Tehama County, California

Last updated

Tehama County, California
County of Tehama
Ishi Wilderness.jpg
State Theater 1946 - Red Bluff, CA.JPG
Lassen NP headquarters.jpg
Front of William B. Ide Adobe.JPG
Images, from top down, left to right: Black Rock in the Ishi Wilderness, State Theatre in Red Bluff, Park Headquarters in Lassen Volcanic National Park, front of the William B. Ide Adobe
Seal of Tehama County, California.png
Tehama County, California
Interactive map of Tehama County
Map of California highlighting Tehama County.svg
Location in the state of California
Country Flag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of California.svg  California
Region Shasta Cascade
Incorporated 1856
County seat Red Bluff
Largest cityRed Bluff
Government
  Type Council–Administrator
  ChairCandy Carlson
  Vice ChairWilliam Moule
  Board of Supervisors [1]
Supervisors
  • William Moule
  • Candy Carlson
  • Dennis Garton
  • Bob Williams
  • John Leach
  Chief AdministratorGabriel Hydrick
Area
  Total2,962 sq mi (7,670 km2)
  Land2,950 sq mi (7,600 km2)
  Water12 sq mi (30 km2)
Highest elevation
[2]
9,239 ft (2,816 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total65,829
  Density22/sq mi (8.6/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific Standard Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Website www.co.tehama.ca.us

Tehama County ( /təˈhmə/ ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ) tə-HAY-mə; Wintun for "high water") is a county located in the northern part of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 65,829. [3] The county seat and largest city is Red Bluff. [4]

Contents

Tehama County comprises the Red Bluff, California micropolitan statistical area, which is also included in the Redding-Red Bluff, California combined statistical area. The county is bisected by the Sacramento River.

Etymology

The county is named for the City of Tehama. Tehama is most commonly believed to be derived from the Wintun word for "high water". Others definitions of native origin that have been proposed such as "low land", "salmon", "mother nature" or "shallow". A less accepted theory proposes the names origin is tejamanil, shingle in Spanish.

History

Tehama County was formed from parts of Butte, Colusa, and Shasta Counties in 1856.

The first permanent non-indigenous settlers in the area that is now Tehama County were Robert Hasty Thomes, Albert Gallatin Toomes, William George Chard, and Job Francis Dye. The four men were each given land grants by the government of Mexico in 1844. Thomes received Rancho Saucos, Toomes received Rancho Rio de los Molinos, Chard received Rancho Las Flores, and Dye received Rancho Primer Cañon o Rio de Los Berrendos. Later in the same year Josiah Belden received Rancho Barranca Colorado. [5]

Famous early figures include Kit Carson, who took part in a fight that gave name to Bloody Island and Battle Creek, Jedediah Smith, John C. Fremont, and William B. Ide, the first and only president of the California Republic.

The history of Tehama County includes the January 1886 relocation of Red Bluff's Chinese population, followed by the August 1886 torching of Red Bluff's Chinatown by alleged arsonists. [6] The January 29th, 1886 edition of The Daily Alta detailed 'The Anti-Coolie Move' and confirms that a secret anti-Chinese meeting was convened in the town of Tehama, and an organization established to relocate the estimated 2,000 Chinese in and around Vina. Secret daily anti-Chinese caucuses in Red Bluff were also held. [7]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,962 square miles (7,670 km2), of which 2,950 square miles (7,600 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (0.4%) is water. [8] Watercourses in Tehama County include Dye Creek and Payne's Creek. The county is intersected by Sacramento River. [9] A small part of Lassen Volcanic National Park extends into the northeast corner of the county. The highest point of the county [10] is Brokeoff Mountain (9,235 feet [11] ).

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

Tehama Rural Area Express (TRAX) operates local service in Red Bluff and service to Los Molinos and Corning. Greyhound buses stop in Red Bluff.

Airports

Red Bluff Municipal Airport and Corning Municipal Airport are two general aviation airports.

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860 4,044
1870 3,587−11.3%
1880 9,301159.3%
1890 9,9166.6%
1900 10,99610.9%
1910 11,4013.7%
1920 12,88213.0%
1930 13,8667.6%
1940 14,3163.2%
1950 19,27634.6%
1960 25,30531.3%
1970 29,51716.6%
1980 38,88831.7%
1990 49,62527.6%
2000 56,03912.9%
2010 63,46313.2%
2020 65,8293.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [15]
1790-1960 [16] 1900-1990 [17]
1990-2000 [18] 2010 [19] 2020 [20]

2020 census

Tehama County, California - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / EthnicityPop 2010 [19] Pop 2020 [20] % 2010% 2020
White alone (NH)45,60341,34071.86%62.80%
Black or African American alone (NH)3493910.55%0.59%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)1,2051,1671.90%1.77%
Asian alone (NH)6259850.98%1.50%
Pacific Islander alone (NH)64960.10%0.15%
Some Other Race alone (NH)673240.11%0.49%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)1,6443,5882.59%5.45%
Hispanic or Latino (any race)13,90617,93821.91%27.25%
Total63,46365,829100.00%100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010 Census

The 2010 United States Census reported that Tehama County had a population of 63,463. The racial makeup of Tehama County was 51,721 (81.5%) White, 406 (0.6%) African American, 1,644 (2.6%) Native American, 656 (1.0%) Asian, 76 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 6,258 (9.9%) from other races, and 2,702 (4.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13,906 persons (21.9%). [28]

2000 Census

As of the census [29] of 2000, there were 56,039 people, 21,013 households, and 14,898 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km2). There were 23,547 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.8% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 2.1% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.3% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. 15.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.4% were of German, 11.0% English, 9.6% Irish and 9.5% American ancestry according to the 2000 United States Census. 86.0% spoke English and 13.0% Spanish as their first language.

There were 21,013 households, out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,206, and the median income for a family was $37,277. Males had a median income of $30,872 versus $22,864 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,793. About 13.0% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

Tehama is a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976. Bill Clinton won a plurality in 1992.

United States presidential election results for Tehama County, California [31]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 19,14166.62%8,91131.02%6792.36%
2016 15,49464.81%6,80928.48%1,6056.71%
2012 14,23561.95%7,93434.53%8083.52%
2008 14,84360.44%8,94536.42%7723.14%
2004 15,57266.42%7,50432.01%3681.57%
2000 13,27063.63%6,50731.20%1,0775.16%
1996 10,29250.34%7,29035.66%2,86114.00%
1992 7,41935.36%7,50835.79%6,05228.85%
1988 9,85456.52%7,21341.37%3672.11%
1984 11,58662.78%6,52735.37%3421.85%
1980 9,14059.13%4,83231.26%1,4859.61%
1976 6,11044.81%6,99051.27%5353.92%
1972 6,05448.73%5,17541.65%1,1959.62%
1968 5,19847.26%4,56541.50%1,23611.24%
1964 4,52939.50%6,92860.42%100.09%
1960 5,52249.96%5,48349.61%470.43%
1956 4,86653.82%4,14345.82%330.36%
1952 5,74264.31%3,11034.83%770.86%
1948 3,34851.27%2,92044.72%2624.01%
1944 2,90347.79%3,13051.53%410.68%
1940 2,91343.95%3,61854.59%971.46%
1936 2,37638.46%3,68759.68%1151.86%
1932 2,00134.20%3,53460.40%3165.40%
1928 3,39365.58%1,65031.89%1312.53%
1924 1,94345.97%48611.50%1,79842.54%
1920 2,46261.81%1,07927.09%44211.10%
1916 1,73936.32%2,53452.92%51510.76%
1912 130.38%1,59547.16%1,77452.45%
1908 1,06447.46%89439.88%28412.67%
1904 1,23456.32%72032.86%23710.82%
1900 1,21050.35%1,13847.36%552.29%
1896 96945.39%1,13553.16%311.45%
1892 96943.39%1,04546.80%2199.81%
1888 1,17146.88%1,29051.64%371.48%
1884 1,07547.80%1,14650.96%281.24%
1880 86847.61%95452.33%10.05%

In the United States House of Representatives, Tehama County is in California's 1st congressional district , represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa. [32]

In the California State Legislature, the county is in the 4th Senate District , represented by Democrat Marie Alvarado-Gil, [33] and the 3rd Assembly District , represented by Republican James Gallagher.

On November 4, 2008, Tehama County voted 72.7% for Proposition 8, which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages. [34]

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Census-designated places

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Tehama County. [35]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2020 Census)
1 Red Bluff City14,710
2 Corning City8,244
3 Lake California CDP3,377
4 Los Molinos CDP2,098
5 Rancho Tehama CDP1,572
6 Gerber CDP1,044
7 Bend CDP603
8 Tehama City435
9 Manton CDP310
10 Richfield CDP309
11 Proberta CDP237
12 Vina CDP198
13 Las Flores CDP190
14 Mineral CDP136
15 Flournoy CDP117
16 Paskenta CDP110
17 Paynes Creek CDP54

See also

Notes

  1. Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
  2. Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  3. Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  4. 1 2 Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sacramento County, California</span> County in California, United States

Sacramento County is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 1,585,055. Its county seat is Sacramento, which has been the state capital of California since 1854.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Amador County, California</span> County in California, United States

Amador County is a county located in the U.S. state of California, in the Sierra Nevada. As of the 2020 census, the population was 40,474. The county seat is Jackson. Amador County, located within California's Gold Country, is known as "The Heart of the Mother Lode". There is a substantial viticultural industry in the county.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Butte County, California</span> County in California, United States

Butte County is a county located in the northern part of the U.S. state of California. In the 2020 census, its population was 211,632. The county seat is Oroville.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Calaveras County, California</span> County in California, United States

Calaveras County, officially the County of Calaveras, is a county in both the Gold Country and High Sierra regions of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,292. The county seat is San Andreas. Angels Camp is the county's only incorporated city. Calaveras is Spanish for "skulls"; the county was reportedly named for the remains of Native Americans discovered by the Spanish explorer Captain Gabriel Moraga.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Colusa County, California</span> County in California, United States

Colusa County is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 21,839. The county seat is Colusa. It is in the North Valley of California, northwest of the state capital, Sacramento.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Glenn County, California</span> County in California, United States

Glenn County is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 28,917. The county seat is Willows. It is located in the Sacramento Valley, in the northern part of the California Central Valley. The Grindstone Rancheria, reservation of the Grindstone Indian Rancheria of Wintun-Wailaki Indians, is located in Glenn County.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Madera County, California</span> County in California, United States

Madera County, officially the County of Madera, is a county at the geographic center of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 156,255. The county seat is Madera.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Merced County, California</span> County in California, United States

Merced County, is a county located in the northern San Joaquin Valley section of the Central Valley, in the U.S. state of California.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mono County, California</span> County in California, United States

Mono County is a county located in the east central portion of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 13,195, making it the fourth-least populous county in California. The county seat is Bridgeport. The county is located east of the Sierra Nevada between Yosemite National Park and Nevada. The only incorporated town in the county is Mammoth Lakes, which is located at the foot of Mammoth Mountain. Other locations, such as June Lake, are also famous as skiing and fishing resorts. Located in the middle of the county is Mono Lake, a vital habitat for millions of migratory and nesting birds. The lake is located in a wild natural setting, with pinnacles of tufa arising out of the salty and alkaline lake. Also located in Mono County is Bodie, the official state gold rush ghost town, which is now a California State Historic Park.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Placer County, California</span> County in California, United States

Placer County, officially the County of Placer, is a county in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 404,739. The county seat is Auburn.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">San Benito County, California</span> County in California, United States

San Benito County, officially the County of San Benito, is a county located in the Coast Range Mountains of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 64,209. The county seat is Hollister.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shasta County, California</span> County in California, United States

Shasta County, officially the County of Shasta, is a county in the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. Its population is 182,155 as of the 2020 census, up from 177,223 from the 2010 census. The county seat is Redding.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sierra County, California</span> County in California, United States

Sierra County is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 3,236, making it California's second-least populous county. The county seat is Downieville; the sole incorporated city is Loyalton. The county is in the Sierra Nevada, northeast of Sacramento on the border with Nevada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stanislaus County, California</span> County in California, United States

Stanislaus County is a county located in the San Joaquin Valley of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 552,878. The county seat is Modesto.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sutter County, California</span> County in California, United States

Sutter County is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 99,633. The county seat is Yuba City. Sutter County is included in the Yuba City, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Sacramento-Roseville, CA Combined Statistical Area. The county is located along the Sacramento River in the Sacramento Valley.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tuolumne County, California</span> County in California, United States

Tuolumne County, officially the County of Tuolumne, is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 55,620. The county seat and only incorporated city is Sonora.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yuba County, California</span> County in California, United States

Yuba County is a county in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 U.S. Census, the population was 81,575. The county seat is Marysville. Yuba County is included in the Yuba City, California Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Sacramento–Roseville, California Combined Statistical Area. The county is in the Central Valley region along the Feather River.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Red Bluff, California</span> City in the state of California, United States

Red Bluff is a city in and the county seat of Tehama County, California, United States. The population was 14,710 at the 2020 census, up from 14,076 at the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tehama, California</span> City in the state of California, United States

Tehama is a city in Tehama County, California, United States. The population was 418 at the 2010 census, down from 432 at the 2000 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Riverside County, California</span> County in southern portion of California, United States

Riverside County is a county located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 2,418,185, making it the fourth-most populous county in California and the 10th-most populous in the United States. The name was derived from the city of Riverside, which is the county seat.

References

  1. "Board of Supervisors".
  2. Brokeoff Mountain
  3. "Tehama County, California". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. E. J. Lewis ,1891,Tehama County History:A Memorial and Biographical History of Northern California, Lewis Publishing Co., Chicago
  6. Chan, Sucheng (2000). Wu, Jean; Song, Min (eds.). Hostility and Conflict. Asian American studies : a reader. Rutgers University Press. p. 53. ISBN   0-8135-2726-0 . Retrieved October 10, 2015. Via Google Books
  7. "THE ANTI-COOLIE MOVE. Tehama Taking a Hand—Chinese Leaving Sacramento". Daily Alta California . San Francisco, California. January 29, 1886. p. 5, column 4. Retrieved October 10, 2015. Volume 40, Number 13304. Via California Digital Newspaper Collection of the University of California at Riverside
  8. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  9. Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Tehama"  . The American Cyclopædia .
  10. Helman, Adam. "Tehama County - Brokeoff Mountain (9,235 feet)". California County Highpoint Trip Reports. County Highpointers. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
  11. Suess, Bubba. "Brokeoff Mountain". SummitPost.org. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009 Archived 2013-12-02 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  14. 1 2 3 United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  15. "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau . Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  16. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  17. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  18. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
  19. 1 2 "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Tehama County, California". United States Census Bureau .
  20. 1 2 "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Tehama County, California". United States Census Bureau .
  21. 1 2 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  22. 1 2 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  23. 1 2 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  24. 1 2 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  25. 1 2 U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  26. U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. U.S. Census website. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  27. Data unavailable
  28. "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
  29. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  30. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration Archived July 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  31. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
  32. "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved February 28, 2013.
  33. "Communities of Interest — County". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Archived from the original on October 23, 2015. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
  34. "County Results - Election Center 2008 - Elections & Politics from CNN.com". cnn.com.
  35. "2020 Census".

Coordinates: 40°08′N122°14′W / 40.13°N 122.23°W / 40.13; -122.23