Tchoukball

Last updated
Tchoukball
European Tchoukball Championships 2014.jpg
A tchoukball match in progress.
First played1970
Characteristics
ContactNo
Team members7
Type Ball sport, team sport
EquipmentTchoukball, rebounder
Presence
Country or regionWorldwide
Olympic No
World Games Invitational sport at 2009 World Games
Symbol of Tchoukball Chukbol.svg
Symbol of Tchoukball

Tchoukball /ˈkbɔːl/ is an indoor team sport developed in the 1970s by Swiss biologist Hermann Brandt. Brandt was concerned about the number of injuries in sport at the time and as part of an educational study he wanted to create a sport that reduced injuries, was not aggressive between players and enabled people of all shapes, sizes, genders, cultures, and backgrounds to play together.

Contents

The sport is usually played on an indoor court measuring 27 metres by 16 metres. At each end there is a rebounder (a device similar to a trampoline off which the ball bounces) which measures one square metre and a semicircular D-shaped forbidden zone measuring three metres in radius. Each team can score on both ends of the court, and comprises 12 players, of whom 7 may be on the court at any one time. In order to score a point, the ball must be thrown by an attacking player, hit the rebounder and bounce outside the 'D' without being caught by the defending team. Physical contact is prohibited, and defenders may not attempt to intercept the attacking team's passes. Players may take three steps with the ball, hold the ball for a maximum of three seconds, and teams may not pass the ball more than three times before shooting at the rebounder.

Tchoukball match in progress in Geneva. Switzerland M18 - France (49294782773).jpg
Tchoukball match in progress in Geneva.

Tchoukball has become an international sport, played in Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Cameroon, Canada, China, Colombia, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hong Kong, India, Italy, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Macau, Malaysia, Niger, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Singapore, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Tunisia, Uruguay, the United States, and Vietnam. It is governed by the International Tchoukball Federation (FITB), which was founded in 1971.

History

Tchoukball was created in Switzerland by Hermann Brandt, who was concerned by the numerous serious injuries among athletes resulting from sports prone to aggression and physical contact. He believed that sports should be not only for champions, but also contribute to the creation of a better and more humane society. [1] He designed tchoukball to contain elements of handball (it is played with hands, and the balls used are similar), volleyball (as the defending team must prevent the ball from falling) and squash (since there is a rebound).

Basic rules

Court

Ball

Depending on the category of players (Men/Women/M18/M15/M12), different sizes of balls are used ranging from a circumference of 54 cm to 60 cm and weighs between 325 grams to 475 grams.

Scoring

Two teams of 7 players each (men or women) compete to score points with the team with the most points at the end winning the game. When a team gains a point, control of the ball is transferred to the other team.

Rebounder Frame front 30.jpg
Rebounder

Positions

Each team comprises the following positions:

Each side of the court comprises a left shooter, right shooter and 1 or 2 defenders, while the centre usually stays near the middle of the court if this formation is used. The shooters are generally in charge of shooting although in some cases the defender can also take the shot. The defenders are in charge of coordinating the first line of defence while the centre pivot takes charge of the second line of defence. However other formations include not using a centre pivot, the team would bypass the centre and throw full length court passes directly to the shooters/inners. This gives an extra first line defender or a dedicated second line defender.

Playing the game

Variant

  1. Tchoukball (Indoor)
  2. Beach Tchoukball
  3. Wheelchair Tchoukball

International Tchoukball Federation (FITB)

The FITB, founded in 1971, is based in Geneva, Switzerland. It now comprises 47 member associations and 22 (15+7) countries with a designated FITB Representative. It supports and advises national associations and individuals willing to spread tchoukball in new areas. For instance, tchoukball was recently integrated in the school program of some regions of Senegal. The FITB was a demonstration sport in the 2009 World Games, which took place in Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

69 Members in March 2022: [2]

Number of Members by Regions:

  1. Asia Pacific : 15 + 2 + 5 = 22
  2. Africa : 14 + 6 + 1 = 21
  3. Americas : 7 + 2 + 1 = 10
  4. Europe : 11 + 5 + 0 = 16

Official

  1. Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
  2. Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
  3. Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh
  4. Flag of Benin.svg  Benin
  5. Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
  6. Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso
  7. Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon
  8. Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
  9. Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
  10. Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast
  11. Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
  12. Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  Democratic Republic of the Congo
  13. Flag of France.svg  France
  14. Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
  15. Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana
  16. Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea
  17. Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti
  18. Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong
  19. Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
  20. Flag of India.svg  India
  21. Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
  22. Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
  23. Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
  24. Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
  25. Flag of Macau.svg  Macau
  26. Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia
  27. Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius
  28. Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
  29. Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
  30. Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal
  31. Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan
  32. Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines
  33. Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
  34. Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
  35. Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal
  36. Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore
  37. Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea
  38. Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
  39. Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
  40. Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand
  41. Flag of Togo.svg  Togo
  42. Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia
  43. Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda
  44. Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates
  45. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
  46. Flag of the United States.svg  United States
  47. Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam

FITB Representative

  1. Flag of Angola.svg  Angola
  2. Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
  3. Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji
  4. Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives
  5. Flag of Mali.svg  Mali
  6. Flag of Malta.svg  Malta
  7. Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
  8. Flag of Niger.svg  Niger
  9. Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria
  10. Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay
  11. Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
  12. Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
  13. Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania
  14. Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay
  15. Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela

Non Member, without local federation, but have team

  1. Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia
  2. Flag of Chile.svg  Chile
  3. Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
  4. Flag of Laos.svg  Laos
  5. Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar
  6. Flag of Rwanda.svg  Rwanda
  7. Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka

World events

World Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
1971The 1st World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Flag of France.svg  France -
1976The 2nd World Tchoukball Championships
1980The 3rd World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
1982The 4th World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of France.svg  France Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
1984The 5th World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
1987The 6th World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2000The 7th World Tchoukball Championships Geneva, Switzerland Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2004The 8th World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2011The 9th World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Italy.svg  Italy Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2015The 10th World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2019The 11th World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China

World Beach Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2005The 1st World Beach Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2017The 2nd World Beach Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China

Tchoukball at the World Games

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
1989 Tchoukball at the World Games 1989 Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2009 Tchoukball at the World Games 2009 Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China

World Youth Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationM-18 Boys WinnerM-15 Boys WinnerM-12 Boys WinnerM-18 Girls WinnerM-15 Girls WinnerM-12 Girls Winner
2004The 1st World Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan --Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China --
2011The 2nd World Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Austria.svg  Austria Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of Italy.svg  Italy -
2013The 3rd World Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2015The 4th World Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore
2019The 5th World Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China

World University Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2017The 1st World University Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China

World Youth Beach Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2017The 1st World Youth Beach Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China

Regional events

Asia Pacific Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2003The 1st Asia Pacific Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of India.svg  India Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2006The 2nd Asia Pacific Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2008The 3rd Asia Pacific Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2010The 4th Asia Pacific Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2012The 5th Asia Pacific Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2014The 6th Asia Pacific Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2016The 7th Asia Pacific Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China

Asia Pacific University Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2009The 1st Asia Pacific University Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2011The 2nd Asia Pacific University Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2013The 3rd Asia Pacific University Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2015The 4th Asia Pacific University Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2019The 5th Asia Pacific University Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China

Asia Pacific Beach Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2013The 1st Asia Pacific Beach Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Thailand.svg  Thailand Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore

Asia Pacific Youth Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationM-18 Boys WinnerM-15 Boys WinnerM-12 Boys WinnerM-18 Girls WinnerM-15 Girls WinnerM-12 Girls Winner
2010The 1st Asia Pacific Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China -Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China -Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2013The 2nd Asia Pacific Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2014The 3rd Asia Pacific Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2016The 4th Asia Pacific Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China

Southeast Asia Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2009The 1st Southeast Asia Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Thailand.svg  Thailand Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore -
2011The 2nd Southeast Asia Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore
2013The 3rd Southeast Asia Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Thailand.svg  Thailand Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore
2015The 4th Southeast Asia Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore
2017The 5th Southeast Asia Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Thailand.svg  Thailand Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore

South Asian Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2012The 1nd South Asian Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Nepal.svg    Nepal Flag of India.svg  India -
2014The 2nd South Asian Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Nepal.svg    Nepal Flag of India.svg  India -
2016The 3rd South Asian Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of India.svg  India Flag of India.svg  India -

East Asian Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2016The 1st East Asian Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China -
2017The 2nd East Asian Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of South Korea.svg  South Korea

European Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2003The 1st European Tchoukball Championships Flag of Italy.svg Italy Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
2006The 2nd European Tchoukball Championships Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
2008The 3rd European Tchoukball Championships Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
2010The 4th European Tchoukball Championships Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
2014The 5th European Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
2016The 6th European Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
2018The 7th European Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Italy.svg  Italy Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Flag of Italy.svg  Italy

European Youth Tchoukball Championships

Year/DatesCompetitionHost NationM-18 Boys WinnerM-15 Boys WinnerM-12 Boys WinnerM-18 Girls WinnerM-15 Girls WinnerM-12 Girls Winner
2016The 1st European Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic -Flag of Austria.svg  Austria -

African Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2010The 1st African Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Ghana.svg  Ghana Flag of Togo.svg  Togo Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal
2012The 2nd African Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Togo.svg  Togo Flag of Togo.svg  Togo
2014The 3rd African Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Benin.svg  Benin Flag of Togo.svg  Togo
2016The 4th African Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Kenya.svg  Kenya Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon

East African Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2014The 1st East African Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Uganda.svg  Uganda Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda

Pan American Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2010The 1st Pan American Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
2012The 2nd Pan American Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
2014The 3rd Pan American Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
2016The 4th Pan American Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay

FITB Presidents

NameNationYearsFITB headquarters
Dr Hermann BrandtFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 1971–1972 Geneva, Switzerland
Dr Théodore WereyFlag of France.svg  France 1972–1984 France
Liu ZhengfengFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China 1984–1996 Taoyuan County, Republic of China
John AndrewsFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 1996–2000 United Kingdom
Michel FarveFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 2000–2004 Switzerland
Daniel BushbeckFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 2004–2009 Geneva, Switzerland
Huang Chin ChengFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China 2009–2017 Kaohsiung City, Republic of China
Fang Shen SzuFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China 2017–2021 New Taipei City, Republic of China
Huang Chin ChengFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China 2021–present Kaohsiung City, Republic of China

See also

Notes

  1. Brandt, H., Etude scientifique des sports d’équipe, Ed. Roulet, Geneva, 1971
  2. http://www.tchoukball.org/members

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