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Sechshard / Sechsard(in German)
|Szekszárd Megyei Jogú Város|
|• Total||96.27 km2 (37.17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||83 m (272 ft)|
|• Density||359.98/km2 (932.3/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code||(+36) 74|
Szekszárd (Hungarian: [ˈsɛksaːrd] ( listen ), formerly also Szegzárd, German : Sechshard, Croatian : Seksar) is a small city in southern Hungary and the capital of Tolna county. By population, Szekszárd is the smallest county capital in Hungary; by area, it is the second-smallest (after Tatabánya).
Szekszárd lies at the meeting point of the Transdanubian Hills and the Great Hungarian Plain, at the mouth of Sió into the flood plain of Danube.
Szekszárd was first mentioned in 1015. The Benedictine monastery of the town was founded by King Béla I in 1061.
During the reign of King Matthias, Szekszárd was the estate of Bishop John, who was involved in a conspiracy against the king. Because of this, King Matthias ordered the castle of Szekszárd to be demolished.
In 1485, Szekszárd was already a significant town, holding five market days a year, but during the Turkish ascendancy of Hungary, the town became deserted and the monastery was destroyed.
By the 18th century, Szekszárd was again a significant town, it became a county seat (of Tolna), and got a coat of arms. The town was destroyed by a fire in 1794, but it could not stop the town's development. Most of the important buildings—including the town hall, the County Hall and several churches—were built during the 19th century. By this time, Szekszárd already had 14,000 residents.
Mihály Babits, an important Hungarian poet was born in Szekszárd in 1883.
During World War II, Szekszárd was captured by Soviet troops of the 3rd Ukrainian Front on 30 November 1944 as part of the Budapest Offensive.
In 1994, Szekszárd was granted the rank of city with county rights, in accordance with a new law stating that all county seats are cities with county rights. (Previously only cities with a population over 50,000 were granted county rights, and Szekszárd was one of only two county seats that had a smaller population than 50,000; the other was Salgótarján).
|Significant minority groups|
Szekszárd lies on a railway line Rétszilas - Bátaszék and on a junction of main roads No. 6, 56, 63 and 65. Motorways M6 and M9 cross each other near the city. There also are local bus lines for city transportation operated by DDKK.
Szekszárd is twinned with:
Szekszárdi UFC play in the Nemzeti Bajnokság III, the third tier of Hungarian football.
Szeged is the third largest city of Hungary, the largest city and regional centre of the Southern Great Plain and the county seat of Csongrád-Csanád county. The University of Szeged is one of the most distinguished universities in Hungary.
Salgótarján is the capital of Nógrád county, north-eastern Hungary, making it the third smallest county capital based on population.
Tolna is an administrative county in present Hungary as it was of the former Kingdom of Hungary. It lies in central Hungary, on the west bank of the river Danube. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Somogy, Fejér, Bács-Kiskun, and Baranya. The capital of Tolna county is Szekszárd. Its area is 3703 km².
Tolna is a town in Tolna county, Hungary. It lies about 10 kilometres north of Szekszárd and 135 kilometres south of Budapest.
Gyula is a town in Békés County, Hungary. The town is best known for its Medieval castle and a thermal bath. Ferenc Erkel, the composer of the Hungarian national anthem, and Albrecht Dürer the Elder, the father of Albrecht Dürer, were also born in Gyula.
Sárospatak is a town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, northern Hungary. It lies 70 kilometres northeast from Miskolc, in the Bodrog river valley. The town, often called simply Patak, is an important cultural centre.
Békés is an administrative division in south-eastern Hungary, on the border with Romania. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Csongrád, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, and Hajdú-Bihar. The capital of Békés county is Békéscsaba. The county is also part of the Danube-Kris-Mures-Tisa euroregion.
János Garay was a Hungarian poet and author, was born in Szekszárd, Tolna County. From 1823 to 1828 he studied at Pécs, and subsequently, in 1829, at the University of Pest. In 1834 he brought out an heroic poem, in hexameters, under the title Csatár. Garay was an energetic journalist, and in 1838 he moved to Bratislava, where he edited the political journal Hírnök (Herald). He returned to Pest in 1839, when he was elected a corresponding member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. In 1842 he was admitted into the Kisfaludy Society, of which he became second secretary.
Mihály Babits was a Hungarian poet, writer and translator. His poems are well known for their intense religious themes. His novels such as “The Children of Death” (1927) explore psychological problems.
Gyula Illyés was a Hungarian poet and novelist. He was one of the so-called népi writers, named so because they aimed to show – propelled by strong sociological interest and left-wing convictions – the disadvantageous conditions of their native land.
Bácsalmás is a small town in southern Hungary in the region of Bácska close to the border with the Vojvodina region of Serbia, with a population of 7,694 people.
Tolna was an administrative county of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory, which was about the same as that of present Tolna county, is now in central Hungary. The capital of the county was Tolnavár and later Szekszárd.
Mátészalka is a town in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary. It is on the Kraszna River, 52 kilometers from the city of Nyiregyhaza.
Bonyhád is a town in Tolna County in Southwestern Hungary.
Erzsébet Szilágyi was a Hungarian noblewoman, wife of John Hunyadi and mother of Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary.
Imreffy de Szerdahely was a Hungarian noble family from the kindred of Győr.
Baja is a district in south-western part of Bács-Kiskun County. Baja is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.
Tolna is a district in eastern part of Tolna County. Tolna is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Transdanubia Statistical Region.
Szekszárd is a district in south-eastern part of Tolna County. Szekszárd is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Transdanubia Statistical Region.
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