Tāmaki (New Zealand electorate)

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Tāmaki electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Tamaki electorate, 2014.svg
Tāmaki electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Tāmaki is a parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate is named after the Tamaki River that runs immediately east of the seat. The electorate is represented by Simon O'Connor, who became the National Party candidate after Allan Peachey withdrew from the 2011 election for health reasons; Peachey died before the election.

Contents

Population centres

The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Tamaki. [1]

Tāmaki is based around Auckland City's wealthy eastern beaches, Mission Bay, Meadowbank, Saint Heliers, Kohimarama and Glendowie; it also contains the working-class suburb of Glen Innes on its southern fringe. Tāmaki is the home of a selection of New Zealand's emblematic historical moments: Ngāti Whatua activism at Bastion Point (sparking a chain of events leading to the modern Treaty of Waitangi grievance settlement process) occurred inside the seat's boundaries, a seat at the time represented by the contentious Robert Muldoon, the Prime Minister responsible for the Crown's response to the occupation of Bastion Point. Among other Ngāti Whatua land taken through governmental application of public works legislation is Paratai Drive, once New Zealand's most expensive street. The area around Mission Bay is also home to the Savage Memorial, a huge site dedicated to the memory of former Labour Michael Joseph Savage, architect of the welfare state in New Zealand.

History

The National Party has held Tāmaki in all its various incarnations since 1960, when future Prime Minister Robert Muldoon (later Sir Robert) began his parliamentary career by ousting long-time Labour stalwart Bob Tizard, [2] and staying firmly in place until his self-selected departure from parliament at the end of 1991. In four elections (1972, 1975, 1978 and 1981) Bill Andersen of the Socialist Unity Party ran against him, receiving between 39 and 188 votes.

Muldoon's departure caused a by-election in 1992, where candidate Clem Simich won despite fierce competition in an environment where both major parties were out of favour with the electorate. Simich gave up his seat ahead of the 2005 election to high school principal Allan Peachey. Simich was returned to parliament from his party's list, having chosen to move from standing for one of his party's safest seats to instead contest Māngere, easily Labour's safest seat. Since 2005, Tāmaki was represented by Allan Peachey, who announced his retirement at the end of the parliamentary term in 2011 for health reasons. Simon O'Connor was chosen by the National Party to contest the electorate in the 2011 general election. [3]

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Key

  Labour     National     ACT     NZ First   

ElectionWinner
1946 election Tom Skinner
1949 election Eric Halstead
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election Bob Tizard
1960 election Robert Muldoon 1
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1992 by-election Clem Simich
1993 election
1996 election
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election Allan Peachey 2
2008 election
2011 election Simon O'Connor
2014 election
2017 election

1Robert Muldoon resigned effective December 1991
2Allan Peachey announced that, due to his ill-health he would retire at the 2011 election, but he died twenty days before election day

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Tāmaki electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Jonathan Hunt
Patricia Schnauer
2002 election Ken Shirley
2017 election Jenny Marcroft

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Tamaki [4]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Simon O'Connor 24,02663.50-6.9423,62861.53-4.03
Labour Sam McDonald8,62422.79+8.529,37424.41+9.63
Green Richard Leckinger2,5676.78-3.422,1665.64-3.16
NZ First Jenny Marcroft 1,0802.85-1,4973.89-0.52
ACT Mike Milne5291.39+0.085241.36-0.01
Māori Mele Pepa3921.03-1740.45-0.03
Independent Penny Bright2440.64-
Opportunities  7892.05-
Legalise Cannabis  530.13-0.16
Conservative  450.11-2.94
United Future  290.07-0.12
People's Party  110.02-
Ban 1080  80.02+0.00
Mana  70.01-0.71
Democrats  60.01-0.02
Outdoors  60.01-
Internet  20.01-0.71
Informal votes37381
Total Valid votes37,83538,400
National holdMajority15,402

2014 election

2014 general election: Tamaki [5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Simon O'Connor 25,53969.50+1.8324,09165.56+1.14
Labour Chao-Fu Wu5,11813.93−4.285,43114.78−2.80
Green Dorthe Siggaar3,71110.10+2.303,2328.80+0.03
Conservative Danny Mountain6101.66+0.121,1223.05+1.53
ACT Mike Milne4741.29−1.105041.37−0.99
Mana Lisa Gibson3020.82+0.82
NZ First  1,6194.41+0.65
Mana  2630.72+0.45
Māori  1750.48−0.03
Legalise Cannabis  1060.29+0.01
United Future  690.19−0.22
Civilian  150.04+0.04
Focus  130.04+0.04
Independent Coalition  120.03+0.03
Democrats  100.03+0.03
Ban 1080  80.02+0.02
Informal votes43878
Total Valid votes36,19236,748
National holdMajority20,42156.42+7.96

2011 election

2011 general election: Tamaki [6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Simon O'Connor 24,83767.67+1.9324,33864.42+4.19
Labour Nick Iusitini Bakulich7,05119.21-1.536,64217.58-3.58
Green Richard Leckinger2,8617.80+1.943,3148.77+3.48
ACT John Boscawen 8872.39-2.068932.36-5.56
Conservative Litia Simpson5671.54+1.545751.52+1.52
Independent Wayne Young3580.98+0.98
Independent Stephen Berry1520.41+0.41
NZ First  1,4213.76+1.29
Māori  1930.51-0.01
United Future  1560.41-0.35
Legalise Cannabis  1070.28+0.11
Mana  1020.27+0.27
Libertarianz  300.08+0.03
Alliance  60.02-0.002
Democrats  50.01+0.01
Informal votes755255
Total Valid votes36,70337,782
Turnout 38,03777.50
National holdMajority17,78648.46+3.45

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 49,080 [7]

2008 election

2008 general election: Tāmaki [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Allan Peachey 24,86365.7423,20560.22
Labour Josephine Bartley 7,84320.748,15221.16
Green Richard Leckinger2,2165.862,0405.29
ACT Chris Simmons1,6834.453,0537.92
NZ First Doug Nabbs6391.699542.48
Progressive Ralph Taylor2920.771880.49
United Future Gregory Graydon2820.752940.76
Māori  2010.52
Bill and Ben  1040.27
Pacific  980.25
Kiwi  790.21
Legalise Cannabis  650.17
Family Party  460.12
Libertarianz  200.05
RAM  190.05
Alliance  70.02
Democrats  30.01
RONZ  20.01
Workers Party  20.01
Informal votes402152
Total Valid votes37,81838,532
National holdMajority17,020


2005 election

2005 general election: Tamaki [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Allan Peachey 20,95658.00+22.6919,82953.87
Labour Leila Boyle11,44631.68+0.0911,89032.30
ACT Ken Shirley 1,2583.481,0092.74
NZ First Brett Webster9732.691,3933.78
Progressive Matt Robson 9502.632650.72
United Future Greg Graydon5041.396151.67
Direct Democracy Grant Burch450.1260.02
Green  1,4233.87
Māori  1490.40-
Destiny  980.27
Legalise Cannabis  540.15
Christian Heritage  220.06
Family Rights  190.05
Alliance  180.05
Libertarianz  120.03
99 MP  60.02
Democrats  50.01
RONZ  40.01
One NZ  10.01
Informal votes411139
Total Valid votes36,13236,807
National holdMajority9,51026.32+22.61

1999 election

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Tamaki for a list of candidates.

1992 by-election

1992 Tamaki by-election [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Clem Simich 7,901 45.45 -13.47
Alliance Chris Leitch6,64938.25+21.061
Labour Verna Smith2,12112.20-10.03
Christian Heritage Clive Thomson1991.14
United NZ Tania Harris1180.67
Independent Dean Lonergan 1050.60
McGillicuddy Serious Adrian Holroyd730.42
Defence MovementBevan Skelton570.33
Voters VoiceCliff Emeny470.27
Blokes Liberation FrontFrank Barker460.26
Social Credit Colin Maloney340.20
Independent Andrew Aitkenhead190.11
Independent Victor Bryers70.04-0.17
Communist League James Robb70.04
Majority1,2527.20
Turnout 17,38371.972-13.682
National hold Swing -29.49

1990 election

1990 general election: Tamaki [11] [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Robert Muldoon 12,191 58.93 +6.90
Labour Malcolm Johnston4,59922.23
Green Richard Green2,63312.73
NewLabour Bill Logue7893.81
McGillicuddy Serious Craig Thomas Young1830.88
Democrats Craig Douglas Thomas1340.65
Social Credit Charles Thomas Willoughby670.32
Independent Matthew Ford Elliot490.23
Independent Victor Bryers440.21
Majority7,59236.70+27.03
Turnout 20,68985.65-0.86
Registered electors 24,154

1987 election

1987 general election: Tamaki [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Robert Muldoon 10,466 52.03 +5.68
Labour Carl Harding8,51942.35
Democrats Richard John Pittams6683.32
NZ Party D T Roberts3431.70
Values Bruce Symondson1190.59
Majority1,9479.67-7.05
Turnout 20,11584.79-6.50
Registered electors 23,721

1984 election

1984 general election: Tamaki [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Robert Muldoon 10,414 46.35 -7.16
Labour Robin Tulloch6,65629.62
NZ Party John Hodgson4,54520.23
Social Credit Eddie Hagen6162.74
Values Brett Cunningham930.41
Independent S Hall890.39
Independent D B Butler510.22
Majority3,75816.72-7.16
Turnout 22,46491.29+2.73
Registered electors 24,607

1981 election

1981 general election: Tamaki [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Robert Muldoon 11,543 53.51 -3.18
Labour Richard Northey 6,39029.62
Social Credit John Stevens3,44915.98
Socialist Unity Bill Andersen 1880.87+0.58
Majority5,15323.88-6.40
Turnout 21,57088.56+20.23
Registered electors 24,356

1978 election

1978 general election: Tamaki [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Robert Muldoon 11,814 56.69 -5.69
Labour Audie Cooke-Pennefather5,50426.41
Social Credit Les Tasker2,36011.32
Values J Woolnough7913.79
Progressive NationalD Harden2761.32
Socialist Unity Bill Andersen 620.29+0.09
Independent P T P Grace220.10
UnitedA H Greig80.03
Majority6,31030.28-5.22
Turnout 20,83768.33-15.97
Registered electors 30,491

1975 election

1975 general election: Tamaki [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Robert Muldoon 11,836 62.38 +4.61
Labour C T Kaye5,10126.88
Values Brent Impey1,2586.63
Social Credit David Stevens7253.82
Socialist Unity Bill Andersen 390.20-0.41
Socialist Action E W Higdon120.06-0.41
Majority6,73535.50+9.37
Turnout 18,97184.30-6.69
Registered electors 22,502

1972 election

1972 general election: Tamaki [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Robert Muldoon 10,146 57.77 -7.37
Labour A H Hedger5,55631.63
Values G R Jessup8764.98
Social Credit James Robinson7144.06
Socialist Unity Bill Andersen 1080.61
Socialist Action E W Higdon830.47
Independent National George Mullenger480.27
New Democratic I H Upton310.17
Majority4,59026.13-8.31
Turnout 17,56290.99-0.29
Registered electors 19,301

1969 election

1969 general election: Tamaki [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Robert Muldoon 11,513 65.14 +9.77
Labour Alfred David Bolton5,42530.69
Social Credit Keith Harold Arthur Branch4962.80-3.37
Independent Gladys May Thorpy2391.35
Majority6,08834.44+17.52
Turnout 17,67390.70+5.06
Registered electors 19,485

1966 election

1966 general election: Tamaki [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Robert Muldoon 9,248 55.37 -3.73
Labour Kevin Ryan6,42138.44
Social Credit Keith Harold Arthur Branch1,0326.17
Majority2,82716.92-6.08
Turnout 16,70185.64-7.33
Registered electors 19,501

1963 election

1963 general election: Tamaki [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Robert Muldoon 9,645 59.10 +5.52
Labour Norman Finch5,89136.09
Social Credit Joseph F. Richards3822.34
Liberal R A Allen3071.88
Communist Donald McEwan940.57
Majority3,75423.00+15.96
Turnout 16,31992.97+3.12
Registered electors 17,552

1960 election

1960 general election: Tamaki [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Robert Muldoon 8,728 53.58
Labour Bob Tizard 7,58046.54-4.07
Social Credit Eric Ernest McGowan3522.16
Communist Rita Smith 770.47
Majority1,1487.04
Turnout 16,28789.85-6.22
Registered electors 18,125

1957 election

1957 general election: Tamaki [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Bob Tizard 7,749 50.61
National Eric Halstead 7,16046.76-6.54
Social Credit James Norris4002.61
Majority5893.84
Turnout 15,30996.07+3.10
Registered electors 15,934

1954 election

1954 general election: Tamaki [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Eric Halstead 8,665 53.30 -0.61
Labour Pat Curran 6,67941.09
Social Credit Keith Edward Donald Robertson9105.59
Majority1,98612.21+3.93
Turnout 16,25492.97+0.73
Registered electors 17,482

1951 election

1951 general election: Tamaki [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Eric Halstead 9,504 53.91 +0.83
Labour Tom Skinner 8,04345.62-0.52
Independent Ethel Maude Wood840.47
Majority1,4618.28+1.34
Turnout 17,63192.24-3.48
Registered electors 19,113

1949 election

1949 general election: Tamaki [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Eric Halstead 8,364 53.08
Labour Tom Skinner 7,26946.14-4.73
Ind. Social Credit Frederick Coles Jordan1230.78
Majority1,0956.94
Turnout 15,75695.72+1.15
Registered electors 16,460

1946 election

1946 general election: Tamaki [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Tom Skinner 6,781 50.87
National John George Concanon Wales6,55049.13
Majority2311.73
Turnout 13,33194.57
Registered electors 14,095

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. Wilson 1985, pp. 222, 240.
  3. "New Candidate". The Press . 28 October 2011. p. A3.
  4. "Official Count Results -- Tamaki". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  5. Official Count Results -- Tāmaki, 2014
  6. Official Count Results -- Tāmaki, 2011
  7. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  8. Official Count Results -- Tāmaki, 2008
  9. Official Count Results -- Tāmaki, 2005
  10. "Voting Statistics for the Electoral Referendum Held on 19 September 1992, The Tamaki By-Election Held on 15 February 1992". Electoral Commission (New Zealand).
  11. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  12. Gustafson, Barry (2000), His way: a biography of Robert Muldoon, Auckland University Press, pp. 464–465, retrieved 8 March 2014
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, pp. 354.
  14. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, pp. 353.
  15. "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  16. "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  17. "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.

References