50 series EMU
|Termini|| Rokujizō |
|System||Kyoto Municipal Subway|
|Operator(s)||Kyoto Municipal Transportation Bureau|
|Rolling stock||50 series EMUs|
Keihan 800 series EMUs
|Opened||October 12, 1997|
|Line length||17.5 km (10.9 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC overhead catenary|
|Operating speed||75 km/h (47 mph)|
The Tozai Line (東西線, Tōzai-sen) is a Kyoto Municipal Subway line which runs from the southeastern area of the city (starting from Rokujizo Station), then east to west (i.e. tōzai in Japanese) through the Kyoto downtown area. The Kyoto Municipal Transportation Bureau operates the system along with the Karasuma Line and the City Bus. The present terminal stations are Rokujizo Station in Uji and Uzumasa Tenjingawa Station in Ukyō-ku, Kyoto. It handles an average of 241,133 passengers daily (2009 data ).
The stations are wheelchair-friendly, with elevators, narrow gaps between platform and train, and no height differences at places like rest rooms. Each station has a color code for easy recognition. All platforms on the line are island platforms, and have platform screen doors separating the platform from the tracks.
The line is 17.5 km long with a track gauge of 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in). The entire length is double-track. Trains are electric, operating on 1,500 V DC. Trains travel between Rokujizō and Uzumasa Tenjingawa in 34 minutes.
On October 12, 1997, the section the line from Daigo to Nijō opened. On November 26, 2004, the line from Daigo to Rokujizō opened. An extension westward from Nijō to Uzumasa Tenjingawa began service on January 16, 2008.
|Station No.||Station name||Distance (km)||Station Color||Transfers||Location|
| Nara Line (D06)|
Keihan Uji Line (KH73)
| Tōkaidō Main Line (Biwako Line) (A30), Kosei Line (B30)|
Keihan Keishin Line (OT31 at Keihan Yamashina Station)
|Keihan Keishin Line (Through service)|
|Keihan Main Line, Keihan Oto Line (KH40 at Sanjō Station)|
|T12|| Kyōto Shiyakusho-mae |
|Kyoto Municipal Subway Karasuma Line (K08)|
|Sanin Main Line (Sagano Line) (E04)|
|Keifuku Electric Railroad Arashiyama Main Line (A5 at Randen-Tenjingawa Station)||Ukyō-ku|
The Kyoto Municipal Subway train are based at Daigo Depot, while the Keihan Electric Railway train are based at Nishigōri Depot located on the Keihan Ishiyama Sakamoto Line.
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After World War II, the Kyoto Municipal Transportation Bureau discussed the possibility of creating a new municipal streetcar system, connecting Rokujizō, Daigo, and Keage, before cutting along the center of Oike-dōri (an elevated line was also considered). Before long, the proposal was at an impasse in the face of ever-increasing automobile use in the city. However, the plan was eventually reworked as a subway line.
The population along the east-west route showed a considerable trend of growth, but road development in the vicinity could not overcome traffic congestion, so a plan for transportation facilities connecting the eastern part of the city (Yamashina-ku and the eastern portion of Fushimi-ku) with the city center was developed starting in 1965, and it was officially approved by the city government in 1969. The construction of the segment from Daigo to Nijō was set to start in 1975.
At that time, however, the Keihan Keishin Line ran above-ground between Misasagi and Sanjo Keihan along the planned route, and the issue of competition arose. As a result of negotiations, Kyoto City and Keihan Electric Railway agreed to establish a Third Sector (public-private partnership) company to obtain a Type-3 railroad business permit and control the tracks, while the City of Kyoto would obtain a Type-2 railroad business permit and operate the trains on that section. Thus the Kyoto Rapid Railway Corporation was born. Founded in 1986, then-mayor Masahiko Imagawa assumed duties as its president. Kyoto Rapid Railway constructed the subway through the Japan Railway Construction Group, and along with the Keihan Keishin Line's incorporation, the above-ground section was set to be eliminated.
Over the course of construction work underneath Kyoto, the project faced frequent, unavoidable interruptions due to discoveries of remains and ruins, and experienced difficult work in tunneling underneath the Kamo River and Tōkaidō Shinkansen. The section from Daigo to Nijō opened in 1997, and the Keihan Keishin Line was integrated from Misasagi to Kyoto Shiyakusho-mae.
The reason that the Keishin Line does not terminate at Sanjo Keihan as it originally did when above-ground, is that the necessary amount of space for a returning track could not be provided (not only is there a sharp curve directly to the west of that station, but the extra dead-end track would be directly underneath the Kamo River, so it was not feasible). The reason it did not originally continue to the (then-)terminus at Nijō was for the Kyoto Municipal Transportation Bureau to keep the calculated costs of running the trains balanced. However, since the opening of the extension in 2008, this is no longer the case and trains of the Keishin line now continue all the way to the present terminus at Uzumasa Tenjingawa.
When the above-ground Keishin Line portion was demolished, Kujōyama Station and Hinooka Station (which have no subway counterparts) were demolished as well. City residents who lived near Kujōyama Station demanded that there be a Kujōyama subway station, but due to anticipated difficulties in construction (local topography would have either made a station on the subway line as it stands extremely deep, or required steep grades on either side), as well as an insufficient estimated number of riders, this request went unfulfilled.
A plan exists to extend the Tōzai Line as far west as Rakusai in Nishikyō-ku, but for the time being, extension will be stopped at Uzumasa Tenjingawa; prospects beyond that are as-yet still unclear. There are several issues to be considered:
Kyoto, officially Kyoto City, is the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture in Japan. Located in the Kansai region on the island of Honshu, Kyoto forms a part of the Keihanshin metropolitan area along with Osaka and Kobe. As of 2018, the city had a population of 1.47 million.
The Karasuma Line is one of the two lines of the Kyoto Municipal Subway operated by Kyoto Municipal Transportation Bureau in Kyoto, Japan. On maps, diagrams and signboards, the line is colored green, and its stations are given numbers following the letter "K". It serves seven of Kyoto's eleven wards: Sakyō-ku, Kita-ku, Kamigyō-ku, Nakagyō-ku, Shimogyō-ku, Minami-ku, and Fushimi-ku. It connects Kokusaikaikan in Sakyō-ku and Takeda in Minami-ku.
The Kyoto Municipal Subway, also known as Kyoto City Subway, is the rapid transit network in the city of Kyoto, Japan. It is operated by Kyoto Municipal Transportation Bureau. It has two lines.
Kyobashi Station is a railway station in the Kyōbashi district of Jōtō-ku and Miyakojima-ku, Osaka, Japan, jointly operated by West Japan Railway Company, the private railway operator Keihan Railway, and the Osaka Metro.
Sanjō Station is the main Keihan Electric Railway station in Kyoto. It connects with Sanjo Keihan Station on the Kyoto Subway Tozai Line. It was opened for service on October 27, 1915, and has been in service ever since. Sanjo Station is located in the Higashiyama Ward, in Kyoto City. The station offers quick access to the Gion district and the main shopping district on Sanjo-dori.
Kyoto Shiyakusho-mae Station is a stop on the Tozai Line of Kyoto Municipal Subway in Kyoto, Japan. It is in Nakagyo-ku. With the station number designation T12, its station color is kara kurenai. Because it lies beneath the Kawaramachi-Oike intersection, the station also carries signs with the name Kawaramachi Oike.
The Keishin Line is an interurban railway line in Japan operated by the private railway operator Keihan Electric Railway. The 7.5 km line connects Misasagi Station in Kyoto and Biwako-Hamaōtsu Station in the neighbouring city of Ōtsu.
Rokujizō Station refers to three different railway stations of the same name, located within the same vicinity in Rokujizo Naramachi, Uji, Kyoto, each operated by a different train company. Only the station of the Keihan Uji Line is located in Momoyamacho Inaba, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto. The station name means "Six Jizō". Keihan Electric railway station number is KH73, JR West Station number is JR-D06, Kyoto Municipal subway station number is T01.
Shijō Kawaramachi (四条河原町) is a vibrant part of central Kyoto, Japan where Shijō and Kawaramachi Streets intersect. Kawaramachi Street runs parallel to the Kamo River on the eastern side of Kyoto, while Shijō Street runs east–west through the center of the city.
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Nagitsuji Station is a train station on the Kyoto Municipal Subway Tōzai Line in Yamashina-ku, Kyoto, Japan.
Yamashina Station is a train station in Yamashina-ku ward, city of Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.
Misasagi Station is a train station in Yamashina-ku ward, city of Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.
Nijō Station is a train station in Nakagyō-ku, Kyoto, Japan.
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Nishiōji-Oike Station is a train station on the Kyoto Municipal Subway Tōzai Line in Nakagyō-ku ward, city of Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.
Uzumasa Tenjingawa Station is a train station on the Kyoto Municipal Subway Tōzai Line, in Ukyō-ku ward, city of Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.
Oike Street is a mayor street that crosses the center of the city of Kyoto from east to west, running approximately 4.9 km from Kawabata Street (east) to Tenjingawa Street (west).
Get on! Kyoto City Subway is a Japanese multimedia advertising campaign produced by the Kyoto Municipal Transportation Bureau since 2013.