Tarvisio

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Tarvisio
Tarvis, Trbiž
Città di Tarvisio
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Main square with Sts. Peter and Paul Church
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Location of Tarvisio
Tarvisio
Italy provincial location map 2016.svg
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Tarvisio
Location of Tarvisio in Italy
Italy Friuli-Venezia Giulia location map.svg
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Tarvisio
Tarvisio (Friuli-Venezia Giulia)
Coordinates: 46°30′18″N13°34′42″E / 46.50500°N 13.57833°E / 46.50500; 13.57833 Coordinates: 46°30′18″N13°34′42″E / 46.50500°N 13.57833°E / 46.50500; 13.57833
Country Italy
Region Friuli Venezia Giulia
Frazioni Tarvisio Centrale, Camporosso in Valcanale, Cave del Predil, Coccau, Fusine in Valromana, Monte Lussari, Muda, Plezzut, Poscolle, Rutte, Sant'Antonio
Government
  MayorRenzo Zanette
Area
[1]
  Total205 km2 (79 sq mi)
Elevation
754 m (2,474 ft)
Population
 (2007) [2]
  Total4,962
  Density24/km2 (63/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Tarvisiani
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
33018
Dialing code 0428
Patron saint Saint Peter and Saint Paul
Saint dayJune 29
Website Official website

Tarvisio (German and Friulian : Tarvis, Slovene : Trbiž) is a comune in the northeastern part of the autonomous Friuli Venezia Giulia region in Italy.

Contents

Geography

View of Tarvisio in 1915. Tarvisio1915.jpg
View of Tarvisio in 1915.

The town is in the Canal Valley (Val Canale) between the Carnic Alps and Karawanks ranges in the north and the Julian Alps in the south. Located at the border with both Austria and Slovenia, Tarvisio and its neighbouring municipalities of Arnoldstein and Kranjska Gora form the tripoint of Romance, Germanic and Slavic Europe. The height west of the town centre marks the watershed between the Slizza creek, a tributary of the Gail River which is part of the Danube basin and the Fella River, a tributary of the Tagliamento discharging into the Adriatic Sea. Tarvisio together with the rest of the Canal Valley was part of Austria until 1919.

Tarvisio has access to the A23 Alpe-Adria autostrada, part of the European route E55, running from the Austrian A2 Süd Autobahn to Udine, and the A4 autostrada at Palmanova. The Tarvisio railway station is located at the new Pontebbana line from Villach to Udine opened in 2000, that replaced the tracks of the former Austro-Hungarian k.k. Staatsbahn built in 1879.

Climate

Despite the modest elevation, the city has a continental climate with cold winters (lowest recorded temperature is −23 °C (−9 °F) in January 1985). Summers can be very hot (highest recorded temperature of 37 °C (99 °F) in July 1983).

Climate data for Tarvisio (1971–2000, extremes 1953–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)13.6
(56.5)
18.4
(65.1)
22.7
(72.9)
25.8
(78.4)
30.2
(86.4)
31.6
(88.9)
37.2
(99.0)
35.2
(95.4)
29.8
(85.6)
25.2
(77.4)
21.0
(69.8)
14.4
(57.9)
37.2
(99.0)
Average high °C (°F)2.1
(35.8)
4.5
(40.1)
8.6
(47.5)
12.3
(54.1)
17.7
(63.9)
21.1
(70.0)
23.9
(75.0)
23.7
(74.7)
19.7
(67.5)
13.7
(56.7)
6.6
(43.9)
2.6
(36.7)
13.0
(55.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)−1.7
(28.9)
0.0
(32.0)
3.6
(38.5)
7.1
(44.8)
12.0
(53.6)
15.3
(59.5)
17.7
(63.9)
17.6
(63.7)
13.9
(57.0)
8.8
(47.8)
2.8
(37.0)
−0.8
(30.6)
8.0
(46.4)
Average low °C (°F)−5.5
(22.1)
−4.6
(23.7)
−1.3
(29.7)
1.8
(35.2)
6.4
(43.5)
9.5
(49.1)
11.5
(52.7)
11.5
(52.7)
8.2
(46.8)
4.0
(39.2)
−0.9
(30.4)
−4.3
(24.3)
3.0
(37.4)
Record low °C (°F)−23.2
(−9.8)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−20.5
(−4.9)
−10.8
(12.6)
−6.2
(20.8)
−1.2
(29.8)
2.4
(36.3)
1.8
(35.2)
−2.6
(27.3)
−7.1
(19.2)
−15.4
(4.3)
−18.9
(−2.0)
−23.2
(−9.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)69.1
(2.72)
66.7
(2.63)
93.3
(3.67)
132.9
(5.23)
123.7
(4.87)
154.3
(6.07)
141.2
(5.56)
119.4
(4.70)
140.0
(5.51)
153.8
(6.06)
131.1
(5.16)
91.5
(3.60)
1,417
(55.79)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)6.46.17.99.912.712.911.710.08.68.88.07.0110.0
Average relative humidity (%)81767473747471747679828376
Source 1: Servizio Meteorologico [3] [4]
Source 2: NOAA (humidity, 1961–1990) [5]

Languages

As a former component of the Austrian Empire, until 1918, the town, as was the rest of the Canal Valley, was overwhelmingly German- and Slovenian-speaking. Today the municipality speaks mostly Italian; German-speakers and Slovenes make up a substantial minority. In 2012, the mayor put up multilingual signs in four languages, Italian, German, Slovene, and the regional minority language of Friulian, saying "the inhabitants deserve to use their mother tongues freely."

Parishes

The comune of Tarvisio includes the following frazioni (fractional parishes):

Names in: Italian (German, Slovene, Friulian):
Riofreddo. Riofreddo Tarvisio Italy.JPG
Riofreddo.
Camporosso Church. Saifnitz Barockkirche 01.jpg
Camporosso Church.

History

As a place upon ancient trade routes across the Alps to Venice, Tarvisio's roots date back to Roman times. In 1007 Emperor Henry II vested the newly created Diocese of Bamberg with the Carinthian Canal Valley down to Pontebba, a region which had considerable importance because of nearby ore mines and ironworks, especially around the village of Fusine in Valromana (Weißenfels/Bela Peč/Fusinis). Tarvisio remained a southern exclave of the Prince-Bishopric of Bamberg, until in 1758 the bishop finally sold Tarvisio to the Habsburg Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. Until 1918 it was part of the Duchy of Carinthia, it received town privileges in 1909.

TARVIS in the Duchy of Carinthia (Austria-Hungary) in 1874 1874 Tarvis 10kr Karnten.jpg
TARVIS in the Duchy of Carinthia (Austria-Hungary) in 1874

Main sights

Mount Lussari Monte Lussari - Tarvisio.JPG
Mount Lussari

Tarvisio features include the parish church Saints Peter and Paul, built in the 15th century, as well as sceneries like the Fusine laghi mountain lakes. At the summit of the 1,789-metre (5,869 ft) Mount Lussari (Italian : Monte Lussari, German : Luschariberg, Slovene : Svete Višarje) is a pilgrimage church, where according to legend in 1360 a shepherd discovered a statue of Virgin Mary. The church and the nearby ski centre can be reached by cable car from Malborghetto Valbruna (German : Malborgeth-Wolfsbach, Slovene : Naborjet-Ovčja ves). The area around the Sella Nevea mountain pass between Tarvisio and Chiusaforte is also a popular ski resort.

Economy

For decades, Tarvisio benefited economically from people coming from Austria and Yugoslavia for shopping trips. However, trade at the notorious "Rag Market" diminished after the implementation of Schengen Agreement and the establishment of the Eurozone. Today, tourism and winter sports in the Karawanks, the Carnic Alps, and the Julian Alps have become important industries. Tarvisio is known for its heavy alpine snow, which attracts many tourists for skiing and snowboarding, especially school groups. It was host to the 2003 Winter Universiade and the Women's 2007 Alpine Skiing World Cup.

Transport

People

People who were born or lived in Tarvisio include:

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Cave del Predil Frazione in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

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Fusine in Valromana Frazione in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

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References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. "Tarvisio (UD)" (PDF). Atlante climatico. Servizio Meteorologico. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  4. "Tarvisio: Record mensili dal 1953" (in Italian). Servizio Meteorologico dell’Aeronautica Militare. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  5. "Tarvisio Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved February 23, 2016.