Tacón Theatre

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Tacón Theatre
1898 Tacon Theater and Inglaterra Hotel in Havana Cuba by Mast Crowell and Kirkpatrick.png
Teatro Tacon in 1853 Map of Havana. Teatro Tacon in 1853 Map of Havana, Cuba.jpg
Teatro Tacon in 1853 Map of Havana.

The Teatro Tacón was a theatre in Havana, Cuba, opened in 1838. Its auditorium contained 2,750 seats. [1] It was built by Pancho Martí  [ ca ]. [2] [3] In 1847 Bottesini's opera Cristoforo Colombo premiered at the theatre. [4] By 1855 so many attended events that the city issued parking regulations for carriages on performance nights. [5]

Havana Capital city in La Habana, Cuba

Havana is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba. The city has a population of 2.1 million inhabitants, and it spans a total of 781.58 km2 (301.77 sq mi) – making it the largest city by area, the most populous city, and the fourth largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean region.

Cuba Country in the Caribbean

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean where the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean meet. It is east of the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico), south of both the U.S. state of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Haiti and north of both Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. Havana is the largest city and capital; other major cities include Santiago de Cuba and Camagüey. The area of the Republic of Cuba is 110,860 square kilometres (42,800 sq mi). The island of Cuba is the largest island in Cuba and in the Caribbean, with an area of 105,006 square kilometres (40,543 sq mi), and the second-most populous after Hispaniola, with over 11 million inhabitants.

Giovanni Bottesini Italian composer, conductor, double bass player

Giovanni Bottesini, was an Italian Romantic composer, conductor, and a double bass virtuoso.

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Architecture

The Teatro Tacon had excellent acoustics such that the Gran Teatro de La Habana was built around the old hall of the Teatro Tacón. The architect Paul Belau and the U.S. firm Purdy and Henderson, Engineers kept the original theatre and built the Centro Gallego, a European styled addition and renovation for the purpose of enlarging the functions supporting the theatre and a means of introduce an elaborate system of circulation into an otherwise simple, and architecturally modest, preexisting box.

Gran Teatro de La Habana

The Gran Teatro de La Habana is the former Centro Gallego. Designed by the Belgian architect Paul Belau and the U.S. firm of Purdy and Henderson, Engineers, was paid for by the Galician immigrants of Havana to serve as a their community- social center. Located in the Paseo del Prado, the theatre has been home to the Cuban National Ballet and to the International Ballet Festival of Havana. Its facilities include theatres, a concert hall, conference rooms, a video screening room, as well as an art gallery, a choral center, with several rehearsal halls for dance companies.

Purdy and Henderson, Engineers

In the early 1890's Corydon Tyler Purdy and Lightner Henderson started their engineering office in Chicago, IL, by the name of Purdy and Henderson, Engineers. In 1896 they transferred their headquarters to New York City. They eventually had branch offices in Boston, Massachusetts; Chicago, Illinois; Seattle, Washington; and Havana, Cuba at 32 Calle Empedrado. Purdy and Henderson were a patron of the Seattle Architectural Club in 1910. Lightner Henderson died prematurely in 1916, but the firm continued to operate under the name of Purdy and Henderson well after his death. Purdy and Henderson, Engineers, collaborated with architect H. Craig Severance (1879-1941) on the Bank of Manhattan Trust Building, which, for one month (04-05/1930), was the tallest building in the world. The firm most likely closed at about the time of Corydon Purdy's death in 1944. They worked on the Agen, John B., Warehouse, Downtown, Seattle, WA. in 1910 and the Royal Insurance Company, Limited, Headquarters Building #2, Financial District, San Francisco, CA, among others. Purdy and Henderson designed several buildings in New York City including New York Times Building at Times Square, Macy's Building on thirty four street, and the Flatiron Building at twenty third street and fifth avenue, among others.

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See also

Paseo del Prado, Havana

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References

  1. Leopoldo Fornés Bonavía (2003). Cuba, cronología: cinco siglos de historia, política y cultura (in Spanish). Madrid: Editorial Verbum  [ es ]. ISBN   978-84-7962-248-0.
  2. Ramírez 1891.
  3. Ned Sublette (2004). Cuba and Its Music: From the First Drums to the Mambo. Chicago Review Press. ISBN   978-1-56976-420-6.
  4. Robert Murrell Stevenson (1992), "Havana", New Grove Dictionary of Opera, New York, ISBN   0935859926
  5. "Art.169-175". Ordenanzas municipales de la ciudad de La Habana (in Spanish). Imprenta del gobierno y capitania general. 1855.

Bibliography

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