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Grb Svrljiga.png
Coat of arms
Municipalities of Serbia Svrljig.png
Location of the municipality of Svrljig within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°25′N22°07′E / 43.417°N 22.117°E / 43.417; 22.117 Coordinates: 43°25′N22°07′E / 43.417°N 22.117°E / 43.417; 22.117
Country Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia
Region Southern and Eastern Serbia
District Nišava
  MayorJelena Trifunović
  Town4.64 km2 (1.79 sq mi)
  Municipality497 km2 (192 sq mi)
374 m (1,227 ft)
 (2011 census) [2]
  Town density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
  Municipality density29/km2 (74/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Area code +381(0)18
Car plates NI

Svrljig (Serbian Cyrillic : Сврљиг, pronounced  [sʋř̩ʎiːɡ] ) is a town and municipality located in the Nišava District of the southern Serbia. According to 2011 census, the town has a population of 7,553 inhabitants, while the municipality has 14,249.



Svrljig is situated on the river Svrljiški Timok, 30 km east from Niš, the third largest city in Serbia. Nearby villages include Crnoljevica and Prekonoga.


Aside from the town of Svrljig, the municipality includes the following settlements:



An anthropological study by Mihailo Kostić claimed that the Svrljig province was inhabited by mostly an "olden" population, while part descends from "colonists from the second half of the 15th century". [3] According to Petar Vlahović, Svrljig is part of the Serbian Šopi ethnographical region. [3]

Middle Ages

Svrljig was the name of a župa (county) in the Middle Ages. It is mentioned (for the first time) in the geographical list of counties and cities in the 1019–20 charters of Byzantine Emperor Basil II. [4] The settlement and its surrounding region is mentioned as part of the Eparchy of Niš. [5] In 1183, Svrljig and other nearby fortifications were taken over by Serbian Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja. [6] The fortification mostly dates to the medieval Serbian period. [4] It was situated on the road which connected Niš with the road to Constantinople. [7] An evangelion manuscript written in Svrljig in the Serbian redaction of Old Slavic dating to 1279 is preserved in fragments. [8] After the fall of Braničevo under the Serbian king Stefan Milutin in 1290s Svrljig became a border region.[ citation needed ] Svrljig was conquered and plundered in 1413 by Ottoman prince Musa Çelebi. [4] It was then part of Stefan Lazarević's Serbian Despotate. [4]

Early modern period

The town was known as Isferlik and Isfirlig in Ottoman Turkish. [9] It was administratively part of the Sanjak of Vidin. [10]


During the Toplica Uprising (1917), Serbian guerrilla bands were active in the region. [11]

In 1922, the Niš–Svrljig–Knjaževac–Zaječar highway was built. [12] From 1929 to 1941, Svrljig was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During World War II, Yugoslav Partisans were active in the region. [13]


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Source: [14]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Svrljig has 14,249 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

The ethnic composition of the municipality is: [15]

Ethnic groupPopulation%
Serbs 13,84397.15%
Roma 1571.10%
Hungarians 90.06%
Macedonians 80.06%
Bulgarians 60.04%
Croats 60.04%


The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2017): [16]

Agriculture, forestry and fishing8
Processing industry1,105
Distribution of power, gas and water20
Distribution of water and water waste management36
Wholesale and retail, repair344
Traffic, storage and communication88
Hotels and restaurants73
Media and telecommunications35
Finance and insurance10
Property stock and charter-
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities54
Administrative and other services12
Administration and social assurance128
Healthcare and social work113
Art, leisure and recreation4
Other services28

See also

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