Taavi Rõivas

Last updated
Taavi Rõivas

MP
Taavi Roivas.jpg
16th Prime Minister of Estonia
In office
26 March 2014 23 November 2016
President Toomas Hendrik Ilves
Kersti Kaljulaid
Preceded by Andrus Ansip
Succeeded by Jüri Ratas
Minister of Social Affairs
In office
11 December 2012 26 March 2014
Prime Minister Andrus Ansip
Preceded by Hanno Pevkur
Succeeded by Helmen Kütt (Social Protection)
Urmas Kruuse (Health and Labour)
Personal details
Born (1979-09-26) 26 September 1979 (age 39)
Tallinn, Estonia
Political party Reform Party
Spouse(s) Luisa Värk
Children2
Alma mater University of Tartu

Taavi Rõivas (Estonian pronunciation:  [ˈtɑːʋi ˈrɤiʋɑs] ; born 26 September 1979) is an Estonian politician, former leader of the Reform Party and former Prime Minister of Estonia. Before his term as the Prime Minister, Rõivas was the Minister of Social Affairs from 2012 to 2014. On 9 November 2016 his second cabinet lost a no confidence motion (63 votes to 28) after two parties (Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica and Social Democratic Party) in the ruling coalition sided with the opposition.

Estonia Republic in Northern Europe

Estonia, officially the Republic of Estonia, is a country in Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland with Finland on the other side, to the west by the Baltic Sea with Sweden on the other side, to the south by Latvia (343 km), and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia (338.6 km). The territory of Estonia consists of a mainland and 2,222 islands in the Baltic Sea, covering a total area of 45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi), water 2,839 km2 (1,096 sq mi), land area 42,388 km2 (16,366 sq mi), and is influenced by a humid continental climate. The official language of the country, Estonian, is the second most spoken Finnic language.

A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.

Estonian Reform Party political party from Estonia

The Estonian Reform Party is a liberal political party in Estonia. The party is led by Kaja Kallas and has 34 members in the 101-member Riigikogu, making it the largest party in the legislature.

Contents

Early life

Rõivas graduated from Tallinn Secondary Science School and from the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration of the University of Tartu in international economics and marketing.

University of Tartu university in the city of Tartu, Estonia

The University of Tartu is a classical university in the city of Tartu, Estonia. It is the national university of Estonia. The University of Tartu is the only classical university in the country and also the biggest and most prestigious university in Estonia. It was established by King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden in 1632.

Political career

Taavi Roivas in 2014 Taavi Roivas, arvamusfestival 2014.jpg
Taavi Rõivas in 2014

Rõivas joined the Reform Party in 1998. His political career began as an advisor to Minister of Justice Märt Rask from 1999 to 2002. [1] He was Mayor of Haabersti district of Tallinn 2004–2005 and advisor to the Minister of Population Affairs Paul-Eerik Rummo from 2003 to 2004. In 2005, he became an advisor to the Prime Minister and Reform Party Leader Andrus Ansip. He was elected to the Tallinn City Council in 2005 and to the Riigikogu in 2007 and again in 2011.

Märt Rask is an Estonian attorney, jurist, and politician who was the Estonian Minister of the Interior from 1995 to 1996, as well as being the Justice Minister in 1992 and from 1999 to 2003 and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Estonia from 2004 to 2013.

Haabersti District of Tallinn in Harju County, Estonia

Haabersti is one of the 8 administrative districts of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia.

Tallinn City in Harju, Estonia

Tallinn is the capital and largest city of Estonia. It is on the northern coast of the country, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland in Harju County. From the 13th century until 1918, the city was known as Reval. Tallinn occupies an area of 159.2 km2 (61.5 sq mi) and has a population of 453,033.

In December 2012, Rõivas became the youngest member of the Estonian Government as the Minister of Social Affairs, replacing Hanno Pevkur. Pevkur in turn replaced Kristen Michal as the Minister of Justice Kristen Michal who had resigned due to corruption allegations by fellow Reform Party member Silver Meikar.

Government of Estonia government of the country Estonia

The Government of the Republic of Estonia is the cabinet of Estonia. Under the Constitution, it is officially defined as Estonia's executive authority, and exercises executive power pursuant to the Constitution and laws of Estonia.

Hanno Pevkur Estonian politician

Hanno Pevkur is an Estonian politician and former chairman of the Estonian Reform Party.

Kristen Michal Estonian politician

Kristen Michal is an Estonian politician. member of the Estonian Reform Party, he was the minister of economic affairs and infrastructure in Taavi Rõivas' cabinet between 9 April 2015 and 22 November 2016. Previously, Michal served as the minister of justice from 2011 to 2012.

In February 2014, Prime Minister Andrus Ansip announced he would resign a year before the 2015 parliamentary elections and hand his post to the European Commissioner Siim Kallas, former Reform Party Leader and Prime Minister 2002–2003. Kallas began coalition talks with the Social Democratic Party, deciding to replace the conservative Pro Patria and Res Publica Union as Reform Party's coalition partner. On 12 March Kallas unexpectedly announced he would not seek the post, due to media scrutiny of his actions as President of the Bank of Estonia in the early 1990s. On the same day, the leadership of the Reform Party chose Rõivas as the new candidate for Prime Minister. [2] The coalition agreement with the Social Democratic Party was signed on 20 March and the nomination was confirmed by the Riigikogu on 24 March. [3] [4] Rõivas became Prime Minister after the President Toomas Hendrik Ilves approved his proposed cabinet on 26 March 2014. At the time, Rõivas was the youngest government leader in the European Union. [5]

European Commission executive institution of the European Union

The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU. Commissioners swear an oath at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg City, pledging to respect the treaties and to be completely independent in carrying out their duties during their mandate. Unlike in the Council of the European Union, where members are directly and indirectly elected, and the European Parliament, where members are directly elected, the Commissioners are proposed by the Council of the European Union, on the basis of suggestions made by the national governments, and then appointed by the European Council after the approval of the European Parliament.

Siim Kallas Estonian politician

Siim Kallas is an Estonian politician, who most recently served as European Commissioner for Transport between 2010 and 2014. Before that he was European Commissioner for Administrative Affairs, Audit and Anti-Fraud between 2004 and 2009. In both Barroso Commissions he was also vice-president.

The Social Democratic Party is a social-democratic political party in Estonia, currently led by Jevgeni Ossinovski.

Rõivas led his party to the 2015 parliamentary elections, in which Reform Party succeeded in staying as the largest party and began coalition talks with the Social Democratic Party, the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union and the Free Party. [6] After nearly three weeks of negotiations, the Free Party left the coalition talks due to disagreements with the Reform Party and the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union. [7] The three remaining parties signed the coalition treaty on 8 April, and Rõivas' second cabinet took office on 9 April. [8]

Taavi Rõivas second cabinet

Taavi Rõivas' second cabinet was the cabinet of Estonia, in office from 9 April 2015 to 23 November 2016. It is a coalition cabinet of liberal centre-right Estonian Reform Party, Social Democratic Party and conservative Pro Patria and Res Publica Union.

On 7 November 2016, the Social Democratic Party (SDE) and Pro Patria & Res Publica Union (IRL) announced that they were asking Prime Minister Taavi Rõivas to resign for lack of trust among the coalition partners. [9] The announcement came soon after the opposition had submitted a motion to express lack of confidence in Rõivas’ government. SDE and IRL proceeded with the motion, leaving the Reform the only party to support Rõivas. [10] Rõivas commented the situation by declining to resign and arguing that a democratically elected government should be only removed by a democratic vote. [11] In the following vote of confidence on 9 November, the majority of Riigikogu voted in favor of removing the prime minister’s government. [12] On 23 November, the Center Party chairman Jüri Ratas was sworn in as the new Prime Minister, whereas Reform Party was left in the opposition. [13] Rõivas subsequently announced that he would step down as the chairman of the party. [14] On 7 January 2017 Hanno Pevkur was elected the new chairman of the Reform Party. [15]

On 5 December 2016, Rõivas was elected as the deputy speaker of the Riigikogu. [16] In September 2017, Rõivas led an Estonian trade delegation visit to Malaysia, during which the members of the delegation reportedly behaved in an undignified manner and were subsequently accused of harassment. [17] Rõivas apologized for the behavior of the delegation and announced his resignation as the deputy speaker, but insisted on continuing as a MP for the Reform Party. Later he also apologized on live television to the victim of his alleged harassment, code-named Katrin in Estonian media. [18] [19]

Personal life

Rõivas speaks Estonian, English, Russian, Ukrainian and Finnish. [20]

Rõivas has been engaged with the pop singer Luisa Värk since 2016. They have one daughter, Miina Rihanna, born in 2009. [21]

Decorations

2016 Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland.[ citation needed ]

See also

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References

  1. Website of the Estonian Government , archived at Internet Archive on March 2, 2014
  2. "Reform Party Picks Dark Horse as New PM Candidate". News – ERR. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  3. "Reform Party and Social Democrats Sign Coalition Agreement". News – ERR. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  4. "Rõivas Receives Parliament Approval to Form Government". News – ERR. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  5. "Taavi Roivas designated Estonia PM, EU's youngest". GlobalPost. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  6. Coalition consultations begin with four parties in attendance ERR, 6 March 2015
  7. Coalition talks to continue between three parties, Free Party to go into opposition ERR, 23 March 2015
  8. "Otseülekanne: kolme erakonna koalitsioonileping saab allkirjad". Postimees. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  9. "Government falls as Social Democrats and IRL leave coalition". ERR. 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  10. "Five parliamentary groups give Rõivas until 2 p.m. Wednesday to step down as prime minister". ERR. 8 November 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  11. "Prime Minister Taavi Rõivas not going to resign". ERR. 8 November 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  12. "Prime Minister loses no confidence vote, forced to resign". ERR. 9 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  13. "President appoints Jüri Ratas' government". ERR. 23 November 2016. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  14. "Reform Party chairmanship debate behind closed doors, internal voting to end on Thursday". ERR. 5 January 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  15. "Hanno Pevkur elected new Reform Party chairman". ERR. 8 January 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  16. "Riigikogu aseesimehed on Enn Eesmaa ja Taavi Rõivas". Riigikogu. 5 December 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  17. "Members of Rõivas-led trade delegation accused of harassment". ERR. 12 October 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  18. https://tv3play.tv3.ee/sisu/kolmeraudne/882491
  19. "Pevkur: Reform to discuss Rõivas successor on Monday". ERR. 13 October 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  20. Viron tuleva pääministeri Taavi Rõivas, 34: Emme saa Suomea kiinni elintasossa – Viro – Ulkomaat – Helsingin Sanomat
  21. "Prime Minister Taavi Rõivas announces engagement". ERR. 24 October 2016. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
Political offices
Preceded by
Hanno Pevkur
Minister of Social Affairs
2012–2014
Succeeded by
Helmen Kütt
as Minister of Social Protection
Succeeded by
Urmas Kruuse
as Minister of Health and Labour
Preceded by
Andrus Ansip
Prime Minister of Estonia
2014–2016
Succeeded by
Jüri Ratas