Tehama County, California

Last updated
Tehama County, California
County of Tehama
Ishi Wilderness.jpg
State Theater 1946 - Red Bluff, CA.JPG
Lassen NP headquarters.jpg
Front of William B. Ide Adobe.JPG
Images, from top down, left to right: Black Rock in the Ishi Wilderness, State Theatre in Red Bluff, Park Headquarters in Lassen Volcanic National Park, front of the William B. Ide Adobe
Seal of Tehama County, California.png
Seal
Map of California highlighting Tehama County.svg
Location in the U.S. state of California
Map of USA CA.svg
California's location in the United States
Country Flag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of California.svg  California
Region Shasta Cascade
Incorporated 1856
Seat Red Bluff
Largest cityRed Bluff
Area
  Total2,962 sq mi (7,670 km2)
  Land2,950 sq mi (7,600 km2)
  Water12 sq mi (30 km2)
Population
  Total63,463
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
65,084
  Density21/sq mi (8.3/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific Standard Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Website www.co.tehama.ca.us

Tehama County ( /təˈhmə/ tə-HAY-mə) is a county located in the northern part of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 63,463. [1] The county seat and largest city is Red Bluff. [3]

Contents

Tehama County comprises the Red Bluff, California micropolitan statistical area, which is also included in the Redding-Red Bluff, California combined statistical area. The county is bisected by the Sacramento River.

History

Tehama County was formed from parts of Butte, Colusa, and Shasta Counties in 1856.

The county is named for the City of Tehama. The origin of the name is not known. Suggested possible roots are the Spanish language word tejamanil (shingle), or "high water" in the dialect of local Native Americans.

The first permanent non-indigenous settlers in the area that is now Tehama County were Robert Hasty Thomes, Albert Gallatin Toomes, William George Chard, and Job Francis Dye. The four men were each given land grants by the government of Mexico in 1844. Thomes received Rancho Saucos, Toomes received Rancho Rio de los Molinos, Chard received Rancho Las Flores, and Dye received Rancho Primer Cañon o Rio de Los Berrendos. Later in the same year Josiah Belden received Rancho Barranca Colorado. [4]

Famous early figures include Kit Carson, who took part in a fight that gave name to Bloody Island and Battle Creek, Jedediah Smith, John C. Fremont, and William B. Ide, the first and only president of the California Republic.

The history of Tehama County includes the January 1886 relocation of Red Bluff's Chinese population, followed by the August 1886 torching of Red Bluff's Chinatown by alleged arsonists. [5] The January 29th, 1886 edition of The Daily Alta detailed 'The Anti-Coolie Move' and confirms that a secret anti-Chinese meeting was convened in the town of Tehama, and an organization established to relocate the estimated 2,000 Chinese in and around Vina. Secret daily anti-Chinese caucuses in Red Bluff were also held. [6]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,962 square miles (7,670 km2), of which 2,950 square miles (7,600 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (0.4%) is water. [7] Watercourses in Tehama County include Dye Creek and Payne's Creek. The county is intersected by Sacramento River. [8] A small part of Lassen Volcanic National Park extends into the northeast corner of the county. The highest point of the county [9] is Brokeoff Mountain (9,235 feet [10] ).

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

Tehama Rural Area Express (TRAX) operates local service in Red Bluff and service to Los Molinos and Corning. Greyhound buses stop in Red Bluff.

Airports

Red Bluff Municipal Airport and Corning Municipal Airport are two general aviation airports.

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Demographics

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Tehama County had a population of 63,463. The racial makeup of Tehama County was 51,721 (81.5%) White, 406 (0.6%) African American, 1,644 (2.6%) Native American, 656 (1.0%) Asian, 76 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 6,258 (9.9%) from other races, and 2,702 (4.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13,906 persons (21.9%). [21]

2000

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860 4,044
1870 3,587−11.3%
1880 9,301159.3%
1890 9,9166.6%
1900 10,99610.9%
1910 11,4013.7%
1920 12,88213.0%
1930 13,8667.6%
1940 14,3163.2%
1950 19,27634.6%
1960 25,30531.3%
1970 29,51716.6%
1980 38,88831.7%
1990 49,62527.6%
2000 56,03912.9%
2010 63,46313.2%
Est. 201965,084 [2] 2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [22]
1790-1960 [23] 1900-1990 [24]
1990-2000 [25] 2010-2015 [1]

As of the census [26] of 2000, there were 56,039 people, 21,013 households, and 14,898 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km2). There were 23,547 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.8% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 2.1% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.3% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. 15.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.4% were of German, 11.0% English, 9.6% Irish and 9.5% American ancestry according to the 2000 United States Census. 86.0% spoke English and 13.0% Spanish as their first language.

There were 21,013 households, out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,206, and the median income for a family was $37,277. Males had a median income of $30,872 versus $22,864 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,793. About 13.0% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

Tehama is a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976. Bill Clinton won a plurality in 1992.

Presidential elections results
Tehama County vote
by party in presidential elections
[28]
Year REP DEM Others
2016 64.81%15,49428.48% 6,8096.71% 1,605
2012 61.95%14,23534.53% 7,9343.52% 808
2008 60.44%14,84336.42% 8,9453.14% 772
2004 66.42%15,57232.01% 7,5041.57% 368
2000 63.63%13,27031.20% 6,5075.16% 1,077
1996 50.34%10,29235.66% 7,29013.99% 2,861
1992 35.36% 7,41935.79%7,50828.85% 6,052
1988 56.52%9,85441.37% 7,2132.11% 367
1984 62.78%11,58635.37% 6,5271.85% 342
1980 59.13%9,14031.26% 4,8329.61% 1,485
1976 44.81% 6,11051.27%6,9903.92% 535
1972 48.73%6,05441.65% 5,1759.62% 1,195
1968 47.26%5,19841.50% 4,56511.24% 1,236
1964 39.50% 4,52960.42%6,9280.09% 10
1960 49.96%5,52249.61% 5,4830.43% 47
1956 53.82%4,86645.82% 4,1430.36% 33
1952 64.31%5,74234.83% 3,1100.86% 77
1948 51.27%3,34844.72% 2,9204.02% 262
1944 47.79% 2,90351.53%3,1300.68% 41
1940 43.95% 2,91354.59%3,6181.46% 97
1936 38.46% 2,37659.68%3,6871.86% 115
1932 34.20% 2,00160.40%3,5345.40% 316
1928 65.58%3,39331.89% 1,6502.53% 131
1924 45.97%1,94311.50% 48642.54% 1,798
1920 61.81%2,46227.09% 1,07911.10% 442
1916 36.32% 1,73952.92%2,53410.76% 515
1912 0.38% 1347.16% 1,59552.45%1,774
1908 47.46%1,06439.88% 89412.67% 284
1904 56.32%1,23432.86% 72010.82% 237
1900 50.35%1,21047.36% 1,1382.29% 55
1896 45.39% 96953.16%1,1351.45% 31
1892 43.39% 96946.80%1,0459.80% 219

In the United States House of Representatives, Tehama County is in California's 1st congressional district , represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa. [29]

In the California State Legislature, the county is in the 4th Senate District , represented by Republican Jim Nielsen, [30] and the 3rd Assembly District , represented by Republican James Gallagher.

On November 4, 2008, Tehama County voted 72.7% for Proposition 8, which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages. [31]

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Tehama County. [32]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2010 Census)
1 Red Bluff City14,076
2 Corning City7,663
3 Lake California CDP3,054
4 Los Molinos CDP2,037
5 Rancho Tehama Reserve CDP1,485
6 Gerber CDP1,060
7 Bend CDP619
8 Tehama City418
9 Manton CDP347
10 Richfield CDP306
11 Proberta CDP267
12 Vina CDP237
13 Las Flores CDP187
14 Mineral CDP123
15 Paskenta CDP112
16 Flournoy CDP101
17 Paynes Creek CDP57

See also

Notes

  1. Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
  2. Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  3. Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  4. 1 2 Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.

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Coordinates: 40°08′N122°14′W / 40.13°N 122.23°W / 40.13; -122.23