Taqi al-Din al-Nabhani

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al-Shaykh

Abū Kamāl al-Dīn Muhammad Taqi al-Din bin Ibrāhim bin Mustafā bin Ismā'īl bin Yūsuf al-Nab'hāni
محمد تقي الدين بن إبراهيم بن مصطفى بن إسماعيل بن يوسف النبهاني
Taqiuddin Al Nabhani.jpg
al-Imām al-Shaykh Abū Kamāl al-Dīn Muhammad Taqi al-Din bin Ibrāhīm bin Mustafā bin Ismā'īl bin Yūsuf al-Nab'hāni
Founder and 1st Leader of Hizb ut-Tahrir
In office
1953 – December 11, 1977
Preceded byPosition Established
Succeeded by Shaykh Abdul Qadeem Zallum
Qadi of Haifa
In office
1938–1948
Titleal-Imam, al-Shaykh, al-Nabhani, Abu Kamal al-Din
Personal
Born
Muhammad Taqi al-Din bin Ibrahim bin Mustafa bin Ismail bin Yusuf al-Nabhani

1914 [1] (Some sources quote it to be 1909)
DiedDecember 11, 1977 (aged 63)
Resting placeal-Auza’i Cemetery
Religion Islam
Nationality
Citizenship
Ethnicity Arab
Era Modern era
Region Middle East
Denomination Sunni Islam
Jurisprudence Shafi'i
Creed Ashari
Movement
Political Party
Main interest(s)
Notable idea(s)
Notable work(s)
Alma mater
Teachers
Occupation
Senior posting
Disciple of Imam Yusuf al-Nabhani
Arabic name
Personal
(Ism)
Muhammad
محمد
Patronymic
(Nasab)
ibn Ibrāhīm ibn Mustafā
بن إبراهيم بن مصطفى
Teknonymic
(Kunya)
Abu Kamāl al-Dīn
Arabic-script kunya
Epithet
(Laqab)
Taqī al-Dīn
تقي الدين
Toponymic
(Nisba)
al-Nabhānī
النبهاني
Birth nameTaqī al-Dīn
Other namesOther name/left empty/none
Children Shaykh Kamal al-Din al-Nabhani
Parent(s)Shaykh Ibrahim bin Mustafa al-Nabhani
Relatives Imam Yusuf al-Nabhani (maternal grandfather)

Muhammad Taqi al-Din bin Ibrahim bin Mustafah bin Ismail bin Yusuf al-Nabhani (1909 – December 11, 1977) was an Islamic scholar from Jerusalem [3] who founded the radical Islamist and anti-democratic political party Hizb ut-Tahrir.

Contents

Biography

Al-Nabhani was born in 1909 in a village by the name of Ijzim near Haifa in Ottoman Empire and belonged to Bani Nabhan tribe. His father was a lecturer in Sharia law and his mother was also an Islamic scholar. [4] al-Nabhani studied Sharia law at Al-Azhar University and the Dar-ul-Ulum college of Cairo. He graduated in 1931 and returned to Palestine. There he was first a teacher and then as a jurist, rising to Sharia judge in the court of appeal. [4] Disturbed by the creation of the state of Israel and the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and occupation of Palestine, he founded the Hizb ut-Tahrir party in 1953. The party was immediately banned in Jordan. Al-Nabhani was banned from returning to Jordan and settled in Beirut. He died on December 20, 1977. [4]

Political philosophy

Al-Nabhani proclaimed that the depressed political condition of Muslims in the contemporary world stemmed from the abolition of the Caliphate in 1924. Other causes of stagnation included the Ottoman Empire's closing of the doors of ijtihad, its failure to understand "the intellectual and legislative side of Islam", and neglect of the Arabic language. [5] In his most famous works, written in the early 1950s, al-Nabhani expressed a radical disillusionment with the secular powers that had failed to protect Palestinian nationalism. [6] He argued for a new caliphate that would be brought about by "peaceful politics and ideological subversion" [7] and eventually cover the world replacing all nation states. Its political and economic order would be founded on Islamic principles, not materialism that, in his view, was the outcome of capitalist economies. [6] al-Nabhani was critical of the way the Middle East had been carved up into nation states allied with various imperial powers. [6]

Influence

Hizb ut-Tahrir did not attract a large following in the countries where it was established. Despite this, al-Nabhani's works have become an important part of contemporary Islamist literature. [8]

References

  1. http://www.hizb-australia.org/2016/02/sheikh-muhammad-taqiuddin-al-nabhani/
  2. http://www.hizb-australia.org/2016/02/sheikh-muhammad-taqiuddin-al-nabhani/
  3. Umm Mustafa (28 February 2008). "Why I left Hizb ut-Tahrir". New Statesman. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  4. 1 2 3 Marshall Cavendish Reference. Illustrated Dictionary of the Muslim World. Marshall Cavendish. p. 124. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  5. Flood,, Christopher; Miazhevich,, Galina; Hutchings,, Stephen; et al., eds. (2012). Political and Cultural Representations of Muslims: Islam in the Plural. BRILL. p. 29.
  6. 1 2 3 Tripp (2010), p. 348.
  7. Ayoob, Mohammed (2008). The Many Faces of Political Islam: Religion and Politics in the Muslim World. University of Michigan Press. p. 138. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  8. Bosworth, C.E.; van Donzel, E.; Heinrichs, W.P.; Lecomte, G.; Bearman, P.J.; Bianquis, Th. (2000). Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume X (T-U). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 133. ISBN   9004112111.

Sources

Further reading