Syangja District

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Syangja District

स्याङ्जा
A view of Syangja.jpg
The District Headquarters Putalibazar
Syangja Gandaki locator.png
Location of Syangja (dark yellow) in Gandaki Pradesh
Division of Syangjs
Country Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal
Province Gandaki Pradesh
Admin HQ. Putalibazar
Government
  Type Coordination committee
  Body DCC, Syangja
Area
  Total1,164 km2 (449 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [1]
  Total289,148
  Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+05:45 (NPT)
Telephone Code063
Main Language(s) Nepali
Website ddcsyangja.gov.np

Syangja District (Nepali : स्याङ्जा जिल्ला Loudspeaker.svg Listen  ), a part of Gandaki Pradesh, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Syangja bazaar (a small town) as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,164 km2 (449 sq mi) and had a population of 289,148 [1] It lies in the hilly region at an altitude ranging from about 300 meters along the banks of Kaligandaki river up to a couple of thousands meters above the sea level. It lies at about latitude 28°4'60 North and longitude 83°52'0 East.

Contents

The district now has five municipalities Waling, Putalibazar, Chapakot, Bhirkot and Galyang and six village councils Bajhakot, Arjun Chaupari, Biruwa, Fedikhola, Harinas and Kaligandaki [2]

Syangja in 1994 under the auspices of the South Asia Poverty Alleviation Program (SAPAP) of the UNDP, received million of dollars of international investment and has become a model for national development. Syangja's model has proved so successful that the Government of Nepal joined forces with the SAPAP to extend the project to other districts and make it a model for national development. It has been initiated or implemented in at least 200 Village Development Councils (VDC/s) of 45 districts of Nepal.

People of many ethnicities live in this district. The major groups are Brahmin, Chetri, Gurung and Magar.

Kali Gandaki A Hydropower is the largest hydropower plant of the nation located on the Kali Gandaki river in Krishnagandaki Gaunpalika. It has the maximum plant capacity of 144 MW.

People and places

Many different ethnicity of people live in this district. The major groups consisting of Brahmin, kshetri, Gurung, Magar and others. Brahmin and Chhetri (Kshetriya) are renowned by their representation in the governmental jobs and Indian army respectively. Gurungs and Magars are known for their involvement in British Army Gurkhas and Military of India. There is a popular saying that "when you go to Syangja and hit randomly a house with a stone that house surely belongs to Section-Officer".[ citation needed ]

The headquarters of Syanga district lies at Syangja bazaar. Some places of historical interest in this district are Satahun Chandi, Manakamana, Bhirkot Durbar, Alamdevi, Gahraukalika, Nuwakot Durbar, Chhangchhangdi and Ridi Ruru Kshetra on the banks of Kaligandaki river. Chhangchhangdi (Chaya-kshetra) is mentioned in the Swasthani Vrata-Katha, considered to be a part of the Skanda Purana, as the place where the last organ of dead Satidevi fell when she was being carried by Lord Shiva. Among the three municipalities, Putalibazar municipality lies in the eastern side whereas Waling municipality in the western Syangja, the newly formed Chapakot municipality is on the east-south. Waling is a longitudinal valley along the banks of the Aandhikhola river. According to one folk legend, Aandhikhola river is believed to be originated from the tears of Shravan of the Ramayana. The largest valley in Syangja is Ramkosh. There are places to hike including Chandithaan which is Devi temple and Hunikot a viewpoint over Putalibazar.

Political division

Syangja district has 11 local units among them five are municipalities (Nagarpalika) and six rural municipalities (guanpalika) recently with the formulation of new constitution and provincial division of the country.

  1. Galyang Municipality
  2. Chapakot Municipality
  3. Putalibazar Municipality
  4. Bheerkot Municipality
  5. Waling Municipality
  6. Arjun Chaupari Rural Municipality
  7. Aandhikhola Rural Municipality
  8. Kaligandaki Rural Municipality
  9. Phedikhola Rural Municipality
  10. Harinas Rural Municipality
  11. Biruwa Rural Municipality

Former Village Development Committees and municipalities

Map of the VDCs in Syangja District NepalSyangjaDistrictmap.png
Map of the VDCs in Syangja District

Municipalities

Road connection

Syangja was connected to Pokhara and Bhairahawa, two of the most prominent cities of Western Nepal, after the construction of the Siddhartha Highway. The highway enters this district in the North from Kubhinde and leaves in the South to Ramdi of Palpa district.

Hydroelectricity

The Kaligandaki A Hydroelectric Power Station built on the Kali Gandaki River is the largest hydroelectric project in Nepal, with an installed capacity of 144 MW. Besides the Kaligandaki A, Aadhikhola hydroelectric and some other, smaller, hydroelectric projects have been started in this district.

Of all the districts in Nepal, Syangja is one of the few districts in the country that does not suffer from the problem of loadshedding, or scheduled electric outages, while the nation suffers hours of loadshedding each day. [3]

Geography and climate

Climate Zone [4] Elevation range% of Area
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
53.6%
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
45.3%

Demographics

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Syangja District had a population of 289,148. Of these, 74.4% spoke Nepali, 15.1% Magar, 7.8% Gurung and 1.7% Newari as their first language.

23.4% of the population in the district spoke Nepali and 0.6% Magar as their second language. [5]

Religions in Syangja
ReligionPercent
Hindus
86.07%
Muslims
0.58%
Buddhism
13.27%
Christianity
0.07%
Jain
0.01%
Distribution of religions
Includes Others (0.08%).

2015 Nepal earthquake

The district was affected by an earthquake on 25 April 2015. At least one house was destroyed. [6]

Related Research Articles

Gorkha District District in Gandaki Pradesh, Nepal

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Parbat District District in Gandaki Pradesh, Nepal

Parbat District (Nepali: पर्वत जिल्ला [pʌɾbʌt], is a hilly area of Nepal. It is a part of Gandaki Pradesh and one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia. The district, with Kusma as its district headquarters, covers an area of 494 km2 and has a population of 157,826. It is the fourth smallest district of Nepal with 47 VDCs currently. It is mainly known for the Gupteshwar Cave, which is visited by thousands of pilgrims during Shivaratri. Patheshwari Temple a notable temple in Kushma located at Katuwa Chaupari of Kushma-09. Patheshwori Mandir has many sub-temples inside like Ram Janaki Mandir, Bhagwati, Devi, Hanuman, and others. Alapeshwar cave is a cave in this district. It is also noted for the Dahere Deurali Temple, which is visited by thousands of pilgrims during Balachaturdanshai. Kamadhenu Mandir is another temple of Parbat district which is located in Khurkot development committee. Recently the Modi hydro project of 10 M.W. has been constructed in this district. Parbat's biggest playground lies in Phalewas village named Majhi Chour and Indra Chour.

Tanahun District District in Gandaki Pradesh, Nepal

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Waling Municipality in Gandaki Province, Nepal

Waling Municipality, the heart of Syangja, is a small valley covered with hills formed on 27 January 1997 by merging of the then three VDCs namely Waling, Dhanubase and Pekhubaaghkhor. It is a town and municipality in the western hilly region of Nepal. It is in the Aadhikhola valley in Syangja District, Gandaki Zone of Nepal. Waling will be the first municipality to have houses all coloured with pink and will be named as Pink City. Waling has grabbed an award for the best municipality of the country.

Putalibazar Municipality in Gandaki Pradesh, Nepal

Putalibazar, is a municipality and district headquarters in Syangja District in Gandaki Pradesh of central Nepal. Putalibazar is a famous city of Syangja District.

Bhirkot, Gorkha Village Development Committee in Gandaki Zone, Nepal

Mirkot is a village development committee in Gorkha District in the Gandaki Zone of northern-central Nepal. It is also known as Bhirkot, Gorkha. It lies on the western side of the headquarters of Gorkha. According to the National Population and Housing Census 2011, it had a population of 5261, and had 1388 households in the village. Its neighbourhood VDCs are Gaikhur, Dhuwakot, Khoplang, Chyangli, Palumtar, Chhoprak and Deurali. Such as Kotgadi, Lakang, Mahadev Temple are the most important places of Mirkot. The central part of Mirkot VDC is called Bagdanda, Where the main office of the VDC and Mirkot Higher Secondary School are located.

Arjun Chaupari Rural municipality in Gandaki Pradesh, Nepal

Arjun Chaupari is a rural municipality in Syangja District in Gandaki Pradesh, central Nepal. In 12 March 2017, the government of Nepal implemented a new local administrative structure consisting of 744 local units. With the implementation of the new local administrative structure, VDCs have been replaced with municipal & village councils. Arjun Chaupari is one of these 744 local units. Arjun Chaupari is created by merging Rapakot, Aruchaur, Sataudarau & (3,7) Wards of Panchamul.

Biruwa Archale Village development committee in Gandaki Zone, Nepal

Biruwa Archale is a village development committee in Syangja District in the Gandaki Zone of central Nepal. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census it had a population of 2860 people living in 674 individual households. ward no. 1 Dara/Besardada village is 100% Gurung Village. While the other Ward No. 2 Shree Danda and the remaining Ward No. 3-9 consists of Magar, Chhetri and Brahmins.

Chapakot Municipality Municipality in Gandaki Pradesh, Nepal

Chapakot is a municipality in the southeastern part of Syangja District in Gandaki Pradesh of central Nepal. The new municipality was formed by merging three existing villages—Ratnapur, Kuwakot and Chapakot—on 18 May 2014. In 12 March, 2017 The government implemented the new local administrative structure consisting of 744 local units. With the implementation of this new local administrative structure, the old structure will no longer be in existence. According to the new structure, VDCs will be replaced with village councils. Newly merged VDCs are Sankhar, Sekham, Ward no. 8 of Pakbadi & Ward no. of Malengkot. The office of the municipality is that of the former Chapakot Municipality.

Pindikhola Village development committee in Gandaki Zone, Nepal

Pindikhola was a village development committee in Syangja District in the Gandaki Zone of central Nepal. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census it had a population of 4,956 people living in 1,119 individual households.

Daraun is a village development committee in Syangja District in Gandaki Pradesh of central Nepal. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census it had a population of 2286 people living in 582 individual households. Daraun is located at western part of the district. This VDC is joined with Arjun Chaupari VDC, Putalibazar municipality and Panchamul VDC.

Bhirkot Municipality Municipality in Western Region, Nepal

Bhirkot is a municipality in Syangja District of Gandaki Zone of central Nepal. The new municipality was formed by merging four existing villages—Banethok Deurali, Darsing Dahathum, Dhapuk Simal Bhanjyang and Khilung Deurali—on 18 September 2015. The office of the municipality is that of the former Darsing Dahathum village development committee's Bayarghari Bazaar.

Gandaki Province Province of Nepal

Gandaki Province is one of the seven federal provinces established by the current constitution of Nepal which was promulgated on 20 September 2015. Pokhara is the province's capital city. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, Bagmati Province to the east, Karnali Province to the west, and Lumbini Province and Uttar Pradesh of India to the south. The total area of the province is 21,504 km² - about 14.57% of the country's total area. According to the latest census, the population of the province was 2,403,757. The newly elected Provincial Assembly adopted Gandaki Province as the permanent name by replacing its initial name Province no. 4 in July 2018.

Galyang Municipality Municipality in Gandaki Pradesh, Nepal

Galyang is a Municipality in Syangja District in Gandaki Pradesh, central Nepal. In 12 March 2017, The government of Nepal implemented the new local administrative structure consisting of 744 local units. With the implementation of this new local administrative structure, VDCs have been replaced with village councils. Galyang is one of these 744 local municipal units. Galyang is created by merging Malunga, Jagatradevi, (1-6,9) Wards of Pakwadi, (1,6-9) Wards of Tindobate, Tulsibhanjyang, Nibuwakharka, PindikholaBatuwa & (1-4,7-9) Wards of Pelakot.

Aandhikhola Gaupalika in Gandaki Pradesh, Nepal

Aandhikhola is a Gaupalika in Syangja District in the Gandaki Pradesh of central Nepal. In 12 March 2017, the government of Nepal implemented a new local administrative structure consisting of 744 local units. With the implementation of the new local administrative structure, VDCs have been replaced with municipal & village councils. Aandhikhola is one of these 744 local units. Aandhikhola is created by merging Faparthum, Chilaunebas, Bichari Chautara, Wangsing Deurali, Setidobhan & (1,2,4-6,8,9) Wards of Panchamul.

Kaligandaki Gaupalika in Gandaki Pradesh, Nepal

Kaligandaki is a Village council in Syangja District in Gandaki Pradesh, central Nepal. In 12 March 2017, the government of Nepal implemented a new local administrative structure consisting of 744 local units. With the implementation of the new local administrative structure, VDCs have been replaced with municipal & village councils. Kaligandaki is one of these 744 local units. Kaligandaki is created by merging Alamdevi, Birgha Archale, Chandibhanjyang & Shreekrishna Gandaki.

Biruwa Gaupalika in Gandaki Pradesh, Nepal

Biruwa is a Village council in Syangja District in Gandaki Pradesh, central Nepal.

Harinas Gaupalika in Gandaki Pradesh, Nepal

Harinas is a Village council in Syangja District in Gandaki Pradesh, central Nepal.

Syangja 1 is one of two parliamentary constituencies of Syangja District in Nepal. This constituency came into existence on the Constituency Delimitation Commission (CDC) report submitted on 31 August 2017.

Syangja 2 is one of two parliamentary constituencies of Syangja District in Nepal. This constituency came into existence on the Constituency Delimitation Commission (CDC) report submitted on 31 August 2017.

References

  1. 1 2 "National Population and Housing Census 2011(National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Government of Nepal. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 April 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  2. "Which local units are you in?". Seto Pati. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  3. "Syangja village freed of load shedding" . Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  4. "The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system" (PDF). Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110. 2005. ISBN   87-7903-210-9 . Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  5. 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
  6. "Tricity Nepalese collect funds, relief material". nyoooz. nyoooz. 27 April 2015. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015.

Coordinates: 28°05′49″N83°49′19″E / 28.09694°N 83.82194°E / 28.09694; 83.82194