Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique

Last updated

The National Syndicate of Phonographic Publishing (French : Syndicat national de l'édition phonographique; SNEP) is the inter-professional organization that protects the interests of the French record industry. SNEP was established in 1922 and has 48 member companies.

French language Romance language

French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone in both English and French.

France Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

Music industry companies and individuals that create and sell music

The music industry consists of the companies and individuals that earn money by creating new songs and pieces and selling live concerts and shows, audio and video recordings, compositions and sheet music, and the organizations and associations that aid and represent music creators. Among the many individuals and organizations that operate in the industry are: the songwriters and composers who create new songs and musical pieces; the singers, musicians, conductors and bandleaders who perform the music; the companies and professionals who create and sell recorded music and/or sheet music ; and those that help organize and present live music performances.


SNEP's responsibilities include collecting and distributing royalty payments for broadcast and performance, preventing copyright infringement of its members' works (including music piracy), and sales certification of silver, gold, platinum and diamond records and videos. SNEP also compiles weekly official charts of France's top-selling music, including singles and albums.

Copyright infringement

Copyright infringement is the use of works protected by copyright law without permission, infringing certain exclusive rights granted to the copyright holder, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works. The copyright holder is typically the work's creator, or a publisher or other business to whom copyright has been assigned. Copyright holders routinely invoke legal and technological measures to prevent and penalize copyright infringement.

Music recording certification

Music recording certification is a system of certifying that a music recording has shipped, sold, or streamed a certain number of units. The threshold quantity varies by type and by nation or territory.

Official charts

Since September 2002, the official charts have been as follows:

Criterion: The following guidelines are applied:

Certification awards


Time of issue [1] Certifications Until 30 Oct 1988Until 30 Jun 2006 [2] [Note] From 1 Jul 2006 to 30 Jun 2009 [2] [Notes] From 1 Jul 2009 to present [3]
1 Jan 1973GoldUnchanged100,00075,00050,000
19882× GoldUnchanged200,000SuppressedN/A
1 May 1980Platinum400,000 [1] 300,000200,000100,000
1 Nov 19882× PlatinumN/A600,000400,000200,000
1 Nov 19883× PlatinumN/A900,000600,000300,000
1 Nov 1988DiamondUnchanged1,000,000750,000500,000

^ Note: While the source provided for changes in certification-levels does not mention the changes for the silver, 2× Gold, 2× Platinum and 3× Platinum awards, the SNEP reduced the levels for those awards at the same time it reduced the levels for the Gold, Platinum and Diamond awards.


Sales only

Time of issue [4] Certifications Until 30 Oct 1988From 1 Nov 1988 to 28 Feb 1991From 1 Mar 1991 to 30 Apr 20051 May 2005 to 30 Jun 2009From 1 Jul 2009 to 17 Mar 2013 [3] From Mar 2013 to Jan 2016 [5]
1 July 1985Silver250,000200,000125,000100,000SuppressedN/A
1 January 1973Gold500,000400,000250,000200,000150,00075,000
1 May 1980Platinum1,000,000800,000500,000300,000250,000150,000
2 January 1997DiamondUnchangedUnchanged750,000 [Note] 500,000400,000250,000

^ Note: Diamond-award represented 750,000 units from 2 January 1997 until 30 April 2005.

Sales + streaming

Time of issue [6] Certifications From Jan 2016 to Apr 2018 [6] [Note] Since 27 Apr 2018 [7] [Note]
January 2016Gold10,000,000 streams
== 66,666 units
15,000,000 streams
== 100,000 units
Platinum20,000,000 streams
== 133,333 units
30,000,000 streams
== 200,000 units
Diamond35,000,000 streams
== 233,333 units
50,000,000 streams
== 333,333 units

^ Note: The SNEP originally converts digital downloads into streaming figures using a 1 download = 150 streams formula. "==" indicates the units equivalent of certifications with the (downloads + (streams / 150)) formula.


Time of issue [8] Certifications Before Jul 1, 2009After Jul 1, 2009 [3]
2× Platinum40,00030,000
3× Platinum60,00045,000

Sales charts: Significant milestones and achievements

Taken from [9]

Artists: Most number-one hits

18 Mylène Farmer "Pourvu qu'elles soient douces", "Désenchantée", "XXL", "Slipping Away (Crier la vie)", "Dégénération", "Appelle mon numéro", "Si j'avais au moins...", "C'est dans l'air", "Sextonik", "Oui mais... non", "Bleu noir", "Lonely Lisa", "À l'ombre", "Stolen Car", "City of Love", "Rolling Stone", "Libertine", "N'oublie pas"
6 Céline Dion "Pour que tu m'aimes encore", "Je sais pas", "My Heart Will Go on", "Sous le vent", "Et s'il n'en restait qu'une (je serais celle-là)", "Encore un soir"
Johnny Hallyday "Tous ensemble", "Marie", "Mon Plus Beau Noël", "La Loi du silence", "Ça n'finira jamais", "Je te promets"
Rihanna "Don't Stop the Music", "Man Down", "We Found Love", "Diamonds", "The Monster", "Work"
5 Michael Youn 1"Stach Stach", "Le Frunkp", "Fous ta cagoule", "Mauvaise foi nocturne", "Parle à ma main"
Shakira "Whenever, Wherever", "Hips Don't Lie", "Beautiful Liar", "Waka Waka (This Time for Africa)", "Je l'aime à mourir"
4 Daft Punk "One More Time", "Get Lucky", "Starboy", "I Feel It Coming"
David Guetta "Gettin' Over You" , "Sweat", "Dangerous", "This One's for You"
Elton John "Sacrifice", "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me", "Can You Feel the Love Tonight", "Something about the Way You Look Tonight / Candle in the Wind 1997"
Garou "Belle", "Seul", "Sous le vent", "La Rivière de notre enfance"
Indochine "J'ai demandé à la lune", "La vie est belle", "Un été français", "Station 13"
Lady Gaga "Poker Face", "Bad Romance", "Perfect Illusion", "Shallow"
Maitre Gims "J'me tire", "Game Over", "La Même", "Bella Ciao"
Pharrell Williams "Get Lucky", "Blurred Lines", "Happy", "Feels"
Stromae "Alors on danse", "Papaoutai", "Formidable", "Tous les mêmes"
3 Adele "Someone Like You", "Skyfall", "Hello"
Beyoncé Beautiful Liar”, “Runnin' (Lose It All)”, “Perfect
Britney Spears "...Baby One More Time", "Womanizer", "Scream & Shout"
Crazy Frog "Axel F", "Popcorn", "We Are the Champions (Ding a Dang Dong)"
Florent Pagny "N'importe quoi", "Savoir aimer", "Ma Liberté de penser"
François Feldman "Les Valses de Vienne", "Petit Frank", "Joy"
Madonna "La Isla Bonita", "Don't Cry for Me Argentina", "Hung Up"
Michael Jackson "Black or White", "You Are Not Alone", "You Rock My World"
Tragédie "Hey Oh", "Sexy pour moi", "Gentleman"

1 All the singles recorded under one of his pseudonyms or as member of his bands are included

Artists: Most weeks at number one

WeeksArtistDetails by songs1
40Céline Dion12 ("Pour que tu m'aimes encore") + 7 ("Je sais pas") + 13 ("My Heart Will Go on") + 3 ("Sous le vent") + 1 ("Et s'il n'en restait qu'une (je serai celle-là)") + 4 ("Encore un soir")
38Pharrell Williams8 ("Get Lucky") + 6 ("Blurred Lines") + 22 ("Happy") + 2 ("Feels")
37Garou18 ("Belle") + 3 ("Sous le vent") + 11 ("Seul") + 5 ("La Rivière de notre enfance")
Michael Youn210 ("Stach Stach") + 7 ("Le Frunkp") + 8 ("Fous ta cagoule") + 5 ("Mauvaise foi nocturne") + 7 ("Parle à ma main")
36Mylène Farmer5 ("Pourvu qu'elles soient douces") + 9 ("Désenchantée") + 1 ("XXL") + 1 ("Slipping Away (Crier la vie)") + 1 ("Dégénération") + 1 ("Appelle mon numéro") + 1 ("Si j'avais au moins...") + 1 ("C'est dans l'air") + 1 ("Sextonik") + 3 ("Oui mais...Non") + 1 ("Bleu Noir") + 1 ("Lonely Lisa") + 1 ("À l'ombre") + 2 ("Stolen Car") + 1 ("City of Love") + 2 ("Rolling Stone") + 1 ("Libertine") + 3 ("N'oublie pas")
26Elton John3 ("Sacrifice") + 7 ("Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me") + 10 ("Can You Feel the Love Tonight") + 6 ("Something About the Way You Look Tonight" / "Candle in the Wind 1997")
25Crazy Frog13 ("Axel F") + 7 ("Popcorn") + 5 ("We Are the Champions (Ding a Dang Dong)")
23 Ed Sheeran 15 ("Shape of You") + 8 ("Perfect")
Florent Pagny8 ("N'importe quoi") + 9 ("Savoir aimer") + 6 ("Ma Liberté de penser")
21Adele4 ("Someone like you") + 6 ("Skyfall") + 11 ("Hello")
Stromae10 ("Alors on danse") + 4 ("Papaoutai") + 6 ("Formidable") + 1 ("Tous les mêmes")
20 Jordy 15 ("Dur dur d'être bébé") + 5 ("Alison")
Lou Bega 20 ("Mambo n°5 (a Little Bit of...)")
Patrick Fiori 18 ("Belle") + 2 ("4 Mots sur un piano")
Shakira4 ("Whenever, Wherever") + 1 ("Hips Don't Lie") + 2 ("Beautiful Liar") + 6 ("Waka Waka [This Time for Africa]") + 7 ("Je l'aime à mourir")

1 Songs performed as duets and trios are included
2 Songs performed within Brastisla Boys and Fatal Bazooka bands and as Alphonse Brown included

Artists: Most top 10 hits

Mylène Farmer54
Johnny Hallyday36
David Guetta26
Michael Jackson19
Lady Gaga 17
Maître Gims17
Celine Dion17
Jean-Jacques Goldman 14
Britney Spears13

Artists: Most top 50 entries

Johnny Hallyday78
Mylène Farmer60
David Guetta51
Michael Jackson36
Celine Dion35

Songs: Most weeks at number one

22"Happy" Pharrell Williams 2013
20"Mambo nº 5 (A Little Bit of...)" Lou Bega 1999
18"Belle" Daniel Lavoie, Patrick Fiori & Garou 1998
"Despacito" Luis Fonsi & Daddy Yankee 2017
17"Les Rois du monde (Roméo et Juliette)"Philippe D'Avilla, Damien Sargue & Grégori Baquet2000
16"7 Seconds" Youssou N'Dour & Neneh Cherry 1994
15"Dur dur d'être bébé!" Jordy 1992
"Living on My Own" Freddie Mercury 1993
"Ces Soirées-là" Yannick 2000
"Dragostea Din Tei" O-Zone 2004
"Un Monde Parfait" Ilona Mitrecey 2005
"Prayer in C" Lilly Wood and the Prick 2014
"Shape of You" Ed Sheeran 2017
13"Les Démons de minuit"Images1986
"Viens boire un p'tit coup à la maison"Licence IV1987
"Gangsta's Paradise" Coolio (feat. L.V.)1995
"Freed from Desire" Gala 1997
"My Heart Will Go On" Céline Dion 1998
"Axel F" Crazy Frog 2005
"Mignon Mignon" René la Taupe 2010

Songs: Biggest jump to number one

97"Lonely Lisa" Mylène Farmer July 9, 2011
70"Relax, Take It Easy" Mika July 7, 2007
67"Hung Up" Madonna November 12, 2005
64"Baila morena" Zucchero February 25, 2006
64"Gettin' Over You" David Guetta & Chris Willis (feat. Fergie & LMFAO)June 19, 2010
60"Zidane y va marquer"CauetJuly 15, 2006
49"The Ketchup Song (Aserejé)" Las Ketchup September 14, 2002
47"Nolwenn Ohwo!" Nolwenn Leroy January 28, 2006
26"Spaceman" Babylon Zoo March 9, 1996
21"Don't Cry for Me, Argentina" Madonna January 25, 1997

Songs: Most weeks in the top 10

37"Happy"Pharrell Williams2013
36"Shape of You"Ed Sheeran2017
35"Chandelier" Sia 2014
31"Pour que tu m'aimes encore"Céline Dion1995
"Belle"Patrick Fiori, Garou & Daniel Lavoie1998
"Moi... Lolita" Alizée 2000
30"L'Envie d'aimer" Daniel Lévi 2000
"This Girl" Kungs & Cookin' on 3 Burners 2016
29"I Feel It Coming"Daft Punk & The Weeknd 2016
"Despacito"Luis Fonsi & Daddy Yankee2017
28"Un Monde parfait" Ilona Mitrecey 2005
"Tired of Being Sorry (Laisse le destin l'emporter)" Enrique Iglesias & Nâdiya 2008
"Prayer in C"Lilly Wood and the Prick & Robin Schulz2010
"Human" Rag'n'Bone Man 2016
27"Ça m'énerve" Helmut Fritz 2009

Sales and streaming charts: Significant milestones and achievements

Songs: Most weeks at number one

15 Shape of You Ed Sheeran 2017
13 Despacito Luis Fonsi feat. Daddy Yankee 2017
11Réseaux Niska 2017

See also

Note that this list ranks markets based on retail value each market generates respectively per year; retail value generated by each market varies from year to year. The figures are based on IFPI annual reports. As all financial data is given in US dollars annual rates of change for all countries other than the United States are heavily influenced by exchange rate fluctuations as well as by actual changes in revenue in local currency terms.

Related Research Articles

Priscilla Betti French singer and actress

Priscilla Betti, formerly known as simply Priscilla, is a French singer, dancer and actress. She released her first single at the age of 12, and has released five albums. In 2008–2011 she played the main part in the French musical TV series Chante!.

Booba French rapper

Élie Yaffa, better known under his stage name Booba, is a French rapper. After a brief stint as a break dancer in the early 1990s, Booba partnered with his friend Ali to form Lunatic. The duo released a critically acclaimed album in 2000 but disbanded in 2003. Booba has since embarked on a successful solo career, selling more than 10 million discs over his career and becoming the most legally downloaded artist in French history. Booba is praised for the quality of his flow and beats but often criticized because of controversial nature of his lyrics. He has also established the rap label Tallac Records, and developed a line of jewellery.

Norah Jones discography

American singer and songwriter Norah Jones has released six solo studio albums, 23 singles, and three live DVDs on Blue Note Records. Her most recent studio album, Day Breaks, was released on October 7, 2016, through Blue Note Records.

The discography of Mylène Farmer, a French pop singer-songwriter consists of eleven studio albums, four compilation albums two of which are remixes ones, six live albums, sixty-five singles and seventeen home videos. Her debut album, Cendres de lune, was released in April 1986 and contained her first hit single, "Libertine". The album was re-released in 1987 with "Tristana", another top ten single in France. On the French Albums Chart, Cendres de lune debuted in 1989, after the success of Farmer's second album, and peaked at number 39 in June 1989. In April 1988, Farmer released her second album, Ainsi soit je.... Thanks to her first number-one single in France, "Pourvu qu'elles soient douces", the album topped the chart as well for two weeks in December 1988. It also contained three more hits: "Sans contrefaçon", "Ainsi soit je..." and "Sans logique". The album was certified Diamond in France and has sold 1.5 million copies there. It was followed by Farmer's first live album, En concert, which was released in December 1989 and became her second top ten album in France, reaching number nine in February 1990. Farmer's third studio album, L'autre..., was released in April 1991, led by her best-selling single, "Désenchantée", which topped the French Singles Chart for nine weeks and also charted in several other countries. The album spawned three more top ten hits: "Regrets", "Je t'aime mélancolie", and "Beyond My Control". With twenty weeks atop of the French chart, Diamond certification and 1.8 million copies sold, L'autre... became Farmer's most successful album to date.

Jean-Michel Jarre discography

Jean-Michel André Jarre is a French composer, performer and music producer. He is a pioneer in the electronic, synthpop, ambient and new-age genres, and known as an organiser of outdoor spectacles of his music featuring lights, laser displays, and fireworks.

Sur un air latino 2003 single by Lorie

"Sur un air latino" is a 2003 single recorded by the French singer Lorie. Released on 19 May 2003, the song was the third single from her second album Tendrement. It achieved a great success, topping the French and Belgian Singles Charts.

Près de moi 2001 single by Lorie

"Près de moi" is the second single recorded by the French singer Lorie. Released in 2001, it was the first single from her first album Près de Toi, on which it features as second track. The single was a smash hit in France and Belgium (Wallonia).

Sandra discography discography

The discography of German singer Sandra consists of ten studio albums, eight compilation albums and forty-six singles. Her videography comprises three long-form video releases and twenty-five music videos.

Regarde-moi (teste-moi, déteste-moi) 2002 single by Priscilla Betti

"Regarde-moi " is a song recorded by French singer Priscilla Betti. It was released on December 9, 2002 in France and in January 2003 in Belgium and Switzerland as the first single from her second album Priscilla. The single reached the top ten in France and Belgium. In France it was certified Gold for selling over 250,000 copies, and it remains her best-selling single to date.

<i>Mademoiselle chante...</i> 1988 album by Patricia Kaas

Mademoiselle chante... is an album recorded in 1987 by the French singer Patricia Kaas. It was her debut album and was preceded by the hit singles "Mademoiselle chante le blues" and "D'Allemagne".

Patricia Kaas discography

French singer Patricia Kaas has released ten studio albums, seven live albums, three compilation albums, and fifty-three singles. Kaas' first hit, "Mademoiselle chante le blues" was released in November 1987. It peaked at number seven on the French Singles Chart in January 1988 and was certified Silver. The next single, "D'Allemagne" was issued in May 1988 and reached number eleven in July 1988. Both songs were included on Kaas' debut album, Mademoiselle chante... released in November 1988. The album peaked at number two in France in February 1989 and stayed on the chart until 1991. Mademoiselle chante... was certified Diamond in France and has sold 1.6 million copies in this country alone. It was also certified 2× Platinum in Switzerland and Gold in Canada. The album also peaked at number thirteen on the European Top 100 Albums chart. The third single, "Mon mec à moi" was issued in November 1988 and reached number five in France in February 1989. It was also certified Silver. Released as the next single in May 1989, "Elle voulait jouer cabaret" peaked at number seventeen in France in June 1989. The last single, "Quand Jimmy dit" was issued in October 1989. It reached number ten in France the next month and was also certified Silver.

The discography of Lara Fabian, a Belgian–Canadian singer-songwriter, consists of fourteen studio albums, four live albums, one compilation album, eight box sets, eight video albums, fifty two singles and a range of other album appearances. Multilingual, Fabian sings in French, Italian, English, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Hebrew, Greek and German.

Lorie discography

The discography of Lorie, a French pop singer, consists of five studio albums, one compilation album, three live albums and eighteen singles. Throughout her singing career, Lorie has obtained success in France, Canada and Francophone Belgium.

Lou Bega discography

This is the discography of German singer Lou Bega.

Jul (rapper) French singer

Julien Marie, better known as Jul is a French musical artist who released three albums in 2014, his debut Dans ma paranoïa on the independent Liga One Industry label on 24 February 2014, followed by Lacrizeomic and Je trouve pas le sommeil. All three have reached the French SNEP official albums chart.

Louane (singer) French actress and singer

Anne Peichert, known by her stage name Louane Emera or simply Louane, is a French singer and actress.

PNL (band) French rap group

PNL is an independent French rap group formed in 2014 by two brothers, Tarik and Nabil Andrieu, originating from Corbeil-Essonnes, a south suburb of Paris.

Julien Justin Fritz Schwarzer, better known by his stage name SCH is a French rapper with German Ethnicity.

Stanislas Dinga Pinto, better known by the artistic name Niska, is a French rapper from Évry, Essonne. His parents are from the Republic of the Congo. He is signed to Universal Music France and Barclay Records. He was initially in the rap group Negro Deep before going solo. Niska is a derivative of his nickname Stany in reverse (Nista), with the "t" changed into a "k". Niska has released three albums, Charo Life (2015),Zifukoro (2016) and "Commando" (2018), with both reaching number 3 on SNEP, the official French Albums chart.

Damso Belgian Congolese rapper and songwriter

William Kalubi, better known by his stage name Damso, is a Belgian-Congolese rapper, singer, and songwriter.


  1. 1 2 "Les Certifications Officielles: Chronologie Albums". Info Disc. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  2. 1 2 France Lowers Gold Standard. Billboard magazine. 2006-07-26. Retrieved 2011-09-26.
  3. 1 2 3 "Disque en France: Les Certifications" (in French). Disque en France Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-18.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  4. "Les Certifications Officielles: Chronologie Singles". Info Disc. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  5. "SNEP: Les Disques d'Or" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved 2014-02-22.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  6. 1 2 "Les certifications - SNEP". SNEP (in French). 2015-02-18. Retrieved 2017-08-26.
  7. "Les Tops et certifications : la valeur comme nouveau dénominateur commun". SNEP (in French). 2018-04-25. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
  8. "InfoDisc: Les Certifications 2007: Critères d'attribution depuis 1989 (Videos)" (in French). InfoDisc. Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  9. " - Les charts français".