|Type||Public broadcasting television network|
First air date
|5 November 1975 (as TVE Brasil)|
|Availability||90% of national territory|
|Founded||2 December 2007 |
by Federal government of Brazil
|Slogan||Ainda melhor (Even better)|
|Headquarters||Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro|
|Owner||Empresa Brasil de Comunicação|
|Alexandre Parola (president)|
|TVE Brasil (1975–2007)|
| 480i (SDTV)|
TV Brasil is a Brazilian public television network owned by Empresa Brasil de Comunicação. Its main headquarters are in Brasília, DF and Rio de Janeiro, RJ, with subsidiaries in São Paulo, SP and in São Luís, MA, as well as 21 states where its affiliated broadcasters operate, all components of the Rede Pública de Televisão.
Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.
Public broadcasting includes radio, television and other electronic media outlets whose primary mission is public service. In much of the world, funding comes from the government, especially via annual fees charged on receivers. In the United States, public broadcasters may receive some funding from both federal and state sources, but generally most financial support comes from underwriting by foundations and businesses ranging from small shops to corporations, along with audience contributions via pledge drives. The great majority are operated as private not-for-profit corporations.
A television network is a telecommunications network for distribution of television program content, whereby a central operation provides programming to many television stations or pay television providers. Until the mid-1980s, television programming in most countries of the world was dominated by a small number of terrestrial networks. Many early television networks evolved from earlier radio networks.
TV Brasil originated from a decree which created Empresa Brasil de Comunicação, the network's maintainer, published on 25 October 2007 in the Diário Oficial da União, Brazil's official gazette. It was generated from the fusion of Empresa Brasileira de Comunicação - Radiobrás and Associação de Comunicação Educativa Roquette Pinto, responsible for the maintenance of the now defunct TVE Brasil - which was replaced by TV Brasil in several cities.The lack of equipment restricted TV Brasil's launching to only three cities (Rio de Janeiro, Brasília and São Luís). Its programming, however, is also available through its official website and cable and satellite television.
A decree is a rule of law usually issued by a head of state, according to certain procedures. It has the force of law. The particular term used for this concept may vary from country to country. The executive orders made by the President of the United States, for example, are decrees. In non-legal English usage, however, the term refers to any authoritarian decision. Documents or archives in the format of royal decrees or farming were issued by rulers.
Agência Brasil (ABR) is the national public news agency, run by the Brazilian government. It is a part of the public media corporation Empresa Brasil de Comunicação (EBC), created in 2007 to unite two government media enterprises Radiobrás and TVE. It is publishing contents under CC-BY.
Televisão Educativa (TVE) was a major Brazilian TV network based in Rio de Janeiro, now defunct. It was founded in 1975 and ended on December 2, 2007, being replaced by TV Brasil, the Brazilian federal government channel.
TV Brasil affiliated stations broadcast four hours a day of regional programing. It also broadcast Brazilian films and programs made by other public television channels. The programming of is divided into five daily streams: children, animation, audio-visual, citizenship and sports.
Brazilian cinema was introduced early in the 20th century but took some time to consolidate itself as a popular form of entertainment. The film industry of Brazil has gone through periods of ups and downs, a reflection of its dependency on state funding and incentives.
Franklin Martins, Secretary of Social Communication, has commented that TV Brasil's programming is not yet fully prepared and may suffer from late changes. Martins also said he wished to use public opinion polls to determine the programming.
Among self-owned and affiliated stations, TV Brasil reaches over 30 municipalities throughout all regions of Brazil. On the rest of the country, TV Brasil's availability is limited to satellite and cable television. Its live programming can also be watched on the network's official website.
Satellite television is a service that delivers television programming to viewers by relaying it from a communications satellite orbiting the Earth directly to the viewer's location. The signals are received via an outdoor parabolic antenna commonly referred to as a satellite dish and a low-noise block downconverter.
Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to consumers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables. This contrasts with broadcast television, in which the television signal is transmitted over the air by radio waves and received by a television antenna attached to the television; or satellite television, in which the television signal is transmitted by a communications satellite orbiting the Earth and received by a satellite dish on the roof. FM radio programming, high-speed Internet, telephone services, and similar non-television services may also be provided through these cables. Analog television was standard in the 20th century, but since the 2000s, cable systems have been upgraded to digital cable operation.
Rede Globo, or simply Globo, is a Brazilian free-to-air television network, launched by media proprietor Roberto Marinho on 26 April 1965. It is owned by media conglomerate Grupo Globo, being by far the largest of its holdings. Globo is the largest commercial TV network in Latin America and the second-largest commercial TV network of the world just behind the American ABC Television Network and the largest producer of telenovelas.
Miss Brasil Pageant is a beauty contest that has been held since 1954 between winners of the pageants in the states of Brazil. The winner of Miss Brazil competes in the Miss Universe. The Miss Brazil, and Brazil itself, are responsible for one of the most successful campaigns in history of Miss Universe, with two winners and several runners-up, finalists and semifinalists. It was considered one of the best organized and most successful beauty pageants during the 1950s and 1960s and is believed that much of the fame of the beauty of Brazilian women comes from this. The current Miss Brazil, is from the state of Minas Gerais, Júlia Horta.
MTV Brasil was a broadcast television network owned by Grupo Abril dedicated to young audiences. The network went on the air on 20 October 1990, as the first segmented television network to broadcast over free-to-air, becoming the local version of MTV. It was the third MTV version launched in the world, and the first to broadcast via free-to-air television.
Grupo Bandeirantes de Comunicação is a Brazilian media conglomerate founded on the creation of the first group communication vehicle, Rádio Bandeirantes, on May 6, 1937.
RecordTV is a Brazilian free-to-air commercial television network established on September 27, 1953 by the businessman and media personality Paulo Machado de Carvalho. Its creation belongs to the television inauguration in Brazil, when Paulo Machado de Carvalho was interested by this media and wanted to expand its conglomerate to TV, which was the big news in the early 1950s. Paulo then filed a request to operate a television station in São Paulo, which was granted to him in November 1950, shortly after the pioneering TV Tupi came on air.
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PlayTV is a Brazilian television station operated by Gamecorp. It was inaugurated on June 5, 2006 replacing Rede 21 in partnership with Grupo Bandeirantes de Comunicação. As soon as the contract has ended with Bandeirantes, it became a private channel being transmitted by SKY Brasil, NET Serviços and other pay television services in Brazil. Its programming is focused on information about music, movies, anime and games.
The Prêmio José Reis de Divulgação Científica is an annual honor awarded by the Brazilian Council of Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) to the institution, media organization, publication, or individual who most contributed to the dissemination and public awareness of science and technology in Brazil. It is thus named in honor of Dr. José Reis, a Brazilian biologist and science writer who was one of the pioneers in the field.
Rádio Nacional is a Brazilian radio network belonging to the government-owned corporation EBC, formerly known as Radiobrás.
Rede Tupi was the first television network in South America. The network was owned by Diários Associados, who formed the Rede de Emissoras Associadas. Rede Tupi was founded and launched on September 18, 1950 by Assis Chateaubriand in São Paulo, initially broadcasting on Tupi Television Channel 3, whose first broadcast was on September 20 of that same year. Rede Tupi was later broadcast in 1960 on Tupi Television Channel 4 after the inauguration of TV Cultura, Channel 2, Rede Associada, and also a TV Station from Associadas. Their competitors were Rede Record, Channel 7, and Rede Excelsior.
TV Brasilia, channel 6, is a television station of the Brazilian media group Diários Associados, in Brasília, DF. It is an affiliate of RedeTV!
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