Tareen

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The Tareen (or Tarin) (Pashto : ترین) is a Pashtun tribe inhabiting southern Afghanistan, and western region of Pakistan. [1] [2]

Contents

History

Much of the tribe continues to live in their native lands in the southern parts of Afghanistan and Pishin in Baluchistan, Pakistan. [3] During the reign of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (1628 to 1658) a group of Tareen/Tarin emigrated to the area which is now the Hazara area of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. [3] [4] The Tareen Chiefs resisted the Sikh occupation of Hazara region which resulted in their properties/ land being usurped by Sikh armies. [4] [5]

Branches (Clans)

According to Ni'mat Allah al-Harawi in History of the Afghans, Tareen had three sons namely: Tor, Spin (Aspin or Speen) and Awdal/Born Tareen/Abdali. Their descendants today have adopted the names above as tribal identities and are known as Tor Tareen, Spin Tareen and Bor Tareen. These three major clans are further divided into smaller unit. [6] [7]

Languages

The principal languages of Tareen are Tareeno and Pashto and Urdu Punjabi in Pakistan.

Location

Tareens primarily live in Pishin, [8] Dukki, Loralai, Quetta, Mastung, and Harnai districts of Balochistan, while smaller populations are spread all over the province.

In Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, the tribe has 'Tareen Vand' in Mardan. [9] In Haripur, a number of Tareen families claim to have settled there since 1600s, after migrating mainly from Pishin and Kandahar. Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan who served a long tenure as the President of Pakistan was a Tareen from Rehana in Haripur. [3]

Notable people of Tareen descent

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References

  1. Caroe O. The Pathans 550 B.C.- A.D. 1957 Oxford University Press ISBN   978-0-19-577221-0. Page 521.
  2. Muhammad Hyat Khan, "Hayat i Afghan" (Orig. in Persian 1865) trans. by Priestley H. B. "Afghanistan and its Inhabitants", 1874; Reprint Lahore: Sang i Meel Press, 1981
  3. 1 2 3 "Panni 1969"
  4. 1 2 Hazara District Gazetteer 1883 and 1907.
  5. Rawalpindi Gazetteer 1890.
  6. Dorn B. History of the Afghans: translated from the Persian of Neamet Ullah Third edition p42.
  7. Elphinstone, II. p. 162.[ full citation needed ]
  8. PCO 200, p. 7.
  9. "Tazkira by Roshan Khan"
  10. World Catalog entry for Tarins poetry