Tāmaki is a parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate is named after the Tamaki River that runs immediately east of the seat. The electorate is represented by Simon O'Connor, who became the National Party candidate after Allan Peachey withdrew from the 2011 election for health reasons; Peachey died before the election.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
The Tamaki River or Tamaki Estuary is mostly an estuarial arm and harbour of the Hauraki Gulf, within the city of Auckland in New Zealand. It extends south for 15 kilometres (9 mi) from its mouth between the suburb of Saint Heliers and the long thin peninsula of Bucklands Beach, which reaches its end at Musick Point. The inlet extends past the suburbs of Glendowie, Wai o Taiki Bay, Point England, Glen Innes, Tamaki, Panmure, and Otahuhu to the west, and Bucklands Beach, Halfmoon Bay, Farm Cove, Sunnyhills and Pakuranga to the east.
The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Tamaki.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The country quota was a part of the New Zealand electoral system from 1881 until 1945. Its effect was to make urban constituencies more populous than those in rural areas, thus making rural votes worth more in general elections.
Tāmaki is based around Auckland City's wealthy eastern beaches, Mission Bay, Meadowbank, Saint Heliers, Kohimarama and Glendowie; it also contains the working-class suburb of Glen Innes on its southern fringe. Tāmaki is the home of a selection of New Zealand's emblematic historical moments: Ngāti Whatua activism at Bastion Point (sparking a chain of events leading to the modern Treaty of Waitangi grievance settlement process) occurred inside the seat's boundaries, a seat at the time represented by the contentious Robert Muldoon, the Prime Minister responsible for the Crown's response to the occupation of Bastion Point. Among other Ngāti Whatua land taken through governmental application of public works legislation is Paratai Drive, once New Zealand's most expensive street. The area around Mission Bay is also home to the Savage Memorial, a huge site dedicated to the memory of former Labour Michael Joseph Savage, architect of the welfare state in New Zealand.
Auckland City is the part of Auckland urban area covering the isthmus and most of the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. The core of Auckland City is the Auckland CBD, a major financial and commercial centre, surrounded by many suburbs. It was formerly the name of a local authority district that was governed by Auckland City Council; it lay within the wider Auckland Region, which was governed by Auckland Regional Council. Auckland City was disestablished as a local government district on 1 November 2010, when Auckland City Council was amalgamated with other councils of the Auckland Region into the new Auckland Council.
Mission Bay is a seaside suburb of Auckland city, on the North Island of New Zealand, with a population of 5469. The suburb's beach is a popular resort, located alongside Tamaki Drive. The area also has a wide range of eateries. Mission Bay is located seven kilometres to the east of the city centre, on the southern shore of the Waitematā Harbour, between Orakei and Kohimarama. It covers an area of 1.08 km2, about three quarters of which comprises low hills, surrounding the remaining quarter, which slopes down to the sea. Local government of Mission Bay is the responsibility of the Orakei Local Board, which also includes the suburbs of Orakei, Kohimarama, St Heliers, Glendowie, St Johns, Meadowbank, Remuera and Ellerslie.
Meadowbank is a suburb of Auckland city, in the North Island of New Zealand.
The National Party has held Tāmaki in all its various incarnations since 1960, when future Prime Minister Robert Muldoon (later Sir Robert) began his parliamentary career by ousting long-time Labour stalwart Bob Tizard,and staying firmly in place until his self-selected departure from parliament at the end of 1991. In four elections (1972, 1975, 1978 and 1981) Bill Andersen of the Socialist Unity Party ran against him, receiving between 39 and 188 votes.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
The 1960 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 33rd term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the National Party, putting an end to the short second Labour government.
Sir Robert David Muldoon, also known as Rob Muldoon, was a New Zealand politician who served as the 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand, from 1975 to 1984, while Leader of the National Party.
Muldoon's departure caused a by-election in 1992, where candidate Clem Simich won despite fierce competition in an environment where both major parties were out of favour with the electorate. Simich gave up his seat ahead of the 2005 election to high school principal Allan Peachey. Simich was returned to parliament from his party's list, having chosen to move from standing for one of his party's safest seats to instead contest Māngere, easily Labour's safest seat. Since 2005, Tāmaki was represented by Allan Peachey, who announced his retirement at the end of the parliamentary term in 2011 for health reasons. Simon O'Connor was chosen by the National Party to contest the electorate in the 2011 general election.
Clement Rudolph "Clem" Simich or Šimić, QSO is a New Zealand politician for the National Party.
The 2005 New Zealand general election on Saturday 17 September 2005 determined the membership of the 48th New Zealand Parliament. One hundred and twenty-one MPs were elected to the New Zealand House of Representatives: 69 from single-member electorates, including one overhang seat, and 52 from party lists.
Māngere is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one member of parliament to the Representatives of New Zealand. The current MP for Māngere is William Sio, elected for the Labour Party. He has held this electorate since 2008.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
Labour National ACT NZ First
|1946 election||Tom Skinner|
|1949 election||Eric Halstead|
|1957 election||Bob Tizard|
|1960 election||Robert Muldoon 1|
|1992 by-election||Clem Simich|
|2005 election||Allan Peachey 2|
|2011 election||Simon O'Connor|
1Robert Muldoon resigned effective December 1991
2Allan Peachey announced that, due to his ill-health he would retire at the 2011 election, but he died twenty days before election day
The 2011 New Zealand general election on Saturday 26 November 2011 determined the membership of the 50th New Zealand Parliament.
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Tāmaki electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Jonathan Hunt|
|2002 election||Ken Shirley|
|2017 election||Jenny Marcroft|
|2017 general election: Tamaki|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Jenny Marcroft||1,080||2.85||-||1,497||3.89||-0.52|
|Total Valid votes||37,835||38,400|
|2014 general election: Tamaki|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Total Valid votes||36,192||36,748|
|2011 general election: Tamaki|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Labour||Nick Iusitini Bakulich||7,051||19.21||-1.53||6,642||17.58||-3.58|
|Total Valid votes||36,703||37,782|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 49,080
|2008 general election: Tāmaki|
|NZ First||Doug Nabbs||639||1.69||954||2.48|
|United Future||Gregory Graydon||282||0.75||294||0.76|
|Bill and Ben||104||0.27|
|Total Valid votes||37,818||38,532|
|2005 general election: Tamaki|
|NZ First||Brett Webster||973||2.69||1,393||3.78|
|United Future||Greg Graydon||504||1.39||615||1.67|
|Direct Democracy||Grant Burch||45||0.12||6||0.02|
|Total Valid votes||36,132||36,807|
Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Tamaki for a list of candidates.
|Christian Heritage||Clive Thomson||199||1.14|
|United NZ||Tania Harris||118||0.67|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Adrian Holroyd||73||0.42|
|Defence Movement||Bevan Skelton||57||0.33|
|Voters Voice||Cliff Emeny||47||0.27|
|Blokes Liberation Front||Frank Barker||46||0.26|
|Social Credit||Colin Maloney||34||0.20|
|Communist League||James Robb||7||0.04|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Craig Thomas Young||183||0.88|
|Democrats||Craig Douglas Thomas||134||0.65|
|Social Credit||Charles Thomas Willoughby||67||0.32|
|Independent||Matthew Ford Elliot||49||0.23|
|Democrats||Richard John Pittams||668||3.32|
|NZ Party||D T Roberts||343||1.70|
|NZ Party||John Hodgson||4,545||20.23|
|Social Credit||Eddie Hagen||616||2.74|
|Independent||D B Butler||51||0.22|
|Social Credit||John Stevens||3,449||15.98|
|Socialist Unity||Bill Andersen||188||0.87||+0.58|
|Social Credit||Les Tasker||2,360||11.32|
|Progressive National||D Harden||276||1.32|
|Socialist Unity||Bill Andersen||62||0.29||+0.09|
|Independent||P T P Grace||22||0.10|
|United||A H Greig||8||0.03|
|Labour||C T Kaye||5,101||26.88|
|Social Credit||David Stevens||725||3.82|
|Socialist Unity||Bill Andersen||39||0.20||-0.41|
|Socialist Action||E W Higdon||12||0.06||-0.41|
|Labour||A H Hedger||5,556||31.63|
|Values||G R Jessup||876||4.98|
|Social Credit||James Robinson||714||4.06|
|Socialist Unity||Bill Andersen||108||0.61|
|Socialist Action||E W Higdon||83||0.47|
|Independent National||George Mullenger||48||0.27|
|New Democratic||I H Upton||31||0.17|
|Labour||Alfred David Bolton||5,425||30.69|
|Social Credit||Keith Harold Arthur Branch||496||2.80||-3.37|
|Independent||Gladys May Thorpy||239||1.35|
|Social Credit||Keith Harold Arthur Branch||1,032||6.17|
|Social Credit||Joseph F. Richards||382||2.34|
|Liberal||R A Allen||307||1.88|
|Social Credit||Eric Ernest McGowan||352||2.16|
|Social Credit||James Norris||400||2.61|
|Social Credit||Keith Edward Donald Robertson||910||5.59|
|Independent||Ethel Maude Wood||84||0.47|
|Ind. Social Credit||Frederick Coles Jordan||123||0.78|
|National||John George Concanon Wales||6,550||49.13|
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