Takasaki

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Takasaki

高崎市
Takasaki Montage.jpg
Flag of Takasaki, Gunma.svg
Flag
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Seal
Takasaki
Location of Takasaki in Gunma Prefecture
Takasaki in Gunma Prefecture Ja.svg
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Takasaki
 
Coordinates: 36°19′18.8″N139°0′11.8″E / 36.321889°N 139.003278°E / 36.321889; 139.003278 Coordinates: 36°19′18.8″N139°0′11.8″E / 36.321889°N 139.003278°E / 36.321889; 139.003278
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Gunma
Government
  MayorKenji Tomioka (since May 2011)
Area
  Total459.16 km2 (177.28 sq mi)
Population
 (August 31, 2020)
  Total372,369
  Density810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• Tree Zelkova serrata , Cyclobalanopsis
• Flower Sakura
• Bird Japanese bush-warbler
Phone number027-321-111
AddressTakamatsu-cho 35-1, Takasaki-shi, Gunma-ken 370-8501
Website Official website
Takasaki City Hall Takasaki City Hall.jpg
Takasaki City Hall
City view from Takasaki Kannon View from Takasaki Kannon northeast.jpg
City view from Takasaki Kannon
Takasaki Guanyin Byakui Kannon - Takasaki city - panoramio.jpg
Takasaki Guanyin

Takasaki (高崎市, Takasaki-shi, [takasakiɕi] ) is a city located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 August 2020, the city had an estimated population of 372,369 in 167,345 households, [1] and a population density of 810 persons per km². The total area of the city is 459.16 square kilometres (177.28 sq mi). Takasaki is famous as the hometown of the Daruma doll, theoretically representing the Buddhist sage Bodhidharma and in modern practice a symbol of good luck. Making the largest city on prefecture (1990) after beating the Maebashi.

Contents

Geography

Takasaki is located in the southwestern part of Gunma Prefecture in the flat northwestern part of the Kantō Plain. The city is located approximately 100 kilometers from the center of Tokyo. Mount Akagi, Mount Haruna and Mount Myogi can be seen from the city, and the southern slopes of Mount Haruna are within the city limits. The Tone River, Karasu River and Usui River flow through the city. Although Takasaki is located over 100 kilometers from the coast, much of the city is low-lying, and the elevation of the city hall and central city area is only 97 meters above sea level. The land rises to the northern and western parts of the city to a maximum elevation of 1690 meters.

Surrounding municipalities

Gunma Prefecture

Nagano Prefecture

Saitama Prefecture

Climate

Takasaki has a Humid continental climate (Köppen Cwa) characterized by warm summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Takasaki is 14.2 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1247 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.3 °C, and lowest in January, at around 3.1 °C. [2]

Climate data for Kamisatomi (1981-2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)20.1
(68.2)
24.1
(75.4)
27.9
(82.2)
32.0
(89.6)
35.6
(96.1)
39.0
(102.2)
40.3
(104.5)
38.1
(100.6)
38.8
(101.8)
32.1
(89.8)
25.4
(77.7)
24.0
(75.2)
40.3
(104.5)
Average high °C (°F)8.9
(48.0)
9.6
(49.3)
13.0
(55.4)
18.8
(65.8)
23.3
(73.9)
25.9
(78.6)
29.3
(84.7)
30.8
(87.4)
26.4
(79.5)
21.2
(70.2)
16.1
(61.0)
11.5
(52.7)
19.6
(67.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)2.4
(36.3)
3.1
(37.6)
6.5
(43.7)
12.3
(54.1)
17.1
(62.8)
20.7
(69.3)
24.2
(75.6)
25.5
(77.9)
21.4
(70.5)
15.5
(59.9)
9.7
(49.5)
4.8
(40.6)
13.6
(56.5)
Average low °C (°F)−2.8
(27.0)
−2.4
(27.7)
0.6
(33.1)
6.2
(43.2)
11.4
(52.5)
16.2
(61.2)
20.2
(68.4)
21.4
(70.5)
17.5
(63.5)
10.9
(51.6)
4.7
(40.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
8.6
(47.5)
Record low °C (°F)−9.0
(15.8)
−9.3
(15.3)
−7.1
(19.2)
−3.4
(25.9)
0.9
(33.6)
6.8
(44.2)
11.9
(53.4)
13.5
(56.3)
7.0
(44.6)
1.0
(33.8)
−2.9
(26.8)
−7.6
(18.3)
−9.3
(15.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)25.3
(1.00)
31.6
(1.24)
62.3
(2.45)
80.1
(3.15)
113.0
(4.45)
167.7
(6.60)
227.2
(8.94)
240.1
(9.45)
234.9
(9.25)
121.1
(4.77)
48.8
(1.92)
22.0
(0.87)
1,374
(54.09)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 195.6188.0199.0198.2188.4136.1147.2170.0129.6155.1171.8192.12,070.8
Source 1: 理科年表
Source 2: Japan Meteorological Agency (Averages:1981-2010、Peaks:1888-present) [3] [4]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [5] the population of Takasaki has increased relatively steadily over the past 50 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 244,376    
1970 280,625+14.8%
1980 323,403+15.2%
1990 346,933+7.3%
2000 358,465+3.3%
2010 371,352+3.6%

History

During the Edo period, the area of present-day Takasaki was the center of the Takasaki Domain, a feudal domain held by a branch of the Matsudaira clan under the Tokugawa shogunate in Kōzuke Province. The area also prospered from its location on the Nakasendō highway connecting Edo with Kyoto. Post stations located within the borders of modern Takasaki were: Shinmachi-shuku, Kuragano-shuku, and Takasaki-shuku. Following the Meiji Restoration, Takasaki was briefly capital of Gunma Prefecture, before the capital was moved to Maebashi in 1881.

Takasaki Town was created within Gunma District, Gunma on April 1, 1889 with the creation of the modern municipalities system. It was raised to city status on April 1, 1900. On April 1, 1927, Takasaki annexed the neighboring villages of Tsukasawa and Kataoka, followed by Sano on October 1, 1937. The city largely escaped damage in World War II. Following the war, it continued to expand its borders by annexing the village of Rokugo on April 1, 1951, Shintakao and Nakamura as well as Yawata and Toyooka from Ushi District on January 20, 1955. This was followed by Orui village and Sano village from Tano District on September 30, 1956. The city celebrated its 360th anniversary in 1963 and annexed the town of Kuragano on March 31 of the same year. On September 1, 1965 the village of Gunnan was annexed.

In September 1987, five-year-old Yoshiaki Ogiwara, the son of a local firefighter, was abducted and subsequently murdered in Takasaki. The murder received heavy media coverage across Japan. [6]

On April 1, 2001 Takasaki was proclaimed a Special City (Tokurei-shi), which gave it greater autonomy.

On January 23, 2006, the towns of Gunma, Kurabuchi and Misato (all from Gunma District), and the town of Shinmachi (from Tano District) were merged into Takasaki. On October 1, 2006, the town of Haruna (from Gunma District) was merged into expanded city of Takasaki. Gunma District was dissolved as a result of this merger. On June 1, 2009, the town of Yoshii (from Tano District) was merged into expanded city of Takasaki. [7]

Takasaki was elevated to a Core city with even greater autonomy on April 1, 2011.

Government

Takasaki has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 38 members. Takasaki contributes nine members to the Gunma Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is divided between the Gunma 4th district and Gunma 5th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Takasaki is a regional commercial center and transportation hub, and is a major industrial center within Gunma Prefecture. Companies headquartered in Takasaki include:

Education

Universities and colleges

Primary and secondary education

Transportation

Railway

JR logo (east).svg JR EastHokuriku Shinkansen JR logo (east).svg JR EastJōetsu Shinkansen

JR logo (east).svg JR EastTakasaki Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line, Ueno-Tokyo Line

JR logo (east).svg JR EastJōetsu Line

JR logo (east).svg JR EastShinetsu Main Line

Joshin Dentetsu logomark.svg Jōshin Dentetsu

Highway

Local attractions

Sport

Twin towns – sister cities

Takasaki is twinned with: [9]

Friendship

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Gunma Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Gunma Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region of Honshu. Gunma Prefecture has a population of 1,937,626 and has a geographic area of 6,362 km2. Gunma Prefecture borders Niigata Prefecture and Fukushima Prefecture to the north, Nagano Prefecture to the southwest, Saitama Prefecture to the south, and Tochigi Prefecture to the east.

Shibukawa, Gunma City in Kantō, Japan

Shibukawa is a city in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 August 2020, the city had an estimated population of 76,098 in 32,439 households, and a population density of 320 inhabitants per square kilometre (830/sq mi). The total area of the city is 240.27 square kilometres (92.77 sq mi). Shibukawa is the location of Ikaho Onsen, a popular hot spring resort.

Fujioka, Gunma City in Kantō, Japan

Fujioka is a city located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 August 2020, the city had an estimated population of 64,539 in 27,616 households, and a population density of 360 persons per km². The total area of the city is 180.29 square kilometres (69.61 sq mi).

Annaka, Gunma City in Kantō, Japan

Annaka is a city located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 July 2020, the city had an estimated population of 47,911 in 24,749 households, and a population density of 210 persons per km². The total area of the city is 276.31 square kilometres (106.68 sq mi).

Gunma was a town located in Gunma District, Gunma Prefecture, Japan.

Gunma was a district located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan.

Shintō, Gunma Village in Kantō, Japan

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Yoshioka, Gunma Town in Kantō, Japan

Yoshioka is a town located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 September 2020, the town had an estimated population of 21,749 in 8311 households, and a population density of 1100 persons per km². The total area of the town is 20.46 square kilometres (7.90 sq mi).

Shinmachi, Gunma

Shinmachi was a town located in Tano District, Gunma Prefecture, Japan.

Yoshii was a town located in Tano District, Gunma Prefecture, Japan.

Tano District, Gunma

Tano District is a rural district located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of January 2015, the district had an estimated population of 3,272 and an area of 296.45 km2, with a population density of 11 people per square kilometer.

Usui District, Gunma

Usui District is a former rural district located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. All of the city of Annaka and a tall portion of the city of Takasaki were formerly part of the district.

Tamamura Town in Kantō, Japan

Tamamura is a town located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 September 2020, the town had an estimated population of 36,367 in 15685 households, and a population density of 1440 persons per km². The total area of the town is 25.78 square kilometres (9.95 sq mi).

Maebashi Core city in Kantō, Japan

Maebashi is the capital city of Gunma Prefecture, in the northern Kantō region of Japan. As of 31 August 2020, the city had an estimated population of 335,352 in 151,171 households, and a population density of 1100 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 311.59 km2 (120.31 sq mi). It was the most populous city within Gunma Prefecture until Takasaki merged with nearby towns between 2006 and 2009. Maebashi is known to be the "City of Water, Greenery and Poets" because of its pure waters, its rich nature and because it gave birth to several Japanese contemporary poets, such as Sakutarō Hagiwara.

Isesaki Special city in Kantō, Japan

Isesaki is a city located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 September 2020, the city had an estimated population of 213,303 in 91,789 households, and a population density of 1500 persons per km². The total area of the city is 139.44 square kilometres (53.84 sq mi).

69 Stations of the Nakasendō

The 69 Stations of the Nakasendō are the rest areas along the Nakasendō, which ran from Nihonbashi in Edo to Sanjō Ōhashi in Kyoto. The route stretched approximately 534 km (332 mi) and was an alternate trade route to the Tōkaidō.

Shinmachi-shuku

Shinmachi-shuku was the eleventh of the sixty-nine stations of the Nakasendō. It is located in the present-day city of Takasaki, Gunma Prefecture, Japan.

Kuragano-shuku

Kuragano-shuku was the twelfth of the sixty-nine stations of the Nakasendō. It is located in the present-day city of Takasaki, Gunma Prefecture, Japan.

Nawa District, Gunma

Nawa District was formerly a rural district located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. The district is now divided between the cities of Isesaki and Maebashi, with a remaining portion forming Sawa District and the town of Tamamura

References

  1. "Takasaki City official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. Takasaki climate data
  3. "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved August 10, 2012.
  4. "観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved August 10, 2012.
  5. Takasaki population statistics
  6. Kristof, Nicholas D. "Kidnap-murder of 5-year-old shakes Japan," The New York Times, 20 September 1987. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
  7. Information at kokudo.or.jp Archived August 21, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  8. "100 Soundscapes of Japan". Ministry of the Environment . Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  9. "友好都市". city.takasaki.gunma.jp (in Japanese). Takasaki. Retrieved 2020-04-08.