Taupō (before 2008 spelled Taupo with no macron) is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. Taupo first existed between 1963 and 1981, and was recreated for the introduction of MMP in 1996. The current MP for Taupō is Louise Upston of the National Party. She has held this position since 2008.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.
The Taupō electorate is based on the central North Island communities around Lake Taupo and the South Waikato District, including Turangi, Taupo, Tokoroa, Putaruru, Tirau, and Cambridge.
Lake Taupo is a lake in the North Island of New Zealand. It is in the caldera of the Taupo Volcano. With a surface area of 616 square kilometres (238 sq mi), it is the largest lake by surface area in New Zealand, and the second largest freshwater lake by surface area in geopolitical Oceania after Lake Murray. Motutaiko Island lies in the south east area of the lake.
Turangi is a small town on the west bank of the Tongariro River, 50 kilometres south-west of Taupo on the North Island Volcanic Plateau of New Zealand. It was built to accommodate the workers associated with the Tongariro hydro-electric power development project and their families. The town was designed to remain as a small servicing centre for the exotic forest plantations south of Lake Taupo and for tourists. It is well known for its trout fishing and calls itself "The trout fishing capital of the world". The major Māori hapu (tribe) of the Turangi area is Ngāti Tūrangitukua.
Taupo is a town on the shore of Lake Taupo, which occupies the caldera of the Taupo Volcano in the centre of the North Island of New Zealand. It is the seat of the Taupo District Council and lies in the southern Waikato Region.
In 2013, one quarter (24.9%) of people in the Taupō electorate belonged to the Māori ethnic group – the sixth-highest share in New Zealand. The proportions of those working in the electricity, gas, water and waste services industry (1.3%), the accommodation, cafe, and restaurant industry (7.5%), and in arts and recreation services (2.4%), were well above the national average.
The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand. Māori originated with settlers from eastern Polynesia, who arrived in New Zealand in several waves of canoe voyages some time between 1250 and 1300. Over several centuries in isolation, the Polynesian settlers developed a unique culture, with their own language, a rich mythology, and distinctive crafts and performing arts. Early Māori formed tribal groups based on eastern Polynesian social customs and organisation. Horticulture flourished using plants they introduced; later, a prominent warrior culture emerged.
The Taupo electorate was first created for the 1963 election and it existed until 1981. The former electorate was much smaller than the current one, since it did not contain the western side of Lake Taupo, nor Cambridge, nor the Ruapehu towns. It was a marginal seat and frequently changed between National and Labour.
The 1963 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of New Zealand Parliament's 34th term. The results were almost identical to those of the previous election, and the governing National Party remained in office.
The 1981 New Zealand general election, held on 28 November 1981, was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the 40th New Zealand Parliament. It saw the governing National Party, led by Robert Muldoon, win a third term in office, but the opposition Labour Party, led by Bill Rowling, won the largest share of the votes cast.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
The current Taupō electorate was created ahead of the introduction to mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting in 1996. It is a merger of the old marginal seat of Tongariro with the western half of the safe National seat of Waikaremoana. Prior to the 2008 election, the electorate pulled south to take in the northern and western parts of Ruapehu District.
The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.
Tongariro is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1984 to 1996. During the four parliamentary terms of its existence, it was represented by three members of parliament.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
In the 2007 redistribution conducted after the 2006 census, the northern and western parts of Ruapehu District containing Taumarunui, Raetihi and Ohakune were assigned to Rangitīkei. At the same time, low population growth in the south-central North Island coupled with high population growth in and around Auckland has meant Cambridge moved out of the now defunct Piako electorate and into Taupō.No boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent 2013/14 redistribution. No boundary changes were made in the 2014 redistribution.
Taumarunui is a small town in the King Country of the central North Island of New Zealand. It is on an alluvial plain set within rugged terrain on the upper reaches of the Whanganui River, 65 km south of Te Kuiti and 55 km west of Turangi. It is under the jurisdiction of Ruapehu District, Manawatu-Wanganui Region.
Raetihi is a town in the central North Island of New Zealand. It is located at the junction of State Highways 4 and 49, 11 kilometres west of Ohakune. The 2013 New Zealand census recorded its population as 1,002. This constitutes a decrease of 3.2% or 33 people since the 2006 census. 65.3% of residents identified as Māori, 55% European, 2.7% Pacific and 1.2% Asian. The Waimarino district stretches from Mount Ruapehu to the Wanganui River encompassing Raetihi, Pipiriki, Karioi, Horopito, Waiouru, Rangataua and Ohakune. There is evidence of Maori people living here in the fourteenth century. The Ngati Uenuku dwelled at Raetihi and Waimarino. There is little evidence of large permanent settlements but hunting parties were common during warmer months.
Ohakune is a small town in the North Island of New Zealand, situated 215 kilometres north of Wellington and 292 kilometres south of Auckland. It is located at the southern end of the Tongariro National Park, close to the southwestern slopes of the active volcano Mount Ruapehu. Located within the Manawatu-Wanganui region, the town is 70 kilometres northeast of Wanganui and 25 kilometres west of Waiouru.
Taupō has twice returned Mark Burton with a majority of around a thousand – in 1996, when Labour's post-1990 fortunes were at their lowest and New Zealand First went on to take a large bite out of their vote; and again in 2005, when National consolidated the centre-right vote, and at the same time won 2,000 more party votes than Burton's Labour party. At the intermediate two MMP elections, Burton was safely returned, thanks in part to a heavy disenchantment with the National Party among its formerly loyal voters. In the political climate in 2008, with the dominance of the National Party in Cambridge, which contributed over ten thousand new voters to the seat, Louise Upston won the seat with a majority of over 6,000.In the 2011 election, Upston more than doubled her majority to 14,115 votes. Her majority increased to 15,046 votes in the 2014 election.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.
Key National Labour
|1963 election||Rona Stevenson|
|1972 election||Jack Ridley|
|1975 election||Ray La Varis|
|1978 election||Jack Ridley|
|1981 election||Roger McClay|
|(Electorate abolished 1984–1996;|
see Tongariro and Waikaremoana)
|1996 election||Mark Burton|
|2008 election||Louise Upston|
As of 2014 no candidates that have contested the Taupō electorate have been returned as list MPs.
|2017 general election: Taupo|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Outdoors||Alan Frank Simmons||814||68|
|Total Valid votes||39,798||40,460|
|2014 general election: Taupō|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Edwin Perry||2,310||6.44||+1.85||3,730||10.26||+1.87|
|United Future||Alan Simmons||143||0.40||−0.26||94||0.26||−0.66|
|Total Valid votes||35,384||36,362|
|2011 general election: Taupō|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Edwin Perry||1,508||4.59||+4.59||2,833||8.39||+3.25|
|United Future||Alan Simmons||216||0.66||-0.42||311||0.92||+0.12|
|Total Valid votes||32,889||33,747|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,800
|2008 general election: Taupō|
|United Future||Max Edwards||377||1.08||-0.98||284||0.80||-1.81|
|Bill and Ben||199||0.56|
|Total Valid votes||34,903||35,472|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||6,445||18.47||+22.90|
|2005 general election: Taupo|
|NZ First||Kristin Campbell Smith||1,337||4.60||2,281||7.75||-5.59|
|United Future||Paul Check||598||2.06||-1.20||769||2.61||-2.99|
|Destiny||Charles Te Kowhai||260||0.90||142||0.48|
|Total Valid votes||29,037||29,426|
|2002 general election: Taupo|
|United Future||Denis Gilmore||871||3.26||1,523||5.60||+3.99a|
|Christian Heritage||Donald Wishart||360||1.35||-0.74||292||1.07||-0.80|
|Total Valid votes||26,701||27,210|
|1999 general election: Taupo|
|NZ First||Ross Honeyfield||718||2.59||1,269||4.53|
|Christian Heritage||John van der Zee||580||2.09||524||1.87|
|Mauri Pacific||Rovina Anderson||51||0.18||20||0.71|
|Mana Wahine||Makere Rangitoheriri||34||0.12|
|Total Valid votes||27,765||27,986|
|Social Credit||Jim Elder||4,175||23.31||+6.76|
|National||Lesley A. Miller||6,510||38.51|
|Social Credit||Jim Elder||2,798||16.55|
|Values||W B Keys||477||2.82|
|National||Ray La Varis||8,821||48.82|
|Social Credit||D M Gould||1,177||6.51|
|National||J F Higgins||6,701||44.42|
|Social Credit||R W Smith||711||4.71|
|New Democratic||N D Fairweather||111||0.73|
|Liberal Reform||P M Fenton||76||0.50|
|Labour||Arthur John Ingram||7,041||45.46|
|Social Credit||H M New||1,296||8.36|
|Social Credit||J C Dunn||1,719||11.71|
In 1966 National, afraid the seat would go to Labour, poured thousands of dollars into the local campaign. A hundred women from all over Waikato canvassed every house in Tokoroa and Putaruru over two days, using the street lists and blue dot system. The seat was held by 258 votes.
|Labour||Arthur John Ingram||5,720||39.94|
|Social Credit||C R Watson||1,093||7.63|
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