TOP 09

Last updated

TOP 09
Leader Markéta Pekarová Adamová
Deputy Leaders Tomáš Czernin
Jan Jakob
Lukáš Otys
Herbert Pavera
Vlastimil Válek
Chamber of Deputies Leader Vlastimil Válek
MEP Leader Luděk Niedermayer
Founded11 June 2009 (2009-06-11)
Split from KDU–ČSL [1]
HeadquartersOpletalova 1603/57, Prague
Think tank TOPAZ
Youth wing TOP Team
Membership (2019)2,383 [2]
Ideology Liberal conservatism [3] [4] [5] [6]
Christian democracy [7]
Liberalism [8] [9] [10]
Pro-Europeanism [11]
Political position Centre-right [12]
National affiliation SPOLU
European affiliation European People's Party
European Parliament group European People's Party
Colours  
 (customary)
Chamber of Deputies
14 / 200
Senate
5 / 81
European Parliament
2 / 21
Regional councils
19 / 675
Governors of the regions
0 / 13
Local councils
483 / 61,892
Website
www.top09.cz

TOP 09 (name derived from Czech : Tradice Odpovědnost Prosperita, lit. 'Tradition Responsibility Prosperity') [13] is a liberal-conservative [3] [4] [5] [6] political party in the Czech Republic, led by Markéta Pekarová Adamová. TOP 09 holds 7 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and has three MEPs.

Contents

History

Foundation and participation in government

The party was founded on 11 June 2009 by Miroslav Kalousek who left the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party. [14] Karel Schwarzenberg, who had previously served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the second Topolánek cabinet from January 2007 to March 2009, having been nominated by the Green Party for the post, and who had been elected to the Senate in 2004 as nominee of the Freedom Union – Democratic Union (US-DEU) and Civic Democratic Alliance (ODA) parties, became the party's first leader. [15] [16]

Karel Schwarzenberg, Honorary chairman and former leader of TOP 09 Karel Schwarzenberg.jpg
Karel Schwarzenberg, Honorary chairman and former leader of TOP 09

In the 2010 parliament elections on 28–29 May 2010, TOP 09 received 16.7% of the vote and 41 seats, becoming the third largest party. [17] The party joined the new coalition government, the Nečas cabinet, with the Civic Democratic Party (ODS) and Public Affairs (VV). [18]

In September 2010 TOP09 applied to join the European People's Party. Karel Schwarzenberg has already officially participated in two EPP summits (15 September [19] and 16 December 2010 [20] ). On 10 February 2011 TOP 09 has officially been granted permission to join the EPP. [21]

In the 2013 legislative election on 25–26 October 2013, TOP 09 won 12% of the vote and 26 seats. The party entered opposition to the Sobotka cabinet.

Opposition and cooperation with STAN and ODS

In the 2014 European elections on 24 and 25 May 2014, TOP 09 reached second place nationally with 15.95% of the vote, electing 4 MEPs.

Karel Schwarzenberg left the position of leader in 2015. He was replaced by Miroslav Kalousek afterwards.

In March 2016, Karel Tureček left the party and joined ANO 2011 which left TOP 09 with 25 MPs. [22] In May 2016, Pavol Lukša, one of founders of TOP 09, left the party and established the new party Good Choice. [23]

TOP 09 was heavily defeated in 2016 regional elections. The party has gained only 19 seat and 3.4% of votes. Miroslav Kalousek then considered resignation but decided to stay. [24]

In January 2017, TOP 09 introduced its new program called Vision 2030. TOP 09 wants to adopt Euro, implement electronical voting and increase health standard to the level of Germany. TOP 09 also wants to shorten week work time to 4 days. Miroslav Kalousek said that he believes that TOP 09 will get over 10% in upcoming legislative election even though recent opinion polls indicated that TOP 09 might not reach 5% threshold. [25] [26]

Ahead of 2017 parliamentary elections, TOP 09 was endorsed by The Czech Crown, Conservative Party, Club of Committed Non-Party Members and Liberal-Environmental Party. [27] [28] The party eventually received 5.3% of votes being marginalised to 7 seats. Jiří Pospíšil became the new leader after the election. [29]

In the next year municipal elections TOP 09 got only 1.1 per cent of the vote nationally. The best performance for the party was in the Prague City council elections, following which it joined a coalition with the Czech Pirate Party and Prague Together.

In November, 2019, Markéta Adamová was elected as new leader of the party. In late 2020, TOP 09 formed an electoral alliance with KDU-ČSL and ODS called SPOLU, to run in the 2021 elections.

Ideology

TOP 09 has been noted for its support of fiscal conservatism and is considered pro-European Union, [11] being strongly in favour of European integration. [30] These two stances create a basic common ground of the party, as it was otherwise divided in two ideological wings: social conservative and social liberal. [31] On 12 July 2017, TOP 09 and Liberal-Environmental Party agreed to participate in the 2017 Czech legislative election together. [32]

Election results

Below are charts of the results that the TOP09 has secured in the Chamber of Deputies, Senate, European Parliament, and regional assemblies at each election.

Party leader Marketa Pekarova Adamova Marketa Pekarova Adamova Praha 2018.jpg
Party leader Markéta Pekarová Adamová

Chamber of Deputies

YearLeaderVoteVote %Seats+/−PlacePosition
2010 Karel Schwarzenberg 873,83316.7
41 / 200
3rdCoalition
2013 Karel Schwarzenberg 596,35712.0
26 / 200
Decrease2.svg154th Decrease2.svgOpposition
2017 Miroslav Kalousek 268,8115.3
7 / 200
Decrease2.svg198th Decrease2.svgOpposition
2021 Markéta Adamová 1,493,70127.79
14 / 200
Increase2.svg72nd Increase2.svgTBA
Part of SPOLU coalition, which won 71 seats in total
Ex leader of TOP 09 MEP Jiri Pospisil Praha, Magistrat, TK Jiri Pospisil.jpg
Ex leader of TOP 09 MEP Jiří Pospíšil

Senate

ElectionFirst roundSecond roundSeatsTotal seats+/-
Votes%PlacesVotes%Places
2010 165,27714.403rd51,3107.543rd
2 / 27
2 / 81
Increase2.svg 2
2011 12,0537.514th 
0 / 1
2 / 81
Steady2.svg
2012 57,9076.595th9,9181.935th
2 / 27
4 / 81
Increase2.svg 2
2014 92,1378.985th30,4766.436th
0 / 27
4 / 81
Steady2.svg
2014 22,05515.553rd 
0 / 1
4 / 81
Steady2.svg
2016 70,6538.026th30,8207.275th
2 / 27
4 / 81
Steady2.svg
2018 37,61533.511st30,33167.111st
1 / 1
4 / 81
Steady2.svg
2018 41,9803.857th22,5805.408th
1 / 27
3 / 81
Decrease2.svg 1
2020 46,5754.677th33,9387.514th
2 / 27
5 / 81
Increase2.svg 2

Notes:
1 By-election in Kladno district.
2 By-election in Prague 10 district
3 By-election in Trutnov district. TOP 09 supported a STAN candidate Jan Sobotka.

Presidential

ElectionCandidateFirst round resultSecond round result
Votes%VotesResultVotes%VotesResult
2013 Karel Schwarzenberg 1,204,19523.40Runner-up2,241,17145.20Lost
2018 Jiří Drahoš 1,369,60126.60Runner-up2,701,20648.63Lost

European Parliament

YearVoteVote %SeatsPlace
2014 241,74716.0
4 / 21
2nd Increase2.svg
2019 276,22011.7
3 / 21
4th Decrease2.svg

Local election

YearVoteVote %Seats
2010 8,537,4619.5
1,509 / 62,178
2014 8,324,1958.4
726 / 62,300
2018 1,241,9764.8
483 / 61,892

Prague municipal elections

YearLeaderVoteVote %Seats+/−PlacePosition
2010 Zdeněk Tůma 1,043,00830.2
26 / 65
1stOpposition (2010–2013)
2014 Tomáš Hudeček 4,158,22620.1
16 / 65
Decrease2.svg102ndOpposition
2018 Jiří Pospíšil 4,127,06316.3
13 / 65
Decrease2.svg34thCoalition

Regional election

YearVoteVote %Seats+/-PlaceNote
2012 175,0896.6
19 / 675
5th
2016 86,164 Decrease2.svg3.4 Decrease2.svg
19 / 675
Steady2.svg9th
2020 Party didn't run on a single list
20 / 675
1 Increase2.svg9th [n 1]
Former TOP09 leaders Karel von Schwarzenberg and Miroslav Kalousek Schwarzenberg Kalousek 2017.jpg
Former TOP09 leaders Karel von Schwarzenberg and Miroslav Kalousek

2020 Czech regional election results [33]

RegionCoalition partner# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
SeatsGovernance [34]
#±Position
Central Bohemian Greens and Voice 24,6505.89
2 / 65
Decrease2.svg 3Increase2.svg 5th STAN–ODS–Pirates–TOP 09+Greens-Voice
South Bohemian KDU-ČSL 20,79810.45
3 / 55
Steady2.svgSteady2.svg 7thODSKDU-ČSL+TOP 09–ČSSD–JIH12
Plzeň ODS 36,89021.23
2 / 45
Decrease2.svg 1Decrease2.svg 7thODS+TOP 09–STANPirates
Karlovy Vary STAN 11,70014.66
1 / 45
Steady2.svgDecrease2.svg 10th STAN +TOP 09-Pirates-ODS+KDU ČSL-Local movements
Ústí nad Labem Greens and SNK ED 12,2206.11
1 / 55
Increase2.svg 1Increase2.svg 8th ANO–ODS–TOP 09+Greens
Liberec KDU-ČSL 5,3283.83N/ASteady2.svgIncrease2.svg 7th Mayors for Liberec Region Pirates–ODS
Hradec Králové Hradec Králové Democratic Club13,8917.84
1 / 45
Decrease2.svg 3Decrease2.svg 10thODS+STAN+VČ–KDU-ČSLPirates–TOP 09+HDK
Pardubice ODS 23,43414.10
2 / 45
Increase2.svg 2Increase2.svg 8th ČSSD–ODS+TOP 09–KDU-ČSLSTAN
Vysočina KAN and Czech Crown 7,9724.99N/ASteady2.svgSteady2.svg 8thODS+STO–PiratesKDU-ČSLČSSDSTAN
South Moravian Greens 24,0396.62
4 / 65
Increase2.svg 1Steady2.svg 6th KDU-ČSLPirates–ODS–STAN
Olomouc KDU-ČSL and Greens 34,51918.43
2 / 55
Increase2.svg 2Increase2.svg 7th STAN+PiratesKDU-ČSL+TOP 09–ODS
Zlín STAN 24,39612.69
1 / 45
Increase2.svg 1Increase2.svg 10th ANOPirates–ODS–ČSSD
Moravian-Silesian ODS 43,63713.84
1 / 65
Increase2.svg 1Increase2.svg 7th ANO–ODS+TOP 09–KDU-ČSLČSSD

Leaders

Symbols

Notes

  1. Including one member elected as a nominee of Mayors and Independents

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Miroslav Kalousek

Miroslav Kalousek is a Czech politician, former leader of KDU-ČSL and TOP 09, and has been a member of the Chamber of Deputies (MP) since 1998. He served twice as Finance Minister in the cabinets of Mirek Topolánek and then again from 2010 to 2013 in the government of Petr Nečas.

Jiří Pospíšil Czech politician

Jiří Pospíšil is a Czech politician, who was leader of TOP 09 from November 2017 until November 2019. As a deputy for the Civic Democratic Party, Pospíšil served twice as Czech Minister of Justice: between 2006 and 2009 under Prime Minister Mirek Topolánek, and then again from 2010 to 2012 in the government of Petr Nečas. Pospíšil was a member of the Chamber of Deputies (MP) from 2002 to 2014.

2010 Czech legislative election

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2013 Czech presidential election

Presidential elections were held in the Czech Republic in January 2013, the country's first direct election for the presidency. No candidate received a majority of the votes in the first round on 11–12 January, so a second round runoff election was held on 25–26 January. Nine individuals secured enough signatures or support of parliamentarians to become official candidates for the office. Miloš Zeman of the Party of Civic Rights (SPOZ) and Karel Schwarzenberg of TOP 09 qualified for the second round, which was won by Zeman with 54.8% of the vote, compared to Schwarzenberg's 45.2%. Zeman assumed office in March 2013 after being sworn in.

Markéta Adamová Czech politician

Markéta Pekarová Adamová is a Czech politician who is currently the leader of TOP 09. She graduated with a bachelor degree from the Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague in 2008, and an engineer title from the Czech Technical University in Prague in 2011. She has been a member of the Chamber of Deputies since 2013. She defeated Tomáš Czernin in a TOP 09 leadership election on 24 November 2019, with 53% of the votes.

2011 TOP 09 leadership election

A leadership election was held in the TOP 09 party in the Czech Republic on 23 October 2011. Incumbent Karel Schwarzenberg was unopposed. He received 162 of the 169 votes. Schwarzenberg also accepted party's nomination for the 2013 presidential elections.

2009 TOP 09 leadership election

The first leadership election was held in the TOP 09 party in the Czech Republic on 28 November 2009. Karel Schwarzenberg became party's leader.

2015 TOP 09 leadership election

A leadership election was held in the TOP 09 party in the Czech Republic on 29 November 2015. Miroslav Kalousek succeeded Schwarzenberg as party's leader.

2017 TOP 09 leadership election

Czech political party TOP 09 held a leadership election on 26 November 2017, following the party's poor result in the 2017 Czech legislative election. Jiří Pospíšil was elected as the new leader.

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2019 TOP 09 leadership election

The Czech political party TOP 09 held a leadership election on 24 November 2019. The incumbent leader Jiří Pospíšil decided not to seek a new term. Markéta Adamová was elected the new leader when she defeated Tomáš Czernin.

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Elections to regional councils in the Czech Republic in 13 regions were held on 2–3 October 2020.

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