Takhar Province

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Takhar

تخار
Hillside view in Khawajah Bahawuddin, Takhar Province, Afghanistan.jpg
View from atop a hill in Khawajah Bahawuddin, Takhar Province, Afghanistan.
Takhar in Afghanistan.svg
Map of Afghanistan with Takhar highlighted
Coordinates(Capital): 36°42′N69°48′E / 36.7°N 69.8°E / 36.7; 69.8 Coordinates: 36°42′N69°48′E / 36.7°N 69.8°E / 36.7; 69.8
Country Afghanistan
Capital Taloqan
Government
  Governor Abdul Haq Shafaq
Area
  Total12,333 km2 (4,762 sq mi)
Population
 (2021) [1]
  Total1,113,173
  Density90/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+4:30 (Afghanistan Time)
Main languages Uzbek language and Dari
Website http://takhar.gov.af/en/

Takhar (Dari/Pashto: تخار) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the northeast of the country next to Tajikistan. It is surrounded by Badakhshan in the east, Panjshir in the south, and Baghlan and Kunduz in the west. The city of Taloqan serves as its capital.

Contents

The province contains 17 districts, over 1,000 villages, and approximately 1,113,173 people, [1] which is multi-ethnic and mostly a rural society. [2]

History

Early history

7th to 16th centuries

16th to 20th centuries

Between the early 16th century and the mid-18th century, the territory was ruled by the Khanate of Bukhara.

It was given to Ahmad Shah Durrani by Murad Beg of Bukhara after a treaty of friendship was reached in or about 1750, and became part of the Durrani Empire. It was ruled by the Durranis followed by the Barakzai dynasty and was untouched by the British during the three Anglo-Afghan wars that were fought in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

1964–2001

It was established in 1964 when Qataghan Province was divided into three provinces: Baghlan, Kunduz and Takhar. During the 1980s Soviet–Afghan War, the area fell under the influence of Rabbani and Ahmad Shah Massoud. It was controlled by the Northern Alliance in the 1990s. It experienced some fighting between the Northern Alliance and the Taliban forces. Takhar holds notoriety as the location where Mujahideen Commander Ahmad Shah Massoud was assassinated on 9 September 2001 by suspected al-Qaeda agents.

2001–2015

International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) took over security responsibility of the area in the early 2000s, which was led by Germany. The province also began to see some developments and the establishment of Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF). In a small incident in July 2008, the Afghan National Police killed Mullah Usman when several armed Taliban militants under his command raided a police checkpoint in the Kalafgan district. This was the first time since the fall of Taliban regime in 2001 that the Taliban insurgents engaged police in this province. Mullah Usman was the most senior Taliban commander in the northeast region of Afghanistan, according to the Afghan Interior Ministry. [3]

In May 2009, Taliban insurgents fighting Afghan government attacked the Baharak district in Takhar province. [4] A bomb attack on 28 May 2011 killed Mohammed Daud Daud and injured Governor Taqwa. Several German soldiers and Afghans were also killed. [5]

In April 2012, the water supply at the Rostaq district's school for girls was poisoned by unknown insurgents, sickening at least 140 Afghan schoolgirls and teachers ranging in age from 14 to 30, causing them to be hospitalized and some to partially lose consciousness, though there have been no deaths so far. [6]

2015 earthquake

On October 26, the 7.5 Mw Hindu Kush earthquake shook northern Afghanistan with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). This earthquake destroyed almost 30,000 homes, left several hundred dead, and more than 1,700 injured. [7]

Politics and governance

The current governor is Abdul Haq Shafaq. [8] The border with neighboring Tajikistan is monitored by the Afghan Border Police (ABP). All law enforcement activities throughout the province are handled by the Afghan National Police (ANP). A provincial Police Chief is assigned to lead both the ANP and the ABP. The Police Chief represents the Ministry of the Interior in Kabul. The ANP is backed by the military, including the NATO-led forces.

Demographics

Ethnolinguistic groups in Afghanistan US Army ethnolinguistic map of Afghanistan -- circa 2001-09.jpg
Ethnolinguistic groups in Afghanistan
Districts of Takhar Takhar District Map.png
Districts of Takhar

As of 2021, the total population of the province is about 1,113,173 [1] which is mostly tribal and a rural society. The main inhabitants of Takhar province are Uzbeks, Tajiks and Pashtuns.

District information

Districts of Takhar Province
DistrictCapitalPopulation [1] AreaNumber of villages and ethnic groups
Baharak 35,552231 km274 villages 80% Tajik 20% Uzbek. [9]
Bangi 40,419566 km259 villages 90% Tajik. [10]
Chah Ab 91,767764 km263 villages 85% Tajik. [11]
Chal 32,443330.8 km258 villages. Uzbek, Tajik. [12]
Darqad 30,956393 km234 villages 85% Uzbeks. [13]
Dashti Qala 36,769280 km249 villages 85% uzbek [14]
Farkhar 53,9981,214 km275 villages 99% Tajik. [15]
Hazar Sumuch 15,816309 km228 villages Uzbeks. [16]
Ishkamish 67,860806 km2103 villages majority Uzbeks [17]
Kalafgan 40,554479 km242 villages 95% Uzbeks. [18]
Khwaja Bahauddin 26,765178.2 km225 villages Uzbek, Tajik, Pashtun. [19]
Khwaja Ghar 77,516402 km262 villages 80% Tajik. [20]
Namak Ab 14,058584 km228 villages 50% Tajik 50% Uzbek. [21]
Rustaq 189,4951,939 km2179 villages Majority Uzbek. [22]
Taluqan Taluqan 263,800Majority Uzbek.
Warsaj 43,6632705.3 km294 villages Majority Tajik. [23]
Yangi Qala 51,742247 km264 villages 85% Uzbeks. [24]

Economy

Agriculture and mining are the main industries of the province. Takhar has coal reserves of fairly good quality which are being exploited by hand in some villages and sold in the region. The local population considers gold the most relevant resource for the Province. Gold is being washed in Takhar River, and about 2 kg are being transported to the specific weekly markets in the city of Taloqan. Also the city is a main source of construction materials like: loam, sand, and different types of stones. Takhar province is known for its salt mountains and you can find large deposits of fine salt in the region. The Takcha Khanna salt mine is one of the growing number of salt supplier, for the population of Takhar and northern Afghanistan. While the mines offer economic opportunities in the region, the availability of iodized salt considerably reduces the prevalence of health problems related to iodine deficiency.

See also

Footnotes

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Estimated Population of Afghanistan 2021-22" (PDF). National Statistic and Information Authority (NSIA). April 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 June 2021. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  2. "Takhar provincial profile" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
  3. "Takhar police kill Taliban commander"
  4. "Taliban attack district in NE Afghanistan". Military-world.net. 24 May 2009. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
  5. "Three German soldiers die in Afghan attack". Thepeninsulaqatar.com. 29 May 2011. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
  6. Masoud Popalzai, CNN (17 April 2012). "Extremists poison schoolgirls' water, Afghan officials say". CNN. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
  7. USGS. "M7.5 - 45km E of Farkhar, Afghanistan". United States Geological Survey.
  8. "Abdul Haq Shafaq appointed as provincial governor of Takhar". Independent Directorate of Local Governance. 8 April 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  9. Baharak District
  10. Bangi District
  11. Chah Ab District
  12. Chal District
  13. Darqad District
  14. Dasht e Qala Agha
  15. Farkhar District
  16. Hazar Smoch District
  17. ww1.mrrd-nabdp.org http://ww1.mrrd-nabdp.org/ . Retrieved 14 August 2020.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. Baharak District
  19. Khwaja Bahawodin District
  20. Khwaja Ghar
  21. Namak Ab District
  22. Rostaq Agha
  23. Warsaj District
  24. Yangi Qala

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Bangi District District in Takhār Province, Afghanistan

Bangi District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan.

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Chal District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan. It was considered to be largely under control of the Afghan government in 2018.

Kalafgan District District in Takhār Province, Afghanistan

Kalafgan District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan. The district is well governed, with self-governance in parts of Kalafgan because of how remote they are. 42 villages are located in the district. In 2017, Kalafgan was considered to be under full control by the Afghan Government.

Khwaja Ghar District District in Takhār Province, Afghanistan

Khwaja Ghar District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan. The district was badly destroyed during the 1996-2001 Afghan Civil War in fighting between the Taliban and the Northern Alliance.

Rustaq District, Afghanistan District in Takhār Province, Afghanistan

Rustaq District is a district of Takhar Province, northern Afghanistan. The district centre is the town of Rostaq. As recently as 2020, the district was considered to be under government control, as opposed to control by the Taliban. However, the district has had issues with illegal armed men.

Warsaj District District in Takhār Province, Afghanistan

Warsaj District is a district of Takhar Province, northern Afghanistan.

Yangi Qala District District in Takhār Province, Afghanistan

Yangi Qala District is a district in Takhar Province, Afghanistan. Economically the population of this district is primarily involved in agriculture. The main crops are rice and wheat, and the surplus rice is exporting to neighboring districts and provinces. On September 10, 2019, the district was taken the Taliban. 3 days later, the district was of militants cleared in an operation. There are 64 villages in the district.

Mohammed Daud Daud

Mohammed Daud Daud, also known as General Daud Daud, an ethnic Tajik, was the police chief in northern Afghanistan and the commander of the 303 Pamir Corps. He was an opponent of the Afghan Taliban.

Mohammad Omar (Afghan governor)

Mohammad Omar was the Governor of Kunduz Province, Afghanistan. He was an ethnic Andar Pashtun from Baharak District of Afghanistan.

Baharak District, Takhar District in Takhār Province, Afghanistan

Baharak District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan. The district was split-off from Taluqan District in 2005. Most people work in agriculture. The district has been the site of fighting between the Afghan Government and the Taliban; Baharak was considered to be contested in late 2018.

Namak Ab District District in Takhār Province, Afghanistan

Namak Ab District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan. The district was split-off from Taluqan District. In late 2018, Namak Ab was considered to be government influenced, as opposed to the Taliban.

Hazar Sumuch District District in Takhār Province, Afghanistan

Hazar Sumuch District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan. The district was split-off from Taluqan District. Most people in the district work in agriculture. In late 2018, Hazar Sumuch was considered to be government influenced as opposed to the Taliban.

Khwaja Bahauddin District District in Takhār Province, Afghanistan

Khwaja Bahauddin District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan. The district was created from a portion of Yangi Qala District in 2005. 25 villages are located in Khwaja Bahauddin.

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