Taupō (New Zealand electorate)

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Taupo electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election Taupo electorate, 2014.svg
Taupō electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election

Taupō (before 2008 spelled Taupo with no macron) is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. Taupo first existed between 1963 and 1981, and was recreated for the introduction of MMP in 1996. The current MP for Taupō is Louise Upston of the National Party. She has held this position since 2008.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.

Contents

Electorate profile

The Taupō electorate is based on the central North Island communities around Lake Taupo and the South Waikato District, including Turangi, Taupo, Tokoroa, Putaruru, Tirau, and Cambridge. [1]

Lake Taupo New Zealands largest lake

Lake Taupo is a lake in the North Island of New Zealand. It is in the caldera of the Taupo Volcano. With a surface area of 616 square kilometres (238 sq mi), it is the largest lake by surface area in New Zealand, and the second largest freshwater lake by surface area in geopolitical Oceania after Lake Murray. Motutaiko Island lies in the south east area of the lake.

Turangi Place in Waikato, New Zealand

Turangi is a small town on the west bank of the Tongariro River, 50 kilometres south-west of Taupo on the North Island Volcanic Plateau of New Zealand. It was built to accommodate the workers associated with the Tongariro hydro-electric power development project and their families. The town was designed to remain as a small servicing centre for the exotic forest plantations south of Lake Taupo and for tourists. It is well known for its trout fishing and calls itself "The trout fishing capital of the world". The major Māori hapu (tribe) of the Turangi area is Ngāti Tūrangitukua.

Taupo Secondary urban area in North Island, New Zealand

Taupo is a town on the shore of Lake Taupo, which occupies the caldera of the Taupo Volcano in the centre of the North Island of New Zealand. It is the seat of the Taupo District Council and lies in the southern Waikato Region.

In 2013, one quarter (24.9%) of people in the Taupō electorate belonged to the Māori ethnic group – the sixth-highest share in New Zealand. The proportions of those working in the electricity, gas, water and waste services industry (1.3%), the accommodation, cafe, and restaurant industry (7.5%), and in arts and recreation services (2.4%), were well above the national average. [1]

Māori people Indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand

The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand. Māori originated with settlers from eastern Polynesia, who arrived in New Zealand in several waves of canoe voyages some time between 1250 and 1300. Over several centuries in isolation, the Polynesian settlers developed a unique culture, with their own language, a rich mythology, and distinctive crafts and performing arts. Early Māori formed tribal groups based on eastern Polynesian social customs and organisation. Horticulture flourished using plants they introduced; later, a prominent warrior culture emerged.

History

The Taupo electorate was first created for the 1963 election and it existed until 1981. The former electorate was much smaller than the current one, since it did not contain the western side of Lake Taupo, nor Cambridge, nor the Ruapehu towns. It was a marginal seat and frequently changed between National and Labour.

1963 New Zealand general election

The 1963 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of New Zealand Parliament's 34th term. The results were almost identical to those of the previous election, and the governing National Party remained in office.

1981 New Zealand general election

The 1981 New Zealand general election, held on 28 November 1981, was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the 40th New Zealand Parliament. It saw the governing National Party, led by Robert Muldoon, win a third term in office, but the opposition Labour Party, led by Bill Rowling, won the largest share of the votes cast.

The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.

The current Taupō electorate was created ahead of the introduction to mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting in 1996. It is a merger of the old marginal seat of Tongariro with the western half of the safe National seat of Waikaremoana. Prior to the 2008 election, the electorate pulled south to take in the northern and western parts of Ruapehu District.

1996 New Zealand general election

The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.

Tongariro is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1984 to 1996. During the four parliamentary terms of its existence, it was represented by three members of parliament.

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

In the 2007 redistribution conducted after the 2006 census, the northern and western parts of Ruapehu District containing Taumarunui, Raetihi and Ohakune were assigned to Rangitīkei. At the same time, low population growth in the south-central North Island coupled with high population growth in and around Auckland has meant Cambridge moved out of the now defunct Piako electorate and into Taupō. [2] No boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent 2013/14 redistribution. [3] No boundary changes were made in the 2014 redistribution.

Taumarunui Town in Manawatu-Wanganui, New Zealand

Taumarunui is a small town in the King Country of the central North Island of New Zealand. It is on an alluvial plain set within rugged terrain on the upper reaches of the Whanganui River, 65 km south of Te Kuiti and 55 km west of Turangi. It is under the jurisdiction of Ruapehu District, Manawatu-Wanganui Region.

Raetihi Minor urban area in Manawatu-Wanganui, New Zealand

Raetihi is a town in the central North Island of New Zealand. It is located at the junction of State Highways 4 and 49, 11 kilometres west of Ohakune. The 2013 New Zealand census recorded its population as 1,002. This constitutes a decrease of 3.2% or 33 people since the 2006 census. 65.3% of residents identified as Māori, 55% European, 2.7% Pacific and 1.2% Asian. The Waimarino district stretches from Mount Ruapehu to the Wanganui River encompassing Raetihi, Pipiriki, Karioi, Horopito, Waiouru, Rangataua and Ohakune. There is evidence of Maori people living here in the fourteenth century. The Ngati Uenuku dwelled at Raetihi and Waimarino. There is little evidence of large permanent settlements but hunting parties were common during warmer months.

Ohakune Minor urban area in Manawatu-Wanganui Region, New Zealand

Ohakune is a small town in the North Island of New Zealand, situated 215 kilometres north of Wellington and 292 kilometres south of Auckland. It is located at the southern end of the Tongariro National Park, close to the southwestern slopes of the active volcano Mount Ruapehu. Located within the Manawatu-Wanganui region, the town is 70 kilometres northeast of Wanganui and 25 kilometres west of Waiouru.

Taupō has twice returned Mark Burton with a majority of around a thousand – in 1996, when Labour's post-1990 fortunes were at their lowest and New Zealand First went on to take a large bite out of their vote; and again in 2005, when National consolidated the centre-right vote, and at the same time won 2,000 more party votes than Burton's Labour party. At the intermediate two MMP elections, Burton was safely returned, thanks in part to a heavy disenchantment with the National Party among its formerly loyal voters. In the political climate in 2008, with the dominance of the National Party in Cambridge, which contributed over ten thousand new voters to the seat, Louise Upston won the seat with a majority of over 6,000. [4] [5] In the 2011 election, Upston more than doubled her majority to 14,115 votes. [6] Her majority increased to 15,046 votes in the 2014 election. [7]

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.

Key  National     Labour   

ElectionWinner
1963 election Rona Stevenson
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election Jack Ridley
1975 election Ray La Varis
1978 election Jack Ridley
1981 election Roger McClay
(Electorate abolished 1984–1996;
see Tongariro and Waikaremoana)
1996 election Mark Burton
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Louise Upston
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

As of 2014 no candidates that have contested the Taupō electorate have been returned as list MPs.

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Taupo [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Louise Upston 24,61121,74453.7
Labour Ala Al-Bustanji10,27611,68328.9
Green Julie Sandilands3,1181,388
Outdoors Alan Frank Simmons81468
Conservative Denis Shuker321111
NZ First  3,634
Opportunities  918
Māori  262
ACT  194
Legalise Cannabis  120
Ban 1080  108
People's Party  33
Mana  15
Democrats  13
United Future  12
Internet  6
Informal votes658151
Total Valid votes39,79840,460
National holdMajority14,335

2014 election

2014 general election: Taupō [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Louise Upston 22,42862.59−1.0620,70356.94+0.63
Labour Jamie Strange 7,40220.64−0.096,75218.57−1.71
NZ First Edwin Perry 2,3106.44+1.853,73010.26+1.87
Green Dave Robinson1,9345.39−0.862,2246.12−1.43
Conservative Lance Gedge8912.48−0.261,2364.75+1.09
Māori Claire Winitana3661.02+1.022980.82+0.15
United Future Alan Simmons1430.40−0.26940.26−0.66
Democrats John Pemberton710.20+0.20290.08+0.02
Ban 1080  2230.61+0.61
Internet Mana  1900.52+0.11
Legalise Cannabis  1480.41−0.06
ACT  910.25−0.91
Civilian  130.03+0.03
Independent Coalition  100.03+0.03
Focus  70.02+0.02
Informal votes299121
Total Valid votes35,38436,362
National holdMajority13,95138.37−4.55

2011 election

2011 general election: Taupō [6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Louise Upston 20,93463.65+5.7419,00356.31+2.74
Labour Frances Campbell6,81920.73-18.716,84420.28-8.92
Green Zane McCarthy2,0566.25+6.252,5497.55+3.05
NZ First Edwin Perry 1,5084.59+4.592,8338.39+3.25
Conservative Mark Breetvelt9002.74+2.741,2363.66+3.66
Mana Keriana Reedy2660.81+0.811400.41+0.41
United Future Alan Simmons2160.66-0.423110.92+0.12
ACT Rosanne Jollands1900.58+0.583941.17-2.34
Māori  2260.67-0.25
Legalise Cannabis  1570.47+0.13
Libertarianz  220.07+0.03
Democrats  200.06-0.01
Alliance  120.04-0.02
Informal votes721239
Total Valid votes32,88933,747
National holdMajority14,11542.92+24.45

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,800 [10]

2008 election

2008 general election: Taupō [5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Louise Upston 20,21157.91+16.8419,00153.57+9.32
Labour Red x.svgN Mark Burton 13,76639.44-6.0610,35929.20-8.10
United Future Max Edwards3771.08-0.982840.80-1.81
Independent Robbie Mac3130.90
Independent Martin Bloxham2360.68
NZ First  1,8245.14-2.61
Green  1,5994.51+0.80
ACT  1,2453.51+2.29
Māori  3250.92-0.23
Progressive  2360.67-0.30
Bill and Ben  1990.56
Kiwi  1330.37
Legalise Cannabis  1190.34+0.06
Family Party  610.17
Democrats  230.06+0.01
Pacific  220.06
Alliance  200.06+0.01
Libertarianz  130.04
Workers Party  60.02
RONZ  30.01
RAM  00.00
Informal votes424201
Total Valid votes34,90335,472
Turnout 35,93780.15-0.09
National gain from Labour Majority6,44518.47+22.90


2005 election

2005 general election: Taupo [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Mark Burton 13,21145.50-10.1210,97737.30-2.30
National Weston Kirton11,92641.07+12.1513,02044.25+22.34
NZ First Kristin Campbell Smith1,3374.602,2817.75-5.59
Green John Davis7512.59-2.501,0933.71-1.68
United Future Paul Check5982.06-1.207692.61-2.99
Māori Billy Maea5011.733381.15
ACT Andrew Jollands2750.75-3.233581.22-5.03
Destiny Charles Te Kowhai2600.901420.48
Progressive David Reeks1670.58-0.402850.97-0.58
RONZ Debra Potroz110.0420.01
Legalise Cannabis  820.28-0.22
Christian Heritage  240.08
Alliance  150.05-5.49
Democrats  150.05
Libertarianz  120.04
Family Rights  50.02
Direct Democracy  40.01
99 MP  20.01
One NZ  20.01-0.04
Informal votes20795
Total Valid votes29,03729,426
Turnout 29,72280.24+4.48
Labour holdMajority1,2854.43-22.27

2002 election

2002 general election: Taupo [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Mark Burton 14,85155.62+6.2010,77539.60+0.74
National Weston Kirton7,72328.92-7.615,96121.91-11.67
Green Nicholas Fisher1,3595.09+1.501,4675.39+0.37
ACT Diane Mulcock1,0623.98+0.821,7006.25-0.81
United Future Denis Gilmore8713.261,5235.60+3.99a
Christian Heritage Donald Wishart3601.35-0.742921.07-0.80
Progressive Victor Bradley2610.984261.55
Alliance John Harré2140.80-1.521930.73-4.81
NZ First  3,62913.34+8.81
ORNZ  1,0723.94
Legalise Cannabis  1370.50-0.45
Mana Māori  190.07+0.01
One NZ  130.05-0.01
NMP  10.00-0.03
Informal votes37185
Total Valid votes26,70127,210
Turnout 27,53875.76
Labour holdMajority7,12826.70+13.81
a United Future swing is compared to the 1999 results of United NZ and Future NZ, who merged in 2000.

1999 election

1999 general election: Taupo [13] [14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Mark Burton 13,72149.4210,87638.86
National David Steele10,14336.539,39933.58
Green Nick Fisher9973.591,4055.02
ACT Richard Steele8773.161,9767.06
NZ First Ross Honeyfield7182.591,2694.53
Alliance Wayne Morris6442.321,5505.54
Christian Heritage John van der Zee5802.095241.87
Mauri Pacific Rovina Anderson510.18200.71
Mana Wahine Makere Rangitoheriri340.12
Future NZ 3411.22
Legalise Cannabis  2650.95
Libertarianz  1110.40
United NZ  1100.39
McGillicuddy Serious  410.15
Animals First  360.13
One NZ  170.06
Mana Māori  160.06
Natural Law  80.03
NMP  80.03
Freedom Movement60.02
People's Choice 50.02
Republican  30.01
South Island  00.00
Informal votes514293
Total Valid votes27,76527,986
Labour holdMajority3,57812.89

1981 election

1981 general election: Taupo [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Roger McClay 6,883 38.44
Labour Jack Ridley 6,84738.24-3.87
Social Credit Jim Elder 4,17523.31+6.76
Majority360.20
Turnout 17,90586.32+19.62
Registered electors 20,742

1978 election

1978 general election: Taupo [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Jack Ridley 7,119 42.11 +2.22
National Lesley A. Miller6,51038.51
Social Credit Jim Elder 2,79816.55
Values W B Keys4772.82
Majority6093.60
Turnout 16,90466.70-13.86
Registered electors 25,341

1975 election

1975 general election: Taupo [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Ray La Varis 8,821 48.82
Labour Jack Ridley 7,20739.89-9.72
Social Credit D M Gould1,1776.51
Values John Grant8624.77
Majority1,6148.93
Turnout 18,06780.56-7.52
Registered electors 22,425

1972 election

1972 general election: Taupo [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Jack Ridley 7,484 49.61
National J F Higgins6,70144.42
Social Credit R W Smith7114.71
New Democratic N D Fairweather1110.73
Liberal ReformP M Fenton760.50
Majority7835.19
Turnout 15,08388.08+0.39
Registered electors 17,123

1969 election

1969 general election: Taupo [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Rona Stevenson 7,148 46.16 +1.14
Labour Arthur John Ingram7,04145.46
Social Credit H M New1,2968.36
Majority1070.69-1.06
Turnout 15,48587.69+0.42
Registered electors 17,658

1966 election

1966 general election: Taupo [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Rona Stevenson 6,608 45.02 +3.16
Labour Barry Gustafson 6,35043.26
Social Credit J C Dunn1,71911.71
Majority2581.75-0.17
Turnout 14,67787.27-2.17
Registered electors 16,817

In 1966 National, afraid the seat would go to Labour, poured thousands of dollars into the local campaign. A hundred women from all over Waikato canvassed every house in Tokoroa and Putaruru over two days, using the street lists and blue dot system. The seat was held by 258 votes. [16]

1963 election

1963 general election: Taupo [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Rona Stevenson 5,995 41.86
Labour Arthur John Ingram5,72039.94
Social Credit C R Watson1,0937.63
Majority2751.92
Turnout 12,80889.44
Registered electors 14,319

Notes

  1. 1 2 "Rimutaka electorate profile". Parliamentary Library. June 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2017. CC-BY-icon-80x15.png  This article incorporates textby the Parliamentary Library available under the CC BY 3.0 license.
  2. Report of the Representation Commission 2007 (PDF). Representation Commission. 14 September 2007. p. 9. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  3. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 9. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  4. "MP keen to get cracking". Waikato Times . 10 November 2008. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  5. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Taupō". Chief Electoral Office. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  6. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Taupō". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  7. "Official Count Results – Taupō". Electoral Commission. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  8. "Official Count Results -- Taupo". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  9. "Official Count Results – Taupō". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2016.
  10. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  11. "Official Count Results – Taupo". Electionresults.org.nz. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  12. "Official Count Results – Taupo". Electionresults.govt.nz. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  13. "Official Count Results (1999) – Electoral Votes for registered parties by electorate". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  14. "Official Count Results (1999) – Candidate Vote Details". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  15. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Norton 1988, p. 358.
  16. Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years: A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. pp. 91, 280. ISBN   0-474-00177-6.

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Louise Claire Upston is a New Zealand politician of the National Party. She has represented the Taupō electorate in the House of Representatives since the 2008 election. In the Fifth National Government, led by Prime Minister Bill English, she was the Minister of Corrections.

Ohariu-Belmont was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1996 to 2008.

Hauraki was a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It existed for one parliamentary term from 1999 to 2002, and was held by John Tamihere.

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