Tōkai, Aichi

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Tōkai

東海市
Shurakuendaibutsu1.JPG
View from Futamurayama Observation Deck (Winter)1, Toyoake 2010.JPG
Upper stage:Amida Buddha(Shurakuen Park)
Lower stage:Nagoya iron and steel works
Flag of Tokai, Aichi.svg
Flag
Tokai Aichi chapter.JPG
Seal
Tokai in Aichi Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Tōkai in Aichi Prefecture
Japan location map zoom Tokai, Hokuriku, and Kansai.png
Red pog.svg
Tōkai
Location in the Kansai region
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Tōkai
 
Coordinates: 35°01′23″N136°54′7.9″E / 35.02306°N 136.902194°E / 35.02306; 136.902194 Coordinates: 35°01′23″N136°54′7.9″E / 35.02306°N 136.902194°E / 35.02306; 136.902194
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Aichi
Government
  MayorAtsuo Suzuki
Area
  Total43.43 km2 (16.77 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
  Total113,698
  Density2,600/km2 (6,800/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Tree Camphor laurel
- Flower Satsuki azalea
Phone number052-603-2211, 0562-33-1111
Address1-1, Chūōmachi, Tōkai-shi, Aichi-ken 476-8601
Website Official website

Tōkai (東海市, Tōkai-shi) is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 113,698 in 51,035 households, [1] and a population density of 2,618 persons per km². The total area of the city was 43.43 square kilometres (16.77 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Tōkai is located in the far northwestern neck of Chita Peninsula in southern Aichi Prefecture, and is bordered by Ise Bay to the east, and the metropolis of Nagoya to the north. It extends 8.06 kilometers from east to west and 10.97 kilometers from north to south. Much of the city is near sea level in altitude.

Neighboring municipalities

Aichi Prefecture

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [2] the population of Tōkai greatly expanded in the 1960s, and has continued to grow at a reduced rate from that period over the past 50 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1940 22,512    
1950 29,888+32.8%
1960 33,965+13.6%
1970 86,608+155.0%
1980 96,048+10.9%
1990 97,358+1.4%
2000 99,921+2.6%
2010 107,704+7.8%

Climate

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Tōkai is 15.7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1730 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.9 °C, and lowest in January, at around 4.5 °C. [3]

Climate data for Tōkai (1981-2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)16.8
(62.2)
20.2
(68.4)
24.9
(76.8)
29.9
(85.8)
32.3
(90.1)
36.2
(97.2)
38.7
(101.7)
39.2
(102.6)
38.8
(101.8)
30.1
(86.2)
26.1
(79.0)
21.3
(70.3)
39.2
(102.6)
Average high °C (°F)9.5
(49.1)
10.5
(50.9)
14.1
(57.4)
20.1
(68.2)
24.3
(75.7)
27.4
(81.3)
31.2
(88.2)
32.9
(91.2)
28.6
(83.5)
23.3
(73.9)
17.6
(63.7)
12.2
(54.0)
21.0
(69.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)4.9
(40.8)
5.6
(42.1)
8.9
(48.0)
14.4
(57.9)
18.9
(66.0)
22.6
(72.7)
26.4
(79.5)
27.8
(82.0)
24.2
(75.6)
18.3
(64.9)
12.5
(54.5)
7.3
(45.1)
16.0
(60.8)
Average low °C (°F)0.7
(33.3)
1.2
(34.2)
4.1
(39.4)
9.2
(48.6)
14.0
(57.2)
18.6
(65.5)
22.7
(72.9)
23.9
(75.0)
20.4
(68.7)
14.1
(57.4)
8.0
(46.4)
2.8
(37.0)
11.7
(53.1)
Record low °C (°F)−6.3
(20.7)
−6.2
(20.8)
−3.5
(25.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
5.8
(42.4)
11.9
(53.4)
16.6
(61.9)
16.6
(61.9)
11.1
(52.0)
4.0
(39.2)
−0.8
(30.6)
−3.7
(25.3)
−6.3
(20.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)45.7
(1.80)
62.0
(2.44)
114.5
(4.51)
123.5
(4.86)
149.9
(5.90)
200.5
(7.89)
173.9
(6.85)
119.7
(4.71)
236.7
(9.32)
137.9
(5.43)
82.2
(3.24)
43.2
(1.70)
1,489.6
(58.65)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 157.6163.6186.5197.0183.8144.4164.6208.9158.5164.8156.1161.92,052.1
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency [4]

History

During the Edo period, the area around Tōkai consisted of a number of fishing settlements and was governed as part of Owari Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate. With the establishment of the modern municipalities system after the start of the Meiji period, the area was organized into a number of villages within Chita District, Aichi. The city of Tōkai was established on April 1, 1969 through the merger of the former towns of Yokosuka and Ueno within Chita District.

Government

Tokai City Hall Tokai City Hall.JPG
Tōkai City Hall

Tōkai has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 22 members. The city contributes two members to the Aichi Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Aichi District 8 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Tōkai has a strong industrial base along its coastline, dominated by a large steel mill owned by Nippon Steel and by Aichi Steel, which has its headquarters and three manufacturing plants in the city. [5]

Education

Nihon Fukushi University(Tokai campus) Nippukutokaicampus.JPG
Nihon Fukushi University(Tokai campus)

Colleges and Universities

Schools

Transportation

Railways

Meitetsu logomark 2.svg MeitetsuTokoname Line

Meitetsu logomark 2.svg MeitetsuKōwa Line

Highways

Sister city relations

Local attractions

Tourist attraction

Temples
Parks
Museums

Festivals

Notable people from Tōkai

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References

  1. TōkaiCity official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. Tōkai population statistics
  3. Tōkai climate data
  4. "東海 1981-2010年". JMA. Retrieved 2016-07-14.
  5. "Business Locations — Production locations." Aichi Steel. Retrieved on May 25, 2018.
  6. 1 2 "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 24 December 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.