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Abū Kamāl al-Dīn Muhammad Taqi al-Din bin Ibrāhim bin Mustafā bin Ismā'īl bin Yūsuf al-Nab'hāni
محمد تقي الدين بن إبراهيم بن مصطفى بن إسماعيل بن يوسف النبهاني
al-Imām al-Shaykh Abū Kamāl al-Dīn Muhammad Taqi al-Din bin Ibrāhīm bin Mustafā bin Ismā'īl bin Yūsuf al-Nab'hāni
|Founder and 1st Leader of Hizb ut-Tahrir|
1953 – December 11, 1977
|Preceded by||Position Established|
|Succeeded by||Shaykh Abdul Qadeem Zallum|
|Qadi of Haifa|
|Title||al-Imam, al-Shaykh, al-Nabhani, Abu Kamal al-Din|
Muhammad Taqi al-Din bin Ibrahim bin Mustafa bin Ismail bin Yusuf al-Nabhani
1914 (Some sources quote it to be 1909)
|Died||December 11, 1977 (aged 63)|
|Resting place||al-Auza’i Cemetery|
|Disciple of||Imam Yusuf al-Nabhani|
|ibn Ibrāhīm ibn Mustafā|
بن إبراهيم بن مصطفى
|Abu Kamāl al-Dīn|
|Birth name||Taqī al-Dīn|
|Other names||Other name/left empty/none|
|Children||Shaykh Kamal al-Din al-Nabhani|
|Parent(s)||Shaykh Ibrahim bin Mustafa al-Nabhani|
|Relatives||Imam Yusuf al-Nabhani (maternal grandfather)|
Muhammad Taqi al-Din bin Ibrahim bin Mustafah bin Ismail bin Yusuf al-Nabhani (1909 – December 11, 1977) was an Islamic scholar from Jerusalemwho founded the radical Islamist and anti-democratic political party Hizb ut-Tahrir.
Al-Nabhani was born in 1909 in a village by the name of Ijzim near Haifa in Ottoman Empire and belonged to Bani Nabhan tribe. His father was a lecturer in Sharia law and his mother was also an Islamic scholar.al-Nabhani studied Sharia law at Al-Azhar University and the Dar-ul-Ulum college of Cairo. He graduated in 1931 and returned to Palestine. There he was first a teacher and then as a jurist, rising to Sharia judge in the court of appeal. Disturbed by the creation of the state of Israel and the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and occupation of Palestine, he founded the Hizb ut-Tahrir party in 1953. The party was immediately banned in Jordan. Al-Nabhani was banned from returning to Jordan and settled in Beirut. He died on December 20, 1977.
Al-Nabhani proclaimed that the depressed political condition of Muslims in the contemporary world stemmed from the abolition of the Caliphate in 1924. Other causes of stagnation included the Ottoman Empire's closing of the doors of ijtihad, its failure to understand "the intellectual and legislative side of Islam", and neglect of the Arabic language.In his most famous works, written in the early 1950s, al-Nabhani expressed a radical disillusionment with the secular powers that had failed to protect Palestinian nationalism. He argued for a new caliphate that would be brought about by "peaceful politics and ideological subversion" and eventually cover the world replacing all nation states. Its political and economic order would be founded on Islamic principles, not materialism that, in his view, was the outcome of capitalist economies. al-Nabhani was critical of the way the Middle East had been carved up into nation states allied with various imperial powers.
Hizb ut-Tahrir did not attract a large following in the countries where it was established. Despite this, al-Nabhani's works have become an important part of contemporary Islamist literature.