Tāmaki is a parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate is named after the Tamaki River that runs immediately east of the seat. The electorate is represented by Simon O'Connor, who became the National Party candidate after Allan Peachey withdrew from the 2011 election for health reasons; Peachey died before the election.
The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Tamaki.
Tāmaki is based around Auckland City's eastern beaches, Mission Bay, Meadowbank, Saint Heliers, Kohimarama and Glendowie; it also contains the working-class suburb of Glen Innes on its southern fringe. Tāmaki is the home of a selection of New Zealand's emblematic historical moments: Ngāti Whatua activism at Bastion Point (sparking a chain of events leading to the modern Treaty of Waitangi grievance settlement process) occurred inside the seat's boundaries, a seat at the time represented by the contentious Robert Muldoon, the Prime Minister responsible for the Crown's response to the occupation of Bastion Point. Among other Ngāti Whatua land taken through governmental application of public works legislation is Paratai Drive, once New Zealand's most expensive street. The area around Mission Bay is also home to the Savage Memorial, a huge site dedicated to the memory of former Labour Michael Joseph Savage, architect of the welfare state in New Zealand.
The National Party has held Tāmaki in all its various incarnations since 1960, when future Prime Minister Robert Muldoon (later Sir Robert) began his parliamentary career by ousting long-time Labour stalwart Bob Tizard,and staying firmly in place until his self-selected departure from parliament at the end of 1991. In four elections (1972, 1975, 1978 and 1981) Bill Andersen of the Socialist Unity Party ran against him, receiving between 39 and 188 votes.
Muldoon's departure caused a by-election in 1992, where candidate Clem Simich won despite fierce competition in an environment where both major parties were out of favour with the electorate. Simich gave up his seat ahead of the 2005 election to high school principal Allan Peachey. Simich was returned to parliament from his party's list, having chosen to move from standing for one of his party's safest seats to instead contest Māngere, easily Labour's safest seat. Since 2005, Tāmaki was represented by Allan Peachey, who announced his retirement at the end of the parliamentary term in 2011 for health reasons. Simon O'Connor was chosen by the National Party to contest the electorate in the 2011 general election.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
Labour National ACT NZ First
|1946 election||Tom Skinner|
|1949 election||Eric Halstead|
|1957 election||Bob Tizard|
|1960 election||Robert Muldoon 1|
|1992 by-election||Clem Simich|
|2005 election||Allan Peachey 2|
|2011 election||Simon O'Connor|
1Robert Muldoon resigned effective December 1991
2Allan Peachey announced that, due to his ill-health he would retire at the 2011 election, but he died twenty days before election day
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Tāmaki electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Jonathan Hunt|
|2002 election||Ken Shirley|
|2017 election||Jenny Marcroft|
|2017 general election: Tamaki|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Jenny Marcroft||1,080||2.85||-||1,497||3.89||-0.52|
|Total Valid votes||37,835||38,400|
|2014 general election: Tamaki|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Total Valid votes||36,192||36,748|
|2011 general election: Tamaki|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Labour||Nick Iusitini Bakulich||7,051||19.21||-1.53||6,642||17.58||-3.58|
|Total Valid votes||36,703||37,782|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 49,080
|2008 general election: Tāmaki|
|NZ First||Doug Nabbs||639||1.69||954||2.48|
|United Future||Gregory Graydon||282||0.75||294||0.76|
|Bill and Ben||104||0.27|
|Total Valid votes||37,818||38,532|
|2005 general election: Tamaki|
|NZ First||Brett Webster||973||2.69||1,393||3.78|
|United Future||Greg Graydon||504||1.39||615||1.67|
|Direct Democracy||Grant Burch||45||0.12||6||0.02|
|Total Valid votes||36,132||36,807|
Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Tamaki for a list of candidates.
|NZ First||Gordon Preston||1,739||8.33|
|Christian Heritage||David John Lindsay||279||1.33|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Marc de Boer||185||0.88|
|Natural Law||Warren Stott||75||0.35|
|Defence Movement||Bevan Skelton||51||0.24||-0.09|
|Workers Rights||Carl Adams||32||0.15|
|Christian Heritage||Clive Thomson||199||1.14|
|United NZ||Tania Harris||118||0.67|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Adrian Holroyd||73||0.42|
|Defence Movement||Bevan Skelton||57||0.33|
|Voters Voice||Cliff Emeny||47||0.27|
|Blokes Liberation Front||Frank Barker||46||0.26|
|Social Credit||Colin Maloney||34||0.20|
|Communist League||James Robb||7||0.04|
1 Alliance vote increase over 3,556 combined vote for Green Party, New Labour and Democrats in 1990 election.
2 Based on 1990 election figures.
|McGillicuddy Serious||Craig Thomas Young||183||0.88|
|Democrats||Craig Douglas Thomas||134||0.65|
|Social Credit||Charles Thomas Willoughby||67||0.32|
|Independent||Matthew Ford Elliot||49||0.23|
|Democrats||Richard John Pittams||668||3.32|
|NZ Party||D T Roberts||343||1.70|
|NZ Party||John Hodgson||4,545||20.23|
|Social Credit||Eddie Hagen||616||2.74|
|Independent||D B Butler||51||0.22|
|Social Credit||John Stevens||3,449||15.98|
|Socialist Unity||Bill Andersen||188||0.87||+0.58|
|Social Credit||Les Tasker||2,360||11.32|
|Progressive National||D Harden||276||1.32|
|Socialist Unity||Bill Andersen||62||0.29||+0.09|
|Independent||P T P Grace||22||0.10|
|United||A H Greig||8||0.03|
|Social Credit||David Stevens||725||3.82|
|Socialist Unity||Bill Andersen||39||0.20||-0.41|
|Socialist Party||Ernest William Higdon||12||0.06||-0.41|
|Labour||Allan Henry Hedger||5,556||31.63|
|Values||Graeme Raymond Jessup||876||4.98|
|Social Credit||James Robinson||714||4.06|
|Socialist Unity||Bill Andersen||108||0.61|
|Socialist Party||Ernest William Higdon||83||0.47|
|Independent National||George Mullenger||48||0.27|
|New Democratic||Ian Upton||31||0.17|
|Labour||Alfred David Bolton||5,425||30.69|
|Social Credit||Keith Harold Arthur Branch||496||2.80||-3.37|
|Independent||Gladys May Thorpy||239||1.35|
|Social Credit||Keith Harold Arthur Branch||1,032||6.17|
|Social Credit||Joseph F. Richards||382||2.34|
|Liberal||Robert Arthur Allen||307||1.88|
|Social Credit||Eric Ernest McGowan||352||2.16|
|Social Credit||James Norris||400||2.61|
|Social Credit||Keith Edward Donald Robertson||910||5.59|
|Independent||Ethel Maude Wood||84||0.47|
|Ind. Social Credit||Frederick Coles Jordan||123||0.78|
|National||John George Concanon Wales||6,550||49.13|
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