Tarleton

Last updated

Tarleton
Tarleton Holy Trinity.JPG
Tarleton Parish Church and Holy Trinity Primary School
Location map United Kingdom Borough of West Lancashire.svg
Red pog.svg
Tarleton
Shown within West Lancashire
Lancashire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tarleton
Location within Lancashire
Population5,652 (2011, parish)
OS grid reference SD445205
Civil parish
  • Tarleton
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PRESTON
Postcode district PR
Dialling code 01772
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
53°40′41″N2°50′28″W / 53.678°N 2.841°W / 53.678; -2.841 Coordinates: 53°40′41″N2°50′28″W / 53.678°N 2.841°W / 53.678; -2.841

Tarleton is a village and civil parish in North West England, situated in the Lancashire mosslands approximately 10 miles north east of the seaside town of Southport, approximately 10 miles south west of the city of Preston, approximately 10 miles west of the (formerly mining and cotton milling) town of Chorley, and approximately 10 miles north of the market town of Ormskirk. The village is known for farming due to its rich soil quality. The River Douglas runs northwards to the east of the village, which is locally thought to be where the Vikings camped on the river banks of what is now Tarleton.[ citation needed ] The parish also includes the village of Mere Brow and the hamlets of Sollom and Holmes.

Contents

History

Tarleton is derived from the Old Norse Tharaldr, a personal name and the Old English tun, a farmstead or enclosure. [1] The township was recorded as Tharilton in 1246 and subsequently Tarleton. [2] Tarleton is mentioned in the Feet of Fines in 1298. [3]

A local family with the Tarleton name either was named or gave its name to the early settlement by the reign of Richard II. The manor of Tarleton was part of the Montbegon or Hornby fee and divided into two moieties: two ploughlands were granted to John Malherbe and the remainder to the Banastres of Bretherton. In 1298 John Banastre of Bank held eight oxgangs of land in Tarleton. The Banastres held land in Tarleton of the Montbegons in 1526. This moiety of the manor passed to the Lilfords. The other moiety was granted to Roger de Douay, and then to Gilbert de Notton who gave Cockersand Abbey one ploughland. This portion, Holmeswood, was eventually acquired by the Heskeths of Rufford and sold to the Lilfords around 1886, uniting both portions. [2]

In the 19th century a labourer discovered a small leaden box without a lid containing about a hundred silver coins whilst digging in a copse. They were possibly from the 17th century. [4]

Governance

Tarleton was a chapelry in the parish of Croston and subsequently a parish in the Leyland hundred. In 1837 it joined the Ormskirk Poor Law Union. [4]

Tarleton is a civil parish in the South Ribble ward of West Lancashire Borough Council [5] and has a parish council. It is currently within the Parliamentary Constituency of South Ribble.

The Parish of Tarleton is divided into three administrative wards, Central (which includes Sollom), Hesketh Lane and Mere Brow (which includes Holmes).

Geography

Tarleton Lock, where the Leeds and Liverpool Canal joins the River Douglas Tarleton Lock.JPG
Tarleton Lock, where the Leeds and Liverpool Canal joins the River Douglas

Tarleton lies 8.5 miles (13.7 km) north-east of Ormskirk, covering 5,377 acres (2,176 ha) acres of flat land which was originally boggy towards the west. The River Douglas passes to the east and was made navigable in 1727. Tarleton includes the village of Mere Brow and the hamlet of Holmes, on the A565 to the west and Sollom, a small hamlet on the A59 to the south. [6] [7]

Tarleton mosses is an area of reclaimed mossland that stretches along the coastal plain from the Ribble Estuary in the north to the A565 in the south. It is a market gardening area with many glass houses. The farms and smallholdings have exploited the rich peat deposits. Beyond the smallholdings and green houses are arable fields. The built environment is dominated by ribbon development of modern bungalows along banked roads between Tarleton, Banks and Becconsall. [8]

Population

Population growth in Tarleton from 1881–2011
Year1881189119011911192119311951196119711981199120012011
Population1,9001,7721,8001,9972,1152,4072,7743,0013,6184,5454,7815,3505,652
Tarleton CP/Tn [9]

Demography

In the April 2001 census there were 2,736 females and 2,614 males living in Tarleton. The median age of population was 42 years and there were 2,571 dwellings recorded in the parish. [10] Crime rates in the area are relatively low in comparison with the national average. The Police UK website states that in the Tarleton area there were just five incidents of street crime and 19 occasions of Anti-social behaviour during March 2012. [11] According to the United Kingdom Census 2011, Tarleton parish had a population of 5,652. [12]

Economy

Mark Square shopping centre Mark Square, Tarleton.JPG
Mark Square shopping centre

The high quality soil of the former mossland means that a major economic activity in Tarleton is market gardening, particularly growing salad crops. [8]

Mark Square is a shopping area in the village centre where there are plans to build 30 shops and a number of residential properties.

Transport

Tarleton was served by the former Preston to Southport railway line which ran through Hesketh Bank until its closure in 1964. [13] The Rufford Branch of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal runs into the River Douglas at Tarleton Lock and was served by a goods branch line on the railway. The A565 road and the A59 road meet at Tarleton crossroads and provide main road transport links to the villages and surrounding area. The roads bypass the village and the crossroads junction separates the village from the hamlet of Sollom.

Landmarks

Holy Trinity Church on Church Road Holy Trinity Parish Church, Tarleton - geograph.org.uk - 138548.jpg
Holy Trinity Church on Church Road

The village has 18 listed buildings including barns, houses, farmhouses and St Mary's Church, which are of historical and architectural merit. [14] [15] The stone built 'Bank Bridge' (named after 'The Bank' which is the land that Bank Hall stands on), is Grade II listed and carries the A59 road over the Leeds and Liverpool Canal and River Douglas. [16] Holmeswood Hall, dated 1568, was built as a hunting or fishing lodge by the Heskeths of Rufford, and is a grade II listed farmhouse. [17]

Education

Tarleton Community Primary School and Tarleton Holy Trinity Church of England Primary School serve the village. Tarleton Academy, a Technology College, serves the surrounding villages. It has a swimming pool and sports grounds. The high school is the home to Air Training Corps, 471 (Hesketh Bank and Tarleton) Squadron led by Senior Air Marshal Elliot Young and a variety of sports clubs including cricket, football, rugby union and badminton clubs.

Religion

There was an ancient chapel dedicated to St Helen in the township. George Dandy, the priest, founded a chantry there in about 1525. A hermitage in the chapel yard was occupied by Hugh Dobson, a hermit of the Order of St Anthony, in about 1530. Sir Thomas Hesketh bought and demolished the chapel, leaving Tarleton without a place of worship. In 1650 the inhabitants of Tarleton, Holmes and Sollom built a Presbyterian church at Three Lanes End which was assigned a parish in 1658. It was little used and fell into ruin. [2]

In 1719 land was given, by Henrietta Maria Legh, of Bank Hall, for a new church close where the main road crosses the river. St. Mary's was the place of worship for the village until 1886. It is used for services once a year on "Old Church Sunday", the last Sunday in August. It was built in brick, with a belfry tower of stone added in 1824. The interior has its original simple fittings which includes box pews, a gallery and staircase. The chancel has a semi-octagonal apse. [2] [18]

St Mary's was replaced by Holy Trinity Church built in 1886 to the designs of W Basset-Smith. It was constructed in the neo-Gothic style with a tall spire. [19] It is situated next to Tarleton Church of England Primary School on Church Road. Holy Trinity Church has some Robert (Mouseman) Thompson furniture and woodwork, which is notable for the mice carved on them.

There is a Methodist chapel on Church Road, and a Roman Catholic church, Our Lady Help of Christians, on Hesketh Lane.

Local facilities

Tarleton Fire Station April 2010 Tarleton Fire Station April 2010.JPG
Tarleton Fire Station April 2010

Tarleton has a small public library; [20] The fire station in the village has a training tower and houses one appliance.

Tarleton is home to football and cricket pitches on Carr Lane. The pavilion, which is adjacent to these pitches, is organised and run by Tarleton Corinthians Football Club and Tarleton Cricket Club.

Tarleton Rugby Club have their own private clubhouse and bar that is open to the community on matchdays.

Notable people

A number of notable individuals were either born in Tarleton or have lived in the area.

See also

Related Research Articles

River Douglas, Lancashire

The River Douglas, also known as the River Asland or Astland, is a river that flows through the Lancashire region, being found in the ceremonial counties of Lancashire and Greater Manchester in the north-west of England. It is a tributary of the River Ribble and has itself several tributaries, the major ones being the River Tawd and the River Yarrow.

West Lancashire Borough in England

West Lancashire is a non-metropolitan district with borough status in Lancashire, England. Its council is based in Ormskirk, and the largest town is Skelmersdale. At the 2011 Census, the population of the borough was 110,685.

South Ribble Borough in England

South Ribble is a non-metropolitan district and borough of Lancashire, England. Its council is based in Leyland. The population, at the 2011 Census, was 109,057. In May 2007, the council was officially declared "Excellent" by the Audit Commission, of the best five district councils in the country.

West Lancashire (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

West Lancashire is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Rosie Cooper, a member of the Labour Party.

Rufford, Lancashire Human settlement in England

Rufford is a village in West Lancashire, England, where the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, Liverpool, Ormskirk and Preston Railway, the A59 and the River Douglas meet.

Croston Human settlement in England

Croston is a village and civil parish in Lancashire, England near Chorley. The River Yarrow flows through the village. The population of the civil parish taken at the 2011 census was 1,280.

Bretherton Human settlement in England

Bretherton is a small village and civil parish in the Borough of Chorley, Lancashire, England, situated to the south west of Leyland and east of Tarleton. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 669. Its name suggests pre-conquest origins and its early history was closely involved with the manor house Bank Hall and the families who lived there. Bretherton remained a rural community and today is largely residential with residents travelling to nearby towns for employment.

Holmeswood Human settlement in England

Holmeswood is a small agricultural village in West Lancashire, in the north-west of England. It lies just north of the Martin Mere Wetland Centre and to the south of North Meols about six miles east of the Irish Sea coast at Southport.

Hesketh Bank Human settlement in England

Hesketh Bank is a small agricultural village in Lancashire, England. It lies to the north-east of the town of Southport on the Irish Sea estuary of the River Ribble. The area falls under West Lancashire Borough Council for administrative purposes, and Hesketh-with-Becconsall Parish Council for parochial matters. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 4,041. It is in the South Ribble parliamentary constituency.

Banks, Lancashire Human settlement in England

Banks is a large coastal village in Lancashire, England, south of the Ribble estuary four miles (6 km) north-east of Southport. The village is administered by West Lancashire Borough and North Meols Parish Council. It is in the South Ribble parliamentary constituency. At the 2001 census, the population was 3,792.

Douglas Navigation

The Douglas Navigation was a canalised section of the River Douglas or Asland, in Lancashire, England, running from its confluence with the River Ribble to Wigan. It was authorised in 1720, and some work was carried out, but the undertakers lost most of the share money speculating on the South Sea Bubble. Alexander Leigh attempted to revive it eleven years later, and opened it progressively between 1738 and 1742. Leigh began work on a parallel canal called Leigh's Cut to improve the passage from Newburgh to Gathurst, but progress was slow and it was unfinished in 1771.

Rufford New Hall

Rufford New Hall is a former country house that belonged to the Heskeths who were lords of the manor of Rufford, Lancashire, England. It replaced Rufford Old Hall as their residence in 1760. From 1920 to 1987 it was used as a hospital and has subsequently been restored and converted for residential use. It was designated a Grade II listed building in 1986.

Mere Brow Human settlement in England

Mere Brow is a small village in Lancashire, England, situated between Tarleton and Banks, just off the A565 road. It is 6 miles (9 km) east of Southport and 10 miles (15 km) south west of Preston. It is administered by the West Lancashire Borough Council and the Tarleton parish council. It is in the West Lancashire parliamentary constituency. Mere Brow is the second largest village in the parish of Tarleton, the largest being Tarleton and the smallest being Holmes and Sollom.

Sollom Human settlement in England

Sollom is a hamlet in the parish of Tarleton, in Lancashire, England. It lies south of Tarleton and north of Rufford on the A59 road, giving the village good links to Preston, Southport and Liverpool.

Holmes, Lancashire Human settlement in England

Holmes is a hamlet in West Lancashire, England. It is adjacent to the larger village of Mere Brow, which is between the much larger villages of Banks to the west and Tarleton to the east. It is directly situated on the A565 road, which gives the village good links with Preston, Southport and Liverpool. Historically, the village was an agricultural settlement, due to the excellent soil, and farming is still important.

Hundred End Human settlement in England

Hundred End is a coastal hamlet in West Lancashire, England. It is 2 miles east of the larger village of Banks and 2 miles west of the larger village of Hesketh Bank.

The Bank Hall Estate is the demesne of the Jacobean mansion house of Bank Hall, including much of land around the village of Bretherton, which is owned by the Lilford Trust.

Rufford is a civil parish in the West Lancashire district of Lancashire, England. It contains ten buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England as designated listed buildings. Of these, one is listed at Grade I, the highest of the three grades, and the others are at Grade II, the lowest grade. The parish contains the villages of Rufford and Holmeswood, as well as the surrounding countryside. The most important building in the parish is Rufford Old Hall; this and associated structures are listed. The Rufford Branch of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal passes through the parish and a lock on it is listed. The other listed buildings include houses, a church and a cross base in the churchyard, and a public house.

Tarleton is a civil parish in the West Lancashire district of Lancashire, England. It contains 19 buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England as designated listed buildings. Of these, one is at Grade II*, the middle grade, and the others are at Grade II, the lowest grade. The parish contains the village of Tarleton, the hamlets of Holmes, Mere Brow and Sollom, and surrounding countryside. The Rufford Branch of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal and the River Douglas pass through the parish, and bridges crossing these are listed. The other listed buildings include farmhouses, farm buildings, other houses, a medieval cross base, a church, a war memorial, and a canal warehouse.

References

  1. Mills 1976 , p. 138
  2. 1 2 3 4 Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Tarleton", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6, British History Online, pp. 115–119, retrieved 14 September 2011
  3. Ekwall, E. (1940) The Concise Dictionary of English Place-names; 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press; p. 439
  4. 1 2 Lewis, Samuel (1848), "Tarleton", A Topographical Dictionary of England, British History Online, pp. 300–303, retrieved 1 December 2010
  5. Find your ward and local councillor, West Lancashire Council, archived from the original on 1 September 2012, retrieved 16 September 2011
  6. Local Governance, Tarleton Parish Council, archived from the original on 9 March 2012, retrieved 19 March 2011
  7. Tarleton Township Boundaries, GenUKI, retrieved 1 December 2010
  8. 1 2 A Landscape Strategy for Lancashire - Landscape Character Assessment, Mosslands, Lancashire County Council, archived from the original on 17 February 2010, retrieved 16 September 2011
  9. Tarleton Ch/CP: Total Population, Vision of Britain, retrieved 1 December 2010
  10. Area: Tarleton CP (Parish), Office for National Statistics, retrieved 20 June 2012
  11. Crime reported in March 2012 within 1 mile of Tarleton, Lancashire, UK, Police UK, retrieved 20 June 2012
  12. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Tarleton Parish (E04005314)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  13. Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 119. ISBN   978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC   60251199.
  14. Tarleton Listed Buildings map, Listed Buildings Online, retrieved 2 December 2010
  15. Reverend L. N. Forse, (1940 - 1946) "The Rectors Weekly Newsletter 1940 - 1946"
  16. "West Lancashire Council (2008) "Listed Buildings in West Lancashire"" (PDF). Westlancsdc.gov.uk. 6 June 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  17. ""Holmeswood Hall, Tarleton" at". Britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. 11 October 1968. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  18. Fleetwood-Hesketh, Peter (1955) Murray's Lancashire Architectural Guide. London: John Murray; p. 60
  19. Fleetwood-Hesketh (1955); p. 174
  20. "Welcome to the Library and Information Service web site". Lancashire County Council. Archived from the original on 20 April 2008. Retrieved 26 February 2008.
  21. Tarleton at IMDb

Bibliography