Szekszárd

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Szekszárd

Alisca(in Latin)
Sechshard / Sechsard(in German)
Seksar(in Croatian)
Szekszárd Megyei Jogú Város
Megyeszekhely - Tolna megye - Szekszard.jpg
Aerial view
Flag of Szekszard.svg
Flag
HUN Szekszard Cimer.svg
Coat of arms
Tolna location map.PNG
Red pog.svg
Szekszárd
Hungary location map.svg
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Szekszárd
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Szekszárd
Coordinates: 46°21′21″N18°42′14″E / 46.35597°N 18.70382°E / 46.35597; 18.70382 Coordinates: 46°21′21″N18°42′14″E / 46.35597°N 18.70382°E / 46.35597; 18.70382
Country Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
County Tolna
District Szekszárd
Area
  Total96.27 km2 (37.17 sq mi)
Elevation
83 m (272 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)
  Total33,720
  Density359.98/km2 (932.3/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
7100
Area code (+36) 74
Website www.szekszard.hu

Szekszárd (Hungarian:  [ˈsɛksaːrd] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ), formerly also Szegzárd, German : Sechshard, Croatian : Seksar) is a small city in southern Hungary and the capital of Tolna county. By population, Szekszárd is the smallest county capital in Hungary; by area, it is the second-smallest (after Tatabánya).

Contents

Location

Szekszárd lies at the meeting point of the Transdanubian Hills and the Great Hungarian Plain, at the mouth of Sió into the flood plain of Danube.

History

City centre Janos Garay Statue, Garay Square, Szekszard.jpg
City centre
Babits Memorial House Babits Mihaly 2 Szekszard.JPG
Babits Memorial House

Szekszárd was first mentioned in 1015. The Benedictine monastery of the town was founded by King Béla I in 1061.

During the reign of King Matthias, Szekszárd was the estate of Bishop John, who was involved in a conspiracy against the king. Because of this, King Matthias ordered the castle of Szekszárd to be demolished.

In 1485, Szekszárd was already a significant town, holding five market days a year, but during the Turkish ascendancy of Hungary, the town became deserted and the monastery was destroyed.

By the 18th century, Szekszárd was again a significant town, it became a county seat (of Tolna), and got a coat of arms. The town was destroyed by a fire in 1794, but it could not stop the town's development. Most of the important buildings—including the town hall, the County Hall and several churches—were built during the 19th century. By this time, Szekszárd already had 14,000 residents.

Mihály Babits, an important Hungarian poet was born in Szekszárd in 1883.

During World War II, Szekszárd was captured by Soviet troops of the 3rd Ukrainian Front on 30 November 1944 as part of the Budapest Offensive.

In 1994, Szekszárd was granted the rank of city with county rights, in accordance with a new law stating that all county seats are cities with county rights. (Previously only cities with a population over 50,000 were granted county rights, and Szekszárd was one of only two county seats that had a smaller population than 50,000; the other was Salgótarján).

Significant minority groups
NationalityPopulation (2011)
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 1,275
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 40
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 33
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 27
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 17
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 17

Transportation

Szekszárd lies on a railway line Rétszilas - Bátaszék and on a junction of main roads No. 6, 56, 63 and 65. Motorways M6 and M9 cross each other near the city. There also are local bus lines for city transportation operated by DDKK.

Main sights

Church of King Bela square Belvarosi templom Szekszard.jpg
Church of King Béla square

Twin towns – sister cities

Szekszárd is twinned with: [1] [2]

Notable people

Sport

Szekszárdi UFC play in the Nemzeti Bajnokság III, the third tier of Hungarian football.

See also

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References

  1. "Szekszárd Megyei Jogú város testvér- és partnervárosai". szekszard.hu (in Hungarian). Szekszárd. Retrieved 2021-04-02.
  2. "Új testvérvárosa van Szekszárdnak". tolnavar.hu (in Hungarian). Tolnavár. 2016-06-02. Retrieved 2021-04-02.