Tangerang

Last updated
Tangerang
City of Tangerang
Kota Tangerang
Other transcription(s)
   Sundanese ᮒᮍᮨᮛᮀ
CBD Alam Sutera.jpg
Azhom 2.jpg
Boen Tek Bio.jpg
Soekarno-Hatta Airport aerial view.jpg
Lambang Kota Tangerang.png
Nickname(s): 
Kota Penerbangan (City of Aviation) and Exoville
Motto(s): 
Bhakti Karya Adhi Kerta Rahardja
(Carry on the work by devotion towards prosperity)
Locator Kota Tangerang.png
Location within Banten
Indonesia Java location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tangerang
Location in Java and Indonesia
Indonesia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tangerang
Tangerang (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 6°10′41.90″S106°37′54.80″E / 6.1783056°S 106.6318889°E / -6.1783056; 106.6318889 Coordinates: 6°10′41.90″S106°37′54.80″E / 6.1783056°S 106.6318889°E / -6.1783056; 106.6318889
Country Indonesia
Province Banten
Formation28 February 1993
Government
  TypeCity government
  Mayor Arief Rachadiono Wismansyah (Demokrat)
  Vice Mayor Sachrudin
Area
  Total164.55 km2 (63.53 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 Census)
  Total1,895,486
  Density12,000/km2 (30,000/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone UTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Postcodes
15xxx and 19xxx
Area code (+62) 21
Vehicle registration B
Website tangerangkota.go.id

Tangerang (Sundanese: ᮒᮍᮨᮛᮀ, Indonesian pronunciation:  [taŋˈɡəɾaŋ] ) is a city in the province of Banten, Indonesia. Located on the western border of Jakarta, it is the third largest urban centre in the Greater Jakarta metropolitan area after Jakarta and Bekasi; the sixth largest city proper in the nation; and the largest city in Banten province. It has an area of 164.55 square kilometres (63.53 square miles) and an official 2010 Census population of 1,798,601, which had risen to 1,895,486 at the 2020 Census. [2] – making it the eighth most populated suburb in the world at the latter date. It has not only functioned as a dormitory city, as there are many industrial areas such as Jatake, and several business districts, including CBD Alam Sutera in the area. Located just next to Jakarta on the west with many road access and improved infrastructure, such as new toll road, it is one of the favorite location for property seekers and investors in the Bodetabek area. [3]

Contents

Tangerang, along with the neighbouring South Tangerang, is where many large-scale developers have created built-up areas such as BSD City, Gading Serpong, Alam Sutera, and Lippo Village, and now becoming the area's center of economy, business, commerce, and education.

Tangerang is also home for Soekarno–Hatta International Airport which serves the Jakarta metropolitan area and is Indonesia's main gateway.

Overview

Tangerang is an industrial and manufacturing hub on Java and is home to over 1,000 factories. Many international corporations have plants in the city. Tangerang tends to be hot and humid, with little in the way of trees or geographical features. Certain areas consist of swamps, including the areas near the Soekarno–Hatta International Airport. It's also home to Indonesia Convention Exhibition (ICE) BSD City, Indonesia's largest convention and exhibition center located in BSD City.

In recent years the urban expansion of Jakarta has covered Tangerang. As the result, many of its residents commute to Jakarta for work or vice versa. Many high-class and middle-class satellite cities have been developed in Tangerang, complete with their own shopping malls, private schools and convenience centers. The government is working on expanding the highway system to accommodate more traffic flow to and from the area.

Tangerang is the corporations' alternative to move or build their offices from Jakarta due to the heavy traffic and crowds, such as Unilever Indonesia, Kino Group, and Alfa Group.

History

Map of Tangerang's fort dated 1709 AMH-4578-NA Map of the fort at Tangerang.jpg
Map of Tangerang's fort dated 1709

Indonesian Revolution

In October 1945, Laskar Hitam, a Muslim militia, was established in Tangerang. The goal of this movement was to establish an Islamic nation in Indonesia. This movement later became a part of DI/TII rebel group. On 31 October 1945, Laskar Hitam kidnapped Otto Iskandardinata, the Republic of Indonesia's Minister of State. He was presumed to have been murdered at Mauk beach, Tangerang on 20 December 1945.[ citation needed ]

Recent history

Tangerang city was formed as an autonomous city on 27 February 1993 out of the Tangerang Regency. The city was previously an administrative city within that regency.

In August 1996, Walmart, the largest retail group in USA, opened its first branch in Lippo Karawaci, Tangerang. The branch was ransacked and burned down during the Indonesian riots of May 1998.[ citation needed ] Walmart discontinued their investment in Indonesia after the riot.[ citation needed ]

In 2007 the city government passed an anti-prostitution law which meant that women who are perceived to be dressed too provocatively may be arrested. Some news outlets reported that some women decided to wear the jilbab (hijab) to avoid being prosecuted under this law. In addition the city government began requiring municipal employees to abide by Islamic dress codes. [4]

In 2021, a fire at Tangerang prison killed at least 41 inmates and injured 80 people. [5] [6]

Situ Gintung Flood

Tangerang District is the location of the Situ Gintung reservoir built by the Dutch colonial authorities in 1933. It was surrounded by a dam up to 16 metres (52 ft) high, which failed on 27 March 2009 with the resulting floods killing at least 93 people. [7]

Administrative districts

The city of Tangerang is divided into thirteen districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and populations at the 2010 Census [8] and the 2020 Census. [9] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (urban kelurahan) in each district, and its postal codes.

NameArea
in km2
Population
Census
2010 [10]
Population
Census
2020 [11]
Number
of
villages
Post
codes
Ciledug 8.77147,023164,151815151-15153
Larangan 9.40163,901165,599815154-15156
Karang Tengah 10.47118,473117,721715157-15159
Cipondoh 17.91216,346248,2121015141, 15146-15148
Pinang 21.59160,206180,1311115142-15145
Tangerang 15.79126,244153,859815111, 15117-15113
Karawaci 13.48171,317184,3881615112-15116
Jatiuwung 14.41120,216102,053615133-15137
Cibodas 9.61142,479147,279615134-15139
Periuk 9.54129,384141,003515131-15133
Batuceper 11.5890,59092,044715121-15122
Neglasari 16.08103,504115,520715121, 15127-15129
Benda 5.9283,01783,526515123-15126
Totals164.551,798,6011,895,486104

South Tangerang

South Tangerang (Tangerang Selatan) is a city which, like Tangerang city, is administratively separate from Tangerang Regency. It is subdivided into seven districts – Serpong, Serpong Utara (North Serpong), Ciputat, Ciputat Timur (East Ciputat), Pondok Aren, Pamulang, and Setu. Located on the southwest of Jakarta, it has an area of 147.19 square kilometres and a population of 1,354,350 at the 2020 Census. [12]

Climate

Tangerang has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with moderate rainfall from May to October and heavy rainfall from November to April.

Climate data for Tangerang
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)30.9
(87.6)
31.0
(87.8)
31.7
(89.1)
32.5
(90.5)
32.7
(90.9)
32.8
(91.0)
32.9
(91.2)
33.2
(91.8)
33.7
(92.7)
33.6
(92.5)
32.9
(91.2)
32.0
(89.6)
32.5
(90.5)
Daily mean °C (°F)27.0
(80.6)
27.0
(80.6)
27.4
(81.3)
27.9
(82.2)
27.9
(82.2)
27.7
(81.9)
27.4
(81.3)
27.6
(81.7)
28.0
(82.4)
28.1
(82.6)
28.0
(82.4)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
Average low °C (°F)23.2
(73.8)
23.1
(73.6)
23.1
(73.6)
23.3
(73.9)
23.2
(73.8)
22.6
(72.7)
22.0
(71.6)
22.0
(71.6)
22.3
(72.1)
22.7
(72.9)
23.1
(73.6)
23.0
(73.4)
22.8
(73.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches)346
(13.6)
270
(10.6)
223
(8.8)
169
(6.7)
119
(4.7)
94
(3.7)
73
(2.9)
68
(2.7)
87
(3.4)
122
(4.8)
149
(5.9)
202
(8.0)
1,922
(75.8)
Source: Climate-Data.org [13]

Demographics

A traditional Cina Benteng wedding ceremony. Cina Benteng wedding.jpg
A traditional Cina Benteng wedding ceremony.

Tangerang has a significant community of Chinese Indonesians, many of whom are of Cina Benteng extraction. They are part of the country's Peranakan Chinese community, but with deep, centuries-old roots in the historic Tangerang area, also called 'Benteng' locally.

Most of the old settlements in Tangerang have colonial, Chinese districts, such as at Sewan, Pasar Lama, Pasar Baru, Benteng Makasar, Kapling and Karawaci Lama (the precursor to Lippo Karawaci). One can find any food and all things Chinese there. [14] In addition, a large proportion of Benteng Chinese have traditionally been rural dwellers, engaged in agricultural activities, such as farming and livestock production. [15]

Due to the growth of satellite towns in the greater Jakarta region, which includes Tangerang, the area is now home to many new migrants from all parts of Indonesia. [16] Some notable planned town and housing complex in the city are Alam Sutera (the CBD area, while most of its area located in Serpong, South Tangerang city, Lippo Village (North), Banjar Wijaya, and Modernland (Kota Modern).

Economy

Tangcity Mall Mall Tangerang City - panoramio.jpg
Tangcity Mall

Tangerang's economy depends highly on service sectors, trading, financial service, and industrial. Jatake, which is Tangerang's biggest industrial area, is home to over 1,000 industrial corporations.

As the impact of Jakarta's growing economy continues, Tangerang has become an alternative location for some corporations in which to build their offices due to crowds and land prices. CBD in Alam Sutera is the notable central business district, comprising several corporations, business centers, apartments, and educational facilities. Some headquarters of big corporations are located here, such as Kino Group, Alfamart, Deltomed, Top Food, and more. It also has several business center nearby, such as Lippo Karawaci and Gading Serpong, both are located in Tangerang Regency.

Garuda Indonesia, [17] and Sriwijaya Air have their head offices at Soekarno–Hatta International Airport. [18]

There are plans by CFLD Indonesia to develop part of Tangerang, namely Tangerang New City, into the most advanced new industrial township which will encompass 4 pillars industry park – Electronics & ICT, Construction Materials, Automotive and Machinery & Equipment Industrial Parks. [19]

Shopping

Tangerang is the home for shopping in Banten area. Numerous shopping centres and markets are available here. The largest shopping mall in Tangerang and Banten is Supermall Karawaci in Lippo Village. Another shopping malls available are :

Transportation

Soekarno-Hatta Airport Rail Link EA203 at the Batuceper railway station. Railink EA203 on Batuceper railway station.jpg
Soekarno–Hatta Airport Rail Link EA203 at the Batuceper railway station.
Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Terminal 1 Sukarno hatta airport - Terminal - Jakarta - Indonesia.jpg
Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Terminal 1
The main road in Alam Sutera AlamSuteraRoadYarisCorolla.jpg
The main road in Alam Sutera

Tangerang is connected to Trans-Java Toll Road, and the following are the roads and highway in the city :

Main Road :

Highway :

Soekarno-Hatta International Airport is the main hub for air transport in Jakarta Metropolitan Area as well as Tangerang. Air-conditioned public bus shuttle is available from the airport to destinations in Jakarta. This is operated by DAMRI, a state-owned company.

Jakarta–Merak Toll Road and Cengkareng-Batuceper-Kunciran Toll Road provide highway connections from Jakarta and surrounding cities.

KRL Commuterline serves from either Batuceper, Poris, Tanah Tinggi or Tangerang stations to Duri, with connecting lines to stations across Jabodetabek. Soekarno-Hatta Airport Rail Link stops at Batuceper Station, providing direct access to Soekarno-Hatta International Airport via Soekarno-Hatta Airport Station and Soekarno-Hatta Airport Skytrain people mover.

The feeder buses of Transjakarta serves commuters from Bumi Serpong Damai and Bintaro Jaya. There are also private shuttle bus services from Jakarta to private residential area such as Lippo Karawaci and Citra Raya.

Several taxi companies operating in the city, such as the express taxi, blue bird, and the local operator Arimbi.

There are 17 intersections prone to traffic congestion with the obsolete Multi Program Eight Phase System. By 2012, Tangerang will have a new technology, called the Intelligent Transport System (ITS), that uses a closed-circuit camera that responds to traffic conditions at any given intersection and could reduce the rate of congestion by 30 percent. [20]

Attractions

Al-A'zhom Mosque

Al-Azhom Grand Mosque is a congregational mosque at the alun-alun Tangerang. Opened in 2003, it is the largest mosque in Banten province. [21] With the maximum capacity of 15,000 worshippers, it is one of the largest mosques in the world.

Benteng Heritage Museum

Benteng Heritage Museum is a historic townhouse that was restored and repurposed as a museum by a Benteng Chinese businessman Udaya Halim. It was opened on a specifically chosen auspicious date: November 11, 2011 or 11/11/11. [22] The museum displays Benteng Chinese artefacts and other cultural objects related to the history of Tangerang's Chinese community. [23]

Boen Tek Bio

Boen Tek Bio is the oldest Chinese temple, or klenteng, in Tangerang – with a history going back to 1684. [24]

Kali Pasir Mosque

Kali Pasir Mosque is the oldest mosque in Tangerang city, established in 1700, and a relic of Pajajaran Kingdom. [25] It is located in Cisadane riverbank, in the middle of Chinese residential and is characterized by Chinese pattern. [25]

Education

Tangerang provides educational facilities from kindergarten to college. In addition to government schools, there are many private schools such as :

It houses the following colleges and universities:

Related Research Articles

Banten Province of Indonesia

Banten is the westernmost province on the island of Java, in Indonesia. Its provincial capital city is Serang. The province borders West Java and the Special Capital Region of Jakarta to the east, the Java Sea to the north, the Indian Ocean to the south, and the Sunda Strait to the west, which separates Java from the neighbouring island of Sumatra. The area of the province is 9,662.82 km2, and it had a population of over 11.9 million at the 2020 Census, up from over 10.6 million during the 2010 census. Formerly part of the province of West Java, Banten became a separate province in 2000. The province is a transit corridor to the neighbouring Indonesian island of Sumatra. The Banten region is the homeland of the Sundanese Banten people and has historically had a slightly different culture from the Sundanese people in the West Java region. In recent years, the northern half, particularly those areas near Jakarta and the Java Sea coast, have experienced rapid rises in population and urbanization, while the southern half, particularly that facing the Indian Ocean, maintains a more traditional character.

Jakarta metropolitan area Metropolitan area in Indonesia

The Jakarta metropolitan area, or Greater Jakarta known locally as Jabodetabek, Jabodetabekjur, or Jabodetabekpunjur, is the most populous metropolitan area in Indonesia. It includes the national capital Jakarta as the core city as well as five satellite cities and four regencies. The original term "Jabotabek" dated from the late 1970s and was revised to "Jabodetabek" in 1999 when "De" was inserted into the name following its formation. The term "Jabodetabekjur" or "Jabodetabekpunjur" was legalised on the Presidential Regulation Number 54 of 2008, although the name Jabodetabek is more commonly used.

Bekasi City in West Java, Indonesia

Bekasi is a city in West Java, Indonesia, located on the eastern border of Jakarta. It serves as a commuter city within the Jakarta metropolitan area. According to the 2020 Census by Statistics Indonesia (BPS), Bekasi had 3,510,676 inhabitants. It lies within the largest metropolitan area in Indonesia (Jabodetabek). The city is bordered by Bekasi Regency to the north and the east, Bogor Regency and Depok to the south, and East Jakarta to the west.

Cinere Town in Java, Indonesia

Cinere is a district of the city of Depok, West Java, Indonesia. It covers an area of 10.55 km2 and had a population of 107,461 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 144,038. Cinere borders to its east with the Jagakarsa District and to its north with the Cilandak District, both being part of South Jakarta City; to the west it borders with the Ciputat Timur District and the Pamulang District of South Tangerang City within Banten Province; and to the south it borders the Limo District of Depok City. Cinere has a large multi-racial population as a result of long-term transmigration from elsewhere in West Java and from Banten, that began in the late 1960s.

Tangerang Regency Regency in Banten, Indonesia

Tangerang Regency is a regency of Banten province, Indonesia. It is located on the island of Java. The current regent is Ahmed Zaki Iskandar. Though commonly misunderstood as being a part of Jakarta, Tangerang is actually outside Jakarta City but is part of Greater Jakarta. Since 1993, the Regency has lost territory as first Tangerang city was split off on 27 February 1993 and subsequently South Tangerang city was split off on 29 October 2008. The residual Regency now has an area of 959.61 km² and a population of 2,834,376 at the 2010 Census, growing to 3,245,619 at the 2020 Census. Tigaraksa is the regency seat.

Karawaci is a district of Tangerang City, Banten, Indonesia. It has an area of 13.475 km² and a population of 184,388 at the 2020 Census. Lippo Karawaci, a planned community, is located here.

Karawang Regency Regency in West Java, Indonesia

Karawang Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. The town of Karawang is its administrative centre. The regency covers an area of 1,753.27 km2 and had a population of 2,127,791 people at the 2010 Census, which grew to 2,361,019 at the 2020 Census for a density of 1,347 people per km2. The regency borders Bekasi and Bogor regencies in the west, the Java Sea in the north, Subang Regency in the east, Purwakarta Regency in the southeast, and Cianjur Regency in the south. The regency lies on the eastern outskirts of Metropolitan Jakarta, just outside the Jabodetabek region, and is the site of industrial activity.

Pandeglang Regency Regency in Banten

Pandeglang Regency is a regency of Banten province, Indonesia. It is mainly located on the west and south coasts of the island of Java, and is the most westerly regency on Java Island, but it also includes a number of offshore islands such as Panaitan, Deli and Tinjil. The regency has an area of 2,746.81 km2, and an population at the 2010 Census of 1,149,610, rising to 1,272,687 at the 2020 Census. The regency seat is the town of Pandeglang.

Serang City in Banten, Indonesia

Serang municipality is the capital of Banten province and was formerly also the administrative center of Serang Regency in Indonesia. The city is located towards the north of Banten province, on the island of Java. Before Banten province was formed in 2000 Serang was part of West Java province.

Benda, Tangerang Town and district in Banten, Indonesia

Benda is a kecamatan (district) of Tangerang City, Banten, Indonesia. Jakarta's main international airport, Soekarno–Hatta International Airport is located in the district.

Jakarta–Serpong Toll Road

Jakarta-Serpong toll road is a toll road connecting South Tangerang and Jakarta. The length of the toll road is 13.5 Kilometres. The toll road was completed in 2004 built by PT. Jasamarga Tbk. This toll road crosses South Jakarta and the city of South Tangerang, and connected to the Jakarta Outer Ring Road in Ulujami and Petukangan areas.

Ciputat Town and district in Banten, Indonesia

Ciputat is a district in the city of South Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia and is inside the Greater Jakarta metropolitan area. It covers an area of 18.38 km2 and its population at the 2020 Census was 208,722.

South Tangerang City in Banten, Indonesia

South Tangerang is a city in the province of Banten, Indonesia. Located 30 km (19 mi) on the southwestern border of Jakarta, the city forms part of the Greater Jakarta metropolitan area. It was administratively separated from Tangerang Regency on October 29, 2008. According to the 2020 Census, the city population was 1,354,350 inhabitants. The total area is 147.19 km2 (56.83 sq mi). It's second-largest city in Banten in terms of population, and has grown rapidly, not only as Jakarta's satellite city, but also the development of business districts and commerce due to presence of large-scale planned town by private developers.

Bumi Serpong Damai, commonly referred to BSD City is a privately developed planned community at Serpong district of South Tangerang, within Greater Jakarta in Indonesia. The project was initiated in 1984 by a group of private developers and starred in 1989. The town is implemented and managed by the holding company PT Bumi Serpong Damai Tbk, which is owned by Sinar Mas Land, a subsidiary of the Sinar Mas Group, a large industrial conglomerate in Indonesia. BSD City encompasses a total area of approximately 6,000 hectares. The homes in the community are designed to be suitable for Indonesia's upper-middle class, in gated neighbourhoods, each with a different theme. At the time of project development during 90's, BSD City was the most ambitious urban planning scheme in Indonesia to combine housing, business and commercial properties. BSD is a complete community, with businesses, schools, shopping malls, hospitals and hotels.

Alam Sutera

Alam Sutera is a mixed township at South Tangerang City and Tangerang City of Banten province in Indonesia. It is located south-west of capital Jakarta and within Jabodetabek metro area. The township has a land area of about 800 hectares. Most of the area are located in North Serpong, South Tangerang City, while some area, especially the CBD, are in Pinang sub-district, Tangerang City.

Batuceper railway station railway station in Indonesia

Batuceper Station is a railway station located at Poris Plawad, Cipondoh, Tangerang, Indonesia. Although named as Batuceper, but the location of this station is not in the district of Batuceper, rather it is located at Cipondoh district of Tangerang. The station serves Greater Jakarta commuter rail and Soekarno–Hatta Airport Rail Link.

Cengkang-Batu Ceper-Kunciran Toll Road is a toll road, which runs from Cengkareng to Kunciran in Greater Jakarta, Indonesia. This toll road is part of the Jakarta Outer Ring Road 2 network that will connect Soekarno-Hatta International Airport to Cilincing. The toll road will be connected to the Jakarta-Tangerang Toll Road, Kunciran-Serpong Toll Road, as well as Prof. Dr. Ir. Soedijatmo Toll Road.

Samanea Jakarta Market is a wholesale and retail market located in Cikupa, Tangerang Regency, Banten, on Jl. Suvarna Sutera Boulevard. It is currently managed and owned by Samanea Group, a developer based in Singapore. It covers an area of 96,000 sqm and was built out of “containers”, becoming the first market in Indonesia made of containers. It has 403 retail outlets including restaurants.

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