Svrljig

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Svrljig

Сврљиг
Svrljig.jpg
Grb Svrljiga.png
Coat of arms
Municipalities of Serbia Svrljig.png
Location of the municipality of Svrljig within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°25′N22°07′E / 43.417°N 22.117°E / 43.417; 22.117 Coordinates: 43°25′N22°07′E / 43.417°N 22.117°E / 43.417; 22.117
Country Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia
Region Southern and Eastern Serbia
District Nišava
Settlements39
Government
  MayorJelena Trifunović
Area
[1]
  Town4.64 km2 (1.79 sq mi)
  Municipality497 km2 (192 sq mi)
Elevation
374 m (1,227 ft)
Population
 (2011 census) [2]
  Town
7,553
  Town density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
  Municipality
14,249
  Municipality density29/km2 (74/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
18360
Area code +381(0)18
Car plates NI
Website www.svrljig.rs

Svrljig (Serbian Cyrillic : Сврљиг, pronounced  [sʋř̩ʎiːɡ] ) is a town and municipality located in the Nišava District of the southern Serbia. According to 2011 census, the town has a population of 7,553 inhabitants, while the municipality has 14,249.

Contents

Geography

Svrljig is situated on the river Svrljiški Timok, 30 km east from Niš, the third largest city in Serbia. Nearby villages include Crnoljevica and Prekonoga.

Settlements

Aside from the town of Svrljig, the municipality includes the following settlements:

History

Anthropology

An anthropological study by Mihailo Kostić claimed that the Svrljig province was inhabited by mostly an "olden" population, while part descends from "colonists from the second half of the 15th century". [3] According to Petar Vlahović, Svrljig is part of the Serbian Šopi ethnographical region. [3]

Middle Ages

Svrljig was the name of a župa (county) in the Middle Ages. It is mentioned (for the first time) in the geographical list of counties and cities in the 1019–20 charters of Byzantine Emperor Basil II. [4] The settlement and its surrounding region is mentioned as part of the Eparchy of Niš. [5] In 1183, Svrljig and other nearby fortifications were taken over by Serbian Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja. [6] The fortification mostly dates to the medieval Serbian period. [4] It was situated on the road which connected Niš with the road to Constantinople. [7] An evangelion manuscript written in Svrljig in the Serbian redaction of Old Slavic dating to 1279 is preserved in fragments. [8] After the fall of Braničevo under the Serbian king Stefan Milutin in 1290s Svrljig became a border region.[ citation needed ] Svrljig was conquered and plundered in 1413 by Ottoman prince Musa Çelebi. [4] It was then part of Stefan Lazarević's Serbian Despotate. [4]

Early modern period

The town was known as Isferlik and Isfirlig in Ottoman Turkish. [9] It was administratively part of the Sanjak of Vidin. [10]

Modern

During the Toplica Uprising (1917), Serbian guerrilla bands were active in the region. [11]

In 1922, the Niš–Svrljig–Knjaževac–Zaječar highway was built. [12] From 1929 to 1941, Svrljig was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During World War II, Yugoslav Partisans were active in the region. [13]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194832,282    
195332,939+0.40%
196130,260−1.05%
197126,505−1.32%
198124,242−0.89%
199120,740−1.55%
200217,284−1.64%
201114,249−2.12%
Source: [14]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Svrljig has 14,249 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

The ethnic composition of the municipality is: [15]

Ethnic groupPopulation%
Serbs 13,84397.15%
Roma 1571.10%
Hungarians 90.06%
Macedonians 80.06%
Bulgarians 60.04%
Croats 60.04%
Others2201.54%
Total14,249

Economy

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2017): [16]

ActivityTotal
Agriculture, forestry and fishing8
Mining-
Processing industry1,105
Distribution of power, gas and water20
Distribution of water and water waste management36
Construction109
Wholesale and retail, repair344
Traffic, storage and communication88
Hotels and restaurants73
Media and telecommunications35
Finance and insurance10
Property stock and charter-
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities54
Administrative and other services12
Administration and social assurance128
Education172
Healthcare and social work113
Art, leisure and recreation4
Other services28
Total2,340

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN   978-86-6161-109-4 . Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. 1 2 Jasna Bjeladinović-Jergić (2001). Зборник Етнографског музеја у Београду: 1901-2001. Етнографски музеј. p. 183.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Geografsko društvo (1969). Glasnik. 49–52. p. 103.
  5. Mišić 2010, pp. 103, 252.
  6. Mišić 2010, p. 252.
  7. Синиша Мишић (2010). Лексикон градова и тргова средњовековних српских земаља: према писаним изворима. Завод за уџбенике. p. 252. ISBN   978-86-17-16604-3.
  8. Arheografski prilozi. Narodna biblioteka Srbije, Arheografsko odeljenje. 1999. p. 555. Ово је писани споменик чије је друго издање приредио Никола Родић 1999. године 1 Фрагменти старог рукописног јеванђеља српске редакције старословенског језика писани су на пергаменту године 1279. у Сврљигу
  9. Hazim Šabanović (1969). Prilozi za orijentalnu filologiju: Revue de philologie orientale.
  10. Gliša Elezović (1974). Turski spomenice. p. 169.
  11. Божица Младеновић (1 September 2007). Топлички устанак 1917.: збирка докумената. Istorijski institut. pp. 64–. GGKEY:X5X73Z78UTZ.
  12. Srboljub Đ Stamenković (2001). Географска енциклопедија насеља Србије: М-Р. Универзитет у Београду. Географски факултет. ISBN   978-86-82657-15-6.
  13. Petar Višnjić (1985). Operacije za oslobođenje istočne Srbije: jun-oktobar 1944. Izd. Istorijski arhiv "Timočka krajina".
  14. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  15. "ETHNICITY Data by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  16. "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2018" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia . Retrieved 16 March 2019.