|Elevation||1,673 m (5,489 ft)|
|Length||40 km (25 mi)East to West|
|Width||20 km (12 mi)North to South|
|Parent range||Tanzawa Mountains|
The Tanzawa Mountains (丹沢山地, Tanzawa-sanchi) are a mountain range in the Kantō region in Japan. The mountain range covers the northwestern part of Kanagawa Prefecture and touches the prefecture borders of Shizuoka Prefecture to the west and the Yamanashi Prefecture to the north.
The mountain range offers moderate to strenuous trails.
The most popular peaks among climbers are Mount Tō (塔ノ岳) and Mount Ōyama (大山) (in the eastern part of the mountains), mainly due to their easier transportation access from Yabitsu Pass. However, the tallest of these mountains is Mount Hiru, which is 1,673 metres (5,489 ft). In comparison, Mount Tō is 1,491 m (4,891 ft) high and Mount Ōyama is 1,252 metres (4,108 ft) high. The western part is less often visited but offers the opportunity of river trekking or sawanobori (a form of mountaineering).
Climbers come from around Japan, and there has been a growing number of international climbers.
Fishing is popular activity within the rivers of Tanzawa. Many types of fish can be caught such as trout and yamame.
The Tanzawa Mountains are most accessible by Kanagawa Route 70, which runs between Hadano and Miyagase. The highest point of the route is Yabitsu Pass, approximately 11 km from Hadano. Toward the middle of the route is Kiyokawa Village, which offers lodging, camping, and fishing, and has a trail-head for hiking the mountains. Campsites can be found along Route 70. Another place of interest is Lake Miyagase, which is man-made and filled with a dam.
The landscape of the Tanzawa Mountains consists of rivers, streams, forests, mountains, valleys, and ridges. Like much of Japan, the moist climate allows for lush vegetation which offers habitats for a variety of wildlife.
The forestry is mixed and consisting of nearly half of the trees coniferous and the other half deciduous. The coniferous trees include Japanese cedar (杉) and Hinoki cypress (檜), and are mainly seen in the lower altitudes near the valleys. The deciduous trees include Japanese mountain maple (山紅葉) and Japanese beech, and are more common in the higher altitudes. Flowers can be found throughout the year, such as Rhododendron.
The area is populated with Japanese deer (鹿), Japanese raccoon dog (狸), Japanese flying squirrel and Japanese serow. There is also the Asiatic black bear throughout the mountains. Additionally, hundreds of species of birds such as kingfisher. Along the river banks, frogs and lizards can be commonly found.
Kanagawa Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region of Honshu. Kanagawa Prefecture is the second-most populous prefecture of Japan at 9,058,094 and third-densest at 3,800 inhabitants per square kilometre (9,800/sq mi). Its geographic area of 2,415 km2 (932 sq mi) makes it fifth-smallest. Kanagawa Prefecture borders Tokyo to the north, Yamanashi Prefecture to the northwest and Shizuoka Prefecture to the west.
Hadano is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2021, the city had an estimated population of 163,787 and a population density of 1600 persons per km². The total area of the city is 103.76 square kilometres (40.06 sq mi).
Nichinan is a town located in Hino District, Tottori Prefecture, Japan. As of 2016, the town had an estimated population of 4,665 and a density of 13.7 persons per square kilometre. The total area is 340.87 square kilometres (131.61 sq mi), representing 10% of the total area of Tottori Prefecture, and making it the largest administrative district in the prefecture. 90% of the town is covered by forest, and 5% of the land is arable. Areas of Nichinan are part of Hiba-Dogo-Taishaku Quasi-National Park.
Matsuda is a town located in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2021, the town had an estimated population of 10,514 and a population density of 280 persons per km². The total area of the town is 37.75 square kilometres (14.58 sq mi).
Yamakita is a town located in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2021, the town had an estimated population of 9,878 and a population density of 44 persons per km². The total area of the town is 224.70 square kilometres (86.76 sq mi).
100 Famous Japanese Mountains is a book written in 1964 by mountaineer and author Kyūya Fukada. The list became famous when Crown Prince Naruhito, now Emperor, took note of it. The list has been the topic of NHK documentaries, and other hiking books. An English edition, One Hundred Mountains of Japan, translated by Martin Hood, was published in 2014 by the University of Hawaii Press (ISBN 9780824836771).
The Hakkōda Mountains are an active volcanic complex in south-central Aomori Prefecture, Japan, in Towada-Hachimantai National Park. Often called Mount Hakkōda or simply Hakkōda (八甲田), the mountains are collectively listed as one of the 100 Famous Japanese Mountains. Its highest peak, Mount Ōdake, lies 21.3 kilometers (13.2 mi) southeast of central Aomori and 28 kilometers (17 mi) west of central Towada and has an elevation of 1,585 meters (5,200 ft). The Hakkōda Mountains are a part Ōu Mountains which make up part of the Northeastern Japan Arc, a segment of the Pacific Ring of Fire. The volcanic complex consists of fourteen stratovolcanoes and lava domes arranged into two volcanic groups. The Northern Hakkōda Volcanic Group emerges from the rim of an 8-kilometer-wide (5.0 mi) caldera that dates back to the Pleistocene. The Southern Hakkōda Volcanic Group predates the caldera.
Mount Tate, commonly referred to as simply Tateyama, is a mountain located in the southeastern area of Toyama Prefecture, Japan. It is one of the tallest mountains in the Hida Mountains at 3,015 m (9,892 ft) and, along with Mount Fuji and Mount Haku, it is one of Japan's "Three Holy Mountains". Tateyama is a term for the mountain consisting of three peaks: Ōnanjiyama, Oyama, and Fuji-no-Oritateyama, which run along a ridge. Tateyama is the tallest mountain in the Tateyama Mountain Range.
Mount Yari is one of the 100 Famous Japanese Mountains. The 3,180-metre-high (10,433 ft) peak lies in the southern part of the Hida Mountains of Japan, on the border of Ōmachi and Matsumoto in Nagano Prefecture and Takayama in Gifu Prefecture. The priest Banryū (1786–1840) founded a temple there.
Mount Aino, or Ainodake, is a peak of the Akaishi Mountains−Southern Alps, in Minami Alps National Park, Japan. At 3,189 m (10,463 ft), it is the fourth tallest peak in Japan and the second highest in the Akaishi Mountains.
Mount Hotaka, also known as Mount Hotakadake, is one of the 100 Famous Japanese Mountains as coined by the media, reaching a height of 3,190 m (10,466 ft). Mount Hotaka is situated in Japan's Hida Mountains and all its major peaks except Mount Maehotaka, lie on the border between the cities of Matsumoto, Nagano Prefecture, and Takayama, Gifu Prefecture. This mountain is located in Chūbu-Sangaku National Park.
Mount Ōyama, also Mount Afuri or Mount Kunimi (Kunimi-yama), is a 1,252-metre-high (4,108 ft) mountain situated on the border of Isehara, Hadano and Atsugi in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Together with Mount Tanzawa and other mountains in the Tanzawa Mountains it forms the Tanzawa-Ōyama Quasi-National Park. Mount Ōyama is a popular sightseeing spot in Kanagawa Prefecture.
Mount Tanigawa is a 1,977 m (6,486 ft) mountain on the border of Gunma Prefecture and Niigata Prefecture in Japan. It is one of the 100 famous mountains in Japan.
Mount Tō is a 1,490.9 m (4,891 ft) mountain of Tanzawa Mountains, located on the border of Kiyokawa, Hadano and Yamakita in Kanagawa, Japan.
Mount Tanzawa is a mountain of the Tanzawa Mountains, with an elevation of 1,567.1 metres (5,141 ft). Its summit marks the border between Sagamihara, Kiyokawa in Aikō District, and Yamakita in Ashigarakami District.
Tanzawa-Ōyama Quasi-National Park is a quasi-national park in the Kantō region of Honshū in Japan. It is rated a protected landscape according to the IUCN. The park includes the Tanzawa Mountains, Miyagase Dam and its surrounding forests, Hayato Great Falls, and the religious sites of Mount Ōyama in the mountains of western Kanagawa Prefecture.
Tanzawa-Ōyama Prefectural Natural Park is a Prefectural Natural Park in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Established in 1960, it derives its name from the Tanzawa Mountains. The park spans the borders of the municipalities of Aikawa, Atsugi, Hadano, Isehara, Kiyokawa, Sagamihara, and Yamakita.
Mount Minami Katsuragi is the tallest mountain in the Izumi Mountains within the Kongō Range, straddling the border between Osaka and Wakayama Prefectures in Japan. Its peak elevation is 922 metres (3,025 ft).
Mount Ōmuro is a mountain at an altitude of 1,588 m on the border between Yamanashi and Kanagawa Prefectures in the northern part of the Tanzawa Mountains. It used to be called "Omureyama". It is counted as one of the 100 famous mountains in Yamanashi, and the Kanagawa side is designated as Tanzawa-Ōyama National Monument.
The Ōmine Okugakemichi is a pilgrimage route on the Kii Peninsula in the Kansai region of Japan. It begins in Yanagi-no-shuku, a former ferry station on the Yoshino River in Nara prefecture, leads through the 1200-1900 meter Ōmine mountain region of Yoshino and Kumano in Wakayama Prefecture and ends after about 170 kilometers at the Kumano Hongū Taisha.
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