T. G. Lingappa

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T. G. Lingappa
Thiruchirappalli Govindarajulu Lingappa

(1927-08-22)22 August 1927
Died5 February 2000(2000-02-05) (aged 72)
Nationality Indian
OccupationMusic director

Thiruchirappalli Govindarajulu Lingappa (22 August 1927 – 5 February 2000) was an Indian music director who worked predominantly in Kannada language films. He also worked in Tamil and Telugu movies. [1] [2] [3] He was the son of G. Govindarajulu Naidu who was also a musician.[ citation needed ]


Early life

T.G. Lingappa was the second son and had learned music from his father G. Govindarajulu Naidu. His family stayed in Thiruchi. This is where M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar (MKT) used to sing in their house and G. Govindarajulu Naidu introduced MKT to his children. G. Govindarajulu was a harmonium player in special dramas, but was also known as the one who taught music for K. B. Sundarambal. He also sold musical instruments and gramophone in Thiruchi, but the business was not doing very well. T. G. Lingappa had learned to play several musical instruments. In 1940, G. Govindarajulu Naidu took his family to Madras to look for greener pasture there.

Career life

At the age of 14, Lingappa tried to act in the film Kamathenu which was produced by Visvanathan. Instead Visvanathan had asked Lingappa to sing and to remain with him for sometime to given chance. He stayed a few months and when it is not fruitful and then moved on. Since he is able to play musical instruments, he then joined the Mayoora Film Orchestra and played harmonium, mandoline and guitar. This orchestra used to play music for films and gramophone. It sis to be noted that Lingappa played instruments for Ashok Kumar (1941) and he was earning salary of 30 monthly .

In the same year Lingappa approached Gemini Studios to try his luck. C. Ramchandra was working there with other older artistes. But Lingappa was rejected due to his young age. Not giving up, Lingappa proceeded to Salem to try his chance in Modern Theatres when music director T. A. Kalyanam invited him. There Lingappa met T. R. Pappa and K. V. Mahadevan. It was the time during the 1940s where everyone was circumambulating all available studios for opportunities.

In 1945, Lingappa returned to Madras and worked under R. Sudarsanam in the Pragathy Studios and he played instruments in the film Sri Valli (1945). Lingappa went to Karakkudi to play musical instruments when AVM Productions made Nam Iruvar (1947). In 1948, he returned to Madras and worked under C. R. Subburaman. All these experience under different renowned music directors had sparked an idea to be a freelance musician. He went on to purchase modern instruments from abroad, especially London where he bought the electric guitar. Lingappa was well capable of playing the guitar. Music directors G. Ramanathan, S. V. Venkatraman and K. V. Mahadevan had used Lingappa for several of their songs. From then on Lingappa was playing many instruments under all the leading music directors.

He worked with singers like T. M. Soundararajan, A. M. Rajah, Seerkazhi Govindarajan, V. N. Sundaram, S. C. Krishnan, M. L. Vasanthakumari, P. Leela, Jikki, T. V. Rathnam, A. P. Komala, Radha Jayalakshmi, Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi, K. Jamuna Rani, P. Susheela, K. Rani and S. Janaki.

The singing actors M. M. Dandapani Desikar, T. R. Mahalingam, K. R. Ramasamy, U. R. Jeevarathinam, N. S. Krishnan, T. A. Madhuram and J. P. Chandrababu also sang memorable songs under his compositions.

T. G. Lingappa and T. R. Mahalingam

T. R. Mahalingam had produced his first film Macha Regai (1950) where the music was done by C. R. Subburaman. His manager was B. R. Panthulu. Since C. R. Subburaman died suddenly, T. R. Mahalingam who had known Lingappa from earlier and became closer in the film Nam Iruvar , gave Lingappa chance to compose music for his second production Mohana Sundaram (1951). There are more than ten songs in Mohanasundaram. It was also that J. P. Chandrababu sang first Hello My dear Darling, Hello My rose charming. The success of the songs are due to T. R. Mahalingam and Lingappa both knew carnatic music, cooperated and discussed the tunes together. After that T. R. Mahalingam used Lingappa in his other movies like Chinna Durai and Vilayattu Bommai .

T. G. Lingappa and B. R. Panthulu

B. R. Panthulu separated from T. R. Mahalingam and started Padmini Pictures for which banner Lingappa composed most number of films in Tamil. The first film of B. R. Panthulu was Kalyanam Panniyum Brahmachari (1954), a Sivaji Ganesan starrer directed by P. Neelakantan. There are excellent songs in the film. The Bharathidasan song Vennilaavum Vaanum Pol was first sung by M. M. Dandapani Desikar in the stages. Lingappa obtained his permission to use the same song in Kalyanam Panniyum Brahmachaari with some modifications and after the approval of the tune by Baradidasan, Radha Jayalakshmi sang the song. V. N. Sundaram sang the comedy song Kaviyin Kanavil Vaazhum Oviyame in which he combines light music with carnatic tune. J. P. Chandrababu sang for Sivaji Jolly Life Jolly Life. This film and songs became hit. B. R. Panthulu again booked Lingappa for Sivaji Ganesan starrer Mudhal Thethi (1955).

Thangamalai Ragasiyam (1958) is another film that lifted P. Suseela to great heights. The song is Amuthai Pozhiyum Nilave. The same film was taken in Hindi and this song was retained with Hindi words. Again it became a success in the Hindi circles.

Lingappa continued on composing for Sabaash Meena (1958), Engal Kudumbam Perisu (1958) and Kuzhandhaigal Kanda Kudiyarasu (1960). He then went on to compose in Kannada movies. After a break he came back to compose in Muradan Muthu (1964). That was the last film where B. R. Pantulu used Sivaji Ganesan.

However, Lingappa continued on working with Panthulu in many more Kannada films till the early 1970s. There were Malayalam films too.

The last collaboration was Kadavul Mama (1974) before the demise of Panthulu.


Vaazhviley Oru Naal (1956) produced by T. S. Venkataswami who is the husband of U. R. Jeevarathinam. In this movie Lingappa there is a duet Thendrale Varaayo Inba Sugam Tharayo by T. M. Soundararajan and U. R. Jeevarathinam.

It is said by Lingappa himself that there are at least two songs that he composed, but came to be used by other music directors. One is Kunguma Poove which J. P. Chandrababu learnt under Lingappa and sang for S. M. Subbaiah Naidu in Maragatham (1959). The other is the song Putham Puthu Meni by Balamurali Krishna and P. Susheela in Subathinam.

Some compositions of T. G. Lingappa:


Music director

1951 Mohana Sundaram Tamil A. T. Krishnaswamy Sukumar Productions
1952 Chinna Durai Tamil T. R. Mahalingam Sukumar Productions
1954 Kalyanam Panniyum Brammachari Tamil P. Neelakantan Padmini Pictures
1954 Vilayattu Bommai Tamil T. R. Raghunath Sukumar Productions
1955 Menaka TamilV. C. SubburamanKasturi Filmswith C. N. Pandurangan & Vedha
1955 Modala Thedi Kannada P. Neelakantan Padmini Pictures
1955 Mudhal Thethi Tamil P. Neelakantan Padmini Pictures
1955 Shivasharane Nambekka Kannada P. Neelakantan Padmini Pictures
1956 Sivasakthi Tamil P. Neelakantan Padmini Pictures
1956 Vazhvile Oru Naal TamilA. KasilingamMercury Pictureswith S. M. Subbaiah Naidu & C. N. Pandurangan
1957 Premada Putri Kannada R. Nagendra Rao R. N. R. Pictureswith H. R. Padmanabha Shastry
1957 Rathnagiri Rahasya Kannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1957Rathnagiri Rahasyam Telugu B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1957 Thangamalai Ragasiyam Tamil B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1958 Thedi Vandha Selvam Tamil P. Neelakantan Arasu Pictures
1958 Thirumanam Tamil A. Bhimsingh Valampuri Pictureswith S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
1958 Kanniyin Sabatham Tamil T. R. Raghunath Jupiter Pictures & ALS Production
1958 Sabaash Meena Tamil B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1958 Badi Panthulu Telugu B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1958 Engal Kudumbam Perisu Tamil B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1958 School Master Kannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1959 Pudhumai Penn TamilM. ThiruvengadamSri Gajalakshmi Pictures
1959Veera Amar SinghTamilwith Shanmuga Babu
1960 Ellorum Innaattu Mannar Tamil T. Prakash Rao Jupiter Pictures
1960 Kuzhandhaigal Kanda Kudiyarasu Tamil B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1960 Makkala Rajya Kannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1960 Pillalu Techina Challani Rajyam Telugu B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1960 Sangilithevan Tamil B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1961 Ennai Paar TamilG. R. NathanPalaniyappa Productions
1961 Kittur Chennamma Kannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1962 Gaali Gopura Kannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1962 Gaali Medalu Telugu B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1963 Pempudu Koothuru Telugu B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1963 Saaku Magalu Kannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1963 Sathi Shakthi KannadaKanagaal Prabhakara ShastryMatha Pictures
1964 Chandavalliya Thota KannadaT. V. SinghPals & Co
1964 Chinnada Gombe Kannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1964 Muradan Muthu Tamil B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1964 School Master Malayalam B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1965 Bettada Huli KannadaA. V. Sheshagiri RaoBhagavati Productions
1965 Naga Pooja KannadaD. S. RajgopalMaruthi Films
1966 Dudde Doddappa Kannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1966 Emme Thammanna Kannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1966Thayin Mel AanaiTamilG. R. NathanNagendra Films
1967 Beedi Basavanna Kannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1967 Chakra Theertha Kannada Peketi Sivaram Sri Bhagavathi Productions
1967 Gange Gowri Kannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1968 Amma Kannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1968 Chinnari Puttanna Kannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1968 Dhoomakethu Kannada R. N. Jayagopal Sri Bhagavathi Art Productions
1968 Naane Bhagyavati KannadaT. V. Singh Thakur
1969 Gandondu Hennaru Kannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1969 Thanga Malar TamilD. S. RajagopalGanga Productions
1970 Sri Krishnadevaraya Kannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini PicturesWon, Karnataka State Film Award for Best Music Director
1971Aliya GeleyaKannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1971Hu BisiluKannadaT. V. Singh
1971 Kula Gourava Kannada Peketi Sivaram Eshwari Productions
1971Malathi MadhavaKannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1972 Kula Gowravam Telugu Peketi Sivaram Eshwari Productions
1972Ondu Hennina KatheKannada B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1974Kadavul MamaTamil B. R. Panthulu Padmini Pictures
1975 Devara Kannu Kannada Y. R. Swamy Sri Bhagavathi Productions
1975 Hosilu Mettida Hennu KannadaV. T. Thyagarajan
1976 College Ranga Kannada Puttanna Kanagal Padmini Pictures
1977 Babruvahana Kannada Hunsur Krishnamurthy Rajkamal Arts
1977 Lakshmi Nivasa Kannada K. S. R. Das Jayalakshmi Art Enterprises
1977 Ondu Premada Kathe Kannada Joe Simon R. S. R. Combines
1977 Veera Sindhoora Lakshmana Kannada Hunsur Krishnamurthy Sri Sangameshwara Productions
1978Kudure MukhaKannada Y. R. Swamy
1978 Thayige Thakka Maga KannadaV. SomashekarPoornima Enterprises
1979 Madhu Chandra KannadaRamesh – ShivaramT B R Productions
1980Bhaktha SiriyalaKannada Hunsur Krishnamurthy
1980 Jari Bidda Jana Kannada Y. R. Swamy Thirupathi Jain Films
1981 Bhagyavantha KannadaDorai-BhagwanNirupama Art Combines
1982 Hasyaratna Ramakrishna Kannada B. S. Ranga Varna Productions
1983 Bhakta Prahlada Kannada Vijay Nirupama Art Combines
1983Geluvu NannadeKannada S. A. Chandrasekhar
1985 Ade Kannu KannadaChi. DattarajHayavadana Movies
1985 Shiva Kotta Sowbhagya Kannada Hunsur Krishnamurthy Santhosh Combines
1987 Shruthi Seridaaga KannadaB. DattarajNikhileshwari Cine Combines
1988 Shiva Mecchida Kannappa KannadaVijayBhagavathi Combines

Playback singer

1952 Chinna Durai TamilO Raagini Vaa Raagini K. Rani T. G. Lingappa
1958 Badi Pantulu TeluguKshemasaagaraa Lokapaalanaa A. P. Komala & K. Rani T. G. Lingappa
1958 Engal Kudumbam Perisu TamilSomasekara Loga Paalane A. P. Komala & K. Rani T. G. Lingappa
1958 School Master KannadaSwami Devane Loka Paalane A. P. Komala & K. Rani T. G. Lingappa
Raadhaa Maadhava Vinodha Haasa P. Susheela
Sompaada Sanjevele P. Susheela
1958 Sabaash Meena TamilErungammaa Summaa Erungammaa J. P. Chandrababu & P. Susheela T. G. Lingappa
1963 Saaku Magalu KannadaNaanu Andhalade P. Susheela T. G. Lingappa

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