|Launch date||1 January 1925 (radio)|
4 September 1956 (television)
|Stations||P1, P2, P3, P4|
Sveriges Radio AB (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈsvæ̌rjɛs ˈrɑ̌ːdɪʊ] , "Sweden's Radio") is Sweden's national publicly funded radio broadcaster. Sveriges Radio is a public limited company, owned by an independent foundation, previously funded through a licensing fee, the level of which is decided by the Swedish Riksdag. As of 1 January 2019, the funds stem from standard taxation. No advertising is permitted. Its legal status could be described as that of a quasi-autonomous non-governmental organization.
The company – which was founded as AB Radiotjänst ("Radio Service Ltd") by a consortium of newspaper companies, the TT news agency, and radio manufacturing interests on 21 March 1924 – made its first broadcast on 1 January 1925: a relay of High Mass from St James's Church in Stockholm. It was officially renamed Sveriges Radio in 1957.
Sveriges Radio was originally responsible for all broadcasting in Sweden, both radio and television, and hosted the 1975 Eurovision Song Contest. A reorganization in 1979 saw it become the parent company of four subsidiaries:
This structure was dissolved in 1993, with the national and local radio companies merging under the name of the old parent company: Sveriges Radio AB.
Four radio channels are available nationwide on FM and via the internet.
A large part of P4's programming is regional with 25 regions each broadcasting their own local programmes during most of the day.
Additional radio stations available locally on FM include:
Sveriges Radio also provides a number of channels through Digital audio broadcasting, using the DAB standard, and via the internet.
SR International is the international channel of Sveriges Radio and offers programming in the following languages:
SR International is not responsible for programming in the domestic minority languages, Finnish and Sámi, which have their own dedicated channels. See the Other channels section above.
On 16 March 2010, Radio Sweden announced the end of broadcasts on shortwave and medium wave as from 31 October 2010.External service programmes would continue on the internet only. Language services for immigrants to Sweden in Albanian, Syriac, Serbian, Bosnian, and Croat would also be discontinued, while programmes in English (also on the domestic service), German, Russian, Persian, Dari, and Kurdish would remain.
The public's trust in the company, along with its Public Service counterparts in Sweden, may have decreased slightly during the 2000s. The decrease is most significant among right wing citizens.
Västra Götaland County is a county or län on the western coast of Sweden.
The counties of Sweden are the top-level geographic subdivisions of Sweden. Sweden is today divided into 21 counties; however, the number of counties has varied over time, due to territorial gains/losses and to divisions and/or mergers of existing counties. This level of administrative unit was first established in the 1634 Instrument of Government on Lord Chancellor Count Axel Oxenstierna's initiative, and superseded the historical provinces of Sweden in order to introduce a more efficient administration of the realm. At that time, they were what the translation of län into English literally means: fiefdoms. The county borders often follow the provincial borders, but the Crown often chose to make slight relocations to suit its purposes.
Skaraborg County was a county of Sweden from 1634 until 1997. It was disestablished at the end of 1997 when it was merged with the counties of Gothenburg and Bohus and Älvsborg to form Västra Götaland County.
Sveriges Television AB, shortened to SVT, is the Swedish national public television broadcaster, funded by a public service tax on personal income set by the Riksdag. Prior to 2019, SVT was funded by a television licence fee payable by all owners of television sets. The Swedish public broadcasting system is largely modelled after the system used in the United Kingdom, and Sveriges Television shares many traits with its British counterpart, the BBC.
SVT1 is the primary television station of the Swedish public service broadcaster Sveriges Television in Sweden.
SVT2, is one of the two main television channels broadcast by Sveriges Television in Sweden.
P1 is a national radio channel produced by the Swedish public broadcaster Sveriges Radio (SR). It was launched in 1925 as the first national radio station in Sweden, and adopted its current format in 1966.
P3 is a mainstream CHR-formatted station operated by Sweden's national publicly funded radio broadcasting organization Sveriges Radio. Its output is oriented towards young people from junior high school age to 35. The P in P3 originally stood for Program (Programme) but today has no official meaning and is simply a name.
Radiotjänst i Kiruna AB was Sweden's TV licensing body. It was a private corporation, formed in 1988 and based in Kiruna, and upon its formation took over the administration and handling of TV licences from the state-owned telecommunications company Televerket. The company was a subsidiary of the three Swedish public service broadcasters Sveriges Television, Sveriges Radio and Sveriges Utbildningsradio. Under Swedish law, from 1956 until 2019, everyone who owned a television receiver was required to pay the license fee; the last figure was 2400 SEK per annum for the year 2018. The fee was collected by Radiotjänst but administered by the Swedish National Debt Office (Riksgäldskontoret) by means of a special account, the so-called “rundradiokontot”.
TV4 is a Swedish free-to-air television network owned by TV4 AB, a subsidiary of the Bonnier Broadcasting Group. It started broadcasting by satellite in 1990 and, since 1992, on terrestrial television. In 1994, TV4 became the largest channel and remained so for a number of years. The two channels of Sveriges Television (SVT) lost more and more viewers for a couple of years. After making schedule changes in 2001, SVT1 had practically the same numbers of viewers as TV4. From 2004 to 2019, the TV4 Group was a fully active member of the European Broadcasting Union.
The European Broadcasting Area (EBA) is defined by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) as such:
Radio Sweden is Sweden's official international broadcasting station. It is a non-commercial and politically independent public service broadcasting company.
Sweden introduced its first television licence fee in 1956 costing 25 SEK annually, the same year television was introduced to Sweden. Until 1988, the licence fee was administered by a division of the Swedish state-owned telecommunications company Televerket, when that function was taken over by Radiotjänst i Kiruna AB which was jointly owned by the three public broadcasters Sveriges Television, Sveriges Radio and Sveriges Utbildningsradio.
P2 is one of the four main radio channels operated by Sweden's national publicly funded radio broadcasting organization Sveriges Radio (SR). It broadcasts music and also carries educational programming as well as programmes in minority languages.
P4 is a national radio channel produced by the Swedish public broadcaster Sveriges Radio. Targeted at an across-the-board audience, but with the emphasis on older listeners, it is the corporation's most popular radio channel, presenting popular music, entertainment, and sport. On weekdays most of the daytime schedule comes from 25 different regional stations, each producing programming for their own areas, while in the evenings and at weekends the channel carries national programming. Overnight P4 and youth channel P3 present a joint programme of "music, games, and chat".
Television began in Sweden in 1954 with test transmissions, prior to the opening of the first station, Radiotjänst, two years later. A second channel was launched in 1969. Commercial television arrived in the 1980s through cable television and in 1992, the country's first terrestrial commercial channel was launched.
Events from the year 1925 in Sweden
United Kingdom–Sweden relations are relations between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Kingdom of Sweden.
Sweden held a general election on the 20 September 1970. This was the final general election being held before the municipal reform that cut the number of municipalities to below 290. This was the first unicameral Riksdag elected.
Sameradion is the Sámi languages radio department of Swedish public service broadcaster Sveriges Radio (SR). Sameradion provides news, current affairs, cultural, sports, entertainment, and children’s programming for Sámi across Sweden.
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