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|Takayama Main Line|
|Owner||JR Central, JR West|
|Operator(s)||JR Central, JR West|
|Rolling stock||KiHa 75 series DMU, KiHa 85 series DMU, KiHa 25 series DMU, KiHa 120 series DMU|
|Opened||25 October 1934|
|Line length||225.8 km (140.3 mi)|
|Number of tracks||Entire line single tracked|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Operating speed||110 km/h (68 mph)|
The Takayama Main Line (高山本線, Takayama Honsen) is a Japanese railway line between Gifu Station in Gifu and Toyama Station in Toyama, operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) and West Japan Railway Company (JR West). The line directly links the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area (metropolitan Nagoya) and Hokuriku region in a shorter distance, but with a longer travel time, than by using the combination of the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and Hokuriku Main Line. Now the line primarily functions as a way to access the scenic areas of Hida (ancient Hida Province), in the rugged mountains of northern Gifu Prefecture, such as Gero onsen (hot spring), Takayama, Shirakawa-gō, and the Kiso River. The first section of the line, between Gifu and Kagamigahara, opened in 1920. The whole line was completed in 1934.
The Hida limited express train operates between Nagoya and Takayama, Hida-Furukawa, and Toyama, with ten return services a day, and between Ōsaka and Takayama with one return service a day.
The line is generally divided to three parts for local services: between Gifu and Takayama; between Takayama and Inotani; and between Inotani and Toyama. There are roughly two trains per one hour between Gifu and Mino-Ōta, while there is no local train for four hours between Gero and Takayama.
In Hichisō, Gifu. (Coordinates:)
In Shirakawa, Gifu. (Coordinates:)
In Gero, Gifu. (Coordinates:)
In Gero, Gifu. (Coordinates:)
From the start of the March 2015 timetable revision, JR Central KiHa 25 series diesel multiple unit (DMU) trains displaced from the Taketoyo Line were phased in on Takayama Line services, with the last remaining KiHa 40 series DMU trains withdrawn from the line on 30 June 2015.
The Gifu to Mino-Ota section opened in 1920, and the line was then extended in sections, opening to Gero in 1930 and Hida-Osaka in 1933. At the northern end the first section from Toyama opened in 1927, reached Inotani in 1930 and Takayama and Hida-Osaka in 1934, completing the line.
CTC signalling was commissioned in 1968, and in 1980, a ground-breaking ceremony was held at Takayama for the proposed electrification of the line, but the program was cancelled later that year before any significant work was undertaken. Freight services ceased on the line in 2007.[ citation needed ]
Between 2004 and September 8, 2007, the section between Tsunogawa Station and Inotani Station was closed due to flood damage from Typhoon Tokage.
Gifu Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu. Gifu Prefecture has a population of 1,991,390 and has a geographic area of 10,621 square kilometres (4,101 sq mi). Gifu Prefecture borders Toyama Prefecture to the north; Ishikawa Prefecture to the northwest; Fukui Prefecture to the west; Shiga Prefecture to the southwest; Mie Prefecture and Aichi Prefecture to the south; and Nagano Prefecture to the east.
Central Japan Railway Company is the main railway company operating in the Chūbu (Nagoya) region of central Japan. It is officially abbreviated in English as JR Central and in Japanese as JR Tōkai(Japanese: JR東海). Tōkai is a reference to the geographical region in which the company chiefly operates.
Hida is a city located in Gifu, Japan. As of 1 December 2017, the city had an estimated population of 24,726, and a population density of 31 persons per km2, in 8,905 households. The total area of the city was 792.53 square kilometres (306.00 sq mi). The official kanji for the city is actually 飛驒, which uses the old (kyūjitai) rendering of the 騨 character. However, the 驒 character is not included on the official list of usable characters, so the 騨 character is often used outside of the city.
The Sagami Line is a railway line in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company. It approximately parallels the east bank of the Sagami River. The line connects Hashimoto Station in Sagamihara and Chigasaki Station in Chigasaki.
The Hakodate Main Line is a railway line connecting the cities of Hakodate and Asahikawa via Sapporo in Hokkaido, Japan. It is one of the trunk lines operated by the Hokkaido Railway Company. The Sawara Line, a 35 km loop line from Ōnuma to Mori opened in 1945, is included as part of the Hakodate Main Line.
The Kisei Main Line is a railway line that parallels the coastline of the Kii Peninsula in Japan between Mie Prefecture and Wakayama Prefecture. The name takes the kanji characters from the names of the old provinces of Kii (紀伊) and Ise (伊勢).
The Kakogawa Line is a railway line in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company, which connects the cities of Kakogawa and Tamba.
The Hida is a limited express train service operated by Central Japan Railway Company along the Takayama Main Line in central Japan since 1958, which connects Nagoya and Takayama in just over 2 hours, Ōsaka and Takayama in 4 hours 15 minutes and Nagoya and Toyama in 4 hours. The Hida serves various locations en route such as Gifu and Gero. Like all JR Central limited express trains, a limited express fee has to be paid, on top of the normal fare to ride this service.
National Route 41 is a national highway connecting Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, and Toyama, Toyama Prefecture, Japan. The bulk of the road run throughs Gifu Prefecture. The route is also referred to as Yon-ichi and Shippin, based on the Japanese readings for the route numbering.
The Meishō Line is a rural, regional railway line of Central Japan Railway Company in Mie Prefecture, Japan, connecting Matsusaka station in Matsusaka and Ise-Okitsu station in Tsu.
Yakeishi Station is a railway station on the Takayama Main Line in the city of Gero, Gifu Prefecture, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company.
Hida-Osaka Station is a railway station on the Takayama Main Line in the city of Gero, Gifu Prefecture, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company.
Takayama Station is a railway station on the Takayama Main Line in the city of Takayama, Gifu Prefecture, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company.
Inotani Station is a railway station on the Takayama Main Line close to the city of Toyama, Toyama Prefecture, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company and Central Japan Railway Company. The station is the boundary for the two railway companies. Therefore, JR Central crewe working on Toyama-bound "Hida" Limited Express services will get off here and JR West crewe will take over the remaining journey. JR West crewe working on Nagoya or Ōsaka-bound "Hida" Limited Express services will get off here and JR Central crewe will take over the remaining journey.
Nirehara Station is a railway station on the Takayama Main Line in city of Toyama, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company.
Sasazu Station is a railway station on the Takayama Main Line in city of Toyama, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company.
Etchū-Yatsuo Station is a railway station on the Takayama Main Line in city of Toyama, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company.
Chisato Station is a railway station on the Takayama Main Line in city of Toyama, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company.
Nishi-Toyama Station is a railway station on the Takayama Main Line in city of Toyama, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company. It is also a freight terminal for the Japan Freight Railway Company.
Fuchū-Usaka Station is a railway station on the Takayama Main Line in Toyama, Toyama, Japan, operated by the West Japan Railway Company.