Tchoukball

Last updated
Tchoukball
European Tchoukball Championships 2014.jpg
A tchoukball match in progress.
Highest governing body Fédération Internationale de Tchoukball (FITB)
First played1970
Characteristics
ContactNo
Team members7 on Court, 5 Reserve (bench: 5)
Type Ball sport, team sport
EquipmentTchoukball, frame
Presence
Country or regionWorldwide
Olympic No
World Games Invitational sport at 2009 World Games
Symbol of Tchoukball Chukbol.svg
Symbol of Tchoukball
Tchoukball match in progress. Tchoukball vimi.jpg
Tchoukball match in progress.

Tchoukball /ˈkbɔːl/ is an indoor team sport developed in the 1970s by Swiss biologist Dr Hermann Brandt. Dr Brandt was concerned about the number of injuries in sport at the time and as part of an educational study he wanted to create a sport that reduced injuries, was not aggressive between players and enabled people of all shapes, sizes, genders, cultures, and backgrounds to play together.

Contents

The sport is usually played on an indoor court measuring 27 metres by 16 metres. At each end there is a 'frame' (a device similar to a trampoline off which the ball bounces) which measures one square metre and a semicircular D-shaped forbidden zone measuring three metres in radius. Each team can score on both ends of the court, and comprises 12 players, of whom 7 may be on the court at any one time. In order to score a point, the ball must be thrown by an attacking player, hit the frame and bounce outside the 'D' without being caught by the defending team. Physical contact is prohibited, and defenders may not attempt to intercept the attacking team's passes. Players may take three steps with the ball, hold the ball for a maximum of three seconds, and teams may not pass the ball more than three times before shooting at the frame.

Trampoline piece of exercise and recreation equipment consisting of a strong piece of fabric and springs

A trampoline is a device consisting of a piece of taut, strong fabric stretched between a steel frame using many coiled springs. People bounce on trampolines for recreational and competitive purposes.

Tchoukball has become an international sport, played in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Cameron, China, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Great Britain, HongKong, India, Italy, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Macau, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Singapore, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Tunisia, Uruguay, the United States and Vietnam. It is governed by the Féderation Internationale de Tchoukball (FITB, founded in 1971). Taiwan hosted the 2004 World Championships and won both the women's and junior championships, with the Swiss men winning the men's championship. The 2006 European Championships were held in Switzerland, with Great Britain taking both the Men's and Under-18's titles, while the hosts won the Women's event.

History

Tchoukball was created in Switzerland by Hermann Brandt, who was concerned by the numerous serious injuries among athletes resulting from sports prone to aggression and physical contact. He believed that sports should not only for champions, but also contribute to the creation of a better and more humane society. [1] He designed tchoukball to contain elements of handball (it is played with hands, and the balls used are similar), volleyball (as the defending team must prevent the ball from falling) and squash (since there is a rebound).

Basic rules

Court

Ball

Depending on the category of players (Men/Women/M18/M15/M12), different sizes of balls are used ranging from a circumference of 54 cm to 60 cm and weighs between 325 grams to 475 grams.

Scoring

Two teams of 7 players each (men or women) compete to score points with the team with the most points at the end winning the game. When a team gains a point, control of the ball is transferred to the other team.

Team group linked in a common purpose

A team is a group of individuals working together to achieve their goal.

Frame front 30.jpg

Positions

Each team comprises the following positions:

Each side of the court comprises a left shooter, right shooter and 1 or 2 defenders, while the centre usually stays near the middle of the court if this formation is used. The shooters are generally in charge of shooting although in some cases the defender can also take the shot. The defenders are in charge of coordinating the first line of defence while the centre pivot takes charge of the second line of defence. However other formations include not using a centre pivot, the team would bypass the centre and throw full length court passes directly to the shooters/inners. This gives an extra first line defender or a dedicated second line defender.

Playing the game

International Tchoukball Federation (FITB)

The FITB, founded in 1971, is based in Geneva. It now comprises 43 member associations and 16 countries with a designated FITB Representative. It supports and advises national associations and individuals willing to implant tchoukball in new areas. For instance, tchoukball was recently integrated in the school program of some regions of Senegal. The FITB was a demonstration sport in the 2009 World Games, which took place in Kaohsiung (Taiwan).

Senegal republic in Western Africa

Senegal, officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa. Senegal is bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest. Senegal also borders The Gambia, a country occupying a narrow sliver of land along the banks of the Gambia River, which separates Senegal's southern region of Casamance from the rest of the country. Senegal also shares a maritime border with Cape Verde. Senegal's economic and political capital is Dakar.

Kaohsiung Special municipality in Southern Taiwan, Republic of China

Kaohsiung is a coastal city in southern Taiwan. It is officially a special municipality with an area of 2,952 km2 (1,140 sq mi) stretching from the coastal urban centre to the rural Yushan Range. As of 2018, the municipality has a population of 2.77 million, making it the third most populous administrative division and second largest metropolis in Taiwan.

Taiwan Country in East Asia

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia. Neighbouring states include the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the west, Japan to the north-east, and the Philippines to the south. The island of Taiwan has an area of 35,808 square kilometres (13,826 sq mi), with mountain ranges dominating the eastern two thirds and plains in the western third, where its highly urbanised population is concentrated. Taipei is the capital and largest metropolitan area. Other major cities include Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan and Taoyuan. With 23.7 million inhabitants, Taiwan is among the most densely populated states, and is the most populous state and largest economy that is not a member of the United Nations (UN).

World events

World Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
1970The 1st World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Flag of France.svg  France -
1980The 2nd World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
1982The 3rd World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of France.svg  France Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
1984The 4th World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
1987The 5th World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2004The 6th World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2011The 7th World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Italy.svg  Italy Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2015The 8th World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2019The 9th World Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei

World Beach Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2005The 1st World Beach Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2017The 2nd World Beach Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China

Tchoukball at the World Games

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
1989 Tchoukball at the World Games 1989 Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2009 Tchoukball at the World Games 2009 Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China

World Youth Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationM-18 Boys WinnerM-15 Boys WinnerM-12 Boys WinnerM-18 Girls WinnerM-15 Girls WinnerM-12 Girls Winner
2004The 1st World Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan --Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China --
2011The 2nd World Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Austria.svg  Austria Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of Italy.svg  Italy -
2013The 3rd World Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2015The 4th World Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore

World University Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2017The 1st World University Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China

World Youth Beach Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2017The 1st World Youth Beach Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China

Regional events

Asia Pacific Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2003The 1st Asia Pacific Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of India.svg  India Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2006The 2nd Asia Pacific Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2008The 3rd Asia Pacific Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2010The 4th Asia Pacific Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2012The 5th Asia Pacific Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2014The 6th Asia Pacific Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2016The 7th Asia Pacific Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China

Asia Pacific University Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2009The 1st Asia Pacific University Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2011The 2nd Asia Pacific University Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2013The 3rd Asia Pacific University Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2015The 4th Asia Pacific University Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China

Asia Pacific Beach Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2013The 1st Asia Pacific Beach Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Thailand.svg  Thailand Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore

Asia Pacific Youth Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationM-18 Boys WinnerM-15 Boys WinnerM-12 Boys WinnerM-18 Girls WinnerM-15 Girls WinnerM-12 Girls Winner
2010The 1st Asia Pacific Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China -Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China -Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2013The 2nd Asia Pacific Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2014The 3rd Asia Pacific Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China
2016The 4th Asia Pacific Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China

Southeast Asia Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2009The 1st Southeast Asia Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Thailand.svg  Thailand Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore -
2011The 2nd Southeast Asia Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore
2013The 3rd Southeast Asia Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Thailand.svg  Thailand Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore
2015The 4th Southeast Asia Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore
2017The 5th Southeast Asia Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Thailand.svg  Thailand

South Asian Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2012The 1nd South Asian Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Nepal.svg    Nepal Flag of India.svg  India -
2014The 2nd South Asian Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Nepal.svg    Nepal Flag of India.svg  India -
2016The 3rd South Asian Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of India.svg  India Flag of India.svg  India -

East Asian Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2016The 1st East Asian Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China -
2017The 2nd East Asian Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of South Korea.svg  South Korea

European Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2003The 1st European Tchoukball Championships Flag of Italy.svg Italy Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
2006The 2nd European Tchoukball Championships Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
2008The 3rd European Tchoukball Championships Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
2010The 4th European Tchoukball Championships Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
2014The 5th European Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
2016The 6th European Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland

European Youth Tchoukball Championships

Year/DatesCompetitionHost NationM-18 Boys WinnerM-15 Boys WinnerM-12 Boys WinnerM-18 Girls WinnerM-15 Girls WinnerM-12 Girls Winner
2016The 1st European Youth Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic -Flag of Austria.svg  Austria -

African Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2010The 1st African Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Ghana.svg  Ghana Flag of Togo.svg  Togo Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal
2012The 2nd African Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Togo.svg  Togo Flag of Togo.svg  Togo
2014The 3rd African Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Benin.svg  Benin Flag of Togo.svg  Togo
2016The 4th African Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Kenya.svg  Kenya Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon

East African Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2014The 1st East African Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Uganda.svg  Uganda Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda

Pan American Tchoukball Championships

YearCompetitionHost NationMen WinnersWomen Winners
2010The 1st Pan American Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
2012The 2nd Pan American Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
2014The 3rd Pan American Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
2016The 4th Pan American Tchoukball ChampionshipsFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay

Notable injuries

During a community match in Kingston, Ontario, Canada on February 8, 2015, tchoukball player Arthur Freitas sustained serious facial injuries. His team would go on to win the match. This is the first and only reported tchoukball-related injury.[ citation needed ]

FITB presidents

NameNationYearsFITB headquarters
Dr Hermann BrandtFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 1971–1972 Geneva, Switzerland
Dr Théodore WereyFlag of France.svg  France 1972–1984France
Liu ZhengfengFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China 1984–1996 Taoyuan County, Republic of China
John AndrewsFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 1996–2000United Kingdom
Michel FarveFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 2000–2004Switzerland
Daniel BushbeckFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 2004–2009Geneva, Switzerland
Huang Chin ChengFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China 2009–2017 Kaohsiung City, Republic of China
Fang Shen SzuFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China 2017–present New Taipei City, Republic of China

Notes

  1. Brandt, H., Etude scientifique des sports d’équipe, Ed. Roulet, Geneva, 1971

Associations

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