TV Brasil

Last updated

TV Brasil
Type Public broadcasting television network
Country
First air date
5 November 1975 (as TVE Brasil)
Availability90% of national territory
Founded2 December 2007
by Federal government of Brazil
Slogan Ainda melhor (Even better)
TV stations
Headquarters Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro
Owner Empresa Brasil de Comunicação
Key people
Alexandre Parola (president)
Former names
TVE Brasil (1975–2007)
Picture format
480i (SDTV)
1080i (HDTV)
Official website
tvbrasil.ebc.com.br

TV Brasil is a Brazilian public television network owned by Empresa Brasil de Comunicação. Its main headquarters are in Brasília, DF and Rio de Janeiro, RJ, with subsidiaries in São Paulo, SP and in São Luís, MA, as well as 21 states where its affiliated broadcasters operate, all components of the Rede Pública de Televisão.

Brazil Federal republic in South America

Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.

Public broadcasting includes radio, television and other electronic media outlets whose primary mission is public service. In much of the world, funding comes from the government, especially via annual fees charged on receivers. In the United States, public broadcasters may receive some funding from both federal and state sources, but generally most financial support comes from underwriting by foundations and businesses ranging from small shops to corporations, along with audience contributions via pledge drives. The great majority are operated as private not-for-profit corporations.

A television network is a telecommunications network for distribution of television program content, whereby a central operation provides programming to many television stations or pay television providers. Until the mid-1980s, television programming in most countries of the world was dominated by a small number of terrestrial networks. Many early television networks evolved from earlier radio networks.

Contents

History

TV Brasil originated from a decree which created Empresa Brasil de Comunicação, the network's maintainer, published on 25 October 2007 in the Diário Oficial da União, Brazil's official gazette. It was generated from the fusion of Empresa Brasileira de Comunicação - Radiobrás and Associação de Comunicação Educativa Roquette Pinto, responsible for the maintenance of the now defunct TVE Brasil - which was replaced by TV Brasil in several cities. [1] The lack of equipment restricted TV Brasil's launching to only three cities (Rio de Janeiro, Brasília and São Luís). Its programming, however, is also available through its official website and cable and satellite television. [2]

A decree is a rule of law usually issued by a head of state, according to certain procedures. It has the force of law. The particular term used for this concept may vary from country to country. The executive orders made by the President of the United States, for example, are decrees. In non-legal English usage, however, the term refers to any authoritarian decision. Documents or archives in the format of royal decrees or farming were issued by rulers.

Agência Brasil

Agência Brasil (ABR) is the national public news agency, run by the Brazilian government. It is a part of the public media corporation Empresa Brasil de Comunicação (EBC), created in 2007 to unite two government media enterprises Radiobrás and TVE. It is publishing contents under CC-BY.

Televisão Educativa (TVE) was a major Brazilian TV network based in Rio de Janeiro, now defunct. It was founded in 1975 and ended on December 2, 2007, being replaced by TV Brasil, the Brazilian federal government channel.

Programming

TV Brasil affiliated stations broadcast four hours a day of regional programing. It also broadcast Brazilian films and programs made by other public television channels. The programming of is divided into five daily streams: children, animation, audio-visual, citizenship and sports.

Cinema of Brazil

Brazilian cinema was introduced early in the 20th century but took some time to consolidate itself as a popular form of entertainment. The film industry of Brazil has gone through periods of ups and downs, a reflection of its dependency on state funding and incentives.

Franklin Martins, Secretary of Social Communication, has commented that TV Brasil's programming is not yet fully prepared and may suffer from late changes. Martins also said he wished to use public opinion polls to determine the programming. [3]

Stations

Among self-owned and affiliated stations, TV Brasil reaches over 30 municipalities throughout all regions of Brazil. On the rest of the country, TV Brasil's availability is limited to satellite and cable television. Its live programming can also be watched on the network's official website.

Satellite television is a service that delivers television programming to viewers by relaying it from a communications satellite orbiting the Earth directly to the viewer's location. The signals are received via an outdoor parabolic antenna commonly referred to as a satellite dish and a low-noise block downconverter.

Cable television Television content transmitted via signals on coaxial cable

Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to consumers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables. This contrasts with broadcast television, in which the television signal is transmitted over the air by radio waves and received by a television antenna attached to the television; or satellite television, in which the television signal is transmitted by a communications satellite orbiting the Earth and received by a satellite dish on the roof. FM radio programming, high-speed Internet, telephone services, and similar non-television services may also be provided through these cables. Analog television was standard in the 20th century, but since the 2000s, cable systems have been upgraded to digital cable operation.

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References

  1. "Decreto oficializa a criação da Empresa Brasil de Comunicação" ("Decree oficializes the creation of the Empresa Brasil de Comunicação". Isabela Vieira. Agência Brasil. 25 October 2007. Retrieved 1 December 2007.
  2. "Falta de transmissores restringe lançamento da TV Brasil a Rio, Brasília e São Luís" ("Lack of equipment restricts launching to Rio, Brasília and São Luís"). Regiane Soares. Folha de S. Paulo . 30 November 2007. Retrieved 1 December 2007.
  3. "Sociedade terá seis meses para opinar sobre programação da nova TV" ("Society will have three months to decide the programming of the new TV"). Alessandra Bastos. Agência Brasil. 11 October 2007. Retrieved 1 December 2007.