Tehama County, California
|County of Tehama|
|County seat||Red Bluff|
|Largest city||Red Bluff|
|• Chair||Candy Carlson|
|• Vice Chair||William Moule|
|• Board of Supervisors|
|• Chief Administrator||Gabriel Hydrick|
|• Total||2,962 sq mi (7,670 km2)|
|• Land||2,950 sq mi (7,600 km2)|
|• Water||12 sq mi (30 km2)|
|Highest elevation||9,239 ft (2,816 m)|
|• Density||22/sq mi (8.6/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific Standard Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight Time)|
Tehama County ( // ( listen ) tə-HAY-mə; Wintun for "high water") is a county located in the northern part of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 65,829. The county seat and largest city is Red Bluff.
Tehama County comprises the Red Bluff, California micropolitan statistical area, which is also included in the Redding-Red Bluff, California combined statistical area. The county is bisected by the Sacramento River.
The county is named for the City of Tehama. Tehama is most commonly believed to be derived from the Wintun word for "high water". Others definitions of native origin that have been proposed such as "low land", "salmon", "mother nature" or "shallow". A less accepted theory proposes the names origin is tejamanil, shingle in Spanish.
Tehama County was formed from parts of Butte, Colusa, and Shasta Counties in 1856.
The first permanent non-indigenous settlers in the area that is now Tehama County were Robert Hasty Thomes, Albert Gallatin Toomes, William George Chard, and Job Francis Dye. The four men were each given land grants by the government of Mexico in 1844. Thomes received Rancho Saucos, Toomes received Rancho Rio de los Molinos, Chard received Rancho Las Flores, and Dye received Rancho Primer Cañon o Rio de Los Berrendos. Later in the same year Josiah Belden received Rancho Barranca Colorado.
Famous early figures include Kit Carson, who took part in a fight that gave name to Bloody Island and Battle Creek, Jedediah Smith, John C. Fremont, and William B. Ide, the first and only president of the California Republic.
The history of Tehama County includes the January 1886 relocation of Red Bluff's Chinese population, followed by the August 1886 torching of Red Bluff's Chinatown by alleged arsonists.The January 29th, 1886 edition of The Daily Alta detailed 'The Anti-Coolie Move' and confirms that a secret anti-Chinese meeting was convened in the town of Tehama, and an organization established to relocate the estimated 2,000 Chinese in and around Vina. Secret daily anti-Chinese caucuses in Red Bluff were also held.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,962 square miles (7,670 km2), of which 2,950 square miles (7,600 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (0.4%) is water. Watercourses in Tehama County include Dye Creek and Payne's Creek. The county is intersected by Sacramento River. A small part of Lassen Volcanic National Park extends into the northeast corner of the county. The highest point of the county is Brokeoff Mountain (9,235 feet ).
Tehama Rural Area Express (TRAX) operates local service in Red Bluff and service to Los Molinos and Corning. Greyhound buses stop in Red Bluff.
Red Bluff Municipal Airport and Corning Municipal Airport are two general aviation airports.
The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.
|Population and crime rates|
|Motor vehicle theft||136||2.16|
|Cities by population and crime rates|
|City||Population||Violent crimes||Violent crime rate|
per 1,000 persons
|Property crimes||Property crime rate|
per 1,000 persons
|U.S. Decennial Census |
1990-2000 2010 2020
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||45,603||41,340||71.86%||62.80%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||349||391||0.55%||0.59%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||1,205||1,167||1.90%||1.77%|
|Asian alone (NH)||625||985||0.98%||1.50%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||64||96||0.10%||0.15%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||67||324||0.11%||0.49%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||1,644||3,588||2.59%||5.45%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||13,906||17,938||21.91%||27.25%|
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
|Population, race, and income|
|Black or African American||418||0.7%|
|American Indian or Alaska Native||1,426||2.3%|
|Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander||69||0.1%|
|Some other race||4,159||6.6%|
|Two or more races||2,532||4.0%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||13,491||21.4%|
|Per capita income||$20,689|
|Median household income||$38,753|
|Median family income||$46,805|
|Places by population and race|
|Place||Type||Population||White||Other ||Asian||Black or African|
|Native American ||Hispanic or Latino|
(of any race)
|Places by population and income|
|Place||Type||Population||Per capita income||Median household income||Median family income|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Tehama County had a population of 63,463. The racial makeup of Tehama County was 51,721 (81.5%) White, 406 (0.6%) African American, 1,644 (2.6%) Native American, 656 (1.0%) Asian, 76 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 6,258 (9.9%) from other races, and 2,702 (4.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13,906 persons (21.9%).
|Population reported at 2010 United States Census|
(of any race)
(of any race)
(of any race)
(of any race)
|All others not CDPs (combined)||31,314||26,418||185||693||308||33||2,511||1,166||5,621|
As of the census mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.8% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 2.1% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.3% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. 15.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.4% were of German, 11.0% English, 9.6% Irish and 9.5% American ancestry according to the 2000 United States Census. 86.0% spoke English and 13.0% Spanish as their first language.of 2000, there were 56,039 people, 21,013 households, and 14,898 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km2). There were 23,547 housing units at an average density of 8 per square
There were 21,013 households, out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,206, and the median income for a family was $37,277. Males had a median income of $30,872 versus $22,864 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,793. About 13.0% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.
|Population and registered voters|
|Peace and Freedom||92||0.3%|
|No party preference||5,719||18.8%|
|Cities by population and voter registration|
|City||Population||Registered voters ||Democratic||Republican||D–R spread||Other||No party preference|
Tehama is a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976. Bill Clinton won a plurality in 1992.
In the United States House of Representatives, Tehama County is in California's 1st congressional district , represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.
In the California State Legislature, the county is in the 4th Senate District , represented by Democrat Marie Alvarado-Gil, and the 3rd Assembly District , represented by Republican James Gallagher.
On November 4, 2008, Tehama County voted 72.7% for Proposition 8, which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Tehama County.
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2020 Census)|
|1||† Red Bluff||City||14,710|
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