|Taung Pyinthe |
|Queen of the Southern Palace|
|Tenure||1112 – ?|
|Predecessor||Thanbula as Chief Queen|
|Successor||Ti Lawka Sanda Dewi as Chief Queen|
|Issue||Taung Phya |
Taung Pyinthe (Burmese : တောင်ပြင်သည်, pronounced [tàʊɴ bjìɴ ðɛ̀] ; lit. "Queen of the Southern Palace") was a queen consort of King Sithu I of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).
The royal chronicles do not state her personal name or any other distinguishing titles. Based on her title as Queen of the Southern Palace, she technically should have been the chief queen but chronicles list her fourth in line behind queens Yadanabon, Ti Lawka Sanda Dewi and Yazakumari.Chronicles also say that all four senior queens participated in Sithu's coronation ceremony when traditionally only the chief queen would.
The queen and Sithu I had two daughters: Taung Phya and Shwe Kyu.Her younger sister Khin U, a four-time widow and mother of four daughters, became a consort of Sithu I.
Uzana I of Pinya was king of Pinya from 1325 to 1340. Of Pagan royalty, Uzana inherited a disunited kingdom, which fell apart right after his predecessor Thihathu's death. Not only could he not retake the northern Sagaing Kingdom but he also had little control over his southern vassals. Even in his core power base in present-day central Myanmar (Burma), Uzana faced a serious rival in his half-brother Kyawswa. He ultimately lost the power struggle, and abdicated the throne in 1340 to a regent. He lived out his last years as a monk in Mekkhaya.
Kyaswa of Sagaing was king of Sagaing from 1339 to 1349. The eldest son of the founder of the kingdom Saw Yun was placed on the throne by Chief Minister Nanda Pakyan who ran the country.
Shin Saw Gyi was a chief queen consort of King Swa Saw Ke of Ava. She was also a principal queen of kings Kyawswa II of Pinya and Narathu of Pinya. She was a granddaughter of King Saw Yun, the founder of Sagaing Kingdom, and a sister of King Thado Minbya, the founder of Ava Kingdom. She was originally a queen consort of Swa, and was given the title of Queen of the Northern Palace and Pinya in fief. She became the chief queen after Queen Khame Mi died, and became the Queen of the Southern Palace.
Yadanabon was the first chief queen consort of King Sithu I of Pagan Dynasty of Burma (Myanmar). The queen was the mother of Crown Prince Min Shin Saw. She was still alive in 1151/52 when she successfully persuaded her husband to change the prison sentence for Min Shin Saw to an exile. The queen apparently did not outlive her husband; according to the royal chronicles, she was succeeded as chief queen (Usaukpan) by Ti Lawka Sanda Dewi.
Myauk Pyinthe was a queen consort of three kings of Pagan, Saw Rahan II, Kunhsaw Kyaunghpyu and Sokkate, and the mother of King Anawrahta, the founder of the Pagan Empire.
Min Phyu was a principal queen consort of King Nanda of Toungoo Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma) from 1583 to 1596. The eldest daughter of Viceroy Minkhaung II of Toungoo, along with her two younger sisters Min Htwe and Min Pu, married her first cousin Nanda in 1583. The marriages of state solidified the ties between Minkhaung II and Nanda, the High King.
Weluwaddy was a chief queen consort of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar. According to the royal chronicles, Sithu II overthrew his brother King Naratheinkha after his brother seized his wife Weluwaddy in 1174.
Taung Pyinthe was the Chief queen consort of kings Saw Rahan II and Kunhsaw Kyaunghpyu of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar. She was also the mother of King Kyiso.
Ale Pyinthe was a queen consort of kings Saw Rahan II and Kunhsaw Kyaunghpyu of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar. She was also the mother of King Sokkate.
Taung Pyinthe was the chief queen consort of King Narathu of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).
Myauk Pyinthe was a queen consort of King Narathu of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).
Min Aung Myat was the chief queen consort of King Naratheinkha, and the Queen of the Southern Palace of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). King Sithu I and Queen Khin U were her maternal grandparents. Naratheinkha and Sithu II were her second cousins. She and Naratheinkha were married by their grandfather king. She had a daughter Saw Pyei Chantha with Naratheinkha but their child died in early 1170s during the reign of Naratheinkha.
Saw Lat was a queen consort of kings Naratheinkha and Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).
Saw Ahlwan was a queen consort of kings Naratheinkha and Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).
Taung Pyinthe was the second chief queen consort of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).
Wadanthika was the second Queen of the Central Palace of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). She may also have been Sithu II's chief queen for a brief period.
Minkhaung Medaw was a principal queen of King Taka Yut Pi of Hanthawaddy (Ramanya) from c. 1535 to 1539, and of King Min Bin of Mrauk U (Arakan) from c. 1540 to 1554. A daughter of King Bayin Htwe of Prome, the queen is also referred to as Pegu Mibaya and Tanzaung Mibaya in the royal chronicles.
Thray Sithu of Myinsaing was a Burmese royal who served as a senior minister at the court of Ava from 1400 to 1426. A grandson of two kings, the prince was governor of Myinsaing, the ancestral home of the Pinya–Sagaing–Ava dynasties, from c. 1386 to 1426. He was also Ava's wartime Viceroy of Arakan for a few months in 1408–1409.
Sithu Thanbawa was a Burmese prince who held in fief the Five Irrigated Districts of the Ava Kingdom in the late 14th century. Descended from the Pagan royal lines from both sides, the prince was an ancestor of kings Mingyi Nyo, Tabinshwehti and Nanda of the Toungoo dynasty.
Taung Pyinthe (Sithu I)
as Chief Queen
| Queen of the Southern Palace |
1112 – ?
Ti Lawka Sanda Dewi
as Chief Queen