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T. G. Lingappa
Thiruchirappalli Govindarajulu Lingappa
22 August 1927
|Died||5 February 2000 72)(aged|
Thiruchirappalli Govindarajulu Lingappa (22 August 1927 – 5 February 2000) was an Indian music director who worked predominantly in Kannada language films. He also worked in Tamil and Telugu movies.    He was the son of G. Govindarajulu Naidu who was also a musician.[ citation needed ]
T.G. Lingappa was the second son and had learned music from his father G. Govindarajulu Naidu. His family stayed in Thiruchi. This is where M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar (MKT) used to sing in their house and G. Govindarajulu Naidu introduced MKT to his children. G. Govindarajulu was a harmonium player in special dramas, but was also known as the one who taught music for K. B. Sundarambal. He also sold musical instruments and gramophone in Thiruchi, but the business was not doing very well. T. G. Lingappa had learned to play several musical instruments. In 1940, G. Govindarajulu Naidu took his family to Madras to look for greener pasture there.
At the age of 14, Lingappa tried to act in the film Kamathenu which was produced by Visvanathan. Instead Visvanathan had asked Lingappa to sing and to remain with him for sometime to given chance. He stayed a few months and when it is not fruitful and then moved on. Since he is able to play musical instruments, he then joined the Mayoora Film Orchestra and played harmonium, mandoline and guitar. This orchestra used to play music for films and gramophone. It sis to be noted that Lingappa played instruments for Ashok Kumar (1941) and he was earning salary of ₹30 monthly .
In the same year Lingappa approached Gemini Studios to try his luck. C. Ramchandra was working there with other older artistes. But Lingappa was rejected due to his young age. Not giving up, Lingappa proceeded to Salem to try his chance in Modern Theatres when music director T. A. Kalyanam invited him. There Lingappa met T. R. Pappa and K. V. Mahadevan. It was the time during the 1940s where everyone was circumambulating all available studios for opportunities.
In 1945, Lingappa returned to Madras and worked under R. Sudarsanam in the Pragathy Studios and he played instruments in the film Sri Valli (1945). Lingappa went to Karakkudi to play musical instruments when AVM Productions made Nam Iruvar (1947). In 1948, he returned to Madras and worked under C. R. Subburaman. All these experience under different renowned music directors had sparked an idea to be a freelance musician. He went on to purchase modern instruments from abroad, especially London where he bought the electric guitar. Lingappa was well capable of playing the guitar. Music directors G. Ramanathan, S. V. Venkatraman and K. V. Mahadevan had used Lingappa for several of their songs. From then on Lingappa was playing many instruments under all the leading music directors.
He worked with singers like T. M. Soundararajan, A. M. Rajah, Seerkazhi Govindarajan, V. N. Sundaram, S. C. Krishnan, M. L. Vasanthakumari, P. Leela, Jikki, T. V. Rathnam, A. P. Komala, Radha Jayalakshmi, Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi, K. Jamuna Rani, P. Susheela, K. Rani and S. Janaki.
The singing actors M. M. Dandapani Desikar, T. R. Mahalingam, K. R. Ramasamy, U. R. Jeevarathinam, N. S. Krishnan, T. A. Madhuram and J. P. Chandrababu also sang memorable songs under his compositions.
T. R. Mahalingam had produced his first film Macha Regai (1950) where the music was done by C. R. Subburaman. His manager was B. R. Panthulu. Since C. R. Subburaman died suddenly, T. R. Mahalingam who had known Lingappa from earlier and became closer in the film Nam Iruvar , gave Lingappa chance to compose music for his second production Mohana Sundaram (1951). There are more than ten songs in Mohanasundaram. It was also that J. P. Chandrababu sang first Hello My dear Darling, Hello My rose charming. The success of the songs are due to T. R. Mahalingam and Lingappa both knew carnatic music, cooperated and discussed the tunes together. After that T. R. Mahalingam used Lingappa in his other movies like Chinna Durai and Vilayattu Bommai .
B. R. Panthulu separated from T. R. Mahalingam and started Padmini Pictures for which banner Lingappa composed most number of films in Tamil. The first film of B. R. Panthulu was Kalyanam Panniyum Brahmachari (1954), a Sivaji Ganesan starrer directed by P. Neelakantan. There are excellent songs in the film. The Bharathidasan song Vennilaavum Vaanum Pol was first sung by M. M. Dandapani Desikar in the stages. Lingappa obtained his permission to use the same song in Kalyanam Panniyum Brahmachaari with some modifications and after the approval of the tune by Baradidasan, Radha Jayalakshmi sang the song. V. N. Sundaram sang the comedy song Kaviyin Kanavil Vaazhum Oviyame in which he combines light music with carnatic tune. J. P. Chandrababu sang for Sivaji Jolly Life Jolly Life. This film and songs became hit. B. R. Panthulu again booked Lingappa for Sivaji Ganesan starrer Mudhal Thethi (1955).
Thangamalai Ragasiyam (1958) is another film that lifted P. Suseela to great heights. The song is Amuthai Pozhiyum Nilave. The same film was taken in Hindi and this song was retained with Hindi words. Again it became a success in the Hindi circles.
Lingappa continued on composing for Sabaash Meena (1958), Engal Kudumbam Perisu (1958) and Kuzhandhaigal Kanda Kudiyarasu (1960). He then went on to compose in Kannada movies. After a break he came back to compose in Muradan Muthu (1964). That was the last film where B. R. Pantulu used Sivaji Ganesan.
However, Lingappa continued on working with Panthulu in many more Kannada films till the early 1970s. There were Malayalam films too.
The last collaboration was Kadavul Mama (1974) before the demise of Panthulu.
Vaazhviley Oru Naal (1956) produced by T. S. Venkataswami who is the husband of U. R. Jeevarathinam. In this movie Lingappa there is a duet Thendrale Varaayo Inba Sugam Tharayo by T. M. Soundararajan and U. R. Jeevarathinam.
It is said by Lingappa himself that there are at least two songs that he composed, but came to be used by other music directors. One is Kunguma Poove which J. P. Chandrababu learnt under Lingappa and sang for S. M. Subbaiah Naidu in Maragatham (1959). The other is the song Putham Puthu Meni by Balamurali Krishna and P. Susheela in Subathinam.
Some compositions of T. G. Lingappa:
|1951||Mohana Sundaram||Tamil||A. T. Krishnaswamy||Sukumar Productions|
|1952||Chinna Durai||Tamil||T. R. Mahalingam||Sukumar Productions|
|1954||Kalyanam Panniyum Brammachari||Tamil||P. Neelakantan||Padmini Pictures|
|1954||Vilayattu Bommai||Tamil||T. R. Raghunath||Sukumar Productions|
|1955||Menaka||Tamil||V. C. Subburaman||Kasturi Films||with C. N. Pandurangan & Vedha|
|1955||Modala Thedi||Kannada||P. Neelakantan||Padmini Pictures|
|1955||Mudhal Thethi||Tamil||P. Neelakantan||Padmini Pictures|
|1955||Shivasharane Nambekka||Kannada||P. Neelakantan||Padmini Pictures|
|1956||Sivasakthi||Tamil||P. Neelakantan||Padmini Pictures|
|1956||Vazhvile Oru Naal||Tamil||A. Kasilingam||Mercury Pictures||with S. M. Subbaiah Naidu & C. N. Pandurangan|
|1957||Premada Putri||Kannada||R. Nagendra Rao||R. N. R. Pictures||with H. R. Padmanabha Shastry|
|1957||Rathnagiri Rahasya||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1957||Rathnagiri Rahasyam||Telugu||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1957||Thangamalai Ragasiyam||Tamil||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1958||Thedi Vandha Selvam||Tamil||P. Neelakantan||Arasu Pictures|
|1958||Thirumanam||Tamil||A. Bhimsingh||Valampuri Pictures||with S. M. Subbaiah Naidu|
|1958||Kanniyin Sabatham||Tamil||T. R. Raghunath||Jupiter Pictures & ALS Production|
|1958||Sabaash Meena||Tamil||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1958||Badi Panthulu||Telugu||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1958||Engal Kudumbam Perisu||Tamil||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1958||School Master||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1959||Pudhumai Penn||Tamil||M. Thiruvengadam||Sri Gajalakshmi Pictures|
|1959||Veera Amar Singh||Tamil||with Shanmuga Babu|
|1960||Ellorum Innaattu Mannar||Tamil||T. Prakash Rao||Jupiter Pictures|
|1960||Kuzhandhaigal Kanda Kudiyarasu||Tamil||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1960||Makkala Rajya||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1960||Pillalu Techina Challani Rajyam||Telugu||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1960||Sangilithevan||Tamil||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1961||Ennai Paar||Tamil||G. R. Nathan||Palaniyappa Productions|
|1961||Kittur Chennamma||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1962||Gaali Gopura||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1962||Gaali Medalu||Telugu||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1963||Pempudu Koothuru||Telugu||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1963||Saaku Magalu||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1963||Sathi Shakthi||Kannada||Kanagaal Prabhakara Shastry||Matha Pictures|
|1964||Chandavalliya Thota||Kannada||T. V. Singh||Pals & Co|
|1964||Chinnada Gombe||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1964||Muradan Muthu||Tamil||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1964||School Master||Malayalam||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1965||Bettada Huli||Kannada||A. V. Sheshagiri Rao||Bhagavati Productions|
|1965||Naga Pooja||Kannada||D. S. Rajgopal||Maruthi Films|
|1966||Dudde Doddappa||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1966||Emme Thammanna||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1966||Thayin Mel Aanai||Tamil||G. R. Nathan||Nagendra Films|
|1967||Beedi Basavanna||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1967||Chakra Theertha||Kannada||Peketi Sivaram||Sri Bhagavathi Productions|
|1967||Gange Gowri||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1968||Amma||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1968||Chinnari Puttanna||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1968||Dhoomakethu||Kannada||R. N. Jayagopal||Sri Bhagavathi Art Productions|
|1968||Naane Bhagyavati||Kannada||T. V. Singh Thakur|
|1969||Gandondu Hennaru||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1969||Thanga Malar||Tamil||D. S. Rajagopal||Ganga Productions|
|1970||Sri Krishnadevaraya||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures||Won, Karnataka State Film Award for Best Music Director|
|1971||Aliya Geleya||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1971||Hu Bisilu||Kannada||T. V. Singh|
|1971||Kula Gourava||Kannada||Peketi Sivaram||Eshwari Productions|
|1971||Malathi Madhava||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1972||Kula Gowravam||Telugu||Peketi Sivaram||Eshwari Productions|
|1972||Ondu Hennina Kathe||Kannada||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1974||Kadavul Mama||Tamil||B. R. Panthulu||Padmini Pictures|
|1975||Devara Kannu||Kannada||Y. R. Swamy||Sri Bhagavathi Productions|
|1975||Hosilu Mettida Hennu||Kannada||V. T. Thyagarajan|
|1976||College Ranga||Kannada||Puttanna Kanagal||Padmini Pictures|
|1977||Babruvahana||Kannada||Hunsur Krishnamurthy||Rajkamal Arts|
|1977||Lakshmi Nivasa||Kannada||K. S. R. Das||Jayalakshmi Art Enterprises|
|1977||Ondu Premada Kathe||Kannada||Joe Simon||R. S. R. Combines|
|1977||Veera Sindhoora Lakshmana||Kannada||Hunsur Krishnamurthy||Sri Sangameshwara Productions|
|1978||Kudure Mukha||Kannada||Y. R. Swamy|
|1978||Thayige Thakka Maga||Kannada||V. Somashekar||Poornima Enterprises|
|1979||Madhu Chandra||Kannada||Ramesh – Shivaram||T B R Productions|
|1980||Bhaktha Siriyala||Kannada||Hunsur Krishnamurthy|
|1980||Jari Bidda Jana||Kannada||Y. R. Swamy||Thirupathi Jain Films|
|1981||Bhagyavantha||Kannada||Dorai-Bhagwan||Nirupama Art Combines|
|1982||Hasyaratna Ramakrishna||Kannada||B. S. Ranga||Varna Productions|
|1983||Bhakta Prahlada||Kannada||Vijay||Nirupama Art Combines|
|1983||Geluvu Nannade||Kannada||S. A. Chandrasekhar|
|1985||Ade Kannu||Kannada||Chi. Dattaraj||Hayavadana Movies|
|1985||Shiva Kotta Sowbhagya||Kannada||Hunsur Krishnamurthy||Santhosh Combines|
|1987||Shruthi Seridaaga||Kannada||B. Dattaraj||Nikhileshwari Cine Combines|
|1988||Shiva Mecchida Kannappa||Kannada||Vijay||Bhagavathi Combines|
|1952||Chinna Durai||Tamil||O Raagini Vaa Raagini||K. Rani||T. G. Lingappa|
|1958||Badi Pantulu||Telugu||Kshemasaagaraa Lokapaalanaa||A. P. Komala & K. Rani||T. G. Lingappa|
|1958||Engal Kudumbam Perisu||Tamil||Somasekara Loga Paalane||A. P. Komala & K. Rani||T. G. Lingappa|
|1958||School Master||Kannada||Swami Devane Loka Paalane||A. P. Komala & K. Rani||T. G. Lingappa|
|Raadhaa Maadhava Vinodha Haasa||P. Susheela|
|Sompaada Sanjevele||P. Susheela|
|1958||Sabaash Meena||Tamil||Erungammaa Summaa Erungammaa||J. P. Chandrababu & P. Susheela||T. G. Lingappa|
|1963||Saaku Magalu||Kannada||Naanu Andhalade||P. Susheela||T. G. Lingappa|
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