|Leader||Markéta Pekarová Adamová|
|Deputy Leaders|| Tomáš Czernin |
|Chamber of Deputies Leader||Jan Jakob|
|MEP Leader||Luděk Niedermayer|
|Founders|| Miroslav Kalousek |
|Founded||11 June 2009|
|Headquarters||Opletalova 1603/57, Prague|
|Youth wing||TOP Team|
|Ideology|| Liberal conservatism |
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
|European Parliament group||European People's Party|
|Chamber of Deputies|
14 / 200
6 / 81
2 / 21
20 / 675
|Governors of the regions|
0 / 13
483 / 61,892
TOP 09 (name derived from Czech : Tradice Odpovědnost Prosperita, lit. 'Tradition Responsibility Prosperity') is a liberal-conservative political party in the Czech Republic, led by Markéta Pekarová Adamová. TOP 09 holds 14 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and has three MEPs.
The party was founded on 11 June 2009 by Miroslav Kalousek who left the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party.Karel Schwarzenberg, who had previously served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the second Topolánek cabinet from January 2007 to March 2009, having been nominated by the Green Party for the post, and who had been elected to the Senate in 2004 as nominee of the Freedom Union – Democratic Union (US-DEU) and Civic Democratic Alliance (ODA) parties, became the party's first leader.
In the 2010 parliament elections on 28–29 May 2010, TOP 09 received 16.7% of the vote and 41 seats, becoming the third largest party.The party joined the new coalition government, the Nečas cabinet, with the Civic Democratic Party (ODS) and Public Affairs (VV).
In September 2010 TOP09 applied to join the European People's Party. Karel Schwarzenberg has already officially participated in two EPP summits (15 Septemberand 16 December 2010 ). On 10 February 2011 TOP 09 has officially been granted permission to join the EPP.
In the 2013 legislative election on 25–26 October 2013, TOP 09 won 12% of the vote and 26 seats. The party entered opposition to the Sobotka cabinet.
In the 2014 European elections on 24 and 25 May 2014, TOP 09 reached second place nationally with 15.95% of the vote, electing 4 MEPs.
Karel Schwarzenberg left the position of leader in 2015. He was replaced by Miroslav Kalousek afterwards.
In March 2016, Karel Tureček left the party and joined ANO 2011 which left TOP 09 with 25 MPs.In May 2016, Pavol Lukša, one of founders of TOP 09, left the party and established the new party Good Choice.
TOP 09 was heavily defeated in 2016 regional elections. The party has gained only 19 seat and 3.4% of votes. Miroslav Kalousek then considered resignation but decided to stay.
In January 2017, TOP 09 introduced its new program called Vision 2030. TOP 09 wants to adopt Euro, implement electronical voting and increase health standard to the level of Germany. TOP 09 also wants to shorten week work time to 4 days. Miroslav Kalousek said that he believes that TOP 09 will get over 10% in upcoming legislative election even though recent opinion polls indicated that TOP 09 might not reach 5% threshold.
Ahead of 2017 parliamentary elections, TOP 09 was endorsed by The Czech Crown, Conservative Party, Club of Committed Non-Party Members and Liberal-Environmental Party.The party eventually received 5.3% of votes being marginalised to 7 seats. Jiří Pospíšil became the new leader after the election.
In the next year municipal elections TOP 09 got only 1.1 per cent of the vote nationally. The best performance for the party was in the Prague City council elections, following which it joined a coalition with the Czech Pirate Party and Prague Together.
In November, 2019, Markéta Pekarová Adamová was elected as new leader of the party.In late 2020, TOP 09 formed an electoral alliance with KDU-ČSL and ODS called SPOLU, to run in the 2021 elections. The alliance won popular vote and formed a coalition with Pirates and Mayors alliance. As a part of agreement of these alliances, TOP 09 leader Pekarová Adamová became Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic.
On 20 November 2021 Pekarová Adamová was reelected in a TOP 09 leadership election, with 163 from 176 votes, being the only candidate.
TOP 09 has been noted for its support of fiscal conservatism and is considered pro-European Union,being strongly in favour of European integration. These two stances create a basic common ground of the party, as it was otherwise divided in two ideological wings: social conservative and social liberal. On 12 July 2017, TOP 09 and Liberal-Environmental Party agreed to participate in the 2017 Czech legislative election together.
Below are charts of the results that the TOP09 has secured in the Chamber of Deputies, Senate, European Parliament, and regional assemblies at each election.
41 / 200
26 / 200
7 / 200
|2021||Markéta Pekarová Adamová||1,493,701||27.79|
14 / 200
|Part of SPOLU coalition, which won 71 seats in total|
|Election||First round||Second round||Seats||Total seats||+/-|
2 / 27
2 / 81
0 / 1
2 / 81
2 / 27
4 / 81
0 / 27
4 / 81
0 / 1
4 / 81
2 / 27
4 / 81
1 / 1
4 / 81
1 / 27
3 / 81
2 / 27
5 / 81
1 By-election in Kladno district.
2 By-election in Prague 10 district
3 By-election in Trutnov district. TOP 09 supported a STAN candidate Jan Sobotka.
|Election||Candidate||First round result||Second round result|
|Danuše Nerudová||777,080||13.93||3rd place||supported Petr Pavel|
|Pavel Fischer||376,705||6.75||4th place||supported Petr Pavel|
4 / 21
3 / 21
1,509 / 62,178
726 / 62,300
483 / 61,892
26 / 65
16 / 65
13 / 65
19 / 675
19 / 675
|2020||Party didn't run on a single list|
20 / 675
|Region||Coalition partner||# of|
|Central Bohemian||Greens and Voice||24,650||5.89|
2 / 65
3 / 55
2 / 45
1 / 45
|10th||STAN +TOP 09-Pirates-ODS+KDU ČSL-Local movements|
|Ústí nad Labem||Greens and SNK ED||12,220||6.11|
1 / 55
|Liberec||KDU-ČSL||5,328||3.83||—||7th||Mayors for Liberec Region –Pirates–ODS|
|Hradec Králové||Hradec Králové Democratic Club||13,891||7.84|
1 / 45
2 / 45
|Vysočina||KAN and Czech Crown||7,972||4.99||—||8th||ODS+STO–Pirates–KDU-ČSL–ČSSD–STAN|
4 / 65
|Olomouc||KDU-ČSL and Greens||34,519||18.43|
2 / 55
1 / 45
1 / 65
KDU-ČSL, often shortened to lidovci is a Christian-democratic political party in the Czech Republic. The party has taken part in almost every Czech government since 1990. In the June 2006 legislative election, the party won 7.2% of the vote and 13 out of 200 seats; but in the 2010 election, its vote share dropped to 4.4% and they lost all of its seats. The party regained its parliamentary standing in the 2013 legislative election, winning 14 seats in the new parliament, thereby becoming the first party ever to return to the Chamber of Deputies after previously dropping out.
The Civic Democratic Party is a liberal-conservative and soft eurosceptic political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 34 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and is the second strongest party by number of seats following the 2021 election. It is the only political party in the Czech Republic that has always been represented in the Chamber of Deputies.
Czech Crown is a Czech monarchist political party that strives for the restoration of Czech monarchy with the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. The party was founded in 1990 and its current leader is Radim Špaček. In the 2017 Czech legislative election Koruna Česká ran in a coalition with TOP 09 and received 5.35% of the votes. In the 2019 European Parliament election it ran together with KDU-ČSL and received 7.24% of the votes.
Jiří Pospíšil is a Czech politician, who was leader of TOP 09 from November 2017 until November 2019. As a deputy for the Civic Democratic Party, Pospíšil served twice as Czech Minister of Justice: between 2006 and 2009 under Prime Minister Mirek Topolánek, and then again from 2010 to 2012 in the government of Petr Nečas. Pospíšil was a member of the Chamber of Deputies (MP) from 2002 to 2014.
Legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 28–29 May 2010 to elect the 200 members of the Chamber of Deputies. The elections had been expected to take place sometime before the end of 2009, but was postponed due to legal challenges. Before the election, the country had been governed by a caretaker administration headed by Jan Fischer. The Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) was the front-runner of the election and its leader Jiří Paroubek was the favourite to become the new Prime Minister.
Markéta Pekarová Adamová is a Czech politician who is the Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies since 2021 and leader of TOP 09 since 2019.
Legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 8 and 9 October 2021. All 200 members of the Chamber of Deputies were elected, with the leader of the resulting government to become the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic. Following the 2017 Czech legislative election, the country has been ruled by a minority government consisting of ANO 2011 (ANO), led by prime minister Andrej Babiš, and the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD), led by interior minister Jan Hamáček, with confidence and supply support from the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM) until April 2021. The largest opposition party was the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), followed by the Czech Pirate Party. Other parties in the Chamber of Deputies included SPD, TOP 09, STAN, and KDU-ČSL.
A leadership election was held in the TOP 09 party in the Czech Republic on 23 October 2011. Incumbent Karel Schwarzenberg was unopposed. He received 162 of the 169 votes. Schwarzenberg also accepted party's nomination for the 2013 presidential elections.
The first leadership election was held in the TOP 09 party in the Czech Republic on 28 November 2009. Karel Schwarzenberg became party's leader.
A leadership election was held in the TOP 09 party in the Czech Republic on 29 November 2015. Miroslav Kalousek succeeded Schwarzenberg as party's leader.
Czech political party TOP 09 held a leadership election on 26 November 2017, following the party's poor result in the 2017 Czech legislative election. Jiří Pospíšil was elected as the new leader.
Election of the President of the Senate of the Czech Republic was held on 14 November 2018. It was held after 2018 Senate election. Civic Democratic Party nominated Jaroslav Kubera, Mayors and Independents nominated Jan Horník and Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party nominated Václav Hampl. Incumbent President Milan Štěch doesn't seek reelection. It was the first time in the history of the Senate that more than 2 candidates run for the position. Senate factions usually came to an agreement about the new President in the past.
The Czech political party TOP 09 held a leadership election on 24 November 2019. The incumbent leader Jiří Pospíšil decided not to seek a new term. Markéta Pekarová Adamová was elected the new leader when she defeated Tomáš Czernin.
Elections to regional councils in the Czech Republic in 13 regions were held on 2–3 October 2020.
Spolu is a Czech centre-right political alliance formed for the 2021 legislative election, composed of the Civic Democratic Party, KDU-ČSL, and TOP 09. As of the 2021 Czech election it governs the Czech Republic in a coalition with the Pirates and Mayors alliance.
The Civic Democratic Party (ODS) held a leadership election on 9 April 2022, following the 2021 Czech legislative election.
Marek Ženíšek is a Czech politician and political scientist. From 2009 to 2019, he was the vice-chairman of TOP 09. From 2013 to 2017, he was a Member of the Chamber of Deputies, and has also served as Deputy Minister of Justice, and First Deputy Minister of Health. Since 2020, Ženíšek is a regional assembly member in the Plzen Region and a Deputy Governor.
Election of the Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic was held on 10 November 2021.
The Czech political party TOP 09 was held a leadership election on 20 November 2021. The incumbent leader Markéta Pekarová Adamová was running for reelection.