Counties of Tehran Province
Location of Tehran Province in Iran
|• Governor||Anoushirvan Mohseni Bandpey|
|• Total||18,814 km2 (7,264 sq mi)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+03:30 (IRST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+04:30 (IRDT)|
|HDI (2018)||0.834 |
very high · 1st
Tehran Province (Persian : استان تهرانOstān-e Tehrān) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It covers an area of 18,814 square kilometres (7,264 sq mi) and is located to the north of the central plateau of Iran.
The province was put as part of the First Region with its secretariat located in its capital city, Tehran, upon the division of the provinces into 5 regions solely for coordination and development purposes on June 22, 2014.
Tehran Province borders Mazandaran Province in the north, Qom Province in the south, Semnan Province in the east, and Alborz Province in the west. The metropolis of Tehran is the capital city of the province and of Iran. As of June 2005 [update] , this province includes 13 townships, 43 municipalities, and 1358 villages.
Tehran Province is the richest province of Iran as it contributes approximately 29% of the country's GDP. Furthermore, it houses approximately 18% of the country's population. Tehran Province is the most industrialized province in Iran; 86.5% of its population resides in urban areas and 13.5% of its population resides in rural areas.
The province gained importance when Tehran was claimed the capital by the Qajar dynasty in 1778. Today, Tehran, with a population of 8 million, is ranked amongst the 40 most populous metropolitan cities of the world.
The province of Tehran has over 12 million inhabitants and is Iran's most densely populated region. Approximately 86.5 percent reside in urban areas and 13.5 percent in rural areas of the province.
The largest rivers of this province are Karaj River and Jajrood River.
Mountain ranges such as The Alborz span the north; Savad Kooh and Firooz Kooh are located in the north east; Lavasanat, Qarah Daq, Shemiranat, Hassan Abad and Namak Mountains are in the southern areas; Bibi Shahr Banoo and Alqadr are situated in the south east and the heights of Qasr-e-Firoozeh being located to the east of the province.
Environmentally, the climate of Tehran province is stable and has 4 seasons, in winter it's cold and snowy, in spring & autumn it's mild and fresh and rainy, and in summer it's warm to hot and dry. but in the mountains it is cold & and semi-humid all year round, and in the higher regions is cold with long winters. The hottest months of the year are from mid-July to mid-September when temperatures range from 28 °C (82 °F) to 30 °C (86 °F) and the coldest months experience 1 °C (34 °F) around January–February, but at certain times in winter it can reach −20 °C (−4 °F). Tehran city has cold winters and warm to hot summers. Average annual rainfall is approximately 200 millimetres (7.9 in), the maximum being during the winter season mostly in the form of snow. On the whole, the province has a cold semi-arid, steppe climate in the south and an alpine climate in the north.
Tehran Province has several archeological sites indicating settlements dating back several thousand years. Until 300 years ago, Rey was the most prominent of the cities of the province. However, the city of Tehran rose to become the larger city and capital of Iran by 1778, and since then has been the political, cultural, economic, and commercial nucleus of Iran.
Tehran has over 1,500 historical sites of cultural significance registered with the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran. The oldest of these in Tehran province are the remains of two sites in Firuzkuh County that date back to the 4th millennium BCE.
Tehran Province is sub-divided into sixteen Counties (shahrestan), listed below with their populations at the 2016 Census:
The largest cities of Tehran Province are: Andisheh, Baghershahr, Baghestan, Bumehen, Chahardangeh, Damavand, Eslamshahr, Qarchak, Qods, Iran, Golestan, Iran, Shahriar, Malard, Nasimshahr, Pakdasht, Pardis, Pishva, Robat Karim, Shahriar, Tehran, Varamin & Salehieh.
Tehran is the commercial heart of Iran. Tehran province has over 17,000 industrial units employing 390,000 people, 26% of all units in Iran. The province contains 30% of Iran's economy, and comprises 40% of Iran's consumer market. The province has three hydro dams namely Latiyan, Lar, and Amir Kabir as well as two natural lakes, providing the water supply of Tehran and the province.[ citation needed ]
The province contains 170 mines, over 330 square kilometres of forests, and over 12800 square kilometres of pasture.[ citation needed ]
Generally speaking, year round, regions such as the southern slopes of the Alborz Mountains, especially in the mountains, valleys, and rivers and artificial lakes formed behind the great dams of Amir Kabir, Latiyan and Lar along with natural lakes of Jaban and Tarr provide considerable recreation for the province.
Moreover, due to excessive snowfall in the northern areas of the province during the winter season, the Alborz mountains form an excellent environment for winter sports such as skiing. Dizin, Shemshak, and Tochal are the most popular skiing resorts.
Tehran Province is covered with and connected to other provinces with a big Freeway and Expressway network:
The city of Tehran is connected to the North, South, West and East with railway. It has weekly trains for Istanbul. Tehran is the headquarters of RAJA (Iran national railway). There maybe plans to build high speed railway lines from Tehran to Mashhad and Isfahan.
Tehran is served by a system of metro of 3 urban lines (1, 2, 4) and one suburban line (5) serving Karaj and Tehran western suburbs. There are plans to extend the system to 8 urban lines and 4 express suburban lines.
Tehran Province has two main passenger airports:
It also has numbers of air force bases.
Tehran province's major universities are:
Mazandaran Province, is an Iranian province located along the southern coast of the Caspian Sea and in the adjacent Central Alborz mountain range, in central-northern Iran.
Damavand is a city and capital of Damavand County, Tehran Province, Iran.
Qazvin Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the north-west of the country, and its center is the city of Qazvin. The province was created in 1993 out of part of Tehran Province. The counties of Qazvin Province are Qazvin County, Takestan County, Abyek County, Buin Zahra County, Mobarakeh County, Alborz County & Avaj County. The largest cities are Qazvin, Takestan, Abyek, Alvand, Iran, Bidestan, Mobarakeh, Mohammadiyeh & Eqbaliyeh.
Qom Province, pre-Islamic Komishan/Qomishan, is one of the 31 provinces of Iran with 11,237 km², covering 0.89% of the total area in Iran. It is in the northern portion of the country, and its provincial capital is the city of Qom. It was formed from part of Tehran Province in 1995. In 2011, the province had a population of 1,151,672 out of which 95.2% resided in urban areas and 4.8% in rural vicinities. The province contains the cities of Qom, Jafariyeh, Dastjerd, Kahak, Qanavat & Salafchegan. Qom County is the sole county in the province.
Qom is the seventh largest metropolis and also the seventh largest city in Iran. Qom is the capital of Qom Province. It is located 140 km (87 mi) to the south of Tehran. At the 2016 census, its population was 1,201,158. It is situated on the banks of the Qom River.
Karaj is the capital of Alborz Province, Iran, and effectively a suburb of Tehran. Although the county hosts a population around 1.97 million, as recorded in the 2016 census, most of the 1,419 km2 (548 sq mi) county is rugged mountain, the urban area is the fourth-largest in Iran, after Tehran, Mashhad, and Isfahan. Eshtehard County and Fardis County were split off from Karaj county since the previous census.
Kashan is a city in the northern part of Isfahan province, Iran. At the 2017 census, its population was 396,987 in 90,828 families.
Parand is a planned city in Robat Karim County, Tehran Province, Iran. Its toponym means "natural silk".
Amol County is a county in Mazandaran Province in Iran. The capital of the county is Amol. At the 2006 census, the county's population was 343,747, in 93,194 families. The county is subdivided into three districts: the Central District, Larijan District, and Dabudasht District. The county has five cities: Amol, Rineh, Gazanak, Dabudasht and Amamzadeh Abdallah.
Road 77, also known as the Haraz Road, is one of the most important roads from Tehran to the northern mountains of Iran, and the Iranian coast on the southern Caspian Sea.
Road 56 is a road in central Iran. It connects the central city of Qom in Qom province to western city of Borujerd in Lorestan province. It starts from the northern Ring road of Qom then connects Qom - and via other roads Tehran and Esfahan - to the industrial city of Arak. After Arak it continues towards west and it ends in Borujerd there run into by Road 37 & Road 52.
Saidabad is a city in Hyderabad, India.
Rudehen is a city and capital of Rudehen District, in Damavand County, Tehran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 19,535, in 5,693 families.
Malekabad or Malikabad or Molkabad or Malkabad or Mallakabad may refer to:
Jalilabad may refer to:
Central Iran consists of the southern slopes of the Alborz Mountains in the north, the Zagros Mountains in south, the Central Iranian Range, and the desert of Dasht-e Kavir.
Freeway 3, or more commonly known as Tehran-Shomal Freeway will be a freeway in Northern Iran, connecting Tehran to cities of western Mazandaran. Currently, sections 1 & 4 are in service and section 2 is under construction. Construction process at section 3 is not started yet. The freeway runs parallel to Road 59, the old road connecting Karaj to Chalus.
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