|Type||Kapalı Anonim şirket|
|Industry||Railway transport, Logistics|
|Predecessor||Turkish State Railways|
|Founded||June 14, 2016|
|Veysi Kurt (Chairman)|
Mehmet Uras (Vice Chairman)
|Products||Rail transport, Cargo transport, Services|
|Owner||Republic of Turkey (100%)|
TCDD Taşımacılık A.Ş. (English: TCDD Transport, reporting mark TCDDT) is a government-owned railway company responsible for the operations of most passenger and freight rail in Turkey. The company was formed on 14 June 2016, splitting off from the Turkish State Railways (TCDD) to take over railway operations, while TCDD would continue to administer railway infrastructure. TCDD Taşımacılık officially began operations on 1 January 2017.
TCDD Taşımacılık operates trains on a network of over 12,430 km (7,720 mi) within 59 of the 81 provinces in Turkey.
TCDD Taşımacılık is a government-owned company responsible for the operation of passenger and freight railways within Turkey, including logistical centers and train ferries, using infrastructure owned and maintained by the Turkish State Railways.
TCDD Taşımacılık operates passenger rail service on most of its network. Passenger trains service most major cities in Turkey, although a few are without train service, such as Bursa and Antalya. TCDD Taşımacılık operates five types of passenger rail on its network:
High-speed rail service is TCDD Taşımacılık's premier trains service, currently operating four routes between Istanbul, Ankara, Eskişehir and Konya along the Ankara-Istanbul and Polatlı-Konya high-speed railways. 300 km/h (190 mph). YHT train service is expected to expand further to Sivas by 2019, Afyon by 2020, as well as Bursa and İzmir in the early 2020s.High-speed trains are branded as Yüksek Hızlı Tren or YHT and operates at speeds of up to
YHT trains use Ankara station as their main hub, with an exclusive concourse and lounges within the Ankara Tren Garı building, built over the southern platforms at Ankara station.
High-speed train service began on 13 March 2009, between Ankara and Eskişehir and in its final year before TCDD Taşımacılık took over, YHT trains carried over 5.89 million passengers.
Intercity rail in Turkey is known as Mainline (Turkish : Anahat) service. Mainline trains operate between major cities, often as overnight trains, and make limited stops. Mainline trains also operate at greater speeds than regional and commuter trains, when the route permits it. Intercity trains were operated the most between Istanbul and Ankara and reached speeds of up to 140 km/h (87 mph) in certain sections. The Capital Express, Anatolian Express and the Republic Express were a few notable mainline trains that ran on the Istanbul to Ankara rail corridor. Once the Ankara-Istanbul high-speed railway was completed in 2014, all mainline train service between the two cities was replaced with high-speed rail service.
Mainline trains are usually equipped with TVS2000 air-conditioned cars, however refurbished Pullman cars are also used on some trains. Overnight mainline trains consist of sleeping and dining cars while some trains also have couchette cars in addition to sleepers.
During the final year before TCDD Taşımacılık took over operations, mainline trains carried over 1.3 million passengers.
Regional rail (Turkish : Bölgesel treni) service connects major cities to neighboring towns and villages as well as other cities. These trains are usually the slowest in the whole TCDD Taşımacılık system, making frequent stops along its route. Some trains, like the Ada Express, however operate at faster speeds similar to mainline trains. All regional rail service operates within their respective districts, using one city as a hub.
The most frequent regional rail service in Turkey is between Adana and Mersin with 27 daily trains in each direction. The second most frequent route is between İzmir and Torbalı, with 18 daily trains in each direction.
Regional trains can be locomotive-hauled or consist of diesel or electric trainsets (MUs) or even diesel railcars. Locomotive-hauled trains consist of TVS200 or regular Pullman coaches. DM15000 and DM30000 DMUs are standard along many routes, especially south of İzmir. Regional trains lack any on-board services except at-cart catering services on most trains.
During the final year before TCDD Taşımacılık took over operations, regional trains carried over 13.5 million passengers.
Commuter rail service is currently provided in Istanbul and Ankara, with a new network under construction in Gaziantep. The Marmaray network in Istanbul provides trans-Bosphorus commuter rail service between Ayrılık Çeşmesi in Kadıköy and Kazlıçeşme in Fatih, with the full 76.6 km (47.6 mi) network expected to enter service towards the end of 2018. Once opened fully, trains will operate between Halkalı in Küçükçekmece and Gebze in the neighboring Kocaeli Province.
The Başkentray network in Ankara provides commuter rail service along an east-west axis between Sincan and Kayaş, with Ankara station as a hub.
All commuter rail service operates on its own right-of-way, similar to some S-Bahn systems in Germany, and are fully integrated with their respective cities' transportation network. The only commuter railway in Turkey not operated by TCDD Taşımacılık is İZBAN, which operates commuter rail on two lines in the İzmir metropolitan area.
While TCDD used to operate several international trains to Europe and the Middle-East, most of these trains were cancelled due to the outbreak of war in Syria and Iraq, and the economic crisis in Greece. Currently, TCDD Taşımacılık operates two international trains from Istanbul to Sofia and Bucharest in Bulgaria and Romania respectively. These two routes operate out of Halkalı as a single train and later split in Bulgaria. Once the rehabilitation of the railway east of Halkalı is completed in late 2018, international train service will resume from their former terminus, Sirkeci station. An agreement between Greece and Turkey to revive the Istanbul to Thessaloniki train, cancelled in 2011, was signed in March 2016 but no progress has been made since and it is still unclear whether or not the train will resume service.
A new international passenger service from Kars to Baku, Azerbaijan, was expected to start June 2018 via the recently completed Baku–Tbilisi–Kars railway. A train such as this would be the first revenue passenger train service from Turkey to the Caucasus.
Due to the volatile situation in Syria and Iraq, all international train service to the middle-east is suspended indefinitely.
From 1980 onwards, rail freight tonne-kilometers transported by the TCDD rose slightly from ~5000million tonne-km in 1980 to ~7000million tonne-km in 1990 and to ~9000million tonne-km in 2000.Approximately 50% of freight moved is minerals or ores, with construction materials increasing to ~10% in 2000 from less than 5% in 1980, food/agricultural products, chemicals/petroleum, and metal sectors each account for between 5 and 10%. International freight accounted for approximately 5% of totals in 2000.
In 2012, 25.7 million ton were transported by rail in Turkey. Two steel companies, Erdemir and Kardemir, top 2 customers of TCDD, had transported 4.5 million ton in 2012, mainly iron ore and coal. 2.1 million tons of rail freight belong to international traffic. Most of international traffic between Turkey and Europe are done via Kapikule and mainly using container trains.
As of 2016, the amount of goods transported by rail is stable (25.8 million ton) with 7.1 million being done with private wagons (domestic only). International transport is also stable since 2013 (1.8 million).
Containers are widely used both in international and domestic transportation. 7.6 million ton is carried in containers. TCDD is supporting transportation by containers. Thus almost all of the private railway companies invested in container wagons, and carrying 20% of all rail freight by their own wagons.
TCDD has plans to strengthen its freight traffic with the construction of 4000 km conventional lines until 2023. That includes new international rail connections to Georgia, Iraq and Iran. This will be complemented with the construction of 18 logistic centers in order to increase the ratio of domestic freight transported by rail. The company is also planning to increase its international transit traffic (as little as 7000 ton in 2016) by constructing a "iron silk road" that will be connecting Europe and Asia and thus taking share from one of the world's highest freight traffic routes. Marmaray and the YSS bridge are the most important parts of this project which were completed in 2015 and 2016 respectively. Another key project is the Kars–Tbilisi–Baku railway which is planned to be completed in 2016 and start functioning in 2017. Also, plans for another supplying project to Kars-Tbilisi-Baku railway, the Kars-Igdir-Nakhcivan railway has been completed.
TCDD Taşımacılık acquired its entire fleet from the Turkish State Railways on 28 December 2016, when the handover between the two organizations was signed. In total, TCDD Taşımacılık possesses 125 electric locomotives, 543 diesel locomotives, 19 high-speed trainsets, 49 EMUs, 64 DMUs, 872 passenger cars and 19,870 freight cars.
|Model||Picture||Numbers||Built||Number built||Type||Power||Builder (Designer)||Notes|
|DE24000||24001-24418||1970–84||418||Diesel Electric||2160 hp (1600 kW)||TÜLOMSAŞ (MTE)||Ordered for TCDD's complete dieselization of its fleet|
|DE18100||18101-18120||1978||20||Diesel Electric||1800 hp (1320 kW)||MTE||Ordered for use in District 3|
|DE22000||22001-22086||1985–89||86||Diesel Electric||2000 hp (1470 kW)||TÜLOMSAŞ (Electro-Motive Division)|
|E43000||43001-43045||1987||45||Electric||4260 hp (3180 kW)||TÜLOMSAŞ (Toshiba)|
|DE33000||33001-33089||2003–04||89||Diesel Electric||3000 hp (2220 kW)||TÜLOMSAŞ (Electro-Motive Diesel)||Based on the DE22000|
|E68000||68001-68080||2013–||80||Electric||6800 hp (5000 kW)||Hyundai Rotem, TÜLOMSAŞ||First 8 built by Hyundai Rotem, later 72 are being built by TÜLOMSAŞ|
|DE36000||36001-36020||2013–||20||Diesel Electric||3600 hp (2680 kW)||TÜLOMSAŞ (General Electric)||GE PowerHaul type|
|HSL700||TBA||2018||80||Electro-Diesel||710 hp (522 kW)||TÜLOMSAŞ||Based on E1000 electronics (in turn, DE 11 000)|
|DE11000||11001-11085||1985||85||Diesel Electric||1065 hp (780 kW)||Krauss-Maffei, TÜLOMSAŞ||First 20 built by Krauss-Maffei later 60 built by TÜLOMSAŞ|
|DH7000||7001–7020||1994||20||Diesel Hydraulic||710 hp (522 kW)||TÜLOMSAŞ|
|DH9500||9501–9526||1999||26||Diesel Hydraulic||950 hp (700 kW)||TÜLOMSAŞ||Diesel-hydraulic redesign of TCDD DE11000 to work around short of spare parts for the traction motors of TCDD DE11000|
|E1000||1000||2015–||1||Electric||1360 hp (1000 kW)||TÜBİTAK MAM, TÜLOMSAŞ||Prototype, mainly used for shunting operations (electric-only adaptation of TCDD DE11000)|
|Model||Picture||Numbers||Built||Number Built||Type||Power||Builder (Designer)||Notes|
|MT15000||15001-15012||2008||12||DMU||650 kW||Hyundai Rotem||Used for regional services|
|HT65000||65001-65012||2009–????||12||EMU||4800 kW||CAF||TCDD high-speed train sets|
|E23000||23001-23033||2009–????||33||EMU||EUROTEM||Başkentray commuter rail|
|MT30000||15401-15452||2011–||14||DMU||650 kW||TÜVASAŞ||Used for regional services|
|E32000||32001-32054||2011–????||88||EMU||EUROTEM||Marmaray commuter rail|
|HT80000||80001 & 80101-80118||2013–2021||19||EMU||8000 kW||Siemens||TCDD high-speed train sets|
|Model||Picture||Numbers||Built||Number Built||Type||Power||Builder (Designer)||Notes|
|MT5700||5701-5730||1993||30||Railcar||Fiat||Used for regional services|
|Pullman Fleet||1980–90||Coach, Couchette, Diner, Generator||TÜVASAŞ|
|TVS2000||1992||Coach, Diner, Couchette, Sleeper, Generator||TÜVASAŞ|
The Turkish State Railways (TCDD) started building high-speed rail lines in 2003. TCDD has branded its high-speed service as Yüksek Hızlı Tren (YHT) which currently operates on two lines: the Ankara–Istanbul high-speed railway and the Ankara–Konya high-speed railway. YHT is the only high-speed rail service in Turkey, with two types of EMU train models operating at speeds of up to 250 km/h (HT65000) or 300 km/h (HT80000).
Turkey has a well-developed, state-owned railway system built to standard gauge which falls under the remit of the Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. The primary rail carrier is the Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Demiryolları (TCDD) which is responsible for all long-distance and cross-border freight and passenger trains. A number of other companies operate suburban passenger trains in urban conurbations.
Ankara railway station is the main railway station in Ankara, Turkey, and is a major transportation hub within the city. The station is the eastern terminus of the Istanbul-Ankara railway corridor, as well as the easternmost station in Turkey with high-speed rail service. Ankara station is also a hub for YHT high-speed trains, with its own exclusive platforms and concourse. TCDD Taşımacılık also operates intercity train service to Kars, Tatvan and Kurtalan as well as Başkentray commuter rail service.
The Ankara–Istanbul high-speed railway, is a 561 km (349 mi) long high-speed railway currently running between Ankara and Halkalı. As of March 2019 most services terminate at Söğütlüçeşme railway station in the Kadıköy district of İstanbul and the fastest journey time between Söğütlüçeşme and Ankara is 4 hours and 15 minutes.
The Istanbul–Ankara railway is a 576.6 km (358.3 mi) long electrified railway in Turkey. The line connects Turkey's largest city, Istanbul, to the capital and second largest city, Ankara; making it one the busiest railways in the country in terms of passenger and freight rail traffic. The railway runs parallel to the Ankara-Istanbul high-speed railway and in several sections, the railway hosts YHT high-speed trains.
The State Railways of the Republic of Turkey, abbreviated as TCDD, is a government-owned national railway company responsible with the ownership and maintenance of railway infrastructure in Turkey, as well as the planning and construction of new lines. TCDD was formed on 4 June 1929 as part of the nationalisation of railways in Turkey.
The Turkish State Railways operate freight trains on all of their lines. TCDD has a big fleet of covered goods wagons, flat wagons, tank wagons, open wagons and hoppers. TCDD also has a few schnabel cars and crane cars. TCDD carries freight such as bulk, shipping containers, liquids and goods.
Yüksek Hızlı Tren or YHT is the high-speed rail service in Turkey, operated by Turkish State Railways, currently operating on two lines: Ankara–Istanbul high-speed railway and Ankara–Konya high-speed railway.
Pendik station is the main railway station in Pendik, Istanbul. Located between Hatboyu and Abdülhalik Renda Avenues in southeastern Pendik. TCDD Taşımacılık operates YHT trains to Ankara and Konya, via Eskişehir, along with daily regional trains to Adapazarı. The station is 24.05 km (14.94 mi) away from Haydarpaşa station in central Istanbul. The metro line M10 is currently under construction to make the link with Sabiha Gökçen Airport, which is located about 9km in the North.
TCDD HT80000 is a series of high-speed electric multiple units built by Siemens for the Turkish State Railways. The EMUs are used for the Yüksek Hızlı Tren (YHT) services on the Turkish high-speed railway network and especially on the Polatlı–Konya high-speed railway, where they can reach a maximum speed of 300 km/h.
Polatlı HSR station, short for Polatlı High Speed Rail station is a railway station serving the Ankara–Istanbul high-speed railway just southeast of Polatlı. The station was opened on 16 February 2011, two years after the opening of the railway between Ankara and Eskişehir, and is the first railway station in Turkey to be dedicated to high-speed rail. Polatlı YHT is served by two tracks via side platforms with two express tracks in middle, as not all scheduled YHT trains stop at Polatlı.
The Capital Express was one of the six daily intercity trains operating between Istanbul and Ankara on the Istanbul-Ankara railway before the Yüksek Hızlı Tren high-speed train service replaced all intercity trains on the line. The Capital Express was the fastest of the six trains, making limited stops only in large cities. The train would complete its journey in just over four hours and in the Eskişehir Province, trains would reach conventional speeds of 150 km/h (93 mph), which still hold the record for fastest conventional train service in Turkey. When the high-speed rail service was opened between Ankara and Eskişehir on 13 March 2009, the Capital Express, along with the other five intercity trains, were cut back between Istanbul and Eskişehir. During this period two more daily intercity trains were added, the Sakarya Express and Eskişehir Express, increasing daily intercity service to eight trains.
Bozüyük HSR station, short for Bozüyük High Speed Rail station, is a railway station on the Ankara–Istanbul high-speed railway just south of Bozüyük, Turkey. The station opened on 25 July 2014, along with the Eskişehir-Istanbul portion of the high-speed railway and is for the moment one of three railway stations in Turkey to be dedicated to high-speed rail. Bozüyük YHT has three tracks served by two platforms and two tracks in the middle for passing trains.
Bilecik HSR station, short for Bileck High Speed Rail station, is a railway station on the Ankara–Istanbul high-speed railway just east of Bilecik, Turkey. The station opened on 1 June 2015, almost a year after the opening of the Eskişehir-Istanbul portion of the high-speed railway, and is for the moment one of three railway station in Turkey dedicated to high-speed rail. Bilecik YHT has the same layout as the Polatlı YHT railway station; two tracks served by two side platforms and two passing tracks in the middle, as all scheduled YHT trains do not stop at Bilecik.
Ankara Tren Garı ("Ankara Train Station", alternatively known as Ankara YHT railway station and abbreviated as ATG, is a mixed-use commercial building in Ankara, Turkey. The building houses a shopping mall, a five-star hotel and commercial offices, as well as a concourse for YHT high-speed trains.
Özgüneş railway station is a railway station in Ankara, Turkey, currently being rebuilt. The station was a stop on the Ankara suburban from 1972 to 2016 when it was closed and demolished shortly after, in order to rebuild and expand the railway. Construction of the new station began in 2017 and is expected to open on 12 April 2018.
Etimesgut railway station is a railway station in Etimesgut, Ankara, currently under renovation. The station was a stop on the Ankara suburban from 1972 to 2016, when the station was closed for renovation. Once the rebuilt station is opened, commuter rail service will resume. Etimesgut station is located along İstasyon Avenue, near Hikmet Özer Avenue.
Havadurağı railway station is a railway station in Ankara, Turkey, currently being rebuilt. The station was a stop on the Ankara suburban from the 1930s to 2016 when it was closed and demolished shortly after, in order to rebuild and expand the railway. Construction of the new station began in 2017 and is expected to open on 12 April 2018.
Yıldırım railway station is a railway station in Ankara, Turkey, currently being rebuilt. The station was a stop on the Ankara suburban from 1972 to 2016 when it was closed and demolished shortly after, in order to rebuild and expand the railway. Construction of the new station began in 2017 and is expected to open on 12 April 2018.
Behiçbey railway station is a railway station in Ankara, Turkey, currently being rebuilt. The station was a stop on the Ankara suburban from the 1930s to 2016 when it was closed and demolished shortly after, in order to rebuild and expand the railway. COnstruction of the new station began in 2017 and is expected to open on 12 April 2018.