Taza National Park

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Taza National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
International park Taza 01.JPG
Algeria relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Location Jijel Province, Algeria
Nearest cityTaza, Algeria
Coordinates 36°36′N5°30′E / 36.600°N 5.500°E / 36.600; 5.500 Coordinates: 36°36′N5°30′E / 36.600°N 5.500°E / 36.600; 5.500
Area38.07 km²
Established1923
Website http://www.pntaza.dz

The Taza National Park (Arabic:الحظيرة الوطنية تازة) is one of the smaller national parks of Algeria. It is located in Jijel Province in the region of the Tell Atlas, and is named after the nearby city of Taza. Its total area is 3,807 hectares (9,410 acres) and it includes parts of the forested area of the Guerrouch massif. The lower parts of the park seldom experience frost and are relatively warm and dry, while the peaks may have a covering of snow in winter. The annual precipitation in the park ranges from 1,000 to 1,400 millimetres (39 to 55 in) and the annual mean temperature is around 18 °C (64 °F). [1] [2]

Contents

The park

Taza National Park was established in 1923 by the French colonial administrators in Algeria. Its aim was to protect the coastline and towering forested heights and provide protection for the Barbary macaque. [3] The park adjoins the Mediterranean Sea, and includes cliffs that rise from sea level to over 1,100 m (3,600 ft). The largest forest in Algeria of cork oaks (Quercus suber) and gall oaks (Quercus faginea) is found here. [4] The park is located 30 kilometres north-east of Jijel. The park includes the caves of Jijel, in addition to sand beaches and many cliffs and grottoes. It is a UNESCO-recognized biosphere reserve with a varied flora and fauna. [5]

Biosphere reserve

The Taza Biosphere Reserve comprises the whole of Taza National Park. It aims to combine conservation of the environment with the sustainable use of natural resources, allowing the local economy to flourish. Some of the habitats, plants and wildlife are important or unique in North Africa and internationally. About 5,600 people, mostly of Berber origin, live inside the reserve, largely sustaining themselves on small agricultural holdings, cultivating vegetables, fodder crops and tree fruits. Tourism is also important to the local economy. Management of the reserve includes eco-development projects, with beehives and fruit tree seed being distributed to villagers, and forest tracks and electricity supplies being improved for remote communities. [5]

Flora and fauna

At lower altitudes, the Guerrouch forest is largely dominated by cork oaks, but higher up Algerian chestnut-leaved oak (Quercus afares) and Algerian oak (Quercus canariensis) are also present and there is a plentiful understorey of bird cherry (Prunus avium), Mediterranean willow (Salix pedicellata), European alder (Alnus glutinosa), Montpellier maple (Acer monspessulanum) and narrow-leaved ash (Fraxinus angustifolia). [1]

The barbary ape is an endangered primate with a narrowly restricted present distribution and is present in the park. [6] The endangered Algerian nuthatch is also present, with an estimated population of 364 individuals in a 1989 survey. [1] The park is also known for its birds of prey. [4]

Earlier, the Barbary lion's range had included this place. [7]

Related Research Articles

Geography of Algeria

Algeria comprises 2,381,741 square kilometers of land, more than four-fifths of which is desert, in northern Africa, between Morocco and Tunisia. It is the largest country in Africa. Its Arabic name, Al Jazair, derives from the name of the capital Algiers, after the small islands formerly found in its harbor. It has a long Mediterranean coastline. The northern portion, an area of mountains, valleys, and plateaus between the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara Desert, forms an integral part of the section of North Africa known as the Maghreb. This area includes Morocco, Tunisia, and Libya.

<i>Quercus ilex</i> Oak tree species native to the Mediterranean

Quercus ilex, the evergreen oak, holly oak or holm oak, is a large evergreen oak native to the Mediterranean region. It takes its name from holm, an ancient name for holly. It is a member of the Cerris section of the genus, with acorns that mature in a single summer.

<i>Quercus suber</i> species of plant

Quercus suber, commonly called the cork oak, is a medium-sized, evergreen oak tree in the section Quercus sect. Cerris. It is the primary source of cork for wine bottle stoppers and other uses, such as cork flooring and as the cores of cricket balls. It is native to southwest Europe and northwest Africa. In the Mediterranean basin the tree is an ancient species with fossil remnants dating back to the Tertiary period.

Petite Kabylie Natural region in Algeria

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Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve International biosphere reserve of India

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Jijel City in Jijel Province, Algeria

Jijel, the classical Igilgili, is the capital of Jijel Province in north-eastern Algeria. It is flanked by the Mediterranean Sea in the region of Corniche Jijelienne and had a population of 131,513 in 2008.

Tell Atlas mountain range

The Tell Atlas is a mountain chain over 1,500 km (932 mi) in length, belonging to the Atlas mountain ranges in North Africa, stretching from Morocco, through Algeria to Tunisia.

Middle Atlas mountain range in Morocco

The Middle Atlas is a mountain range in Morocco. It is part of the Atlas mountain range, a vast mountainous region with more than 100,000 km2, 15 percent of its landmass, rising above 2,000 metres. The Middle Atlas is the northernmost and second highest of three main Atlas Mountains chains of Morocco. To south, separated by the Moulouya and Um Er-Rbiâ rivers, lies the High Atlas. The Middle Atlas form the westernmost end of a large plateaued basin extending eastward into Algeria, also bounded by the Tell Atlas to the north and the Saharan Atlas to the south, both lying largely in Algeria. North of the Middle Atlas and separated by the Sebou River, lie the Rif mountains which are an extension of the Baetic System, which includes the Sierra Nevada in the south of Spain. The basin of the Sebou is not only the primary transportation route between Atlantic Morocco and Mediterranean Morocco but is an area, watered by the Middle Atlas range, that constitutes the principal agricultural region of the country.

El Kala National Park national park in Algeria

The El Kala National Park and Biosphere Reserve is one of the national parks of Algeria in the extreme north-east of the country. It is home to several lakes and a unique ecosystem in the Mediterranean basin. Several parts of the park have been designated as protected Ramsar sites.

Chréa National Park National Park in Algeria

The Chréa National Park(Arabic:الحديقة الوطنية الشريعة) is one of the largest national parks of Algeria. It is located in Blida Province, named after Chréa, a town near this park. The park, located in a mountainous area known as the Blidean Atlas includes the ski station of Chréa, one of the few ski stations in Africa where skiing can be done on natural snow, and the grotto of Chiffa.

Gouraya National Park

The national park of Gouraya is one of the coastal national parks of Algeria. It is located in Béjaïa Province, near the shrine of Sidi Touati.

Mediterranean woodlands and forests

The Mediterranean woodlands and forests is an ecoregion in the coastal plains, hills, and mountains bordering the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean in North Africa. It has a Mediterranean climate, and is in the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome.

Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests

Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests is an ecoregion, in the temperate coniferous forest biome, which occupies the high mountain ranges of North Africa. The term is also a botanically recognized plant association in the African and Mediterranean literature.

Akfadou Place in Béjaïa, Algeria

Akfadou is a town in northern Algeria in the Béjaïa Province. Alternatively the town and its local area are known as Agfadou. This locale is noted for its local population of Barbary macaques, Macaca sylvanus. Notable features in the area include Gouraya National Park.

Ifrane National Park national park in the Moyen Atlas mountain range, Morocco

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The Djebel Babor Nature Reserve is a protected area in Algeria. The reserve is within the Babor Mountains. Much of this area is forested with Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests. This reserve offers one of the few remaining disjunctive habitats for the endangered Barbary macaque, Macaca sylvanus, a primate species which prehistorically held a much wider range. The reserve is also a significant birdwatching area.

Corniche Jijelienne

Corniche Jjilienne is a natural region of northern Algeria characterised by rocky forested massifs rising above the coastal plain. The forested areas provide some of the last extant habitat for the endangered Barbary macaque, Macaca sylvanus; this primate prehistorically had a much wider distribution in North Africa than at present.

Baixa Limia – Serra do Xurés natural park in the Province of Ourense, Galicia, Spain

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Chambi National Park national park in Tunisia

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Intercontinental Biosphere Reserve of the Mediterranean Biosphere reserve in Morocco | designated in 2006 | Biosphere reserve in Spain | designated in 2006

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References

Line notes

  1. 1 2 3 Harrap, Simon (2010). Tits, Nuthatches and Treecreepers. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 137. ISBN   978-1-4081-3458-0.
  2. Taza National Park on Birdlife.org
  3. Haggett, Peter (2001). Encyclopedia of World Geography. Marshall Cavendish. p. 2208. ISBN   978-0-7614-7289-6.
  4. 1 2 Ham, Anthony; Luckham, Nana; Sattin, Anthony (2007). Algeria . Lonely Planet. p.  64. ISBN   978-1-74179-099-3.
  5. 1 2 UNESCO. 2006
  6. C. Michael Hogan. 2008
  7. Pease, A. E. (1913). The Book of the Lion John Murray, London.