Taiwan Army of Japan

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Taiwan Army of Japan
Taiwan Army Headquarters of IJA.JPG
Taiwan Army of Japan HQ, Taihoku
ActiveAugust 20, 1919 - September 22, 1944
Country Empire of Japan
Branch Imperial Japanese Army
Type Infantry
Role Corps
Garrison/HQ Taihoku

The Taiwan Army of Japan (台湾軍, Taiwan gun) was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army recruited from, and stationed on, the island of Taiwan as a garrison force.

Contents

History

Following the First Sino-Japanese War, the Treaty of Shimonoseki transferred control of Taiwan from Qing dynasty China to the Empire of Japan. The Japanese government established the Governor-General of Taiwan based in Taipei. The Governor-General of Taiwan was given control of local military forces on 20 August 1919, which formed the nucleus of the Taiwan Army of Japan.

Primarily a garrison force, the Japanese Taiwan Army was placed under control of the Shanghai Expeditionary Army at the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937. A component of the Taiwan Army, the Taiwan Independent Combined Brigade, was active in numerous campaigns on the Chinese mainland, and was later expanded into the 48th Infantry Division. Troops from this army were also involved in the Nanjing Massacre. [1]

Towards the end of World War II, as the situation looked increasingly desperate for Japan, the Taiwan Army was merged with several other units garrisoning the island of Taiwan against possible Allied invasion, and the Taiwan Army was absorbed into the new Japanese Tenth Area Army on 22 September 1944, under which it formed the Taiwan District Army on 1 February 1945, but its command was directly by the Japanese 10th Area Army.

List of commanders

Commanding officers

NameFromTo
1General Jiro Akashi 20 August 191926 October 1919
2General Goro Shiba 1 December 19194 May 1921
3Lieutenant General Heitaro Fukuda 4 May 19216 August 1923
4General Soroku Suzuki 6 August 192320 August 1924
5Lieutenant General Takaichi Kanno 20 August 192428 July 1926
6Lieutenant General Kunishige Tanaka 28 July 192610 August 1928
7General Takashi Hishikari 10 August 19283 June 1930
8General Jotaro Watanabe 3 June 19301 August 1931
9Lieutenant General Saburo Hayashi 1 August 19319 January 1932
10General Nobuyuki Abe 9 January 19321 August 1933
11General Iwane Matsui 1 August 19331 August 1934
12Field Marshal Count Hisaichi Terauchi 1 August 19342 December 1935
13Lieutenant General Heisuke Yanagawa 2 December 19351 August 1936
14Field Marshal Shunroku Hata 1 August 19362 August 1937
15Lieutenant General Mikio Tsutsumi 2 August 19378 September 1938
16Lieutenant General Tomou Kodama 8 September 19381 December 1939
17Lieutenant General Mitsuru Ushijima 1 December 19392 December 1940
18Lieutenant General Masaharu Homma 2 December 19406 November 1941
19General Rikichi Ando 6 November 194117 September 1945

Chief of staff

NameFromTo
1Major General Koichiro Soda 20 August 191925 February 1921
2Major General Kojiro Satoi 25 February 19214 February 1924
3Major General Kinzo Watanabe 4 February 192426 July 1927
4Major General Nenosuke Sato 26 July 192724 April 1930
5Major General Takeshi Kosugi 24 April 193011 April 1932
6Major General Yoshishige Shimizu 11 April 193218 March 1933
7Major General Kennosuke Otsuka 18 March 193322 January 1934
8Major General Sumei Kuwaki 22 January 19341 August 1935
9Lieutenant General Ryuhei Ogisu 1 August 19351 March 1937
10Major General Masataka Hata 1 March 193719 February 1938
11Lieutenant General Hisaichi Tanaka 19 February 19388 September 1938
12Major General Kazuo Otsu 15 October 19389 March 1940
13Lieutenant General Mikio Uemura 9 March 19401 March 1941
14Lieutenant General Takaji Wachi 1 March 194120 February 1942
15Lieutenant General Shichiro Higuchi 20 February 194229 October 1943
16Lieutenant General Shinpachi Kondo 29 October 19438 July 1944
17Lieutenant General Haruki Isayama 8 July 194417 September 1945

See also

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References

  1. "Taiwan - Taiwan as part of the Japanese empire". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-11-22. The Taiwanese worked in Japan’s defense and war-related industries in Taiwan and in other ways abetted Japan’s war efforts. Many Taiwanese served in the Japanese military, including units that fought in China. Taiwanese troops even participated in the atrocities against Chinese civilians at Nanjing (Nanking) and other places on the mainland. Of the Taiwanese who served in the Japanese military, more than 30,000 were killed in combat.