Tatabánya in June 2008
|• Mayor||Ilona Szűcsné Posztovics (Independent)|
|• Town Notary||Dr. Gergely Berkovics|
|• Total||91.42 km2 (35.30 sq mi)|
|Elevation||167 m (548 ft)|
|Distance from Budapest||60.1 km (37.3 mi) East|
Tatabánya ( [ˈtɒtɒbaːɲɒ] ; German : Totiserkolonie; Slovak : Banská Stará) is a city of 65,849 inhabitants in northwestern Hungary, in the Central Transdanubian region. It is the capital of Komárom-Esztergom County.
The city is located in the valley between the Gerecse and Vértes Mountains, some 55 km (34 mi) from the capital. By virtue of its location, the city is a railway and road junction. The M1 (also European routes E60, E75) motorway from Vienna to Budapest passes through the outer city limits, and the Vienna-Budapest railway line also passes through the city.
Archaeological findings prove that humans have been living here since the Stone Age. The three historic predecessor settlements of Tatabánya are Alsógalla, Felsőgalla, and Bánhida. Bánhida is the earliest settlement, it was first mentioned in 1288.[ citation needed ]
In the 16th century, the Ottoman Turks occupied the area. Around this time, the inhabitants became Protestants. Later, its feudal lords, the Esterházys populated the area with Roman Catholic German and Slovak settlers.
According to the 1787 census, Alsógalla had 580 and Felsőgalla had 842 inhabitants. The coal resources of the area were discovered around this time. The population began to grow, and a new mining colony was formed, later developing into the village of Tatabánya. [ citation needed ]
During the industrialization wave that took over the country after World War II, several Hungarian towns developed into large industrial cities. [ citation needed ] The four villages were united on October 1, 1947, under the name Tatabánya and it was elevated to town status. [ citation needed ] In 1950, it became the county capital of Komárom-Esztergom county (then called Komárom county.) [ citation needed ] By the 1980s, it had more than 80,000 inhabitants. [ citation needed ]
The industrial character of the city was significant until the fall of the Socialist government and the following political changes of 1989. [ citation needed ] After that, the importance of heavy industry and mining decreased and the economic structure of the city has changed remarkably. [ citation needed ]
|Largest groups of foreign residents|
This section needs additional citations for verification .(September 2019)
According to the 2001 census, Tatabánya had 28,912households and 92% of them had central heating and telephone access. Almost all households have access to the cable TV network. 98% of the city roads are paved, mass transport is well organized. T-Busz provides local bus services and KNYKK provides the regional bus services.
Until the mid-20th century, educational standards in the city were average, but in the second half of the century they deteriorated to below average, mostly because the local mines did not require their employees to have a high level of education. By the end of the 20th century, this trend had reversed again. The city currently has two colleges, ten secondary schools, 16 primary schools,18 kindergartens, and five crèches.
The most important cultural institution is the Mari Jászai Theatre. The city has several other institutions, including museums and libraries.
Tatabánya has a football team called FC Tatabánya, founded in 1910. The town also has a successful handball team, Tatabánya Carbonex KC.
One of Tatabánya's most prominent residents is József Kiprich, formally known as "the Wizard from Tatabánya". He became the top goalscorer in the Hungarian League in 1985, scoring 18 goals in 26 matches. In total, he played nine seasons at Tatabánya before making the move to the Netherlands. He had just played his first match in his 10th season at Tatabánya when Feyenoord of Rotterdam got interested in signing him. Kiprich didn't hesitate and signed a contract and left Tatabánya for Rotterdam. [ citation needed ]He is also one of Hungary's top goal scorers. In eleven seasons of football with the Hungarian national team, "the Wizard" managed to score 28 goals in 70 appearances.
The Turul monument, above the city on the top of Gerecse Mountain, is the largest bird statue in Central Europe.
The Szelim cave and the forest park of Gerecse Mountain are local tourist attractions.
The mayor of Tatabánya is Ilona Szücsné Posztovics (DK).
The local Municipal Assembly, elected at the 2019 local government elections, is made up of 18 members (1 Mayor, 12 Individual constituencies MEPs and 5 Compensation List MEPs) divided into this political parties and alliances:
|Party||Seats||Current Municipal Assembly|
|Our Homeland Movement||1|
List of City Mayors from 1990:
|Member||Party||Term of office|
|János Bencsik||Fidesz (-KDNP)||1990–2010|
|Ilona Szücsné Posztovics||Independent||2019–|
Tatabánya is divided into eight districts:
Tatabánya is twinned with:
Tatabánya also maintains partnerships with:
Komárom is a city in Hungary on the south bank of the Danube in Komárom-Esztergom county. Komárno, Slovakia, is on the northern bank. Komárom was formerly a separate village called Újszőny. In 1892 Komárom and Újszőny were connected with an iron bridge and in 1896 the two towns were united under the name city of Komárom. The fortress played an important role in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 and many contemporary English sources refer to it as the Fortress of Comorn.
Győr is the most important city of northwest Hungary, the capital of Győr-Moson-Sopron County and Western Transdanubia region, and—halfway between Budapest and Vienna—situated on one of the important roads of Central Europe. It is the sixth largest city in Hungary, and one of its seven main regional centres.
Esztergom is a city in northern Hungary, 46 kilometres northwest of the capital Budapest. It lies in Komárom-Esztergom county, on the right bank of the river Danube, which forms the border with Slovakia there.
Komárom-Esztergom is an administrative Hungarian county in Central Transdanubia Region; its shares its northern border the Danube with Slovakia. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties of Győr-Moson-Sopron, Veszprém, Fejér and Pest and the Slovakian Nitra Region. Its county seat is Tatabánya.
Békéscsaba is a city in Southeast Hungary, the capital of Békés County.
Tata, is a town in Komárom-Esztergom county, northwestern Hungary, 9 km (6 mi) northwest of the county town Tatabánya.
The Little Hungarian Plain or Little Alföld is a plain of approximately 8,000 km² in northwestern Hungary, south-western Slovakia, and eastern Austria. It is a part of the Pannonian plain which covers most parts of Hungary.
Dorog is a small town in Komárom-Esztergom, Hungary. It lies 38 km (24 mi) north-west from the center of Budapest.
Piliscsaba is a town in Budapest metropolitan area, Hungary, located in northwestern Pest County, near the border of Komárom-Esztergom in a valley between the Buda and Pilis hills. It is accessible by Highway 10 and lies on the Budapest-Esztergom rail line, 24 km (15 mi) from the center of Budapest. The surrounding hills are 200–400 metres (660–1,310 ft) meters high.
FC Tatabánya is a Hungarian football club based in Tatabánya. They play their home games at Stadion Gyula Grosics.
Vértesszőlős is a village in Komárom-Esztergom county, Hungary. It is most known for the archaeological site where a Middle Pleistocene human fossil, known as "Samu", was found.
Dunakeszi is a city in Pest county, Budapest metropolitan area, Hungary. It is located to the north of Budapest on the left bank of the Danube.
The Szelim cave is located in northwestern Hungary at the western margin of the Gerecse Mountains, 289 m (948 ft) above the Által-ér Valley near Tatabánya city. The cave interior is 45 m (148 ft) long and 14 m (46 ft) high. The site has been regularly frequented and used as a shelter by local villagers over the centuries, is easily accessible and its huge rectangular entrance features a memorial of the Turul.
Gerecse is a mountain range in north-western Hungary, that belongs to the Transdanubian Mountains
Bánhida is the oldest quarter of the city of Tatabánya in north-western Hungary. Inhabited since ancient times, excavations in this area have uncovered finds from the Bronze Age and the Roman era. It is hypothesized that the name derives from a former landowner named Bán who owned a bridge across the Rákos River.
Csaba Schmidt is a Hungarian chemist and politician, member of the National Assembly (MP) from Fidesz Komárom-Esztergom County Regional List between 2010 and 2014. He was elected mayor of Tatabánya on 3 October 2010.
The Duna-Gerecse area is located in Hungary on the territory of the Komárom-Esztergom County on the right side of the Danube at the Slovakian border. The area is not an independent administrative entity, it basically consists of the surroundings of three major cities – Komárom, Tatabánya and Tata.
Esztergom is a district in north-eastern part of Komárom-Esztergom County. Esztergom is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Central Transdanubia Statistical Region.
Tatabánya is a district in south-eastern part of Komárom-Esztergom County. Tatabánya is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Central Transdanubia Statistical Region.
Tata is a district in northern part of Komárom-Esztergom County. Tata is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Central Transdanubia Statistical Region.
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