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The Tarkani (Pashto : ترکاڼيtarkāṇī; Urdu : ترکانی) or Tarkalani (Pashto : ترکلاڼيtarkalāṇī; Urdu : ترکلانی) is a Pashtun tribe mainly settled in Bajaur Agency, Lower Dir district of Pakistan but originally hailed from the Laghman province of modern-day Afghanistan. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]

The Tarkani is split into four clans. These include Mamund (Kakazai and Wur), Salarzai, Isazai, and Ismailzai.

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Yusuf Khel, along with the Daulat Khel, Khulozai, Maghdud Khel, Mahmud Khel, Mahsud Khel and Umar Khel, is a sub-division of the Kakazai, Tarkanis/Mamund tribe of the Pashtuns located in Afghanistan and Pakistan.


  1. %22Tareekh-e-Kakazai%22 (a.k.a."Hidayat Afghani-Tareekh-e-Kakazai Tarkani" - (Originally Published May, 1933 in Urdu)
  2. "A Dictionary of the Pathan Tribes of the North West Frontier of India"published by The General Staff Army Headquarter, Calcutta, India - (Originally Published 1910) :: Kakazai / Kakayzai Pathan Tribe is mentioned on Page 22 (under ‘K’ -Kakazai), Page 12 (under ‘D’ - Daulat Khel - A sub-division of Kakazai Pathans), Page 26 (under 'K' - Khulozai - A sub-division of Kakazai Pathans), Page 29 (under ‘M’ - Maghdud Khel , Mahsud Khel and Mahmud Khel - sub-divisions of Kakazai Pathans), Page 47 (under 'U' - Umar Khel - A sub-division of Kakazai Pathans) and Page 50 (under 'Y' - Yusaf Khel - A sub-division of Kakazai Pathans)
  3. "Frontier and Overseas Expeditions from India" Volume One published by Government Mono Type Press, Simla, India - (Originally Published 1907) :: Kakazai / Kakayzai Pathan Tribe is mentioned between Page 515- 555-You can read these volumes online, thanks to Internet Archives though their market value is around $11000 ::
  4. Family Tree of Qais Abdul Rashid :: Spelled as Kaka Zai under the offsprings ofKharashboon (Khair ud Din) ::
  5. Tarkanri (Tarkalani or Tarkani) Tribe of Bajaur Agency and Dir - By "FATA Awareness Initiative"
  6. پښتانه قبيلی وپېژنئ - ډاکټر لطيف ياد - خېبر وېب پاڼه - pp 86-89 & 261-262 & 310-312 (in Pashto)