Szigetvár

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Szigetvár
Szigetvar kozpontja - legi foto.jpg
Aerial Photography: Szigetvár – Main Square
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HUN Szigetvar Cimer.svg
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Szigetvár
Coordinates: 46°02′54″N17°48′45″E / 46.048269°N 17.812569°E / 46.048269; 17.812569 Coordinates: 46°02′54″N17°48′45″E / 46.048269°N 17.812569°E / 46.048269; 17.812569
Country Hungary
County Baranya
District Szigetvár
Area
  Total39.51 km2 (15.25 sq mi)
Population
 (2009)
  Total10,900
  Density288.33/km2 (746.8/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
7900
Area code (+36) 73
Website www.szigetvar.hu

Szigetvár (Hungarian pronunciation:  [ˈsiɡɛtvaːr] ; Croatian : Siget; Turkish : Zigetvar; English: Islandcastle; German : Inselburg) is a town in Baranya County in southern Hungary.

Contents

History

Turkish attack on the river fortress of Szigetvar (1566) Szigetvar a 16. szazadban.jpg
Turkish attack on the river fortress of Szigetvár (1566)

The town's fortress was the setting of the Siege of Szigetvár in 1566. It was a sanjak centre at first in Budin Province (1566–1601), later in Kanije Province (1601–1689).

The former Andrássy Palace is next to them. Some other monuments in the town date back to Ottoman times. Two years after the siege, the mosque of Ali Pasha was built, later – in 1788 – to be transformed into a Christian church: the Roman Catholic parish church. The two minarets, as well as the windows and niches with ogee arches indicate its original function. The Turkish House of red raw brick walls and interlaced steel window grills in Bástya Street was originally destined to be a caravanserai. The two holy-water basins of the Franciscan Church were made of Turkish washbasins. The carved main altar of the Baroque Church is another sight to see. In 1966, on the 400th anniversary of the siege, Szigetvár regained its old rank of a chartered ancient city. Development began to gather speed. Today it has a population of 12,000. In October 2011, the city received the title Civitas Invicta from the Hungarian Parliament. [1]

In 1994, the Hungarian-Turkish Friendship Park (Hungarian : Magyar-Török Barátság Park) was established as a public park, dedicated in memorial to the Battle of Szigetvár. [2]

Archaeological digs conducted by the University of Pécs starting in 2016 revealed the tomb of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent in the nearby destroyed settlement of Turbék. [3]

Twin towns – sister cities

Szigetvár is twinned with: [4] [5] [6]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Pécs City with county rights in Southern Transdanubia, Hungary

Pécs is the fifth largest city of Hungary, located on the slopes of the Mecsek mountains in the south-west of the country, close to its border with Croatia. It is the administrative and economic centre of Baranya County. Pécs is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pécs.

Nikola IV Zrinski Croatian-Hungarian nobleman and general

Nikola IV Zrinski or Miklós IV Zrínyi, also commonly known as Nikola Šubić Zrinski, was a Croatian-Hungarian nobleman and general, Ban of Croatia from 1542 until 1556, royal master of the treasury from 1557 until 1566, and a descendant of the Croatian noble families Zrinski and Kurjaković. During his lifetime the Zrinski family became the most powerful noble family in the Kingdom of Croatia.

Sokollu Mehmed Pasha

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Siege of Szigetvár 1566 battle in Hungary during the Ottoman–Habsburg wars

The siege of Szigetvár or the Battle of Szigeth was a siege of the fortress of Szigetvár, Kingdom of Hungary, that blocked Sultan Suleiman's line of advance towards Vienna in 1566. The battle was fought between the defending forces of the Habsburg Monarchy under the leadership of Nikola IV Zrinski, former Ban of Croatia, and the invading Ottoman army under the nominal command of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent.

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Turbék

Turbék was an Ottoman-established settlement from the 16th and 17th centuries. It was situated next to Szigetvár, Hungary. Today, its former territories belong to the town of Szigetvár. According to archaeological research, Turbék is the exact place where Suleiman the Magnificent died during the Siege of Szigetvár. A tomb (türbe) was built for Sultan Suleiman at the site where his body was kept for a short time and his heart and internal organs were reportedly buried. Later, a mosque, a dervish cloister, and a military barracks emerged around the tomb and the place became a Muslim pilgrimage site. However, in the 1680s the Habsburg troops destroyed the settlement of Turbék completely to erase any traces of the Ottomans, leaving behind stone foundations no more than 15 inches tall.

Juraj IV Zrinski Count

Juraj IV Zrinski was a Croatian count, a member of the Zrinski noble family, and royal Master of the treasury from 1567 until his death in 1603.

Nikola VI Zrinski

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Miklós Zrínyi Croatian military commander

Miklós VII Zrínyi or Nikola VII Zrinski was a Croatian and Hungarian military leader, statesman and poet. He was a member of the House of Zrinski, a Croatian-Hungarian noble family. He is the author of the first epic poem, The Peril of Sziget, in Hungarian literature.

The Treaty of Adrianople of 1568 or Treaty of Edirne of 1568, was concluded in the Ottoman city of Adrianople, on 17 February 1568, by representatives of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II, ruler of Habsburg Monarchy and Ottoman Sultan Selim II. It concluded the Austrian-Turkish War (1566-1568) and began a period of 25 years of relative peace between the empires. It followed the siege of Szigetvár, in which the Ottomans took a key Hungarian fortress, but at great cost, including the death of the previous Sultan, Suleiman the Magnificent.

<i>Nikola Šubić Zrinski</i> (opera)

Nikola Šubić Zrinski is an opera written and composed by Ivan Zajc in 1876. It is a retelling of the Battle of Szigetvár of 1566, in which Nikola IV Zrinski, Ban of Croatia and captain of the assembled Croatian and Hungarian forces, took a heroic last stand against overwhelming Ottoman forces, led personally by Suleiman the Magnificent. Though the fortress fell, the defenders inflicted grievous injuries on the assaulting forces, all but crippling the victors' ability to progress past the Croatian-Hungarian border, and causing the death of the sultan himself.

The Sultans Trail is a long-distance footpath from Vienna to Istanbul. It is 2,400 kilometres (1,500 mi) long. The path passes through Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, East Macedonia and Thrace in northern Greece, and Turkey.

Hungarian-Turkish Friendship Park

The Hungarian-Turkish Friendship Park is a public park in Csertő, southwestern Hungary, dedicated in memorial to the Battle of Szigetvár fought in 1566 between the Ottoman Empire and the Hungarian and Croatian defenders of the Szigetvár Castle. The park was established in 1994 and opened jointly by Hungarian and Turkish officials.

Norbert Pap

Norbert Pap is a Hungarian geographer–historian, founder of the Balkan Research Group, as well as leader of the Zrinski-Suleiman Research Group.

References

  1. "Iromány adatai". Parlament.hu. Retrieved 2017-04-02.
  2. Karikó, Sándor & Tibor Szabó (December 2009). Ferrari, Angelo (ed.). "A Hungarian-Turkish Cultural Heritage: Scandal and Reconciliation". PROCEEDINGS 4th International Congress on "Science and Technology for the Safeguard of Cultural Heritage in the Mediterranean Basin". Cairo, Egypt. 1: 18. ISBN   9788896680315 . Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  3. The Search for the Sultan’s Tomb https://www.archaeology.org/issues/292-1803/letter-from/6344-hungary-search-for-suleiman
  4. "Testvérvárosok". szigetvar.hu (in Hungarian). Szigetvár. Retrieved 2021-04-10.
  5. "Međunarodna suradnja". pag.hr (in Croatian). Pag. Retrieved 2021-04-10.
  6. "Gradovi prijatelji". cakovec.hr (in Croatian). Čakovec. Retrieved 2021-04-10.