Tanchon

Last updated
Tanchon

단천시
Korean transcription(s)
   Chosŏn'gŭl 단천시
   Hancha
   McCune-Reischauer Tanch'ŏn si
   Revised Romanization Dancheon-si
DPRK2006 Hamnam-Tanchon.PNG
Map of South Hamgyong showing the location of Tanchon
Tanchon
North Korea adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tanchon
Location within North Korea
Coordinates: 40°27′29″N128°54′40″E / 40.458°N 128.911°E / 40.458; 128.911 Coordinates: 40°27′29″N128°54′40″E / 40.458°N 128.911°E / 40.458; 128.911
Country North Korea
Province South Hamgyong Province
Administrative divisions 39 tong, 39 ri
Area
  Total2,170 km2 (840 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)
  Total345,876
  Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
  Dialect
Hamgyŏng
Time zone UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)

Tanch'ŏn (Korean pronunciation:  [tan.tsʰʌn] ) is a port city in northeastern South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea. It has a population of approximately 360,000. Tanch'ŏn borders the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea), into which the Namdae River flows.

Contents

Administrative divisions

Tanch'ŏn is divided into 39 tong (neighbourhoods) and 39 ri (villages):

  • Chich'o-dong
  • Chikchŏl-dong
  • Chŏnjin-dong
  • Haean 1-dong
  • Haean 2-dong
  • Hanggu 1-dong
  • Hanggu 2-dong
  • Hanggu 3-dong
  • Kŭmbong-dong
  • Kŭmgol 1-dong
  • Kŭmgol 2-dong
  • Kŭmgol 3-dong
  • Kŭmsan-dong
  • Kwangch'ŏn-dong
  • Muhak-tong
  • Munhwa-dong
  • Naemun-dong
  • Namp'ung-dong
  • Paeg'am-dong
  • Paekkŭmsan-dong
  • Ponsan-dong
  • Pukch'ŏn-dong
  • Puktu-dong
  • P'ugŏ-dong
  • Ryongdae-dong
  • San'gwang-dong
  • Sao-dong
  • Sindanch'ŏn 1-dong
  • Sindanch'ŏn 2-dong
  • Taehŭng 1-dong
  • Taehŭng 2-dong
  • Taesin-dong
  • T'amsi-dong
  • Tŏkhŭng-dong
  • Tong'am-dong
  • Tonsan-dong
  • Yangch'ŏn-dong
  • Yangsan-dong
  • Yŏng'ung-dong
  • Changnae-ri
  • Chŏngdong-ri
  • Chŭngsal-li
  • Hwajang-ri
  • Kaŭng-ri
  • Kawŏl-li
  • Mun'am-ri
  • Munho-ri
  • O'mong-ri
  • Paeksal-li
  • Pokp'yŏng-ri
  • Ponghwa-ri
  • Rip'a-ri
  • Ryŏngdae-ri
  • Ryongjam-ri
  • Ryŏngsal-li
  • Ryongdŏng-ri
  • Ryonghŭng-ri
  • Ryongyŏl-li
  • Samgŏ-ri
  • Sindong-ri
  • Sinho-ri
  • Sinp'ung-ri
  • Sinp'yŏng-ri
  • Sŏk'u-ri
  • Songjŏng-ri
  • Songp'a-ri
  • Ssangryong-ri
  • Talch'ŏl-li
  • Taptong-ri
  • Tŏkchu-ri
  • Tolsal-li
  • Tuyŏl-li
  • Unch'ŏl-li
  • Wadong-ri
  • Wŏnsal-li
  • Yangp'yŏng-ri
  • Yŏngp'yŏng-ri

Economy

There are extensive mineral resources in the area, including cobalt, magnesite, and iron ore. The city is known for its chemical production, textiles, metal ware, machinery and smelting. The Komdok mine is located in Kumgol-1 dong. [1]

The area is also home to the large Tanchon Power Station (under construction as of April 2020), consisting of hundreds of kilometres of waterway tunnels and a planned six power stations, that has been under construction since 2017. [2] [3]

Technology

The City of Tanch'ŏn is featured in the PC game Tradewinds.

Transport

Tanch'ŏn is situated on the P'yŏngra Line and the Hŏch'ŏn Line of the Korean State Railway. [4] In 2012 the city's port was renovated and upgraded. [5] Tanch'ŏn port was reconstructed, and a ceremony marking the completion was taken place in December 2012. In the ceremony, a joint congratulatory message sent by the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea and the Cabinet was read to the officials and members of shock brigades who performed labor feats in the construction of the port. [6]

A trolleybus line runs within Tanchon from next to Kumgol station in Kumgol 1-dong to Kumgol 3-dong with a length of over 6 km. The line was opened in 1986 to serve the Komdok mining region though there have been no trolleybuses seen on satellite imagery since 2011. [7] [8]

Wildlife

The population of Chinese Gorals in Tanch'ŏn has been designated North Korean natural monument #293. [9]

Climate

Tanchon has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfa). [10]

Climate data for Tanchon
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)1.1
(34.0)
2.4
(36.3)
6.9
(44.4)
13.5
(56.3)
18.2
(64.8)
20.9
(69.6)
24.8
(76.6)
26.0
(78.8)
22.9
(73.2)
17.7
(63.9)
10.1
(50.2)
3.4
(38.1)
14.0
(57.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)−4.4
(24.1)
−3.0
(26.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
7.6
(45.7)
12.4
(54.3)
16.1
(61.0)
20.6
(69.1)
22.0
(71.6)
17.9
(64.2)
11.9
(53.4)
4.9
(40.8)
−1.7
(28.9)
8.5
(47.4)
Average low °C (°F)−9.8
(14.4)
−8.3
(17.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.7
(35.1)
6.7
(44.1)
11.4
(52.5)
16.5
(61.7)
18.1
(64.6)
13.0
(55.4)
6.2
(43.2)
−0.3
(31.5)
−6.8
(19.8)
3.8
(38.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)23
(0.9)
18
(0.7)
24
(0.9)
37
(1.5)
53
(2.1)
83
(3.3)
129
(5.1)
156
(6.1)
108
(4.3)
45
(1.8)
47
(1.9)
27
(1.1)
750
(29.7)
Source: Climate-Data.org [10]

See also

Related Research Articles

Kimchaek Municipal City in North Hamgyong, North Korea

Kimch'aek, formerly Sŏngjin, is a city in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea. It was an open port in 1899. It has a population of 207,699.

Kilju County County in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea

Kilju, sometimes romanized as Kilchu, is a county in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. The county seat is Kilju Town.

Huichon city in Chagang Province, North Korea

Hŭich'ŏn is a city in the southern part of Chagang Province, North Korea. The population is 168,180.

Hochon County County in South Hamgyong Province, North Korea

Hŏch'ŏn County is a county in South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea. It was created after the division of Korea, from portions of Tanch'ŏn and P'ungsan.

Kumgol Line

The Kŭmgol Line is an electrified standard-gauge secondary line of the North Korean State Railway running from Yŏhaejin on the P'yŏngra Line to Muhak. Located entirely in Tanch'ŏn city, South Hamgyŏng - one of the DPRK's most important mining areas - freight trains moving ore from the mines on the line to the P'yŏngra Line form the bulk of the line's traffic.

Mining in North Korea is important to the country's economy. North Korea is naturally abundant in metals such as magnesite, zinc, tungsten, and iron; with magnesite resources of 6 billion tonnes, particularly in the North and South Hamgyong Province and Chagang Province. However, often these cannot be mined due to the acute shortage of electricity in the country, as well as the lack of proper tools to mine these materials and an antiquated industrial base. Coal, iron ore, limestone, and magnesite deposits are larger than other mineral commodities. Mining joint ventures with other countries include China, Canada, Egypt, and South Korea.

The Komdok mine is one of the largest lead and zinc mines in North Korea and in the world. The mine is located in Kumgol-1dong, Tanchon. The mine has estimated reserves of 266 million tonnes of ore 0.88% lead and 4.21% zinc.

Yŏhaejin station is a railway station in greater Tanch'ŏn city, South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea. Located on the P'yŏngra Line of the Korean State Railway, it is also the starting point of the Kŭmgol Line. The station was opened in 1924.

Ch'ŏn'gok station is a railway halt in greater Tanch'ŏn city, South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea, on the Kŭmgol Line of the Korean State Railway. It was opened on 30 March 1943 along with the rest of the Yŏhaejin–Tongam section of the line.

Kwangch'ŏn station is a railway station in Kwangch'ŏn-dong, greater Tanch'ŏn city, South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea, on the Kŭmgol Line of the Korean State Railway. It was opened on 30 March 1943 along with the rest of the Yŏhaejin–Tongam section of the line; the station was originally called Yongjam station, receiving its current name after the establishment of the DPRK.

Tongam station is a railway station in Tongam-dong, greater Tanch'ŏn city, South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea, on the Kŭmgol Line of the Korean State Railway. It was opened on 30 March 1943 along with the rest of the Yŏhaejin–Tongam section of the line.

Sinp'yŏng station is a railway halt in Sinp'yŏng-ri, greater Tanch'ŏn city, South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea, on the Kŭmgol Line of the Korean State Railway. It was opened on 4 December 1943 along with the rest of the Tongam–Paekkŭmsan section of the line.

Rip'a station is a railway station in Rip'a-ri, greater Tanch'ŏn city, South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea, on the Kŭmgol Line of the Korean State Railway. It was opened on 4 December 1943 along with the rest of the Tongam–Paekkŭmsan section of the line.

Sinjŭngsan station is a railway station in Chŭngsal-li, greater Tanch'ŏn city, South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea, on the Kŭmgol Line of the Korean State Railway. It was opened on 4 December 1943 along with the rest of the Tongam–Paekkŭmsan section of the line.

Tonsan station is a railway station in Tonsal-li, greater Tanch'ŏn city, South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea, on the Kŭmgol Line of the Korean State Railway. It was opened on 4 December 1943 along with the rest of the Tongam–Paekkŭmsan section of the line; the station was originally called Hamnam Unsong station, receiving its current name after the establishment of the DPRK.

Kŭmgol station is a railway station in Kŭmgol 1-dong, greater Tanch'ŏn city, South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea, on the Kŭmgol Line of the Korean State Railway. It was opened in 1961.

Sindŏk station is a railway station in Sindŏng-ri, greater Tanch'ŏn city, South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea, on the Kŭmgol Line of the Korean State Railway. It was opened sometime after 1988 along with the rest of the Kŭmgol–Muhak section of the line.

Taesin station is a railway station in Taesin-dong, greater Tanch'ŏn city, South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea, on the Kŭmgol Line of the Korean State Railway. It was opened sometime after 1988 along with the rest of the Kŭmgol–Muhak section of the line.

Taehŭng station is a railway station in Taehŭng 1-dong, greater Tanch'ŏn city, South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea, on the Kŭmgol Line of the Korean State Railway. It was opened sometime after 1988 along with the rest of the Kŭmgol–Muhak section of the line.

Muhak station is a railway station in Muhak-tong, greater Tanch'ŏn city, South Hamgyŏng province, North Korea, on the Kŭmgol Line of the Korean State Railway. It was opened sometime after 1988 along with the rest of the Kŭmgol–Muhak section of the line.

References

  1. "북한지역정보넷". www.cybernk.net. Retrieved 2021-04-10.
  2. Peter Makowsky; Jenny Town; Samantha Pitz (11 October 2019). "North Korea's Hydroelectric Power - The Tanchon Power Station Project". 38 North. The Henry L. Stimson Center. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  3. Makowsky, Peter (24 April 2020). "Tanchon Power Station Project: A Decline in Progress?". 38 North. The Henry L. Stimson Center. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  4. Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN   978-4-10-303731-6
  5. ""Tanchon Port reconstruction completed", NK Economy Watch". Archived from the original on 2012-05-29.
  6. "Tanchon Port reconstruction completed". North Korea Leadership Watch. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
  7. "북한지역정보넷". www.cybernk.net. Retrieved 2021-02-02.
  8. "북한지역정보넷". www.cybernk.net. Retrieved 2021-02-02.
  9. "단천산양". Cultural Heritage Administration guide to North Korean natural monuments. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2006-12-01.
  10. 1 2 "Climate: Tanchon". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved July 26, 2018.

Further reading