Taiwan Centers for Disease Control

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Centers for Disease Control
疾病管制署
Jíbìng Guǎnzhì Shǔ (Mandarin)
Chhi̍t-phiang Kón-chṳ Su (Hakka)
ROC Centers for Disease Control Emblem.svg
Agency overview
Formed1 July 1999
Jurisdiction Republic of China (Taiwan)
Headquarters Zhongzheng, Taipei
Agency executive
Parent agency Ministry of Health and Welfare
Website www.cdc.gov.tw
Centers for Disease Control building ROC-MOHW Centers for Disease Control building 20161031.jpg
Centers for Disease Control building

The Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (CDC; Chinese :衛生福利部疾病管制署; pinyin :Wèishēng Fúlì Bù Jíbìng Guǎnzhì Shǔ; Pe̍h-ōe-jī :Ōe-seng Hok-lī Pō͘ Chi̍t-pēⁿ Koán-chè Sú) is the agency of the Ministry of Health and Welfare of Republic of China (Taiwan) that combats the threat of communicable diseases.

Contents

Central Epidemic Command Center (CECC)

The Central Epidemic Command Center, division of the National Health Command Center  [ fr ], is activated by the government of Taiwan for several disease outbreaks, as the 2009 swine flu pandemic [1] and the COVID-19 pandemic.

The CECC has the authority to coordinate works across government departments and enlist additional personnel during an emergency. [2]

History

The agency was established on 1 July 1999. [3]

Timeline of early warning for COVID-19

TCDC officials saw premonitions of the COVID-19 pandemic in December on social media. As well, medical staff freely transit the Taiwan Strait, so the TCDC was dimly aware that something was awry in December. On 31 December, Wuhan city government stamped paper that required doctors in the city to report all cases of a novel pneumonia to them. On 1 January, the Huanan Seafood City market (HSCM) was shuttered by the health authorities. [4]

By 5 January 2020, the Taiwan CDC began monitoring all individuals who had travelled to Wuhan within fourteen days and exhibited a fever or symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections. These people were screened for 26 known pathogens, including SARS and Middle East respiratory syndrome, and those testing positive were quarantined. [5]

Chuang Yin-ching recounted that "TCDC made a request to the Chinese health authority on 6 January. I was notified on 11 January. I remember that day very clearly because that was the Taiwan presidential election day. Around 6 pm in the afternoon I got a phone call from the director general of the Taiwan CDC that (I and a colleague) had permission to go to Wuhan. We flew there the next night for a meeting on 13 and 14 January morning and afternoon in Wuhan." [4]

On 15 January, Chuang and his colleague were summoned to the Director-General of the TCDC. The next morning he was present at the expert task force meeting. This was followed by a press conference on 16 January. [4]

On 20 January 2020, the CECC was activated. [6] [7]

Notable personnel

Organizational structure

Divisions

Centers

Transportation

The headquarter center is accessible and within walking distance south of Shandao Temple Station of Taipei Metro.

Methadone program

The agency subsidizes a methadone maintenance treatment program in Taiwan. This includes providing methadone for addicts as well as providing psychiatrists, nurses, and case works, additionally the program "also provides educational programs for specific patients who were under conditions of deferred prosecution." [9]

See also

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References

  1. "WHO raises influenza pandemic alert level, Taiwan establishes Central Epidemic Command Center in response". 28 April 2009. Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  2. Lin, Cheryl; Braund, Wendy E.; Auerbach, John; Chou, Jih-Haw; Teng, Ju-Hsiu; Tu, Pikuei; Mullen, Jewel (2020). "Policy Decisions and Use of Information Technology to Fight Coronavirus Disease, Taiwan". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 26 (7): 1506–1512. doi: 10.3201/eid2607.200574 . PMC   7323533 . PMID   32228808.
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 July 2015. Retrieved 14 July 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. 1 2 3 Smith, Nicola (6 May 2020). "'They wanted to take us sight seeing. I stayed in the hotel', says first foreign official to enter Wuhan". Telegraph Media Group Limited.
  5. Wang, C. Jason; Ng, Chun Y.; Brook, Robert H. (2020). "Response to COVID-19 in Taiwan". JAMA. 323 (14): 1341. doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.3151 . PMID   32125371.
  6. Chiang, Yi-ching; Wen, Kuei-hsiang; Wang, Cheng-chung (16 March 2020). "CORONAVIRUS / How Taiwan has been able to keep COVID-19 at bay". Archived from the original on 17 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  7. Lee, I-chia; Shan, Shelley (21 January 2020). "Epidemic response command center set up". Taipei Times. Archived from the original on 1 April 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  8. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. Lee, Hsin-Ya; Li, Jih-Heng; Wu, Li-Tzy; Wu, Jin-Song; Yen, Cheng-Fang; Tang, Hsin-Pei (20 March 2012). "Survey of methadone-drug interactions among patients of methadone maintenance treatment program in Taiwan". Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy. 7 (1): 11. doi:10.1186/1747-597x-7-11. PMC   3373376 . PMID   22429858.