TSG 1899 Hoffenheim

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TSG 1899 Hoffenheim
Logo TSG Hoffenheim.svg
Full nameTurn- und Sportgemeinschaft
1899 Hoffenheim e.V.
Nickname(s)Die Kraichgauer (From Kraichgau region),
achtzehn99 (1899)
Founded1 July 1899;122 years ago (1899-07-01)
Ground Rhein-Neckar-Arena
Owner Dietmar Hopp (96%)
PresidentKristian Baumgärtner (interim)
Head coach Sebastian Hoeneß
League Bundesliga
2020–21 Bundesliga, 11th of 18
Website Club website
Soccerball current event.svg Current season

Turn- und Sportgemeinschaft 1899 Hoffenheim e.V., or simply TSG 1899 Hoffenheim or just Hoffenheim (pronounced [teː ʔɛs ɡeː ˈʔaxt͡seːnˈhʊndɐt ˈnɔʏ̯nʔʊntˈnɔʏ̯nt͡sɪç ˈhɔfn̩haɪ̯m] ) is a German professional football club based in Hoffenheim, a village of Sinsheim municipality, Baden-Württemberg.


Originally founded in 1899 as a gymnastics club, Hoffenheim came into being in its modern form in 1945. A fifth division side in 2000, the club rapidly advanced through the German football league system with the financial backing of alumnus and software mogul Dietmar Hopp, and in 2008 Hoffenheim was promoted to the top tier Bundesliga. In the 2017–18 season, Hoffenheim finished third in the Bundesliga (its best to date), qualifying for the UEFA Champions League group stage for the first time.

Since 2009, Hoffenheim has played its home games at the Rhein-Neckar-Arena (currently known as PreZero Arena), having previously played at the Dietmar-Hopp-Stadion from 1999.


The modern-day club was formed in 1945, when gymnastics club Turnverein Hoffenheim (founded 1 July 1899) and football club Fußballverein Hoffenheim (founded 1921) merged. At the beginning of the 1990s, the club was an obscure local amateur side playing in the eighth division Baden-Württemberg A-Liga. They steadily improved and by 1996 were competing in the Verbandsliga Nordbaden (V).

Around 2000, alumnus Dietmar Hopp returned to the club of his youth as a financial backer. Hopp was the co-founder of software firm SAP and he put some of his money into the club. His contributions generated almost immediate results: in 2000 Hoffenheim finished first in the Verbandsliga and was promoted to the fourth-division Oberliga Baden-Württemberg. Another first-place finish moved the club up to the Regionalliga Süd (III) for the 2001–02 season. They finished 13th in their first season in the Regionalliga, but improved significantly the next year, earning a fifth-place result.

Hoffenheim earned fifth and seventh-place finishes in the next two seasons, before improving to fourth in 2005–06 to earn their best result to date. The club made its first DFB-Pokal appearance in the 2003–04 competition and performed well, advancing to the quarter-finals by eliminating 2. Bundesliga sides Eintracht Trier and Karlsruher SC and Bundesliga club Bayer Leverkusen before being put out themselves by another 2. Bundesliga side, VfB Lübeck.

Negotiations to merge TSG Hoffenheim, Astoria Walldorf, and SV Sandhausen to create FC Heidelberg 06 in 2005 were abandoned due to the resistance of the latter two clubs, and the failure to agree on whether the new side's stadium should be located in Heidelberg or Eppelheim. Team owner Hopp clearly preferred Heidelberg, but could not overcome the resistance of local firm Wild, which had already reserved the site of the planned stadium for its new production facilities.

2006–2008: Major investments, promotion to the Bundesliga

In 2006, the club sought to improve its squad and technical staff by bringing in players with several years of Bundesliga experience, most notably Jochen Seitz and Tomislav Marić, and young talents like Sejad Salihović, while signing manager Ralf Rangnick, who managed Bundesliga teams such as SSV Ulm 1846, VfB Stuttgart, Hannover 96 and Schalke 04, to a five-year contract. The investment paid off in the 2006–07 season with the club's promotion to the 2. Bundesliga after finishing second in Regionalliga Süd.

The 2007–08 season was Hoffenheim's first season in professional football. After a weak start with three losses and only one draw in the first four games, the team's performance improved remarkably and Hoffenheim climbed from 16th place on matchday four to second place on matchday 23. The team managed to defend their place until the end of the season, having scored 60 points after matchday 34. As a result of their second-place finish they received automatic promotion to the Bundesliga, the highest tier in German football, after playing in the 2. Bundesliga for just one season.

2008–present: Growth of the club and Champions League football

Hoffenheim had a successful season in their debut in the Bundesliga, the top German division, as they went on to record a 7th place finish. The club's best players of the season were Vedad Ibišević and Demba Ba, who scored 18 and 14 respectively. [1] In the 2009–10 Bundesliga, the club had a less successful season, recording a finish outside of the top 10, finishing 11th. [2] The club eventually went on to finish in 11th place for the next two consecutive seasons. [3] [4] In the 2012–13 Bundesliga, the club came very close to suffering relegation, after they a 16th place finish, meaning they would have to play in the relegation play-offs to survive; the club went on to beat their opponents Kaiserslautern by a scoreline of 5–2 on aggregate, with Roberto Firmino scoring two goals in the first match. [5] [6] [7] In the 2013–14 Bundesliga, the club had strange statistics; being the third best goalscoring team in the league, but also the worst defensive team, scoring 72 goals and conceding 70. [8] The club's best goalscorer of the season, also their best assist provider, was Roberto Firmino, scoring 16 goals and providing 12 assists, with the player winning the Bundesliga Breakthrough Player of the Season award. [9] [10] [11] In the 2014–15 Bundesliga, the club came very close to qualifying for the Europa League, with just two points separating them from Borussia Dortmund, who were in 7th place. Despite the 8th place finish, Hoffenheim still had a goal difference of −6 in the 2014–15 season. [12] In the 2015–16 Bundesliga, the club once again came close to suffering relegation, with just one point separating them from the relegation play-offs. [13]

In the 2016–17 season, new coach Julian Nagelsmann took over, [14] beginning to recruit several very significant players, including Andrej Kramarić, Kerem Demirbay and Sandro Wagner. [15] [16] [17] Initially, the club struggled for form, with four draws in the first four games of the season, [18] before a rise in form rose the club to third place in the league by the end of October. [19] On 4 April 2017, the club beat Bayern Munich by a scoreline of 1–0, one of the most important wins in the club's history. [20] On 21 April 2017, the club confirmed that they would play European football next season following a 1–1 draw with Köln. [21] Following a 4th place finish in the 2016–17 Bundesliga, Hoffenheim confirmed Champions League football for the 2017–18 season. [22] The club were eventually drawn to play six-time European champions Liverpool in the play-off round. [23] [24] The club lost the first leg tie by a scoreline of 1–2, before a 4–2 loss in the second leg confirmed Hoffenheim's elimination from the tournament, as the club lost 3–6 on aggregate. [25] [26] Due to their elimination from the play-off stages, the club would continue playing European football in the Europa League group stages, however, the club would suffer elimination from the tournament as they would finish bottom of their group. [27]

In the 2017–18 Bundesliga season, Hoffenheim had a successful season, finishing third, automatically qualifying for next year's UEFA Champions League. [28]

The 2018–19 season was more disappointing for Hoffenheim, as they finished bottom of their Champions League group with only 3 draws and 3 losses whilst playing against the likes of Manchester City, Lyon and Shakhtar Donetsk. This meant that they did not make it out of the group stages of a European competition again. In the Bundesliga Hoffenheim didn't fare much better, finishing a disappointing 9th place, 6 below their ranking of 3rd during the 2017–18 campaign with 51 points. This was just two places and 3 points away from the Europa League qualifying rounds. In the DFB-Pokal Hoffenheim were eliminated by RB Leipzig in a 2–0 loss with both goals from Timo Werner. The season's top scorer was Andre Kramarić, with the Croatian finding the goal 22 times in 37 appearances. The German Kerem Demirbay was the clubs top playmaker with 11 assists during the 2018–19 season. Head coach Julian Nagelsmann left the club to join RB Leipzig at the end of the season. Alfred Schreuder, former assistant coach under Huub Stevens and Julian Nagelsmann was appointed as the new head coach.


Current squad

As of 17 July 2021 [29]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

1 GK Flag of Germany.svg  GER Oliver Baumann (vice-captain)
2 DF Flag of Curacao.svg  CUW Joshua Brenet
3 DF Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  CZE Pavel Kadeřábek
4 DF Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  BIH Ermin Bičakčić
5 DF Flag of Greece.svg  GRE Kostas Stafylidis
6 MF Flag of Norway.svg  NOR Håvard Nordtveit
7 FW Flag of Denmark.svg  DEN Jacob Bruun Larsen
8 MF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Dennis Geiger
9 FW Flag of Togo.svg  TOG Ihlas Bebou
10 FW Flag of Israel.svg  ISR Mu'nas Dabbur
11 MF Flag of Austria.svg  AUT Florian Grillitsch
12 GK Flag of Germany.svg  GER Philipp Pentke
13 MF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Angelo Stiller
14 MF Flag of Austria.svg  AUT Christoph Baumgartner
15 DF Flag of Ghana.svg  GHA Kasim Nuhu
16 MF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Sebastian Rudy
17 DF Flag of Germany.svg  GER David Raum
18 MF Flag of Mali.svg  MLI Diadie Samassékou
19 FW Flag of Algeria.svg  ALG Ishak Belfodil
20 MF Flag of Serbia.svg  SRB Mijat Gaćinović
21 DF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Benjamin Hübner (captain)
22 DF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Kevin Vogt (3rd captain)
23 FW Flag of Armenia.svg  ARM Sargis Adamyan
25 DF Flag of Nigeria.svg  NGA Kevin Akpoguma
27 FW Flag of Croatia.svg  CRO Andrej Kramarić
29 FW Flag of Denmark.svg  DEN Robert Skov
30 MF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Marco John
32 DF Flag of the Netherlands.svg  NED Melayro Bogarde
33 FW Flag of France.svg  FRA Georginio Rutter
35 FW Flag of Germany.svg  GER Maximilian Beier
36 GK Flag of Germany.svg  GER Nahuel Noll
37 GK Flag of Germany.svg  GER Luca Philipp
38 DF Flag of Austria.svg  AUT Stefan Posch
41 DF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Max Geschwill

Players out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

DF Flag of the Netherlands.svg  NED Justin Hoogma (at SpVgg Greuther Fürth until 30 June 2022)
DF Flag of Brazil.svg  BRA Lucas Ribeiro (at Internacional until 31 December 2021)
MF Flag of Israel.svg  ISR Ilay Elmkies (at FC Admira Wacker Mödling until 30 June 2022)
MF Flag of Brazil.svg  BRA Bruno Nazário (at América Mineiro until 31 December 2021)
FW Flag of Germany.svg  GER David Otto (at Jahn Regensburg until 30 June 2022)
FW Flag of Brazil.svg  BRA Klauss (at Standard Liège until 30 June 2022)

Reserve team

Women's team


First team

Head coach Flag of Germany.svg Sebastian Hoeneß
Assistant coach Flag of Germany.svg David Krecidlo
Assistant coach Flag of Germany.svg Matthias Kaltenbach
Goalkeeper coach Flag of Germany.svg Michael Rechner
Athletics coach Flag of Germany.svg Christian Weigl
Rehab coach Flag of Germany.svg Otmar Rösch


PreZero Rhein-Neckar-Arena, the first division team's current stadium. Rhein-Neckar-Arena Sinsheim.JPG
PreZero Rhein-Neckar-Arena, the first division team's current stadium.

Before being promoted to the 1. Bundesliga in 2008, the club played in Dietmar-Hopp-Stadion which was built in 1999 with a capacity of 5,000 (1,620 seats).

TSG 1899 Hoffenheim made their loftier ambitions clear in 2006 when the club's management decided to build the new 30,150 seat Rhein-Neckar-Arena suitable for hosting Bundesliga matches. The stadium was originally to be built in Heidelberg before the selection of a site in Sinsheim.

They opened their first season in the 1. Bundesliga at the 26,022 capacity Carl-Benz-Stadion in Mannheim and played their first match in their new stadium on 31 January 2009. [30]

Interwetten betting company has agreed to be the stadium's betting partner for TSG Hoffenheim from August 2017, to 2020. [31]


Criticism of the club

Dietmar Hopp's financial support, which transformed Hoffenheim from a local amateur club into a competitive Bundesliga club, has been strongly criticized by other clubs, fans and some in the German press. The main points of criticism are the club's lack of "tradition" and a proper fan base as the club is a historically insignificant side from a village of just 3,300 inhabitants. This situation is similar to that of now-defunct Scottish side Gretna and German clubs VfL Wolfsburg, Bayer Leverkusen and RB Leipzig, as those teams also received large financial support by companies; Wolfsburg is wholly owned and supported by automobile manufacturer Volkswagen, Bayer Leverkusen by pharmaceutical company Bayer and RB Leipzig by Red Bull. Despite this, Leverkusen and Wolfsburg are nonetheless different from Hoffenheim because of their long history as football clubs founded by the factory workers themselves, and have been successful chiefly through their own merits rather than outside funding.

On 16 August 2011, the club released a statement regarding complaints of a loudspeaker that was strategically placed under away fans during a home game against Borussia Dortmund. The loudspeaker was designed to drown out the noise of the away fans cheers and chants during the game. It was reported that the speaker was placed by the groundskeeper, although the club denied any involvement, saying he acted alone. It was also reported that the loudspeaker was used during other games, not just the home game against Dortmund. [32]

In a later statement, the club admitted that the disruptive sound assembly has been used at least five times, although club officials claim to have no knowledge of these measures.

On 29 February 2020, Bayern Munich supporters unfurled an offensive banner aimed at Hoffenheim owner Dietmar Hopp, resulting the game at Hoffenheim to be suspended with less than 15 minutes remaining. After concerns that the game could be abandoned, both teams returned to finish the match, but had decided to just run down the clock to end the game in solidarity with Hopp. Rather than play on, the two sets of players began passing the ball to each other and chatting as if they were teammates.

The very next day, the Bundesliga match between Vfl Wolfsburg and 1. FC Union Berlin was stopped at the 44th minute of play due to derogatory banners being unfurled, one of which showed Hopp under crosshairs. The two teams left the field to return 10 minutes later and play out the remainder of the half and subsequently the game. [33]


On 25 September 2020, TSG 1899 Hoffenheim signed a partnership agreement with MLS club FC Cincinnati. [34]


The club's honours:


Coaching history

Recent coaches of the club: [35]

19791982 Flag of Germany.svg Helmut Zuber
19821982 Flag of Germany.svg Meinard Stadelbauer
19821984 Flag of Germany.svg Rudi Ebel
19841985 Flag of Germany.svg Klaus Keller
19861989 Flag of Germany.svg Helmut Jedele
19891990 Flag of Germany.svg Gerhard Boll
19901992 Flag of Germany.svg Egon Ludwig
19921994 Flag of Germany.svg Hans Schreiner
19941998 Flag of Germany.svg Roland Schmitt
19981998 Flag of Germany.svg Alfred Schön
199814 March 1999 Flag of Germany.svg Raimund Lietzau
15 March 199930 September 1999 Flag of Germany.svg Günter Hillenbrand
31 August 199912 March 2000 Flag of Germany.svg Riko Weigand
200030 June 2000 Flag of Germany.svg Alfred Schön
1 July 200019 November 2005 Flag of Germany.svg Hansi Flick
19 November 200523 December 2005 Flag of Germany.svg Roland Dickgießer*
10 January 200621 May 2006 Flag of Germany.svg Lorenz-Günther Köstner
24 May 200630 June 2006 Flag of Germany.svg Alfred Schön*
1 July 20061 January 2011 Flag of Germany.svg Ralf Rangnick
2 January 201130 June 2011 Flag of Germany.svg Marco Pezzaiuoli
1 July 20119 February 2012 Flag of Germany.svg Holger Stanislawski
10 February 20123 December 2012 Flag of Germany.svg Markus Babbel
3 December 201231 December 2012 Flag of Germany.svg Frank Kramer*
1 January 20132 April 2013 Flag of Germany.svg Marco Kurz
2 April 201326 October 2015 Flag of Germany.svg Markus Gisdol
26 October 201510 February 2016 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Huub Stevens
11 February 201630 June 2019 Flag of Germany.svg Julian Nagelsmann
1 July 20199 June 2020 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Alfred Schreuder
10 June 202026 July 2020 Flag of Germany.svg Matthias Kaltenbach*
27 July 2020Present Flag of Germany.svg Sebastian Hoeneß
*As caretaker coach.

Recent seasons

The recent season-by-season performance of the club: [36] [37]

1999–00 Verbandsliga Nordbaden V1st↑
2000–01 Oberliga Baden-Württemberg IV1st↑
2001–02 Regionalliga Süd III13th
2002–03 5th
2003–04 5th
2004–05 7th
2005–06 4th
2006–07 2nd↑
2007–08 2. Bundesliga II2nd↑
2008–09 Bundesliga I7th
2009–10 11th
2010–11 11th
2011–12 11th
2012–13 16th
2013–14 9th
2014–15 8th
2015–16 15th
2016–17 4th
2017–18 3rd
2018–19 9th
2019–20 6th
2020–21 11th
Promoted Relegated

European record

Hoffenheim made their debut in European competition in 2017, qualifying for the play-off round of the 2017–18 UEFA Champions League play-offs. Their first match was on 15 August 2017, losing the first leg of the play-offs 2–1 to Liverpool.


2017–18 UEFA Champions League PO Flag of England.svg Liverpool 1–22–43–6
UEFA Europa League GS Flag of Portugal.svg Braga 1–21–34th
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Ludogorets Razgrad 1–11–2
Flag of Turkey.svg İstanbul Başakşehir 3–11–1
2018–19 UEFA Champions League GS Flag of Ukraine.svg Shakhtar Donetsk 2–32–24th
Flag of England.svg Manchester City 1–21–2
Flag of France.svg Lyon 3–32–2
2020–21 UEFA Europa League GS Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Gent 4–14–11st
Flag of Serbia.svg Red Star Belgrade 2–00–0
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Slovan Liberec 5–02–0
R32 Flag of Norway.svg Molde 0–23–33–5

UEFA club coefficient ranking

As of 8 April 2021 [38]
61 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Gent 26.500
62 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Anderlecht 25.000
63 Flag of Germany.svg 1899 Hoffenheim23.000
64 Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Astana 22.500
65 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Standard Liège 22.000

Top scorers

1 Flag of Croatia.svg Andrej Kramarić 2016–75
2 Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Sejad Salihović 2006–201546
3 Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Vedad Ibišević 2007–201243

Women's team

The women's team started playing in 2006–07 and rushed through the lower leagues. The women's team plays at Dietmar-Hopp-Stadion and is currently coached by Jürgen Ehrmann. [39]

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