Tambov Oblast

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Tambov Oblast
Тамбовская область
Flag of Tambov Oblast.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Tambov Oblast.svg
Coat of arms
Anthem: Farewell of Slavianka [1]
Map of Russia - Tambov Oblast.svg
Coordinates: 52°43′N41°34′E / 52.717°N 41.567°E / 52.717; 41.567 Coordinates: 52°43′N41°34′E / 52.717°N 41.567°E / 52.717; 41.567
Country Russia
Federal district Central [2]
Economic region Central Black Earth [3]
EstablishedSeptember 27, 1937 [4]
Administrative center Tambov [5]
Government
  Body Oblast Duma [6]
   Governor [7] Alexander Nikitin [8]
Area
[9]
  Total34,300 km2 (13,200 sq mi)
Area rank 63rd
Population
 (2010 Census) [10]
  Total1,091,994
  Estimate 
(2018) [11]
1,033,552 (−5.4%)
  Rank 48th
  Density32/km2 (82/sq mi)
   Urban
58.7%
   Rural
41.3%
Time zone UTC+3 (MSK   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [12] )
ISO 3166 code RU-TAM
License plates 68
OKTMO ID68000000
Official languages Russian [13]
Website http://www.tambov.gov.ru/

Tambov Oblast (Russian : Тамбо́вская о́бласть, Tambovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Tambov. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 1,091,994. [10]

Contents

Geography

Tambov Oblast is situated in forest steppe. It borders on the Ryazan, Penza, Saratov, Voronezh and Lipetsk Oblasts.

History

The oldest known population of the Tambov region, the Mordovians-Moksha, formed as a nation of local ethnic groups from the 6th century BC. The first Russian settlers arrived in the pre-Mongol period, but the final settlement occurred in the 17th century. To protect the southern borders of Russia from the raids of the Tatars and the further development of the Black Soil region, the Russian government built the walled cities of Kozlov (1635) and Tambov (1636). The cities protected the main path of nomad raids on Russian land and paved the way for a quick settlement of the region.

Kozlovsky Uyezd originally existed in the Tambov area. In the course of the administrative reforms of Peter the Great in 1708 and 1719, it became part of Azov Governorate. New administrative divisions established the Tambov Viceroyalty in 1779 and from 1796 Tambov Governorate, with an area of 66.5 thousand km2 divided into 12 uyezds. With almost no change to its boundaries, the Governorate remained in existence until 1928.

An attempt to establish Soviet control over the Tambov area led to the defeat and execution of "Red Sonya" (Sofia Nukhimovna Gel'berg) in the spring of 1918. [14]

During the Russian Civil War an anti-Bolshevik uprising, the Tambov Rebellion, broke out in Tambov Governorate in 1920–1921.

Tambov Oblast was finally created from the Voronezh and Samara Oblasts on September 27, 1937. The oblast attained its present form after the separation of Penza Oblast (formerly part of Kuybyshev before joining Tambov) on February 4, 1939.

Administrative divisions

Demographics

Population: 1,091,994(2010 Census); [10] 1,178,443(2002 Census); [15] 1,320,763(1989 Census). [16]

2012
Total fertility rate [18]
Ethnic composition (2010) [10]

Settlements

Religion

Religion in Tambov Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas) [20] [21]
Russian Orthodoxy
78.4%
Other Christians
1%
Spiritual but not religious
6.7%
Atheism and irreligion
10%
Other and undeclared
3.9%

According to a 2012 survey, [20] 78.4% of the population of Tambov Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, making it the federal subject with the highest percentage of this religion in the whole country. In addition, 1% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 7% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 10% is atheist, and 3.6% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question. [20]

Economy

Southeastern Railway passes through Michurinsk and connects the central regions with the southern regions. Breeding cattle, sheep, pig, and chicken is a product of animal husbandry.

See also

Related Research Articles

Morshansk Town in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Morshansk is a town in Tambov Oblast, Russia, located on the Tsna River 93 kilometers (58 mi) north of Tambov. Population: 41,556 (2010 Census); 44,486 (2002 Census); 50,055 (1989 Census); 44,000 (1970).

Rasskazovo Town in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Rasskazovo is a town in Tambov Oblast, Russia, located on the Lesnoy Tambov River at its confluence with the Arzhenka River 40 kilometers (25 mi) east of Tambov. Population: 45,484 (2010 Census); 46,516 (2002 Census); 49,058 (1989 Census).

Kotovsk, Russia Town in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Kotovsk is a town in Tambov Oblast, Russia, located on the Tsna River 13 kilometers (8.1 mi) south of Tambov. Population: 31,850 (2010 Census); 34,054 (2002 Census); 38,510 (1989 Census).

Kirsanov Town in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Kirsanov is a town in Tambov Oblast, Russia, located on the Vorona River at its confluence with the Pursovka River 95 kilometers (59 mi) east of Tambov. Population: 17,224 (2010 Census); 18,506 (2002 Census); 20,754 (1989 Census).

Znamensky District, Tambov Oblast District in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Znamensky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwestern central part of the oblast. The district borders with Tambovsky District in the north, Sampursky District in the east, Tokaryovsky District in the south, and with Morshansky District in the west. The area of the district is 1,102 square kilometers (425 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Znamenka. Population: 18,405 ; 20,590 (2002 Census); 23,045 (1989 Census). The population of Znamenka accounts for 33.5% of the district's total population.

Inzhavinsky District District in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Inzhavinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the east of the oblast. The district borders with Kirsanovsky District in the north, Turkovsky District of Saratov Oblast in the east, Uvarovsky District in the south, and with Rzhaksinsky District in the west. The area of the district is 1,830 square kilometers (710 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Inzhavino. Population: 23,184 ; 27,843 (2002 Census); 33,964 (1989 Census). The population of Inzhavino accounts for 41.4% of the district's total population.

Kirsanovsky District District in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Kirsanovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the east of the oblast. The district borders with Gavrilovsky District in the north, Umyotsky District in the east, Inzhavinsky District in the south, and with Rasskazovsky District in the west. The area of the district is 1,307.8 square kilometers (504.9 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Kirsanov. Population: 21,756 ; 23,613 (2002 Census); 24,780 (1989 Census).

Mordovsky District District in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Mordovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the oblast. The district borders with Petrovsky District in the north, Tokaryovsky District in the east, and Dobrinsky District of Lipetsk Oblast in the south and west. The area of the district is 1,455 square kilometers (562 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Mordovo. Population: 19,375 ; 23,671 (2002 Census); 28,522 (1989 Census). The population of Mordovo accounts for 33.7% of the district's total population.

Morshansky District District in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Morshansky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the north of the oblast and borders Shatsky District of Ryazan Oblast in the north, Zemetchinsky District of Penza Oblast in the east, Pichayevsky District in the south, and Sarayevsky District of Ryazan Oblast in the west. The area of the district is 2,880 square kilometers (1,110 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Morshansk. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 34,088.

Muchkapsky District District in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Muchkapsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the oblast. The district borders with Inzhanovsky District in the north, Romanovsky District of Saratov Oblast in the east, Gribanovsky District of Voronezh Oblast in the south, and with Uvarovsky District in the west. The area of the district is 1,181 square kilometers (456 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Muchkapsky. Population: 15,177 ; 18,257 (2002 Census); 20,746 (1989 Census). The population of the administrative center accounts for 46.6% of the district's total population.

Rasskazovsky District District in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Rasskazovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast. The district borders with Bondarsky District in the north, Kirsanovsky District in the east, Sampursky District in the south, and with Tambovsky District in the west. The area of the district is 1,802 square kilometers (696 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Rasskazovo. Population: 22,991 ; 24,984 (2002 Census); 25,422 (1989 Census).

Rzhaksinsky District District in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Rzhaksinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast. The district borders with Rasskazovsky District in the north, Inzhavinsky District in the east, Uvarovsky District in the south, and with Sampursky District in the west. The area of the district is 1,415 square kilometers (546 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Rzhaksa. Population: 18,565 ; 21,981 (2002 Census); 26,111 (1989 Census). The population of Rzhaksa accounts for 28.0% of the district's total population.

Sampursky District District in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Sampursky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast. The district borders with Rasskazovsky District in the north, Rzhaksinsky District in the east, Zherdevsky District in the south, and with Znamensky District in the west. The area of the district is 1,008 square kilometers (389 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Satinka. Population: 14,204 ; 16,487 (2002 Census); 18,721 (1989 Census). The population of Satinka accounts for 25.1% of the district's total population.

Sosnovsky District, Tambov Oblast District in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Sosnovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the north of the oblast. The district borders with Morshansky District in the north, Pichayevsky District in the east, Tambovsky District in the south, and with Staroyuryevsky District in the west. The area of the district is 2,382 square kilometers (920 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Sosnovka. Population: 31,641 ; 39,253 (2002 Census); 48,133 (1989 Census). The population of Sosnovka accounts for 29.0% of the district's total population.

Staroyuryevsky District District in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Staroyuryevsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northwest of the oblast. The district borders with Sarayevsky District of Ryazan Oblast in the north, Sosnovsky District in the east, Michurinsky District in the south, and with Pervomaysky District in the west. The area of the district is 1,008 square kilometers (389 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Staroyuryevo. Population: 14,553 ; 17,695 (2002 Census); 21,852 (1989 Census). The population of Staroyuryevo accounts for 42.2% of the district's total population.

Tambovsky District, Tambov Oblast District in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Tambovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast. The district borders with Sosnovsky District in the north, Rasskazovsky District in the east, Znamensky District in the south, and with Nikiforovsky District in the west. The area of the district is 2,632 square kilometers (1,016 sq mi). Its administrative center is the city of Tambov. Population: 102,786 ; 102,018 (2002 Census); 80,793 (1989 Census).

Tokaryovsky District District in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Tokaryovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the oblast. The district borders with Znamensky District in the north, Zherdevsky District in the east, Ertilsky District of Voronezh Oblast in the south, and with Morshansky District in the west. The area of the district is 1,434 square kilometers (554 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Tokaryovka. Population: 17,898 ; 21,536 (2002 Census); 25,723 (1989 Census). The population of Tokaryovka accounts for 38.7% of the district's total population.

Umyotsky District District in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Umyotsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the east of the oblast. The district borders with Gavrilovsky District in the north, Tamalinsky District of Penza Oblast in the east, Inzhavinsky District in the south, and with Kirsanovsky District in the west. The area of the district is 1,097 square kilometers (424 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Umyot. Population: 12,044 ; 13,545 (2002 Census); 15,228 (1989 Census). The population of Umyot accounts for 39.4% of the district's total population.

Uvarovsky District District in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Uvarovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the oblast. The district borders with Inzhavinsky District in the north, Muchkapsky District in the east, Gribanovsky District of Voronezh Oblast in the south, and with Zherdevsky District in the west. The area of the district is 1,141 square kilometers (441 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Uvarovo. Population: 11,221 ; 12,737 (2002 Census); 13,974 (1989 Census).

Zherdevsky District District in Tambov Oblast, Russia

Zherdevsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-three in Tambov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast. The district borders with Rzhaksinsky District in the north, Uvarovsky District in the east, Ternovsky District of Voronezh Oblast in the south, and with Tokaryovsky District in the west. The area of the district is 1,397.77 square kilometers (539.68 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Zherdevka. Population: 30,331 ; 33,502 (2002 Census); 38,944 (1989 Census). The population of Zherdevka accounts for 50.1% of the district's total population.

References

Notes

  1. Law #27-Z
  2. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. Charter of Tambov Oblast, Article 2
  5. Charter of Tambov Oblast, Article 5
  6. Charter of Tambov Oblast, Article 49
  7. Charter of Tambov Oblast, Article 66
  8. "Nikitin Alexander Valerievich" . Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  9. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  10. 1 2 3 4 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  11. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  12. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  13. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  14. Сенников, Б. В. (2004). Румянцев, Вячеслав (ed.). Тамбовское восстание 1918-1921 гг. и раскрестьянивание России 1929-1933 гг. [The Tambov rebellion of 1918-1921 and de-peasantisation of Russia 1929-1933]. Румянцевский музей. Библиотечка россиеведения (in Russian). Moscow: Посев. ISBN   5-85824-152-2 . Retrieved February 9, 2014. Гельберг С.Н. ("Красная Соня") (?-1918). Акушерка. Командир летучего отряда Красной гвардии, действовавшего на территории Тамбовской губернии весной 1918 г., в задачу которого входило насаждение советской власти. Отряд "Красной Сони" отличался жестокостью, его появление сопровождалось многочисленными грабежами населения. Отряд был разбит крестьянами. Сама "Красная Соня" была казнена по приговору нескольких волостей губернии.
  15. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  16. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  17. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  18. http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  19. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  20. 1 2 3 "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  21. 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

Sources