1999. It retained the F6A engine (albeit modernized) and was sold as the DA/DB52 T and V (Carry truck or Every van, "DB" signifying four-wheel drive). This marked the end of using "Carry" badging on vans in the Japanese domestic market. In June 1999 the DA52W (Every Wagon, only with two-wheel drive) appeared, along with the bigger Every Plus. In 2001 a version with the more powerful timing chain equipped K6A (still of 660 cc displacement) appeared, as the DA62T/V/W. This model has also been built by Chang'an (Chana) in China, as the "Star" (Zhixing) bus and truck (originally SC6350, SC1015). [1] in which they have gone through many revisions since 2009.

The Carry truck was completely rebodied in May 2002, but the existing Every Van and Wagon continued to be produced until replaced in August 2005, as the two lines continued a process of divergence begun with the introduction of the Every in 1982.

Suzuki Every Plus (DA32W)

Suzuki Every Plus (DA32W)
Suzuki Every + 001.JPG
Suzuki Every Plus (Japan)
Overview
Manufacturer Suzuki
Maruti Suzuki
Ford Lio Ho
Changhe
Also calledSuzuki Every Landy
Suzuki Carry 1.3
Suzuki Mastervan (Chile)
Ford Pronto P-RZ (Taiwan)
SYM T880/T1000/V5/V9/V11
Maruti Suzuki Versa
Maruti Suzuki Eeco
Chang'an SC6350/SC6371A/SC6390 LWB (Chana Star)
Changhe Suzuki Landy/Coolcar
Production1999–present (China)
1999–2005 (Japan)
2001–2010 (India)
Assembly Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan
Gurgaon, India
Chongqing, China
Body and chassis
Class Microvan/truck
Body style 5-door minivan
5-door panel van
2-door pickup truck
Layout Front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive or all-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine 1298 cc G13BB SOHC I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,350–2,365 mm (92.5–93.1 in)
Length3,675–3,705 mm (144.7–145.9 in)
Width1,475–1,505 mm (58.1–59.3 in)
Height1,780–1,900 mm (70.1–74.8 in)
Curb weight 785–1,080 kg (1,731–2,381 lb)
Chronology
Successor Maruti Eeco (India)
Suzuki APV (International)
Suzuki Landy (Japan)

The Every Plus, was an enlarged seven-seat MPV version of the Every (passenger version of the Carry). With chassis code DA32W It was fitted with the considerably larger 1.3 litre G13 engine. The image to the right is of the Every Plus, introduced in June 1999. The name was changed in May 2001 to Every Landy, accompanied by a facelift introducing a large chromed grille.

With Carry 1.3 badging (chassis DA32) Truck and Van versions of the Every Plus were sold in various right hand drive export markets, including the United Kingdom and Australia. The truck version was available with constant four-wheel drive. [66] The Wagon model was also sold as the Suzuki E-RV in Malaysia. It was also sold in certain other markets, such as Chile, as the Carry SK413 (truck) or as the Mastervan (van).

Maruti Suzuki Versa

The Maruti Suzuki Versa is a licensed variation of the Suzuki Every Plus for the Indian subcontinent and was built by Maruti Suzuki from October 2001. It is the second van released by Maruti Suzuki since the Maruti Suzuki Omni was released in 1984. About seventy percent of the vehicle components are made within India. [67] The Versa was discontinued in late 2009, after only having been built to order in small numbers for some time. [68]

There were two basic versions of this car produced; the two 8-seater DX/DX2 versions and the 5-seater STD version. The DX2 version of the Versa was equipped with twin air conditioners for front and rear. The Versa was fitted with the same 16-valve, 1.3-liter four-cylinder engine generating 82 hp (61 kW) at 6000 rpm as the Every Plus. It is controlled by a 16-bit engine management system.

The initial target audience for this vehicle were customers who planned to buy a sedan like the Maruti Esteem or a utility vehicle like Tata Sumo. The 82 bhp (61 kW) engine is located under the front seat. [69] The Versa can reach from 0–60 mph in 13.5 seconds. [69]

Maruti Suzuki Eeco

Maruti Suzuki Eeco was introduced in India by Maruti Suzuki in January 2010. This car is a refresh of the Versa, but equipped with a new 1196 cc four-cylinder in-line engine. The Eeco makes 55 kW (73 bhp) at 6000 rpm, 101 Nm (74 ft lb) at 3000 rpm. It is delivered in either 5-seater or 7-seater versions. [70]

Chang'an SC6320G/Chana Star

Chang'an/Chana Star (SC6320G) is a licensed variation of the Suzuki Every Plus for the Chinese market. Changan has the license due to the Changan Suzuki joint venture. The front DRG of the Star was completely redesigned, but from the rest of the body panels, the relationship with the Suzuki Every Plus was still clearly visible. Newer models of the Chana Star are still available for production as of 2020. Examples include the Chana Star 5 truck and Chana Star 3 minivan.

Further re-badged versions were sold under the Tiger Truck brand in North America.

Suzuki Mega Carry

Suzuki Every fifth generation (2005)

The fifth generation Suzuki Every was introduced in Japan in August 2005.

Eleventh generation (2013)

Japan (DA16T/DA17V/DA17W; 2013)

Eleventh generation (DA16T/DA17V/DA17W)
Suzuki Carry KX 4WD.JPG
Suzuki Carry KX 4WD truck (DA16T)
Overview
Also called Mazda Scrum
Mitsubishi Minicab
Mitsubishi Town Box
Nissan NV/NT100 Clipper
Production2013–present
Assembly Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door pickup
5-door van/microbus
Layout FMR layout, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive (Carry)
mid-engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive (Every/Carry Van)
Powertrain
Engine 658 cc R06A I3
658 cc R06A I3-T
Transmission 5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 1,905 mm (75 in) (Carry)
2,430 mm (96 in) (Every/Carry Van)
Length3,395 mm (134 in)
Width1,475 mm (58 in)
Height1,765–1,910 mm (69–75 in)
Curb weight 680–970 kg (1,499–2,138 lb)

The eleventh generation Suzuki Carry was introduced in Japan in August 2013, followed with the sixth generation Suzuki Every in February 2015.

International (DC61T/DN61T; 2019)

Suzuki Carry (DC61T/DN61T)
2019 Suzuki Carry Flat Deck 1.5 DC61T (20190826) 01.jpg
2019 Suzuki Carry Flat Deck (DC61T)
Overview
Also calledSuzuki Super Carry Pro (Vietnam)
ProductionFebruary 2019 – present
AssemblyIndonesia: Bekasi, West Java (Suzuki Indomobil Motor Tambun Plant)
Designer Yoshitake Ishii
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door pickup truck
2-door cargo van (Philippines)
4-door utility van (Philippines)
Layout Front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 1.5 L (1,462 cc) K15B-C I4 (petrol)
Power output71 kW (95 hp; 97 PS)
Transmission 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,205 mm (86.8 in)
Length4,195 mm (165.2 in) (pickup truck)
4,237–4,344 mm (166.8–171.0 in) (cargo/utility van)
Width1,675–1,765 mm (65.9–69.5 in)
Height1,870–1,910 mm (73.6–75.2 in) (pickup truck)
2,030–2,167 mm (79.9–85.3 in) (cargo/utility van)
Curb weight 1,065–1,100 kg (2,347.9–2,425.1 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Suzuki Carry (SL415)
Suzuki Mega Carry/Super Carry Pro/APV pickup

A separate, larger version of the eleventh-generation Carry has been produced in Indonesia by Suzuki Indomobil Motor since 2019. Replacing the ST/SL Carry "Futura" series and the Mega Carry, it uses the 1.5 L (1,462 cc) K15B-C engine. It was launched at the 27th Indonesia International Motor Show on 25 April 2019 [71] and is planned to be exported to nearly 100 countries. [72] It was also launched in Thailand on 16 August 2019 [73] and in the Philippines on 26 September 2019. [74]

The Carry received a facelift on 21 January 2021. [75] [76]

Export versions

Early Suzuki Carrys are popularly called "half loafs" in South Africa, referring to "half a loaf of bread" (still a staple of many South Africans). In Cape Town and Durban, many of these little vans are seen painted in bright yellow with green artwork and a chopped-off open rear end. These are part of large fleets of privately owned public transport vehicles which fit between normal taxis and city buses. Customers literally hop on the back, and pass the driver a rand or two, and simply jump off at their destination.

Alternative badges

The Suzuki Carry has been marketed under several different badges around the world: Bedford Rascal (UK), GME Rascal (France), Daewoo Damas (Worldwide), Chevrolet Super Carry (Colombia and Venezuela), Chevrolet CMV/CMP (Central America), Holden Scurry (Australia), Maruti Omni, Maruti Versa (India), Ford Pronto, Mazda Scrum, and Mitsubishi Colt T120SS.

Daewoo Damas

Daewoo Damas and Daewoo Labo
Chevrolet Damas Deluxe in Bukhara, front right.jpg
Chevrolet Damas (Uzbek-built)
Overview
Manufacturer
Also called
  • Daewoo Attivo
  • Damas
  • Labo
  • Chevrolet CMP/CMV
  • Chevrolet Damas
  • Chevrolet Labo
Production19912021
Assembly
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door van
2-door pickup
Layout FMR layout
Powertrain
Engine 796 cc (0.8 L) I3

The Daewoo Damas is a badge-engineered version of the Suzuki Carry/Every produced by the South Korean automaker Daewoo since 1991. [77] It is currently in its second generation and is available in van and pickup body styles, the latter of which was marketed as the Daewoo Labo. [78] Since 2011, the Damas and Labo are sold in South Korea without branding, essentially making "Damas" and "Labo" the brands. [79]

In some export markets, the Daewoo Damas was known as the Daewoo Attivo and since General Motors' takeover of Daewoo, it has been known in some markets, such as Central America and Tunisia, as Chevrolet CMV for the passenger van (Damas) and Chevrolet CMP for the pickup truck (Labo).

The Damas and Labo both come with the three-cylinder SOHC 796-cc F8C engine rather than the smaller 660-cc units originally used in Japan, to provide more power and comfort. Both the Damas and Labos are only available with a manual transmission. Air conditioning is optional. The engine was originally made for petrol, but is recently only available in South Korea as an LPG-powered unit. [77]

The Damas microvan is available as a seven-seat coach, five-seat coach, or two-seat cargo van styles and comes with various options based on DLX (deluxe) and SUPER models. The Labo is also available in STD (standard), DLX (deluxe), and SUPER models. Two main choices of the Labo body type are the cube van and the drop-side pickup truck. The pickup has an optional electric tailgate lift.

The Damas (but not the Labo) received a facelift in July 2003, stretching the nose by 245 mm (9.6 in) to meet stricter safety regulations for passenger vehicles. This was marketed as the Daewoo Damas II in South Korea. Over the years, the Labo has been equipped with a number of the various grille and headlight combinations originating with the Japanese Carry and Every variations. In January 2007, Labo and Damas production was halted as they could not be made to meet emissions regulations. Production resumed (as the New Damas) in April 2008, although now only with LPG engines for the home market. In March 2011, the "Daewoo" badging was dropped, leaving the cars without a "family name" in the South Korean market. [80]

In December 2013, production was again halted, as the Damas and Labo would not meet requirements for all motor vehicles produced after 2014 to have oxygen sensors installed. [81] The Damas and Labo also do not fulfill South Korean requirements for on-board diagnostics to be installed, although they have been exempted from such regulations. A campaign by small business owners, stoking fear of a flood of Chinese imports replacing the domestic-made trucklets, pushed the government to create an exemption for the Damas and Labo, and production recommenced in August 2014. [82] South Korean production was extended to 2020, when the government's moratorium on meeting the emissions requirement was to run out. [83] In 2019, however, the Korean government further extended this exemption, allowing the little trucks to remain in production for another year at least. [81]

VIDAMCO of Vietnam produced the Damas in complete knock-down kit until 2018.

Uzbekistan

The Damas is the predominant form of public transport in Uzbekistan. In Damas marshrutkas , generally far more than seven passengers are crammed. Local production at the newly established UzDaewoo Auto began in 1996. [84] The Damas and the Labo, alongside the Tico, were the company's first products. Local parts content has gradually increased over the years. In 2004, the Daewoo Labo truck was discontinued, but it was returned to production as the "Chevrolet Labo" in 2015. The Labo is only built in UzAuto's Khorezm Plant, in the town of Pitnak. [85] The longer-nosed Daewoo Damas II replaced the original design in 2006. [84] Subsequent to General Motors' takeover of the UzDaewoo plant in 2008, the name of the Damas II was changed to "Chevrolet Damas." Since about that time, the Chevrolet Damas has been offered in a basic Van trim or as the 7-seater Deluxe, with a colorful graphic along the flank.

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Mazda Bongo Motor vehicle

The Mazda Bongo, also known as Mazda E-Series and the Ford Econovan, is a van and pickup truck manufactured by the Japanese automobile manufacturer Mazda since 1966, in a cabover configuration except for the Friendee variant. It has been built with rear-, middle-, as well as front-mounted engines. It also formed the basis for the long running Kia Bongo range. It is named for the African Bongo, a type of antelope.

Mazda Porter Motor vehicle

The Mazda Porter and Porter Cab are a series of small kei trucks that were produced from 1961 to 1989 by Mazda, mainly for sale in the domestic Japanese market. Export versions of the Porter were labelled E360. The Porter was replaced by the Autozam Scrum, a rebadged Suzuki Carry.

Suzuki Alto Kei car manufactured by Suzuki

The Suzuki Alto is a kei car built by Suzuki. Its selling points have long included a low price and good fuel economy. The model, currently in its eighth generation, was first introduced in 1979 and has been built in many countries worldwide. The Alto originated as a commercial vehicle derivative of the Suzuki Fronte, but over time the Alto nameplate gained in popularity and by 1988 it replaced the Fronte name completely. The Alto badge has often been used on different cars in Japan and in export markets, where it is considered a city car.

Suzuki Cultus Supermini car

The Suzuki Cultus is a supermini car produced by the Japanese manufacturer Suzuki from 1983 to 2003. The nameplate is currently used as a rebadged Suzuki Celerio in Pakistan since 2017. It was first presented at the 25th Tokyo Motor Show, formally introduced to Japan in 1983 and ultimately sold in seven countries across three generations and marketed worldwide as the Suzuki Swift for the first two generations. An alliance formed in 1981 between GM and Suzuki allowed GM to market the Cultus as a captive import internationally under more than a dozen nameplates including the Geo Metro, Chevrolet Sprint, Pontiac Firefly and Holden Barina. It was also known as the M-car within GM.

Suzuki G engine Motor vehicle engine

The Suzuki G engine is a series of three- and four-cylinder internal combustion engines manufactured by Suzuki Motor Corporation for various automobiles, primarily based on the GM M platform, as well as many small trucks such as the Suzuki Samurai and Suzuki Vitara and their derivatives.

Suzuki Jimny Motor vehicle

The Suzuki Jimny is a line of four-wheel drive off-road mini SUVs, manufactured and marketed by Japanese automaker Suzuki since April 1970, now in its fourth generation.

Suzuki Fronte Motor vehicle

The Suzuki Fronte is an automobile that was first introduced in March 1962 as a sedan version of the Suzulight Van. The nameplate remained in use for Suzuki's Kei car sedans as well as some other commercial-use vehicles until it was replaced by the Alto name in September 1988. The word "fronte" means "forehead" or "front" alluding to the fact that the car is front-wheel-drive.

Suzuki SX4 Motor vehicle

The Suzuki SX4 is a subcompact car and crossover developed jointly by Japanese automaker Suzuki and Italian automaker Fiat, sold since 2006. It was available as a hatchback and sedan, with the former available in both front and four-wheel drive. In 2013, the second generation was launched, called Suzuki SX4 S-Cross — now exclusively a subcompact crossover SUV. The first- and second-generation SX4s sold alongside one another until 2014. The second-generation SX4 has not been marketed as a Fiat, and the SX4 sedan was replaced with the Suzuki Ciaz.

Daihatsu Hijet Motor vehicle

The Daihatsu Hijet is a cab over microvan and kei truck produced and sold by the Japanese automaker Daihatsu since 1960. Despite the similarities between the Hijet name and Toyota's naming scheme for its trucks and vans, the name "Hijet" has been in use for Daihatsu's Kei trucks and Microvans since 1960, over two decades before Toyota took control. "Hijet", when transliterated into Japanese, is very similar to "Midget", one of Daihatsu's other mini-trucks. According to Daihatsu, the name "Hijet" was created to imply that the vehicle offers higher performance than the Midget. The Hijet competes in Japan with the Honda Acty, Mitsubishi Minicab, Nissan Clipper, Subaru Sambar and Suzuki Carry.

Honda Acty Motor vehicle

The Honda Acty is a series of cabover microvans and kei trucks produced by the Japanese automaker Honda from 1977 to 2021, designed for the Japanese domestic market (JDM). "Acty" is short for "Activity".

Mitsubishi Delica Range of vans and pickup trucks

The Mitsubishi Delica is a range of vans and pickup trucks designed and built by the Japanese automaker Mitsubishi Motors since 1968. It was originally based on a cabover van and pickup truck introduced the previous year, also called the Delica, its name a contraction of the English language phrase Delivery car. This pickup truck, and a commercial van derived from it has received many names in export markets, being sold as the L300 in Europe, Jamaica and New Zealand, Express and Starwagon in Australia, and plain Mitsubishi Van and Wagon in the United States. The passenger car versions were known as Delica Star Wagon from 1979 until the 1994 introduction of the Delica Space Gear, which became simply Space Gear in Europe at least. The most recent version is called the Delica D:5. With the exception of the first, versions of all generations are still being sold in various international markets.

Mitsubishi Minicab Motor vehicle

The Mitsubishi Minicab is a kei truck and microvan built and sold in Japan by Japanese automaker Mitsubishi Motors since 1966. In Japan, it was sold at a specific retail chain called Galant Shop. An all-electric model of the Minicab, called the Minicab MiEV, is sold in the Japanese market since December 2011. It was also sold by China Motor Corporation (CMC) in Taiwan as the CMC Verica, starting in 1985. Since February 2014, the Mitsubishi Minicab is a rebadged Suzuki Carry andor Every.

Suzuki APV Motor vehicle

The Suzuki APV is a minivan/light commercial vehicle designed by Suzuki in Japan and manufactured in Indonesia by Suzuki Indomobil Motor. The abbreviation "APV" is short for All Purpose Vehicle. It is powered by a 1.5-liter or 1.6-liter inline-four engine delivering 92–105 PS.

Suzuki MR Wagon Motor vehicle

The Suzuki MR Wagon is a 4-seater kei car manufactured by Suzuki for the Japanese market only, and also marketed in Japan by Nissan as the Nissan Moco under an OEM agreement. The model debuted in 2001, and since 2011 it has been in its third generation. It was launched in India by Maruti Suzuki as Maruti Zen Estilo in 2006, Maruti Zen Estilo was discontinued in 2009 and renamed as Maruti Estilo.

Suzuki Splash City car

The Suzuki Splash is a city car that was introduced to the market in 2008. It was jointly developed by Suzuki Motor Corporation and Adam Opel AG, which market their version under the name of Agila. Its debut as a concept car took place at the 2006 Paris Motor Show, making its production form debut at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show.

Kei truck Japanese vehicle class

A kei truck, kei-class truck, or Japanese mini truck is a mini truck, a tiny but practical pickup truck available in rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive versions, built to satisfy the Japanese keijidōsha statutory class. They are known as keitora in Japan alongside the microvan.

Maruti Suzuki Wagon R Motor vehicle

The Maruti Suzuki Wagon R is a city car manufactured and marketed by Suzuki through its subsidiary Maruti Suzuki primarily for the Indian market since 1999. The Wagon R was launched in India on 18 December 1999, and has since undergone several upgrades. The second-generation Wagon R model and styling was also shared with the Karimun Wagon R for the Indonesian market and the Wagon R for the Pakistani market, despite several differences.

Maruti Suzuki Alto Motor vehicle

The Maruti Suzuki Alto is a city car manufactured and marketed by Suzuki through its subsidiary Maruti Suzuki primarily for the Indian market since 2000. The first generation was essentially the Indian-built version of the fifth generation Japanese Alto, while the second generation Alto is a standalone model developed mainly for Indian market. It is the best-selling hatchback in India. Since 2006, it is India's largest selling car and crossed the 1 million production figure in February 2008 becoming the third Maruti model to cross the million mark in India after Maruti Suzuki 800 and Maruti Suzuki Omni and fourth overall joining Hyundai Santro.

Suzuki F engine Motor vehicle engine

The Suzuki F engine is a series of inline three- and four-cylinder internal combustion petrol engines manufactured by Suzuki Motor Corporation and also licensed by many manufacturers for their automobiles. This engine was Suzuki's first four-stroke car engine when it first appeared in 1977.

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