Taqi al-Din al-Nabhani

Last updated
al-Shaykh

Abū Kamāl al-Dīn Muhammad Taqi al-Din bin Ibrāhim bin Mustafā bin Ismā'īl bin Yūsuf al-Nab'hāni
محمد تقي الدين بن إبراهيم بن مصطفى بن إسماعيل بن يوسف النبهاني
Taqiuddin Al Nabhani.jpg
al-Imām al-Shaykh Abū Kamāl al-Dīn Muhammad Taqi al-Din bin Ibrāhīm bin Mustafā bin Ismā'īl bin Yūsuf al-Nab'hāni
Founder and 1st Leader of Hizb ut-Tahrir
In office
1953 – December 11, 1977
Preceded byPosition Established
Succeeded by Shaykh Abdul Qadeem Zallum
Qadi of Haifa
In office
1938–1948
Titleal-Imam, al-Shaykh, al-Nabhani, Abu Kamal al-Din
Personal
Born
Muhammad Taqi al-Din bin Ibrahim bin Mustafa bin Ismail bin Yusuf al-Nabhani

1914 [1] (Some sources quote it to be 1909)
DiedDecember 11, 1977 (aged 63)
Resting placeal-Auza’i Cemetery
Religion Islam
Nationality
Citizenship
Ethnicity Arab
Era Modern era
Region Middle East
Denomination Sunni Islam
Jurisprudence Shafi'i
Creed Ashari
Movement
Political Party
Main interest(s)
Notable idea(s)
Notable work(s)
Alma mater
Teachers
Occupation
Senior posting
Disciple of Imam Yusuf al-Nabhani
Arabic name
Personal
(Ism)
Muhammad
محمد
Patronymic
(Nasab)
ibn Ibrāhīm ibn Mustafā
بن إبراهيم بن مصطفى
Teknonymic
(Kunya)
Abu Kamāl al-Dīn
Arabic-script kunya
Epithet
(Laqab)
Taqī al-Dīn
تقي الدين
Toponymic
(Nisba)
al-Nabhānī
النبهاني
Birth nameTaqī al-Dīn
Other namesOther name/left empty/none
Children Shaykh Kamal al-Din al-Nabhani
Parent(s)Shaykh Ibrahim bin Mustafa al-Nabhani
Relatives Imam Yusuf al-Nabhani (maternal grandfather)

Muhammad Taqi al-Din bin Ibrahim bin Mustafah bin Ismail bin Yusuf al-Nabhani (1909 – December 11, 1977) was an Islamic scholar from Jerusalem [3] who founded the radical Islamist and anti-democratic political party Hizb ut-Tahrir.

Hizb ut-Tahrir international Islamist, fundamentalist organization

Hizb ut-Tahrir is an international, pan-Islamist political organisation, which describes its ideology as Islam, and its aim as the re-establishment of the Islamic Khilafah (Caliphate) to resume the Islamic way of life in the Muslim world. The caliphate would unite the Muslim community (Ummah) upon their Islamic creed and implement the Shariah, so as to then carry the proselytising of Islam to the rest of the world.

Contents

Biography

Al-Nabhani was born in 1909 in a village by the name of Ijzim near Haifa in Ottoman Empire and belonged to Bani Nabhan tribe. His father was a lecturer in Sharia law and his mother was also an Islamic scholar. [4] al-Nabhani studied Sharia law at Al-Azhar University and the Dar-ul-Ulum college of Cairo. He graduated in 1931 and returned to Palestine. There he was first a teacher and then as a jurist, rising to Sharia judge in the court of appeal. [4] Disturbed by the creation of the state of Israel and the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and occupation of Palestine, he founded the Hizb ut-Tahrir party in 1953. The party was immediately banned in Jordan. Al-Nabhani was banned from returning to Jordan and settled in Beirut. He died on December 20, 1977. [4]

Ijzim

Ijzim was a village in the Haifa Subdistrict of British Mandate Palestine, 19.5 kilometers south of the city, that was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war. Many of its Palestinian inhabitants ended up as refugees in Jenin after a group of Israeli Special Forces, composed of members of the Golani, Carmeli and Alexandroni Brigades, attacked the village in Operation Shoter on 24 July 1948.

Haifa Place in Israel

Haifa is the third-largest city in Israel – after Jerusalem and Tel Aviv– with a population of 281,087 in 2017. The city of Haifa forms part of the Haifa metropolitan area, the second- or third-most populous metropolitan area in Israel. It is home to the Bahá'í World Centre, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a destination for Bahá'í pilgrims.

Ottoman Empire Former empire in Asia, Europe and Africa

The Ottoman Empire, also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman I. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror.

Political philosophy

Al-Nabhani proclaimed that the depressed political condition of Muslims in the contemporary world stemmed from the abolition of the Caliphate in 1924. Other causes of stagnation included the Ottoman Empire's closing of the doors of ijtihad, its failure to understand "the intellectual and legislative side of Islam", and neglect of the Arabic language. [5] In his most famous works, written in the early 1950s, al-Nabhani expressed a radical disillusionment with the secular powers that had failed to protect Palestinian nationalism. [6] He argued for a new caliphate that would be brought about by "peaceful politics and ideological subversion" [7] and eventually cover the world replacing all nation states. Its political and economic order would be founded on Islamic principles, not materialism that, in his view, was the outcome of capitalist economies. [6] al-Nabhani was critical of the way the Middle East had been carved up into nation states allied with various imperial powers. [6]

Caliphate Islamic form of government

A caliphate is an Islamic state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph, a person considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire ummah (community). Historically, the caliphates were polities based in Islam which developed into multi-ethnic trans-national empires. During the medieval period, three major caliphates succeeded each other: the Rashidun Caliphate (632–661), the Umayyad Caliphate (661–750) and the Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258). In the fourth major caliphate, the Ottoman Caliphate, the rulers of the Ottoman Empire claimed caliphal authority from 1517. During the history of Islam, a few other Muslim states, almost all hereditary monarchies, have claimed to be caliphates.

Ijtihad is an Islamic legal term referring to independent reasoning or the thorough exertion of a jurist's mental faculty in finding a solution to a legal question. It is contrasted with taqlid. According to classical Sunni theory, ijtihad requires expertise in the Arabic language, theology, revealed texts, and principles of jurisprudence, and is not employed where authentic and authoritative texts are considered unambiguous with regard to the question, or where there is an existing scholarly consensus (ijma). Ijtihad is considered to be a religious duty for those qualified to perform it. An Islamic scholar who is qualified to perform ijtihad is called a mujtahid.

Palestinian nationalism national movement of the Palestinian people

Palestinian nationalism is the national movement of the Palestinian people for self-determination in and sovereignty over Palestine. Originally formed in opposition to Zionism, Palestinian nationalism later internationalized and attached itself to other ideologies. Thus it has rejected the historic occupation of the Palestinian territories by Israel and the non-domestic Arab rule by Egypt over the Gaza Strip and Jordan over the West Bank.

Influence

Hizb ut-Tahrir did not attract a large following in the countries where it was established. Despite this, al-Nabhani's works have become an important part of contemporary Islamist literature. [8]

Related Research Articles

Islamism set of ideologies holding that Islam should guide social and political as well as personal life

Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts. The term can refer to diverse forms of social and political activism advocating that public and political life should be guided by Islamic principles or more specifically to movements which call for full implementation of sharia. It is commonly used interchangeably with the terms political Islam or Islamic fundamentalism. In academic usage, the term Islamism does not specify what vision of "Islamic order" or sharia are being advocated, or how their advocates intend to bring them about. In Western mass media it tends to refer to groups whose aim is to establish a sharia-based Islamic state, often with implication of violent tactics and human rights violations, and has acquired connotations of political extremism. In the Muslim world, the term has positive connotations among its proponents.

Shura

Shura is an Arabic word for "consultation". The Quran and the Prophet Muhammad encourage Muslims to decide their affairs in consultation with those who will be affected by that decision.

Pan-Islamism political movement advocating the unity of Muslims under one Islamic state – often a Caliphate[1] – or an international organization with Islamic principles

Pan-Islamism is a political ideology advocating the unity of Muslims under one Islamic country or state – often a Caliphate – or an international organization with Islamic principles. As a form of internationalism and anti-nationalism, Pan-Islamism differentiates itself from pan-nationalistic ideologies, for example Pan-Arabism, by seeing the ummah as the focus of allegiance and mobilization, excluding ethnicity and race as primary unifying factors. It portrays Islam as being anti-racist and against anything that divides the human race based on ethnicity.

Al-Muhajiroun is a banned terrorist Salafi jihadist organisation that is based in the United Kingdom and which has been linked to international terrorism, homophobia, and antisemitism. The group in its original incarnation operated in the United Kingdom from 14 January 1986 until the British Government announced an intended ban in August 2005. The group became notorious for its September 2002 conference, "The Magnificent 19", praising the September 11, 2001 attacks. The group mutates periodically so as to evade the law; it then operates under different aliases. It was proscribed under the UK Terrorism Act 2000 on 14 January 2010 together with four other organisations including Islam4UK, and again in 2014 as "Need4Khilafah".

Wassim Doureihi is a prominent member of Hizb ut-Tahrir (Australia), a global Islamic political party that advocates the re-establishment of the Caliphate in the Muslim world. He is a spokesman for the organisation.

[Data unknown/missing.]

<i>The Islamist</i> book by Ed Husain

The Islamist: Why I Joined Radical Islam in Britain, What I Saw Inside and Why I Left is a 2007 book about Ed Husain's five years as an Islamist. The book has been described as "as much a memoir of personal struggle and inner growth as it is a report on a new type of extremism." The son of pious Muslim parents from South Asia, living in East London, Husain joins the Islamist group Young Muslim Organization at the age of sixteen, before moving on to be active in Hizb ut-Tahrir while in college. After disheartening experiences with factional infighting and sectarian violence at his college, and unIslamic behavior while living in Saudi Arabia as an English teacher, Husain rejects political Islam and returns to "normal" life and his family. Husain describes his book as explaining "the appeal of extremist thought, how fanatics penetrate Muslim communities and the truth behind their agenda of subverting the West and moderate Islam."

Islam and secularism

The definition and application of secularism, especially the place of religion in society, varies among Muslim countries as it does among western countries. Secularism is often used to describe the separation of public life and civil/government matters from religious teachings and commandments, or simply the separation of religion and politics. Secularism in Muslim countries is often contrasted with Islamism, and secularists tend to seek to promote secular political and social values as opposed to Islamic ones. Among western scholars and Muslim intellectuals, there are some debates over secularism which include the understanding of political and religious authorities in the Islamic world and the means and degree of application of sharia in legal system of the state.

On 12 August 2007 one hundred thousand Muslims gathered in Indonesia to call for the return of the Caliphate. It was one of the largest political gatherings of Muslims ever to have taken place. The event was organised by the Islamist party, Hizb ut-Tahrir, whose stated intention is to create a new Caliphate encompassing the 'Muslim world'.

Taqi al-Din is an Arabic name for men.

Kamal al-Din al-Nabhani Does not exist. Many of the references, credentials and achievements on this page actually belong to Sheikh Taqi al-Din al-Nabhani, the alleged father. Who was Born in Ijzim, Haifa, and died in Beirut, Lebanon in 1977. Please refer to his page.

Naveed Butt is an Islamist politician, scholar and activist. He is the official spokesman of the Banned Islamist political party Hizb ut-Tahrir in Pakistan.

[Data unknown/missing.]

Hizb ut-Tahrir (Australia)

Hizb ut-Tahrir is an international pan-Islamist and fundamentalist political organisation. The organisation is considered a radical Islamic group and has come under scrutiny from the Australian government.

Hizb ut-Tahrir Britain

Hizb ut-Tahrir Britain is the British branch of Hizb ut-Tahrir, a transnational, pan-Islamist and fundamentalist group that seeks to re-establish "the Islamic Khilafah (Caliphate)" as an Islamic "superstate" where Muslim-majority countries are unified and ruled under Islamic Shariah law, and which eventually expands globally to include non-Muslim states such as Britain.

Hizb ut-Tahrir in Central Asia Islamist, fundamentalist organization

Hizb ut-Tahrir is a pan-Islamist and fundamentalist group seeking to re-establish "the Islamic Khilafah (Caliphate)" as an Islamic "superstate" where Muslim-majority countries are unified and ruled under Islamic Shariah law, and which eventually expands globally to include non-Muslim states. In Central Asia, the party has expanded since the breakup of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s from a small group to "one of the most powerful organizations" operating in Central Asia. The region itself has been called "the primary battleground" for the party. Uzbekistan is "the hub" of Hizb ut-Tahrir's activities in Central Asia, while its "headquarters" is now reportedly in Kyrgyzstan.

Abd al-Aziz bin Abdul-Lateef al-Badri was an Iraqi Islamic scholar. He was one of the founders of the Iraqi branch of Hizb ut-Tahrir and later their leader in Iraq.

Ansar al-Khilafah was an armed rebel group participating in the Syrian Civil War against the Syrian government and its allies. The group was founded in the Aleppo Governorate by five local Al-Nusra units and upon its foundation declared allegiance to Hizb ut-Tahrir.

References

  1. http://www.hizb-australia.org/2016/02/sheikh-muhammad-taqiuddin-al-nabhani/
  2. http://www.hizb-australia.org/2016/02/sheikh-muhammad-taqiuddin-al-nabhani/
  3. Umm Mustafa (28 February 2008). "Why I left Hizb ut-Tahrir". New Statesman. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  4. 1 2 3 Marshall Cavendish Reference. Illustrated Dictionary of the Muslim World. Marshall Cavendish. p. 124. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  5. Flood,, Christopher; Miazhevich,, Galina; Hutchings,, Stephen; et al., eds. (2012). Political and Cultural Representations of Muslims: Islam in the Plural. BRILL. p. 29.
  6. 1 2 3 Tripp (2010), p. 348.
  7. Ayoob, Mohammed (2008). The Many Faces of Political Islam: Religion and Politics in the Muslim World. University of Michigan Press. p. 138. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  8. Bosworth, C.E.; van Donzel, E.; Heinrichs, W.P.; Lecomte, G.; Bearman, P.J.; Bianquis, Th. (2000). Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume X (T-U). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 133. ISBN   9004112111.

Sources

Francis Christopher Rowland Robinson CBE, DL is a British historian and academic who specialises in the history of South Asia and Islam. Since 1990, he has been Professor of History of South Asia at the University of London. He has twice been president of the Royal Asiatic Society: from 1997 to 2000, and from 2003 to 2006.

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

Further reading