TEAC Corporation

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TEAC Corporation
Native name
ティアック株式会社
Type Public KK
TYO: 6803
Industry Electronics
Founded29 August 1953;68 years ago (1953-08-29) in Tokyo, Japan
Headquarters
Ochiai, Tama-shi, Tokyo, 206-8530
,
Japan
Key people
Yuji Hanabusa (President)
Products
  • Peripheral equipment
  • Consumer and professional audio equipment
  • Information equipment
Revenue JPY 20.3 billion (FY 2014) (US$ 185 million) (FY 2014)
JPY -1.8 billion (FY 2014) (US$ -16.6 million) (FY 2014)
Number of employees
1,046 (consolidated, as of 30 September 2015)
Website Official website
Footnotes /references
[1] [2]

TEAC Corporation (ティアック株式会社, Tiakku Kabushiki-gaisha) ( /ˈtæk/ ) is a Japanese electronics manufacturer. TEAC was created by the merger of the Tokyo Television Acoustic Company, founded in 1953, and the Tokyo Electro-Acoustic Company, founded in 1956. [3]

Contents

Overview

TEAC A-2300S reel-to-reel stereo recorder TEAC A-2300s.jpg
TEAC A-2300S reel-to-reel stereo recorder
TEAC CRC 90 minute audio cassette. The tape reels resemble a reel-to-reel tape. TEAC CRC-90 20051120.jpg
TEAC CRC 90 minute audio cassette. The tape reels resemble a reel-to-reel tape.
Phase-change Dual Drive TEAC PD-518E with medium TEAC PD-M650. PD drive with medium outside.jpg
Phase-change Dual Drive TEAC PD-518E with medium TEAC PD-M650.
internal Floppy disk drive and memory card reader (USB) TEAC FD-CR7-002.jpg
internal Floppy disk drive and memory card reader (USB)

TEAC has four divisions:[ citation needed ]

TEAC is known for its audio equipment, and was a primary manufacturer of high-end audio equipment in the 1970s and 1980s. During that time, TEAC produced reel-to-reels, cassette decks, CD players, turntables and amplifiers.

TEAC produced an audio cassette with tape hubs that resembled reel-to-reel tape reels in appearance. Many manufacturers at the time used these TEAC cassettes in advertisements of their tape decks because the TEAC cassettes looked more professional than standard audio cassettes, and because reel-to-reel tape recordings were known to be of higher quality than cassette recordings.[ citation needed ]

History

The company that eventually became the TEAC corporation was founded in August 1953. Originally named the Tokyo Television Acoustic Company, [3] it employed Katsuma Tani, a former aviation and aeronautics engineer, [4] who established a reputation as a highly qualified creator of audio equipment.

In 1956, his brother, Tomoma Tani, brought home a hand-made, 3-motor, 3-head stereo tape recorder. This sparked Katsuma's interest in reel-to-reel tape recorders. Confident they could engineer a better tape recorder, the Tani brothers founded the Tokyo Electro-Acoustic Company on 24 December 1956. [5]

The Tokyo Television Acoustic Company and the Tokyo Electro-Acoustic Company were merged to create the TEAC corporation, taking the initials of the latter company as its name. The main focus of the new company was to design and manufacture tape recorders. [3]

In 2013, Gibson bought a majority stake in the company, [6] giving it 54.42% of the company. [7] After Gibson's bankruptcy in 2018, TEAC announced that they would continue to operate on their own. [8]

Computer tape memory systems

In May 1961 TEAC entered into a licensing agreement with IBM to create magnetic tape memory systems.

Related Research Articles

Cassette tape Magnetic tape recording format for audio recording and playback

The Compact Cassette or Musicassette (MC), also commonly called the tape cassette, cassette tape, audio cassette, or simply tape or cassette, is an analog magnetic tape recording format for audio recording and playback. It was developed by the Dutch company Royal Philips in Hasselt, Belgium, by Lou Ottens and his team. It was introduced in September 1963. Compact Cassettes come in two forms, either already containing content as a prerecorded cassette (Musicassette), or as a fully recordable "blank" cassette. Both forms have two sides and are reversible by the user.

Digital Audio Tape Digital audio cassette format developed by Sony

Digital Audio Tape is a signal recording and playback medium developed by Sony and introduced in 1987. In appearance it is similar to a Compact Cassette, using 3.81 mm / 0.15" magnetic tape enclosed in a protective shell, but is roughly half the size at 73 mm × 54 mm × 10.5 mm. The recording is digital rather than analog. DAT can record at sampling rates equal to, as well as higher and lower than a CD at 16 bits quantization. If a comparable digital source is copied without returning to the analogue domain, then the DAT will produce an exact clone, unlike other digital media such as Digital Compact Cassette or non-Hi-MD MiniDisc, both of which use a lossy data reduction system.

A cassette deck is a type of tape machine for playing and recording audio cassettes that does not have a built-in power amplifier or speakers, and serves primarily as a transport. It can be a part of an automotive entertainment system, a part of a portable mini system or a part of a home component system. In the latter case it is also called a component cassette deck or just a component deck.

Reel-to-reel audio tape recording Audio recording using magnetic tape spooled on open reels

Reel-to-reel audio tape recording, also called open-reel recording, is magnetic tape audio recording in which the recording tape is spooled on a reel. To prepare for use, the supply reel containing the tape is placed on a spindle or hub. The end of the tape is manually pulled from the reel, threaded through mechanical guides and over a tape head assembly, and attached by friction to the hub of the second, initially empty takeup reel. Reel-to-reel systems use tape that is 1412, 1, or 2 inches wide, which normally moves at 3+347+12, 15 or 30 inches per second. All standard tape speeds are derived as a binary submultiple of 30 inches per second.

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TASCAM is the professional audio division of TEAC Corporation, headquartered in Santa Fe Springs, California. TASCAM established the Home Recording phenomenon by creating the "Project Studio" and is credited as the inventor of the Portastudio, the first cassette-based multi-track home studio recorders. TASCAM also introduced the first low-cost mass-produced multitrack recorders with Simul-Sync designed for recording musicians, and manufactured reel-to-reel tape machines and audio mixers for home recordists from the early 1970s through the mid-1990s. Since the early 00's, TASCAM has been an early innovator in the field-recording and audio accompaniment to video with their DR-series recording platforms. TASCAM celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2021.

Portastudio Home recording studio equipment

The TASCAM Portastudio was the first four-track recorder based on a standard compact audio cassette tape. The term portastudio is exclusive to TASCAM, though it is generally used to describe all self-contained cassette-based multitrack recorders dedicated to music production. The Portastudio, and particularly its first iteration, the Teac 144, is credited with launching the home-recording wave, which allowed musicians to cheaply record and produce music at home, and is cited as one of the most significant innovations in music production technology.

A transport is a device that handles a particular physical storage medium itself, and extracts or records the information to and from the medium, to an outboard set of processing electronics that the transport is connected to.

Foster Denki KK is an electronics company that manufactures loudspeakers and audio equipment for other companies or sells them under the trade name Fostex. It is traded on the Tokyo Stock Exchange.

Dokorder was a brand of tape recorder from Japanese electronics company Denki Onkyo, located in Ōta, Tokyo that included a four-reel transport system called "Dub-A-Tape" capable of feeding two different tapes through the same tape head assembly and, in the process, recording a duplicate of a tape. (The master and blank tapes passed through the same capstan, but through different tape head areas, yielding a Y-shaped tape path reflected in the slots built into the head assembly. Denki Onkyo also supplied a consumer and semi-pro line of reel to reel recorders that competed with Tascam/Teac and Sony but ultimately its products were found to be less durable than the competition.

History of multitrack recording

Multitrack recording of sound is the process in which sound and other electro-acoustic signals are captured on a recording medium such as magnetic tape, which is divided into two or more audio tracks that run parallel with each other. Because they are carried on the same medium, the tracks stay in perfect synchronisation, while allowing multiple sound sources to be recorded at different times.

Etsuro Nakamichi was a Japanese engineer and founder of Nakamichi Corporation, a high-end audio electronics company based in Tokyo in Japan. The company is most famous for its very high quality sounding cassette decks.

Videocassette recorder Device designed to record and playback content stored on videocassettes, most commonly VHS

A videocassette recorder (VCR) or video recorder is an electromechanical device that records analog audio and analog video from broadcast television or other source on a removable, magnetic tape videocassette, and can play back the recording. Use of a VCR to record a television program to play back at a more convenient time is commonly referred to as timeshifting. VCRs can also play back prerecorded tapes. In the 1980s and 1990s, prerecorded videotapes were widely available for purchase and rental, and blank tapes were sold to make recordings.

The DA-88 was a digital multitrack recording device introduced by the TASCAM division of the TEAC Corporation in 1993. This modular, digital multitrack device uses tape as the recording medium and could record up to eight tracks simultaneously. It also allowed multiple DA-88 devices to be combined to record 16 or more tracks. The first models in the series recorded at 16-bit resolution. TASCAM later introduced the DA-98HR and DA-78HR, which recorded at 24-bit resolution and sample rates up to 48 kHz and 192 kHz. Audio data was stored in the DTRS format on Hi8 video cassettes, allowing up to 108 minutes of continuous recording on a single tape.

Quadraphonic open reel tape

Quadraphonic open reel tape or Q4 was the first consumer format for quadraphonic sound recording and playback. Pre-recorded tapes in this format were introduced in the United States by the Vanguard Recording Society in June 1969. Specialized machines to play these tapes were introduced by electronics manufacturers such as TEAC Corporation at about the same time.

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Nakamichi Dragon High end hifi cassette deck

The Nakamichi Dragon is an audio cassette deck that was introduced by Nakamichi in 1982 and marketed until 1994. The Dragon was the first Nakamichi model with bidirectional replay capability and the world's first production tape recorder with an automatic azimuth correction system; this feature, which was invented by Philips engineers and improved by Niro Nakamichi, continuously adjusts the azimuth of the replay head to minimize apparent head skew and correctly reproduce the treble signal present on the tape. The system allows the correct reproduction of mechanically skewed cassettes and recordings made on misaligned decks. Apart from the Dragon, similar systems have only been used in the Nakamichi TD-1200 car cassette player and the Marantz SD-930 cassette deck.

References

  1. "Corporate Profile". TEAC Corporation. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  2. "Company Profile". Nikkei Asian Review . Nikkei Inc. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 "TEAC Milestones". TEAC Audio Europe. TEAC Corporation. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  4. "TEAC Corporation - Company Profile, Information, Business Description, History". ReferenceforBusiness.com. Advameg, Inc. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  5. Alberts, Randy (2003). TASCAM: 30 Years of Recording Evolution. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 15. ISBN   978-0-634-01156-6.
  6. "Gibson Guitar to buy TEAC, add "Cool Japan" engineering technology". Reuters . Thomson Reuters. March 29, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  7. "Company Profile". 4-traders.com. Surperformance SAS. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  8. Teac Sees No Impact from Gibson Brands Filling for Bankruptcy [sic] on CDR Info, May 2, 2018