Takamatsu, Kagawa

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Takamatsu

高松市
Takamatsu montage.png
From top left: Central Takamatsu, Chūō dōri street, Takamatsu Castle, Marugame-machi shopping mall, Ritsurin Garden
Flag of Takamatsu, Kagawa.svg
Flag
Emblem of Takamatsu, Kagawa.svg
Seal
Takamatsu, Kagawa
Location of Takamatsu in Kagawa Prefecture
Kagawa-takamatsu-city.svg
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Takamatsu
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°21′N134°3′E / 34.350°N 134.050°E / 34.350; 134.050 Coordinates: 34°21′N134°3′E / 34.350°N 134.050°E / 34.350; 134.050
CountryJapan
Region Shikoku
Prefecture Kagawa Prefecture
First official recorded667 AD
City SettledFebruary 15, 1890
Government
  Mayor Hideto Ōnishi
Area
  Total375.41 km2 (144.95 sq mi)
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
  Total418,994
  Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address1-8-15 Banchō, Takamatsu-shi, Kagawa-ken
760-8571
Website www.city.takamatsu.kagawa.jp
Symbols
Flower Azalea
Tree Pine

Takamatsu (高松市, Takamatsu-shi, Japanese:  [takaꜜmatsɯ] ) is a city located in central Kagawa Prefecture on the island of Shikoku in Japan, and is the capital city of the prefectural government. It is designated a core city by the Japanese Government. It is a port city located on the Seto Inland Sea, and is the closest port to Honshu from Shikoku island. For this reason, it flourished under the daimyōs (feudal lords) as a castle town in the fiefdom of Takamatsu, during the Edo period. Takamatsu is a city with a large concentration of nationwide companies' branch offices, which play a large role in its economy, and it contains most of the national government's branch offices for Shikoku. The castle tower formerly used as the symbol of the city was destroyed during the Meiji period. In 2004, construction of the Symbol Tower, the new symbol of Takamatsu, was completed. The Symbol Tower is located in the Sunport area of the city. The Symbol Tower is the tallest building in Takamatsu, and is right next to another tall building The JR Clement Hotel (formerly the ANA Clement Hotel), which is also part of the Sunport complex.

Contents

The Sunport Takamatsu covers the area of the Symbol Tower, the JR Clement Hotel, and a miniature mall called Maritime Plaza. The Takamatsu Bus station is also located right next to Maritime Plaza. Various Buses including the Kotoden Bus run through town, to Ritsurin Park, and to the airport. Sunport Takamatsu is also connected to the ports of Takamatsu. Takamatsu Airport is located in Takamatsu.

Symbol Tower Takamatsu Symbol Tower M3446.jpg
Symbol Tower

On September 26, 2005, the town of Shionoe (from Kagawa District) was merged into Takamatsu.

On January 10, 2006, Takamatsu absorbed the following towns: Aji and Mure (from Kita District), Kagawa and Kōnan (from Kagawa District), and Kokubunji (from Ayauta District).

Geography and demographics

As of October 1, 2010, the city had an estimated population of 419,429 with a population density of 1,118 persons per km2. [1] The total area is 375.41 square kilometres (144.95 sq mi) following the September 26, 2005, and January 10, 2006, expansions.

History

The city was officially founded on February 15, 1890. It had been a political and economic center in this area since the Edo period when the Matsudaira clan made Takamatsu the capital of their han.

Takamatsu was selected as a target by the United States' XXI Bomber Command because the city was thought to be an important focal point of Shikoku's rail and road transit systems, and containing some industry vital to supporting the war effort.

On July 3, 1945, towards the end of World War II, at 6:40 PM (JST) 128 B-29 aircraft took off to bomb Takamatsu. Over 800 tons of incendiary bombs were dropped on Takamatsu, destroying 78% of the built-up areas of the city. [2]

Main sights

The city's major tourist attraction is Ritsurin Garden, a feudal lord garden created in the Edo period. Designated as a Special Place of Scenic Beauty by the Japanese government, Ritsurin Garden is especially popular during spring and autumn where night-time illuminations showcase cherry blossoms and autumn colours respectively.

Takamatsu Castle is known for using seawater in its moat and recently the old keep of the castle was successfully restored and opened for public viewing. [3]

In the east of Takamatsu City lies the Yashima lava plateau which is home to various sightseeing spots. At the base of the mountain is the open air museum Shikoku Mura where aspects of regional history and culture are exhibited. On the mountain itself is Yashima-ji, number 84 of the Shikoku 88 temple pilgrimage. At the top of the mountain there is also an observation deck which offers views across the Seto Inland Sea.

Takamatsu also acts as a hub to access various islands of the Seto Inland Sea. These include, Megijima, Ogijima, Naoshima, Teshima and Shōdoshima. Since 2010, Takamatsu, along with these islands and more, has been host to the Setouchi Triennale, a contemporary art festival with many outdoor exhibitions by prominent artists from across the world.

Economy

Companies headquartered in the city include:

Asiana Airlines operates a sales office on the twelfth floor of the Nihon Seimei Ekimae Building in Takamatsu. [6]

Education

Universities

Transportation

The main train station is Takamatsu Station, operated by JR Shikoku. Trains from here run to destinations around Shikoku, as well as Okayama Station on Honshū via the Seto-Ōhashi Bridge. The private Kotoden railway connects much of Takamatsu, with a hub and department store at Kawaramachi Station, and Takamatsu-Chikko Station nearby Takamatsu Station.

Long-distance coach services operate from the city to destinations such as Ōsaka, Kyoto, Tokyo, and Hiroshima.

Buses and trains operated by Kotoden accept a contactless payment card for travel called an IruCa. [7]

Crime and safety

The Shinwa-kai yakuza syndicate is based in Takamatsu. The Shinwa-kai is the only designated yakuza group based in the Shikoku region. [8]

In October 2017, Japan Today reported 5 people received minor injuries when a wild boar entered a local Aeon mall. [9]

Sports teams

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Takamatsu is twinned with:

Friendship cities

Takamatsu has friendship arrangements with:

In literature

Shikoku Mura Shikokumura27s3200.jpg
Shikoku Mura

Climate

Takamatsu has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot, humid summers, and cool winters. Some rain falls throughout the year, but the months from May to September have the heaviest rain.

Climate data for Takamatsu (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1941−present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)18.9
(66.0)
24.0
(75.2)
25.5
(77.9)
30.9
(87.6)
32.6
(90.7)
36.5
(97.7)
38.2
(100.8)
38.6
(101.5)
37.6
(99.7)
34.0
(93.2)
26.6
(79.9)
21.2
(70.2)
38.6
(101.5)
Average high °C (°F)9.7
(49.5)
10.5
(50.9)
14.1
(57.4)
19.8
(67.6)
24.8
(76.6)
27.5
(81.5)
31.7
(89.1)
33.0
(91.4)
28.8
(83.8)
23.2
(73.8)
17.5
(63.5)
12.1
(53.8)
21.1
(70.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)5.9
(42.6)
6.3
(43.3)
9.4
(48.9)
14.7
(58.5)
19.8
(67.6)
23.3
(73.9)
27.5
(81.5)
28.6
(83.5)
24.7
(76.5)
19.0
(66.2)
13.2
(55.8)
8.1
(46.6)
16.7
(62.1)
Average low °C (°F)2.1
(35.8)
2.2
(36.0)
5.0
(41.0)
9.9
(49.8)
15.1
(59.2)
19.8
(67.6)
24.1
(75.4)
25.1
(77.2)
21.2
(70.2)
15.1
(59.2)
9.1
(48.4)
4.3
(39.7)
12.8
(55.0)
Record low °C (°F)−7.7
(18.1)
−6.0
(21.2)
−4.4
(24.1)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.8
(37.0)
7.5
(45.5)
15.3
(59.5)
15.8
(60.4)
9.4
(48.9)
2.0
(35.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
−5.3
(22.5)
−7.7
(18.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches)39.4
(1.55)
45.8
(1.80)
81.4
(3.20)
74.6
(2.94)
100.9
(3.97)
153.1
(6.03)
159.8
(6.29)
106.0
(4.17)
167.4
(6.59)
120.1
(4.73)
55.0
(2.17)
46.7
(1.84)
1,150.1
(45.28)
Average snowfall cm (inches)0
(0)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm)7.58.010.810.19.411.510.57.910.59.37.87.9111.3
Average relative humidity (%)63636262647273707270696667
Mean monthly sunshine hours 141.4143.8175.0194.5210.1158.2191.8221.2159.6164.6145.5142.72,046.5
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency [15]

See also

Related Research Articles

Shikoku Island and region of Japan

Shikoku is one of the five main islands of Japan. Shikoku is the second-smallest main island after Okinawa. It is 225 km or 139.8 mi long and between 50 and 150 km or 31.1 and 93.2 mi wide. It has a population of 3.8 million. It is south of Honshu and northeast of Kyushu. Shikoku's ancient names include Iyo-no-futana-shima (伊予之二名島), Iyo-shima (伊予島), and Futana-shima (二名島), and its current name refers to the four former provinces that made up the island: Awa, Tosa, Sanuki, and Iyo.

Kagawa Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Kagawa Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Shikoku. Kagawa Prefecture has a population of 949,358 and is the smallest prefecture by geographic area at 1,877 square kilometres (725 sq mi). Kagawa Prefecture borders Ehime Prefecture to the southwest and Tokushima Prefecture to the south.

Seto Inland Sea Japanese Inland Sea

The Seto Inland Sea, sometimes shortened to the Inland Sea, is the body of water separating Honshū, Shikoku, and Kyūshū, three of the four main islands of Japan. It serves as a waterway connecting the Pacific Ocean to the Sea of Japan. It connects to Osaka Bay and provides a sea transport link to industrial centers in the Kansai region, including Osaka and Kobe. Before the construction of the San'yō Main Line, it was the main transportation link between Kansai and Kyūshū.

Ritsurin Garden

Ritsurin Garden is one of the most famous historical gardens in Japan. The garden is situated in the city of Takamatsu and is considered one of its main attractions. The garden contains a tea house, various folk art and craft exhibits, as well as various folk art and craft items for sale.

Shinwa-kai Yakuza group

The Shinwa-kai (親和会) is a yakuza group based in Takamatsu, Kagawa on Shikoku, Japan. It has an estimated 40 active members.

Sunport Takamatsu

Sunport Takamatsu is a redevelopment district located on the site of the former Takamatsu Freight Depot in Hamanochō, Takamatsu, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan. The development includes a shopping mall, hotel, apartments, convenience stores and several restaurants, and the Konami Sports Club Takamatsu. Sunport also acts as the passenger terminal for JR Shikoku's Takamatsu Station, the ferries at Port of Takamatsu, a wide range of taxi and bus companies, and offers bicycle and car rentals. The headquarters of JR Shikoku is located here as well.

Yosan Line Railway line in Japan

The Yosan Line is the principal railway line on the island of Shikoku in Japan, connecting the major cities of Shikoku, and via the Honshi-Bisan Line, with Honshu. It is operated by the Shikoku Railway Company, and is aligned approximately parallel with the Inland Sea coast, connecting the prefectural capitals of Takamatsu and Matsuyama and continuing on to Uwajima. The name of the line comes from Iyo () and Sanuki (), the old names of Ehime and Kagawa, respectively.

Takamatsu-Kotohira Electric Railroad

The Takamatsu-Kotohira Electric Railroad Co., Ltd. is a transportation company in Kagawa Prefecture, which is on the island of Shikoku, Japan. With headquarters in Takamatsu, the company operates three passenger railway lines, as well as bus subsidiaries. It was established on November 1, 1943. In 2005, it reported sales of ¥3,694,000,000 with a capitalization of ¥250,000,000.

Seto-Ōhashi Line

The Seto-Ōhashi Line is a railway line operated by West Japan Railway Company and Shikoku Railway Company in Japan which links Okayama Station in Okayama Prefecture with Takamatsu Station in Kagawa Prefecture via the Great Seto Bridge. It is not a distinct railway line, but an official nickname given to a composite line formed of three different lines.

Dosan Line Railway line in Japan

Dosan Line is a railway line in Shikoku, Japan, operated by the Shikoku Railway Company. It connects Tadotsu Station in Tadotsu, Kagawa, and Kubokawa Station in Shimanto, Kōchi. The line links the city of Kōchi with northern Shikoku and the island of Honshū via the Seto-Ōhashi Line. The first section of the line between Tadotsu and Kotohira opened in 1889, Kochi was connected to the northern section of the line in 1935, and the western extension of the line was completed in 1951. The name of the line comes from "Tosa" () and "Sanuki" (), the old provincial names of present-day Kōchi Prefecture and Kagawa Prefecture, respectively.

Shido, Kagawa

Shido is a community and former town, currently part of Sanuki City, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan. Shido is in the eastern part of the prefecture facing Sanuki Bay, an inlet of the Seto Inland Sea, to the north.

Kanonji Station Railway station in Kaonji, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan

Kan'onji Station is a railway station on the Yosan Line in Kan'onji, Kagawa, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "Y19".

Kokubu Station (Kagawa) Railway station in Takamatsu, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan

Kokubu Station is a railway station on the Yosan Line in Takamatsu, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "Y04".

Takuma Station Railway station in Mitoyo, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan

Takuma Station is a railway station on the Yosan Line in Mitoyo, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "Y14".

Takase Station (Kagawa) Railway station in Mitoyo, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan

Takase Station is a railway station on the Yosan Line in Mitoyo, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "Y16".

Hijidai Station Railway station in Mitoyo, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan

Hijidai Station is a railway station on the Dosan Line in Mitoyo, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "Y17".

Minoura Station Railway station in Kaonji, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan

Minoura Station is a railway station on the Yosan Line in Kan'onji, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "Y21".

Kotoden Kotohira Line

The Kotoden Kotohira line is a Japanese railway line in Kagawa Prefecture, which connects Takamatsu-Chikkō Station in Takamatsu with Kotoden-Kotohira Station in Kotohira. It is owned and operated by the Takamatsu-Kotohira Electric Railroad. The line color is yellow.

Yashima, Kagawa District of Takamatsu City in Shikoku, Japan

Yashima is a district of Takamatsu, Kagawa, Japan. At the summit, an observation deck can be found overlooking the Seto Inland Sea and the city of Takamatsu. The mountain is also noted for Yashima-ji, the 84th temple of the Shikoku 88 temple pilgrimage.

Kotoden-Yashima Station Railway station in Takamatsu, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan

Kotoden-Yashima Station is a railway station located on the Shido Line, operated by Kotoden. It is located in Takamatsu, Kagawa, Japan.

References

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  2. https://www.scribd.com/doc/61702152/21st-Bomber-Command-Tactical-Mission-Report-247-250-Ocr
  3. 高松城天守閣復元. www.takamatsujyo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-19.
  4. "Company Information Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine ." Shikoku Railway Company. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  5. "Corporate Profile Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine ." Tadano Limited. Retrieved on April 15, 2015.
  6. "Worldwide Offices Japan." Asiana Airlines . Retrieved on January 19, 2009.
  7. "Takamatsu Japan, what to do there" . Retrieved 2010-03-13.
  8. "2010 Police White Paper Chapter 2 : Furtherance of Organized Crime Countermeasures", 2010, National Police Agency (in Japanese)
  9. "5 injured after wild boar goes on rampage through Kagawa mall, 2007, Japan Today (in English)
  10. "St. Petersburg". Takamatsu city. Archived from the original on 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
  11. "Tours". Takamatsu city. Archived from the original on 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
  12. "Nanchang". Takamatsu city. Archived from the original on 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
  13. "Nanchang City and Sister Cities Intercommunion". Nanchang Municipal Party Committee of the CPC and Nanchang Municipal Government. Nanchang Economic Information Center. Archived from the original on 2013-05-22. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
  14. Hara, Tameichi (1961). "Born A Samurai". Japanese Destroyer Captain. New York & Toronto: Ballantine Books. ISBN   978-1-59114-354-3. OCLC   255849609.
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