Tasikmalaya

Last updated
Tasikmalaya
Other transcription(s)
   Sundanese ᮒᮞᮤᮊ᮪ᮙᮜᮚ
Masjid Agung Tasikmalaya.jpg
Stasiun Tasikmalaya.jpg
Pangkalan TNI AU Wiriadinata, Tasikmalaya.jpg
Clockwise from the top:
Great Mosque of Tasikmalaya, Wiriadinata Airbase, Tasikmalaya Railway Station
City Flag of Tasikmalaya.svg
Logo Kota Tasikmalaya.png
Nickname(s): 
Dutch: Delhi Van Java
English: Delhi of Java
Motto(s): 
Indonesian: Kota Resik
English: Neaty City
Map of West Java highlighting Tasikmalaya City.svg
Location within West Java
Indonesia Java location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tasikmalaya City
Location in Java and Indonesia
Indonesia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tasikmalaya City
Tasikmalaya City (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 7°18′58″S108°11′51″E / 7.3161°S 108.1975°E / -7.3161; 108.1975 Coordinates: 7°18′58″S108°11′51″E / 7.3161°S 108.1975°E / -7.3161; 108.1975
Country Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
Province Flag of West Java (vectorised).svg  West Java
Founded2001
Government
  MayorMuhammad Yusuf
Area
   City 184.22 km2 (71.13 sq mi)
  Metro
729.4 km2 (281.6 sq mi)
Elevation
351 m (1,151 ft)
Population
 (2020 census)
   City 716,155
  Density3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
   Metro
1,339,891 (2,010)
  [1]
Time zone UTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Area code (+62) 265
Vehicle registration Z
Website tasikmalayakota.go.id

Tasikmalaya is a landlocked city in West Java, Indonesia. The city is sometimes dubbed kota santri (city of religious learners) or "the City of a Thousand Pesantrens" for its abundance of Islamic boarding schools. [2] Located around 120 kilometres (75 mi) southeast from the provincial capital of Bandung, Tasikmalaya is passed by Indonesian National Route 3.

Contents

The city is located in the mountainous Priangan region of Java at an elevation of 351 metres (1,151 feet).

The population of the city (excluding the Tasikmalaya Regency, which surrounds the city to the west, south and east) was 634,948 according to the 2010 census, [3] and increased to 716,155 at the 2020 census. [4] Its built-up (or metro) area made of Tasikmalaya City and 14 neighbouring districts spread over Tasikmalaya and Ciamis regencies was home to 1,339,891 inhabitants as at the 2010 census. [5]

Demographics

The population of the city Tasikmalaya according to the intermediate censuses in the years 2005 and 2015, and the full censuses in 2010 [6] and 2020, [7] are listed below:

YearPopulationDensity /(km²)
2005579,6713,147
2010634,9483,447
2015657,4773,569
2020716,1553,887

Administrative districts

Tasikmalaya city is divided into ten districts (kecamatan), listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 census [8] and the 2020 census. [9] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (desa and keluraham) in each district, and its post code.

NameArea
(in km2)
Population
census
2010
Population
census
2020
No. of
vill.
Post
code
Kawalu42.3384,93096,7801046182
Tamansari37.0063,07377,070846191
Cibeureum18.3961,23868,600946196
-46416
Purbaratu12.6338,13044,380646190
Tawang6.9162,64160,160546111
-46115
Cihideung5.4571,50771,950646121
-46126
Mangkubumi24.0085,19397,910846181
Indihiang10.8647,55457,570846151
-46411
Bungursari17.6245,73360,190746151
Cipedes9.0474,94981,560446131
-46134
Totals184.22634,948716,15569

-

1996 riot

The city of Tasikmalaya was the site of a widely reported riot in late December 1996. Four people were killed and several churches and dozens of mostly Chinese-owned businesses were destroyed in the violence, which was triggered by allegations of police brutality. It was also fueled and angered by frustration with allegedly corrupt local government officials. [10] The event was among the earliest of many riots with religion- and class-based undertones that occurred in Java during the late 1990s. [11]

Natural disasters

On 5 April 1982, the volcano of Gunung Galunggung erupted about 24 km from the city, causing major damage through lahar and ash projection, and forcing a temporary evacuation of the area.

On 2 September 2009 a magnitude 7 earthquake struck, destroying a number of buildings in the city and killing several people. [12]

On 26 June 2010, a magnitude 6.3 earthquake struck Tasikmalaya at 4:45pm Waktu Indonesia Barat (WIB). No injuries or destroyed buildings were reported. [13]

On 20 May 2012, a magnitude 5 earthquake struck. It happened at 07:37pm Waktu Indonesia Barat (WIB). No injuries or destroyed buildings were reported. [14]

Toll Road

A toll road was planned to be built in 2018 connecting Tasikmalaya and Bandung's Ring Road 2. [15]

Wiriadinata Airport

Wiriadinata Airport in Cibeureum (also called Cibeureum Airport) was solely a military airport, but on 9 June 2017 it became a military airport with a civil airport enclave. With its 1,200 metres runway, it can accommodate ATR 72-600 aircraft. [16]

Archeology

Several Idols of the Gods, including Ganesha were found at the banks of the Parit Galunggung river in 2020. [17]

Climate

Tasikmalaya has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with heavy to very heavy rainfall year-round.

Climate data for Tasikmalaya
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)29.4
(84.9)
29.7
(85.5)
29.8
(85.6)
29.9
(85.8)
29.8
(85.6)
29.0
(84.2)
27.8
(82.0)
28.2
(82.8)
28.7
(83.7)
29.6
(85.3)
29.5
(85.1)
29.5
(85.1)
29.2
(84.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)25.6
(78.1)
25.6
(78.1)
25.7
(78.3)
25.8
(78.4)
25.7
(78.3)
24.8
(76.6)
23.9
(75.0)
24.0
(75.2)
24.5
(76.1)
25.4
(77.7)
25.6
(78.1)
25.7
(78.3)
25.2
(77.4)
Average low °C (°F)21.8
(71.2)
21.5
(70.7)
21.6
(70.9)
21.7
(71.1)
21.6
(70.9)
20.6
(69.1)
20.1
(68.2)
19.9
(67.8)
20.3
(68.5)
21.3
(70.3)
21.8
(71.2)
21.9
(71.4)
21.2
(70.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches)351
(13.8)
293
(11.5)
315
(12.4)
248
(9.8)
279
(11.0)
227
(8.9)
177
(7.0)
244
(9.6)
315
(12.4)
288
(11.3)
288
(11.3)
362
(14.3)
3,387
(133.3)
Source: Climate-Data.org [18]

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