Svetlana Khorkina

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Svetlana Khorkina
Svetlana Khorkina 2017.jpg
Khorkina in 2017
Personal information
Nickname(s)Sveta
Country representedFlag of Russia.svg  Russia
Born (1979-01-19) 19 January 1979 (age 40)
Belgorod, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Height165 cm (5 ft 5 in)
Weight47 kg (104 lb)
Discipline Women's artistic gymnastics
LevelSenior International Elite
Years on national team1994–2004
Head coach(es)Boris Vasilevich Pilkin
Assistant coach(es)Anna Pilina
Music See below
RetiredAugust 23, 2004
Awards Longines Prize for Elegance (1999)

Svetlana Vasilyevna Khorkina (Russian : Светлана Васильевна Хоркина; born 19 January 1979) is a retired Russian artistic gymnast. She competed at the 1996 Summer Olympics, the 2000 Summer Olympics, and the 2004 Summer Olympics. During her career, Khorkina won seven Olympic medals and twenty World Championship medals. She medaled in every event and was the first gymnast to win three all-around titles at the World Championships. Svetlana Khorkina is one of the most successful female gymnasts of all time. [1]

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although, nowadays, nearly three decades after the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia, the rise of state-specific varieties of this language tends to be strongly denied in Russia, in line with the Russian World ideology.

Artistic gymnastics is a discipline of gymnastics in which athletes perform short routines on different apparatuses, with less time for vaulting. The sport is governed by the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG), which designs the code of points and regulates all aspects of international elite competition. Within individual countries, gymnastics is regulated by national federations, such as Gymnastics Canada, British Gymnastics, and USA Gymnastics. Artistic gymnastics is a popular spectator sport at many competitions, including the Summer Olympic Games.

1996 Summer Olympics Games of the XXVI Olympiad, in Atlanta

The 1996 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad, commonly known as Atlanta 1996, and also referred to as the Centennial Olympic Games, were an international multi-sport event that was held from July 19 to August 4, 1996, in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. These Games, which were the fourth Summer Olympics to be hosted by the United States, marked the centenary of the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens—the inaugural edition of the modern Olympic Games. They were also the first since 1924 to be held in a different year from a Winter Olympics, under a new IOC practice implemented in 1994 to hold the Summer and Winter Games in alternating, even-numbered years.

Contents

At the Opening Ceremony of the 2019 Winter Universiade she lit the fire, together with bandy player Sergey Lomanov. [2]

2019 Winter Universiade

The 2019 Winter Universiade is an international student and youth competition, which is taking place from 2–12 March 2019 in the Russian city of Krasnoyarsk.

Bandy ballgame on ice played using skates and sticks

Bandy is a team winter sport played on ice, in which skaters use sticks to direct a ball into the opposing team's goal.

Sergey Sergeyevich Lomanov is a Russian bandy player (forward), currently playing for Yenisey. He has been team captain of Russia, but during the 2018-19 season declined to continue with the national team.

Senior career

1994–1996

In April 1994, Khorkina competed at the World Championships in Brisbane, Australia. She placed ninth in the all around with a score of 38.805. In the event finals, she placed second on vault scoring 9.800, second on uneven bars scoring 9.875, and eighth on floor scoring 8.487. [3] In November 1994, Khorkina competed at the World Team Championships in Dortmund, Germany. She contributed an all-around score of 39.450 toward the Russian team's third-place finish. [4]

The 1994 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships were held in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 19–24 April 1994.

The 1994 World Artistic Gymnastics Team Championships were held in Dortmund, Germany from 15–20 November 1994.

In October 1995, Khorkina competed at the World Championships in Sabae, Japan. In the all around final, she placed second with a score of 39.130. In the event finals, she placed fifth on vault scoring 9.618 and first on uneven bars scoring 9.900. [5] In April 1996, Khorkina competed at the World Championships in San Juan, Puerto Rico. She placed fifth on vault scoring 9.637 and first on uneven bars scoring 9.787. [6] In May 1996, Khorkina competed at the European Championships in Birmingham, United Kingdom. She helped Russia win the silver medal in the team final and came sixth in the all around final with a score of 38.549. In the event finals, she placed fourth on vault scoring 9.725 and first on uneven bars scoring 9.825. [7]

The 30th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships were held at Sun Dome Fukui in Sabae, Japan in 1995.

The Artistic Gymnastics World Championships were held in San Juan, Puerto Rico, in 1996.

Atlanta Olympics (1996)

In July 1996, Khorkina competed at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, United States. In the team final, she contributed a combined compulsory and optional score of 77.648 toward the Russian team's second-place finish. [8] In the all-around final, she fell on the uneven bars in the final rotation and finished fifteenth in the standings with a total score of 38.455. Three days later, Khorkina redeemed herself by winning the gold medal in the uneven bars final with a score of 9.850. [9]

These are the results of the women's team all-around competition, one of six events for female competitors in artistic gymnastics at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta. The compulsory and optional rounds took place on July 21 and 23 at the Georgia Dome. The USA gymnastics team was nicknamed the Magnificent Seven.

These are the results of the women's individual all-around competition, one of six events for female competitors in artistic gymnastics at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta. The qualification and final rounds took place on July 21, 23 and 25th at the Georgia Dome.

These are the results of the women's uneven bars competition, one of six events for female competitors in artistic gymnastics at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta. The qualification and final rounds took place on July 21, 23 and 28th at the Georgia Dome.

1997–2000

In September 1997, Khorkina competed at the World Championships in Lausanne, Switzerland. She helped Russia placed second in the team final and individually she won the all around final with a score of 38.636. In event finals, she placed eighth on vault scoring 4.537, first on uneven bars scoring 9.875, second on balance beam scoring 9.787, and second on floor scoring 9.800. [10] In November 1997, Khorkina caused a scandal by posing for the Russian edition of Playboy. She said, “I changed people's attitudes. It's very good to be sexy. My career made it clear that tall girls can do incredible things. I opened the way. Now I'm famous all over the world.” [11] In May 1998, Khorkina competed at the European Championships in St. Petersburg, Russia. She helped the Russian team finish second and individually she won the all around final with a score of 38.624. In event finals, she placed first on uneven bars scoring 9.900 and first on floor scoring 9.787. [12]

The 33rd Artistic Gymnastics World Championships were held in Lausanne, Switzerland, in 1997.

<i>Playboy</i> Mens lifestyle and entertainment magazine based in Chicago

Playboy is an American men's lifestyle and entertainment magazine. It was founded in Chicago in 1953, by Hugh Hefner and his associates, and funded in part by a $1,000 loan from Hefner's mother. Notable for its centerfolds of nude and semi-nude models (Playmates), Playboy played an important role in the sexual revolution and remains one of the world's best-known brands, having grown into Playboy Enterprises, Inc. (PEI), with a presence in nearly every medium. In addition to the flagship magazine in the United States, special nation-specific versions of Playboy are published worldwide.

In October 1999, Khorkina competed at the World Championships in Tianjin, China. She helped Russia place second in the team final and individually she placed twelfth in the all around final with a score of 37.611. In event finals, she placed first on uneven bars scoring 9.837 and third on floor scoring 9.787. [13] In May 2000, Khorkina competed at the European Championships in Paris, France. She helped the Russian team win the gold medal and individually she won the all around final with a score of 38.749. In event finals, she placed first on uneven bars scoring 9.837 and first on balance beam scoring 9.837. [14]

Sydney Olympics (2000)

In September, Khorkina competed at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia. In qualifications, the Russian team placed first [15] and individually Khorkina placed first in the all around with a score of 39.005. She also qualified for the vault, uneven bars, and floor event finals. [16] In the team final, Khorkina contributed an all-around score of 38.261 toward the Russian team's second-place finish.

In the all around final, Khorkina placed tenth with a score of 37.929. [17] During the final the vault was set five centimeters lower than it should have been, causing many gymnasts, including Khorkina, to fall. Subsequently, she fell on the uneven bars. In the third rotation the vault height was corrected. The gymnasts who had already vaulted were invited to vault again, but Khorkina refused, knowing that it would not put her in medal contention. [18]

In the event finals, Khorkina gave up her spot in the vault final to teammate, Elena Zamolodchikova, who went on to win the gold medal. Khorkina said, "I thought she could win the gold. I'm glad I could give her that opportunity." She then won the uneven bars final with a score of 9.862. Commenting on the all-around final, Khorkina said, "If I didn't get over the disappointment, I wouldn't be Khorkina. I wouldn't be standing here with the gold medal. It still hurts a lot. It was cruel to all the participants, to vault on a nonstandard height. It's quite possible to get killed. The five centimeters could decide the future of a sportsperson. But I was fortunate to have many people to help me get through it. Tomorrow, I will dance for Russia. I will leave what happened on the vault far behind me, like the North Pole." She then won the silver medal in the floor final with a score of 9.812. [19]

Khorkina received the Order of Honour from Russian President Vladimir Putin on 8 June 2001. Vladimir Putin 8 June 2001-2.jpg
Khorkina received the Order of Honour from Russian President Vladimir Putin on 8 June 2001.

2001–2004

In October 2001, Khorkina competed at the World Championships in Ghent, Belgium. She helped the Russian team win the silver medal and individually she won the all around final with a score of 37.617. In event finals, she placed first on vault scoring 9.412, first on uneven bars scoring 9.437, and third on floor scoring 9.375. [20] In April 2002, Khorkina competed at the European Championships in Patras, Greece. She helped Russia win the first place in the team competition and individually she won the all around competition with a score of 37.592. In event finals, she placed first on uneven bars scoring 9.550, second on balance beam scoring 9.262, and fifth on floor scoring 9.075. [21] In November 2002, Khorkina competed at the World Championships in Debrecen, Hungary. She placed seventh on uneven bars scoring 7.387 and fourth on balance beam scoring 9.462. [22]

In March 2003, Khorkina competed at the World Cup event in Thessaloniki, Greece. She placed first on uneven bars scoring 9.425. [23] In August 2003, Khorkina competed at the World Championships in Anaheim, United States. She won the all around final for with a score of 38.124 [24] This was the first time a gymnast had won three World all around titles. In November 2003, Khorkina competed at the World Cup event in Stuttgart, Germany. She placed third on vault scoring 9.268, third on uneven bars scoring 9.425, third on balance beam scoring 9.225, and second on floor scoring 9.187. [25] At the end of April 2004, Khorkina competed at the European Championships in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. She helped the Russian team place third and individually she placed fourth in the all around final with a score of 36.848. In event finals, she placed first on uneven bars scoring 9.662, third on balance beam scoring 9.325, and seventh on floor scoring 9.112. [26]

Athens Olympics (2004)

In August, Khorkina competed at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece. In the team final, she contributed an all around score of 38.062 toward the Russian team's third-place finish. In the all around final, she won the silver medal with a score of 38.211.

Khorkina qualified in first place for the Uneven Bars Final, with a score of 9.750. [27] [ better source needed ] However, she placed eighth in the uneven bars final with a score of 8.925 after turning late on a pirouette and coming off the apparatus. [28] This meant that she failed to defend her two time Olympic Uneven Bars Title from the 1996 Summer Olympics and the 2000 Summer Olympics, with the title going to Émilie Le Pennec of France instead. [27] [ better source needed ] [29] [ better source needed ] [30]

Eponymous skills

Khorkina has nine eponymous skills.

ApparatusNameDescriptionDifficultyNotes
VaultKhorkina IYurchenko ½ on – ½-twist to back pike4.8
VaultKhorkina IIYurchenko ½ on – 1½-twisting front tuck5.4
Uneven BarsKhorkina IBack uprise and straddle flight over high bar with ½ turn to hangDAlso called a Markelov
Uneven BarsKhorkina IIInner front support on low bar, clear hip circle through handstand with ½ turn in flight to hang on high barEAlso colloquially called a "Shaposh Half"
Uneven BarsChow-Khorkina III or Khorkina III-ChowStalder backwards with 1½ turnEAlso named after Amy Chow
Balance BeamKhorkina IGainer back handspring with a full twist before hand supportD
Balance BeamKhorkina IIGainer 2½-twisting back layout dismountD
Balance BeamKhorkina IIIGainer triple-twisting back layout dismountF
Floor ExerciseKhorkinaJump with 1½ twist on horizontal plane to land in front supportB

Personal life

The sport complex of the Belgorod State University, named in honour of Khorkina, in Belgorod, her native city Uchebno-sportivnyi kompleks BelGU Svetlany Khorkinoi.JPG
The sport complex of the Belgorod State University, named in honour of Khorkina, in Belgorod, her native city

Svetlana Khorkina was born on 19 January 1979, the daughter of Vasiliy and Lyubov. She has a younger sister, Yulia, who was also a gymnast. Khorkina said, "As a child, I was very picky with my food. My mother hoped, that if she puts me into gymnastics, I would start eating breakfast without frowning, after having spent a lot of energy in the gym. This is how, by simple nutritional reasons, I started my gymnastics career at the age of four." [31]

At 5’5", most people thought that Khorkina was too tall to be an artistic gymnast. However her coach, Boris Pilkin, saw her potential and created alternative training methods and skills to accommodate her taller body. Khorkina has more skills named after her in the Code of Points than any other gymnast. [32]

Khorkina was known for her dramatic and opinionated personality, often being called a diva. [33] [34] She said, “I wouldn't have been called a diva or a queen if I wasn't creative. My costume and make-up were always important to me. When people come to see gymnastics they want a performance, not just a sport. I have a talent. I have accomplished so much in sport it will take dozens of years before anyone else achieves as much.” [11]

After retiring from gymnastics, in December 2005 Khorkina was named vice-president of the Russian Artistic Gymnastics Federation. In 2008, she was a commentator for the Beijing Olympics’ gymnastics competition for the Russian TV station NTV+ and released her autobiography entitled, “Somersaults in High Heels” published by Olma-Press. [1] [35] She was also an ambassador for the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia. [1] [36] Khorkina has been a member of the political party of United Russia since 2003. She was elected as a deputy for the Russian State Duma in 2007 and served until 2011. [1] [36]

On 21 July 2005, Khorkina gave birth to a son, Svyatoslav Khorkin at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, United States but refused to name the father of the child.[ citation needed ] In April 2011, Khorkina married Oleg Kochnev. He is a former general in Russia’s Federal Security Service and is twenty-three years her senior.[ citation needed ]

Competitive history

YearEventTeamAA VT UB BB FX
1994 European Championships 2nd2nd5th1st5th8th
Goodwill Games 1st3rd1st5th
World Championships 3rd9th2nd2nd8th
1995 World Championships 4th2nd5th1st
1996 European Championships 2nd6th4th1st
World Championships 5th1st
Olympic Games 2nd15th1st
1997 World Championships 2nd1st8th1st2nd2nd
1998 European Championships 2nd1st1st1st
Goodwill Games7th1st7th
World Cup Final5th2nd4th4th
1999 World Championships 2nd11th1st3rd
2000 European Championships 1st1st1st1st
Olympic Games 2nd10thWD1st2nd
2001 Goodwill Games 2nd4th1st2nd
World Championships 2nd1st1st1st3rd
2002 European Championships 1st1st1st2nd5th
World Championships 7th4th
2003 World Championships 6th1st
2004 European Championships 3rd4th1st3rd7th
Olympic Games 3rd2nd8th

1998 Goodwill Games: mixed pairs silver medal with Alexei Nemov.

YearCompetition descriptionLocationApparatusRank-FinalScore-FinalRank-QualifyingScore-Qualifying
1994European ChampionshipsStockholmTeam2115.422
All-Around239.224
Vault59.749
Uneven Bars19.887
Balance Beam59.775
Floor Exercise89.350
World ChampionshipsDortmundTeam3194.5464385.515
BrisbaneAll-Around938.805
Vault29.80059.693
Uneven Bars29.87539.812
Floor Exercise88.48799.587
1995World ChampionshipsSabaeTeam4384.689
All-Around239.1301077.224
Vault59.618719.312
Uneven Bars19.900119.637
Balance Beam1519.100
Floor Exercise3119.175
1996European ChampionshipsBirminghamTeam2115.659
All-Around638.549738.437
Vault49.72539.825
Uneven Bars19.82519.812
Balance Beam229.175
Floor Exercise119.625
World ChampionshipsSan JuanVault59.637
Vault (Semi−Final)49.662
Vault (Qualification)29.668
Uneven Bars19.787
Uneven Bars (Semi−Final)19.825
Uneven Bars (Qualification)19.825
Olympic GamesAtlantaTeam2388.404
All-Around1538.455977.648
Vault1619.350
Uneven Bars19.850219.662
Balance Beam619.312
Floor Exercise2319.324
1997World ChampionshipsLausanneTeam2153.1971153.401
All-Around138.636
Vault84.53729.762
Uneven Bars19.87529.650
Balance Beam29.78719.775
Floor Exercise29.80099.637
1998European ChampionshipsSaint PetersburgTeam2112.720
All-Around138.624338.074
VaultWD49.562
Uneven Bars19.90019.862
Balance Beam209.075
Floor Exercise19.78779.575
World Cup FinalSabaeVault59.343
Uneven Bars29.825
Balance Beam49.512
Floor Exercise49.162
1999World ChampionshipsTianjinTeam2153.2092153.576
All-Around1137.611338.699
Vault79.587
Uneven Bars19.83719.837
Balance Beam229.475
Floor Exercise39.78729.800
2000European ChampionshipsParisTeam1115.760
All-Around138.749238.818
Vault79.468
Uneven Bars19.83719.850
Balance Beam19.83729.775
Floor Exercise69.725
Olympic GamesSydneyTeam2154.4031154.874
All-Around1037.929139.005
VaultWD39.731
Uneven Bars19.86219.850
Balance Beam129.662
Floor Exercise29.81229.762
2001World ChampionshipsGhentTeam2109.0234144.134
All-Around137.617137.224
Vault19.41219.562
Uneven Bars19.43719.662
Balance Beam348.600
Floor Exercise39.37529.400
2002European ChampionshipsPatrasTeam1111.833
All-Around137.592137.524
Vault89.262
Uneven Bars19.55019.787
Balance Beam29.26239.150
Floor Exercise59.07529.325
World ChampionshipsDebrecenUneven Bars77.387
Uneven Bars (Semi−Final)19.762
Uneven Bars (Qualification)19.737
Balance Beam49.125
Balance Beam (Semi−Final)39.462
Balance Beam (Qualification)158.625
2003World ChampionshipsAnaheimTeam6108.9855145.572
All-Around138.124337.249
Vault69.331
Uneven Bars129.450
Balance Beam149.262
Floor Exercise119.312
2004European ChampionshipsAmsterdamTeam3110.423
All-Around436.848137.686
Uneven Bars19.66219.687
Balance Beam39.32559.262
Floor Exercise79.11289.200
Olympic GamesAthensTeam3113.2354149.420
All-Around238.211537.836
Vault209.106
Uneven Bars88.92519.750
Balance Beam279.137
Floor Exercise159.437

See also

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