Tarn (department)

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Tarn
Albi au coucher du soleil.jpg
Old houses by the Agout River in Castres.jpg
Porte du Vainqueur 03.jpg
Nages (Tarn) - Lac du Laouzas -01.jpg
From top down, left to right: Albi and the Tarn River, old houses in Castres, street in Cordes-sur-Ciel and Lac du Laouzas
TarnFlag.gif
Flag
Blason departement fr Tarn.svg
Coat of arms
Tarn-Position.svg
Location of Tarn in France
Coordinates: 43°49′N2°12′E / 43.817°N 2.200°E / 43.817; 2.200 Coordinates: 43°49′N2°12′E / 43.817°N 2.200°E / 43.817; 2.200
Country France
Region Occitanie
DepartementSince 4 March 1790
Prefecture Albi
Subprefecture Castres
Government
   President of the Departmental Council Christophe Ramond (PS)
Area
[1]
  Total5,757.9 km2 (2,223.1 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total386,448
  Rank62
  Density67/km2 (170/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Tarnais
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code FR-81
Department number 81
Arrondissements 2
Cantons 23
Communes 314
Website http://www.tarn.fr

Tarn (French pronunciation:  [taʁn] or [ta:ʁ]; Occitan pronunciation:  [taɾ] ) is a department located in the Occitanie region of Southern France. Named after the Tarn River, it had a population of 386,448 as of 2016. Its prefecture and largest city is Albi. The inhabitants of Tarn are known, in French, as Tarnais and Tarnaises. [2]

Contents

History

Tarn is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790, through application of the Law of 22 December 1789. It was created from part of the former province of Languedoc, and comprised the dioceses of Albi and Castres (which found themselves merged in 1817).

The new department had five districts: Albi, Castres, Lavaur, Gaillac, Lacaune. The capitals (now prefectures) were, alternatively, Albi and Castres but, from 1790 to 1797, the capital was only Albi; in 1797, the capital was moved to Castres. [3] In 1800, Albi became again the capital of the department and the arrondissements were created; the department had four arrondissements: Albi, Castres, Gaillac and Lavaur. In 1926, the arrondissements of Gaillac and Lavaur were eliminated. [3]

By the law of 28 Pluviôse Year 5, the departments of Hérault and of Tarn exchanged the canton of Anglès (which had been part of the diocese of Saint-Pons, but which has remained in Tarn) for that of Saint-Gervais-sur-Mare (which had been part of the diocese of Castres, but which today remains in Hérault).

Geography

Topographic map of the Tarn department. Tarn topographic map-fr.svg
Topographic map of the Tarn department.

Tarn is part of the Occitanie region and has an area of 5,757.9 km2 (2,223 sq mi). [1] The department is surrounded by 5 departments, all belonging to the region Occitanie: Hérault to the southeast, Aude to the south, Aveyron to the north and east, Haute-Garonne to the southwest and west, as well as Tarn-et-Garonne to the northwest.

The slope of the department is from east to west, and its general character is mountainous or hilly. Tarn's three principal ranges lying to the south-east are: the Mountains of Lacaune, the Sidobre and the Montagne Noire, belonging to the Cévennes.

The stony and wind-blown slopes of the Mountains of Lacaune (Monts de Lacaune) are used for pasture. The highest point of the range and of the department is the Puech Montgrand, 1,267 m (4,157 ft) high; several other summits are not much short of this. The granite-strewn plateaux of the Sidobre, from 490 to 610 m (1,600 to 2,000 ft) high, separate the valley of the river Agout from that of its western tributary, the Thoré River. The Montagne Noire, on the southwestern border of the department, derives its name from the forests on its northern slope. Its highest point is the Pic de Nore at 1,211 m (3,973 ft) high.

The limestone and sandstone foot-hills are clothed with vines and fruit trees, and are broken by deep alluvial valleys of particular fertility. With the exception of a small portion of the Montagne Noire, which drains into the river Aude, the whole department belongs to the basin of the Garonne.

Demographics

Tarn has a population, in 2016, of 386,448, for a population density of 67.1 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Castres, with 192,432 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants. The arrondissement of Albi has 186,515 inhabitants. [4]

Population evolution

Population development since 1793:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793271,402    
1801270,908−0.02%
1806296,228+1.80%
1821313,713+0.38%
1831335,844+0.68%
1841351,795+0.47%
1851363,073+0.32%
1861353,633−0.26%
1872352,718−0.02%
1881359,223+0.20%
1891346,739−0.35%
1901332,093−0.43%
1911324,090−0.24%
1921295,588−0.92%
1931302,994+0.25%
1936297,871−0.34%
1946298,117+0.01%
1954308,197+0.42%
1962319,560+0.45%
1968332,011+0.64%
1975338,024+0.26%
1982339,345+0.06%
1990342,723+0.12%
1999343,402+0.02%
2006365,337+0.89%
2016386,448+0.56%
source: [5]

Urban centres

The 10 largest cities in Tarn, with more than 6,000 inhabitants, are:

CityPopulation
(2012) [4]
Arrondissement
Albi 49,231 Albi
Castres 41,529 Castres
Gaillac 13,820 Albi
Graulhet 11,890 Castres
Lavaur 10,242 Castres
Mazamet 10,093 Castres
Saint-Sulpice 8,327 Castres
Saint-Juéry 6,715 Albi
Labruguière 6,365 Castres
Aussillon 6,167 Castres

Administration

Administrative divisions

There are 2 arrondissements, 23 cantons and 323 communes in Tarn.

Arrondissement INSEE code Capital Population [4]
(2012)
Area
(km2)
Density
(inhabitants/km2)
Communes
Albi 811 Albi 186,515  2,732  68.3170
Castres 812 Castres 192,432  3,026  63.6153

Politics

Departmental Council of Tarn

The Departmental Council of Tarn has 46 seats. In the 2015 departmental elections, the Socialist Party (PS) won 26 seats and The Republicans (LR) and Union of Democrats and Independents (UDI) alliance won 18 seats; two miscellaneous right candidates complete the assembly composition. Christophe Ramond (PS) has been President of the Departmental Council since 2017.

Members of the National Assembly

Tarn elected the following members of the National Assembly during the 2017 legislative election:

ConstituencyMember [6] Party
Tarn's 1st constituency Philippe Folliot Centrist Alliance
Tarn's 2nd constituency Marie-Christine Verdier-Jouclas La République En Marche!
Tarn's 3rd constituency Jean Terlier La République En Marche!

See also

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The 2 arrondissements of the Tarn department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Albi, with 163 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 191,150 in 2016.
  2. Arrondissement of Castres, with 151 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 195,298 in 2016.
Arrondissement of Albi Arrondissement in Occitanie, France

The arrondissement of Albi is an arrondissement of France in the Tarn department in the Occitanie region. Its INSEE code is 811 and its capital city is Albi. It has 163 communes. Its population is 191,150 (2016), and its area is 2,731.7 km2 (1,054.7 sq mi). It is the northernmost of the arrondissements of the department.

Arrondissement of Castres Arrondissement in Occitanie, France

The arrondissement of Castres is an arrondissement of France in the Tarn department in the Occitanie region. Its INSEE code is 812 and its capital city is Castres. It has 151 communes. Its population is 195,298 (2016), and its area is 3,026.2 km2 (1,168.4 sq mi). It is the southernmost arrondissement of the department.

Arrondissement of Castelsarrasin Arrondissement in Occitanie, France

The arrondissement of Castelsarrasin is an arrondissement of France in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region. It has 103 communes. Its population is 77,423 (2016), and its area is 1,601.5 km2 (618.3 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Carcassonne Arrondissement in Occitanie, France

The arrondissement of Carcassonne is an arrondissement of France in the Aude department in the Occitanie région. Its INSEE code is 111 and its capital city is Carcassonne. It has 186 communes. Its population is 159,539 (2016), and its area is 2,309.7 km2 (891.8 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Béziers Arrondissement in Occitanie, France

The arrondissement of Béziers is an arrondissement of France in the Hérault department in the Occitanie région. Its INSEE code is 341 and its capital city is Béziers. It has 153 communes. Its population is 309,800 (2016), and its area is 3,091.2 km2 (1,193.5 sq mi).

The following is a list of the 23 cantons of the Tarn department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

Haut-Languedoc Regional Nature Park French regional natural park

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Caux-et-Sauzens Commune in Occitanie, France

Caux-et-Sauzens is a commune in the Aude department in southern France.

Lamontélarié Commune in Occitanie, France

Lamontélarié is a commune in the Tarn department in southern France.

The Tarn department, is situated in the southwest of France.

Sidobre

The Sidobre is a mountainous area located in the south of the Massif central, in central France. It is a 15.3 km long, 6.6 km wide plateau made of granite, covered with forests. Its highest point is in the lieu-dit “Le Patau”.

References

  1. 1 2 "Département du Tarn (81) – Résumé statistique". Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques – INSEE. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  2. "Tarn (81)" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  3. 1 2 "Historique du Tarn". Le SPLAF (in French). Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  4. 1 2 3 "Populations lègales 2012 – 81-Tarn". Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques – INSEE. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  5. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  6. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/