Seal of Svante Nilsson
|Reign||21 January 1504 – 2 January 1512|
|Predecessor||Sten Sture the Elder|
Norrtälje in Uppland
|Died||2 January 1512|
Arboga in Västmanland
|Spouse||Iliana Gisladotter Gädda |
Mette Ivarsdotter Dyre
|Issue||Sten Sture the Younger|
|House||Natt och Dag|
Svante Nilsson ( c. 1460 – 2 January 1512) was a Swedish nobleman and regent of Sweden from 1504 – 2 January 1512. He was the father of Sten Sture the Younger (1493–1520) who later served as regent of Sweden, during the era of the Kalmar Union.
Svante was born at Penningby Castle (Penningby slott) at Norrtälje in Uppland. He was born around 1460 as the son of Nils Bosson (ca 1426-1494) of the family Natt och Dag. His mother was Birgitta Tordsdotter Bonde (1439-1494) of the Sture family. He never himself used the surname Sture. His son later took the maternal surname due of its prestige and tradition of preserving the Swedish independence.
He became a member of the Privy Council of Sweden no later than 1482, but acted in opposition to his distant kinsman Sten Sture the Elder, going as far as supporting King John of Denmark. Unwillingly he then switched sides and supported Sten Sture in overthrowing the king. When Sten Sture died in 1503, Svante became head of state in January 1504. His resignation was demanded by the Privy Council of Sweden in the summer of 1511, on the grounds that he had neglected the defense on the occasion of Danish ravages. In practice he remained in power until his death at Arboga on 2 January 1512. Svante Nilsson was buried in Västerås Cathedral.
His first marriage in 1486 was with Iliana Gisladotter Gädda. Through this marriage he was the father of future statesman and regent of Sweden, Sten Sture the Younger (1493–1520). He married a second time in 1504 with Mette Dyre (c. 1465-before 1533).
Sten Sture the Younger, Lord of Ekesiö, was a Swedish statesman and regent of Sweden, during the era of the Kalmar Union.
Sten Sture the Elder was a Swedish statesman and regent of Sweden 1470–1497 and 1501–1503. As the leader of the victorious Swedish separatist forces against the royal unionist forces during the Battle of Brunkeberg in 1471, he weakened the Kalmar Union considerably and became the effective ruler of Sweden as Lord Regent for most of his remaining life.
Sture was the name of three influential families in Sweden from the late 14th century to the early 16th centuries. One member of second of these families and two members of the last served as nationalist Regents of Sweden in the Kalmar Union between 1470 and 1520. The Sture Party were supported by the peasants and burgesses which often resulted in conflict with the church and the nobility in the Privy Council who more often supported the Union.
Christina Nilsdotter Gyllenstierna of Fogelvik was a Swedish noblewoman. She was married to the Swedish regent Sten Sture the Younger, and led the Swedish resistance against Christian II of Denmark after the death of her spouse. In her own lifetime she was simply referred to as Fru Kristina, but she has become known in history as "Kristina Gyllenstierna" because of the house of nobility to which she belonged.
Jakob Ulvsson was Archbishop of Uppsala, Primate of the Roman Catholic Church of Sweden 1469–1515 and the founder of Uppsala University in 1477.
Erik Johansson Vasa was a Swedish noble and the Lord of Rydboholm Castle in Roslagen. His son would rule as King Gustav I of Sweden from 1523-1560.
Hemming Gadh was a Swedish Roman Catholic priest and Bishop of the Diocese of Linköping. He was a staunch ally of Sten Sture and a fierce opponent of Denmark and the Kalmar Union.
Eric Bielke, also known as Eerikki Tuurenpoika and Eric Tureson, royal councillor of Sweden, knighted, feudal fiefholder or margrave of Vyborg Castle.
The Lord High Constable was a prominent and influential office in Sweden, from the 13th century until 1676, excluding periods when the office was out of use. The office holder was a member of the Swedish Privy Council and, from 1630 and on, the head of the Swedish Council of War. From 1634, the Lord High Constable was one of five Great Officers of the Realm.
Svante is a Swedish first name for males. It originates from Slavic ancestors of first prominent Svantes in Sweden. The Slavic languages have the name which is rendered as Sviatopolk in Russian, Świętopełk in Polish and Svatopluk/Svätopluk in Czech and Slovakian. Also Svjatopluk and so forth in other renditions.
Arvid Birgersson, Lord of Bergkvara was a Swedish magnate and politician in the last decades of Middle Ages. He was justiciar of Östergötland and then of Tiohärad, as well as a Lord High Councillor of Sweden, and once a candidate for Regent. His family coat of arms depict a headless troll whereby some have retrospectively called him Arvid Trolle.
Lady Ingeborg Åkesdotter Tott or 'Ingeborg Aagesdotter of the Thott', in her lifetime called Ingeborg Åkesdotter or simply Fru Ingeborg, was a Swedish noble, the consort of the Swedish regent Sten Sture the elder. She was the fiefholder of Häme in Finland. She functioned as the de facto queen consort of Sweden for over three decades and participated in state affairs during the reign of her spouse.
Natt och Dag is a Swedish noble family and the oldest still existing family of pure Swedish extraction; officially known since the year 1280, according to documents at the Swedish National Archives.
Mette Iversdotter Dyre was a Danish noble, nominal sheriff and chancellor. She was married three times to powerful men: two royal councillors and finally Svante, Regent of Sweden. As such she was a de facto queen consort. Mette Dyre is credited with political influence on the affairs of state through her spouse.
Svante Nilsson, Svante Edvin Nilsson was a Swedish medal engraver, medal artist, lyricist and lute singer.
Events from the year 1528 in Sweden
Kalmar Bloodbath was a politically motivated mass execution that was carried out in Kalmar, Sweden on July 1505. The public executions included that of the mayor of Kalmar, the city Councillors and a number of the leading burghers of Kalmar by John, King of Denmark, as retaliation for assisting the Swedes in retaking the city of Kalmar from the Danes in 1503.
Svante Nilsson StureBorn: 1460 Died: 2 January 1512
Sten Sture the Elder
| Regent of Sweden |