Tahara, Aichi

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Tahara

田原市
Tahara montage.jpg
Upper: Iragomisaki Lighthouse, Cape Iragomi
Middle: Tahara Castle, Mt Zao Lookout
Lower:Kazan Jinja, Akahane Beach
Flag of Tahara, Aichi.svg
Flag
Emblem of Tahara, Aichi.svg
Coat of arms
Tahara, Aichi
Location of Tahara in Aichi Prefecture
Tahara in Aichi Prefecture Ja.svg
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Tahara
 
Coordinates: 34°40′7.5″N137°16′51.2″E / 34.668750°N 137.280889°E / 34.668750; 137.280889 Coordinates: 34°40′7.5″N137°16′51.2″E / 34.668750°N 137.280889°E / 34.668750; 137.280889
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Aichi
Area
  Total191.12 km2 (73.79 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
  Total60,206
  Density320/km2 (820/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Tree Cinnamomum camphora
- Flower Broccolini
Phone number0531-22-1111
Address30-1 Minami Banba, Tahara-cho, Tahara-shi, Aichi-ken 441-3492
Website Official website
Tahara City Hall Tahara city office1.JPG
Tahara City Hall
View of Central Tahara from Mount Zao TaharaJo MtZao.jpg
View of Central Tahara from Mount Zao

Tahara (田原市, Tahara-shi) is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 60,206 in 22,576 households, [1] and a population density of 315 persons per km². The total area of the city is 191.12 square kilometres (73.79 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Tahara is situated in southern Aichi Prefecture, and occupies most of the hilly Atsumi Peninsula. The peninsula is bounded on the north by Mikawa Bay and to the south lies the Philippine Sea. [2] Situated as it is between those two bodies of water, Tahara has a warm maritime climate.

Neighboring municipalities

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [3] the population of Tahara has been relatively steady over the past 60 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 65,095    
1960 59,120−9.2%
1970 56,248−4.9%
1980 60,581+7.7%
1990 64,978+7.3%
2000 65,534+0.9%
2010 64,128−2.1%

Climate

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Tahara is 15.8 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1762 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around 5.2 °C. [4]

History

The area of present-day Tahara has been continuously occupied since prehistoric times. Archaeologists have found numerous remains from the Jōmon period and burial mounds from the Kofun period. During the Nara period, the area was assigned to ancient Atsumi County, and was divided into several shōen during the Heian period. During the Kamakura period, the area was noted for production of a certain type of pottery. During the Sengoku period, the area was under the control of the Toda clan, who constructed Tahara Castle. The Toda, who were allied with Tokugawa Ieyasu were dispossessed by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, but returned as daimyō of Tahara Domain at the start of the Edo period. The Toda were later replaced by the Miyake clan, who ruled until the end of the Tokugawa shogunate. The noted scholar Watanabe Kazan was from Tahara.

At the start of the Meiji period, on October 1, 1889 Tahara was organized into a number of villages within Atsumi District, Aichi Prefecture with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Tahara Village was elevated to town status on October 3, 1892 and Fukue village became Fukue Town on February 22, 1897. Fukue later changed its name to Atsumi Town on April 15, 1955. On November 11, 1958, the village of Akabane  [ ja ] was raised to town status.

The city of Tahara was established on August 20, 2003, from the merger the former town of Tahara, absorbing the town of Akabane (both from Atsumi District) to elevate city status. On October 1, 2005, the town of Atsumi (also from Atsumi District) was merged into Tahara. Therefore, Atsumi District was dissolved as a result of this merger.

Government

Tahara has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 18 members. The city contributes one member to the Aichi Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Aichi District 15 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Tahara is a regional commercial center with a mixed economy of manufacturing and agriculture. Due to its long coastline, Tahara has many ports for commercial fishing. The main industrial employer is Toyota Motor Corporation, which has its award-winning Tahara plant in Tahara which makes many Lexus-brand cars and some Toyota models. The Toyota Celica was manufactured in Tahara from 1979 to 1999. Many Lexus models are manufactured within this plant, as are many Toyota models for domestic and international markets.

Energy

Tahara has a consortium of companies investing in renewable energy needs. As of November 2014, a new solar energy and wind energy power generation facility will provide 19,000 households with electricity on an infrequent basis that is dependent upon the weather. [5] [6] JERA operates the Atsumi Thermal Power Station, an oil-fired power plant with capacity of 1400 MW in Tahara. [7]

Education

Tahara has 18 public elementary schools, five public middle schools operated by the city government and three public high schools operated by the Aichi Prefectural Board of Education.

Transportation

Railway

Toyotetsu logomark.svg Toyohashi Railroad Toyohashi RailroadAtsumi Line

Highway

Bus services

Toyotetsu buses and city-operated environmentally friendly public transport facilitate access throughout Tahara, even to the westernmost point at Cape Irago.

Seaports

From the Port of Irago, the Ise-wan Ferry connects Tahara with the town of Toba, Mie prefecture. The ferry can accommodate motor vehicles. The ferry also docks at the Central Japan International Airport, built on an artificial island in Ise Bay, south of Nagoya.

Sister cities

Local attractions

Notable people

Related Research Articles

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Toyohashi Railroad

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Nirengi Castle

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Atsumi Peninsula

Atsumi Peninsula is a peninsula in southern Aichi Prefecture, central Honshū, Japan. It has an approximate length of 50 kilometres (31 mi) east-west, separating Mikawa Bay from the Philippine Sea to the south, with Ise Bay lying to its west. It faces the Chita Peninsula, to the northwest, across the entrance to Mikawa Bay. It has a width ranging from 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) to 8 kilometres (5.0 mi), and its highest point is 328 metres (1,076 ft). Its total area is approximately 200 square kilometers.

Toyohashi Railroad Atsumi Line Railway line in Aichi prefecture, Japan

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Tahara Domain

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Tahara Castle

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Irago Tōdai-ji Tile Kiln ruins

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Yoshigo Shell Midden

The Yoshigo Shell Midden is an archaeological site containing a Jōmon period shell midden located in what is now part of the city of Tahara, Aichi on the Atsumi Peninsula in the Tōkai region of Japan. The site was designated a National Historic Site of Japan in 1951.

Ōarako Old Kiln ruins

The Ōarako Old Kiln Site is an archaeological site containing the ruins of five noborigama kilns located in what is now part of the city of Tahara, Aichi in the Tōkai region of Japan. The kilns were built in the late Heian period and were in use into the Kamakura period The site was designated a National Historic Site of Japan in 1971.

Dodo Sue Ware Kiln ruins

The Dodo Sue Ware Kiln Site is an archaeological site containing late Heian to early Kamakura period kilns located in what is now part of the city of Tahara, Aichi in the Tōkai region of Japan. The site was designated as a National Historic Site by the Japanese government in 1922.

References

  1. Tahara City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. "Tahara City Profile". Tahara Official Website. Retrieved 11 Nov 2011.
  3. Tahara population statistics
  4. Tahara climate data
  5. "Solar/Wind Electricity Generation Project in Tahara City". Toshiba Official Website. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
  6. http://www.mitsuichem.com/release/2014/140930.htm
  7. JERA official home page
  8. 1 2 "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 24 December 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  9. "100 Soundscapes of Japan". Ministry of the Environment . Retrieved 8 December 2015.