Tehsil

Last updated

A tehsil (Hindi pronunciation:  [təɦsiːl] , also known as tahsil, taluka, or taluk) is a local unit of administrative division in some countries of the Indian subcontinent that is usually translated to " township ". [1] It is a subdistrict of the area within a district including the designated city, town, hamlet, or other populated place that serves as its administrative centre, with possible additional towns, and usually a number of villages. [2] The terms in India have replaced earlier geographical terms, such as pargana ( pergunnah ) and thana . [3]

Contents

In Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, a newer unit called mandal (circle) has come to replace the system of tehsils. It is generally smaller than a tehsil, and is meant for facilitating local self-government in the panchayat system. [4] In West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, community development blocks are the empowered grassroots administrative unit, replacing tehsils.

As an entity of local government, the tehsil office (panchayat samiti) exercises certain fiscal and administrative power over the villages and municipalities within its jurisdiction. It is the ultimate executive agency for land records and related administrative matters. The chief official is called the tehsildar or, less officially, the talukdar or taluka muktiarkar. Taluk or tehsil can be considered sub-districts in the Indian context. In some instances, tehsils overlap with "blocks" (panchayat union blocks or panchayat development blocks) and come under the land and revenue department, headed by tehsildar; and blocks come under the rural development department, headed by the block development officer and serve different government administrative functions over the same or similar geographical area. [5]

Although they may on occasion share the same area with a subdivision of a revenue division, known as revenue blocks, the two are distinct. For example, Raipur district in Chhattisgarh state is administratively divided into 13 tehsils and 15 revenue blocks. [6] Nevertheless, the two are often conflated.

Background

India, as a vast country, is subdivided into many states and union territories for administrative purposes. Further divisions of these states are known as districts. These districts (jilla/zilla) are again divided into many subdivisions, viz tehsils or talukas. These subdivisions are again divided into gram panchayats or village panchayaths. [7] Initially, this was done for collecting land revenue and administration purposes. But now these subdivisions are governed in tandem with other departments of government like education, agriculture, irrigation, health, police, etc. The different departments of state government generally have offices at tehsil or taluka level to facilitate good governance and to provide facilities to common people easily.[ citation needed ]

Nomenclature

In India, the term tehsil is commonly used in all northern states. In Maharashtra, Gujarat, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, taluka or taluk is more common. [8] In Eastern India, instead of tehsils, the term Subdivisions are used in Bihar, Assam and Jharkhand, West Bengal, as well as large parts of Northeast India. In Arunachal Pradesh, they are called circles.

Tehsil/tahsil and taluka/taluk and the variants are used as English words without further translation. Since these terms are unfamiliar to English speakers outside the subcontinent, the word county has sometimes been provided as a gloss, on the basis that a tehsil, like a county, is an administrative unit hierarchically above the local city, town, or village, but subordinate to a larger state or province. India and Pakistan have an intermediate level of hierarchy (or more than one, at least in parts of India): the district, also sometimes translated as county. In neither case is the analogy very exact.

Organization setup

Tehsildar is the chief or key government officer of each tehsil or taluka. [9] In some states different nomenclature like talukdar, mamledar, amaldar, mandal officer is used. In many states of India, the tehsildar works as a magistrate. Each taluka will have an office called taluka office or tehsil office or tehsildar office at a designated place within taluka area known as taluka headquarters. Tehsildar is the incharge of taluka office. This is similar to district office or district collector at district level.

Throughout India, there is a three-tier local body/Panchayati Raj system within the state. At the top is the jilla/zilla panchayat (parishad). Taluka/Mandal Panchayat/Community Development Block is the second layer of this system and below them are the gram panchayats or village panchayats. These panchayats at all the three levels have elected members from eligible voters of particular subdivision. These elected members form the bodies which help the administration in policy making, development works and bringing grievances of the common public to the notice of administration.

Nayabat is lower part of tehsil which have some powers like tehsil. It can be understood as tehsil is the sub district of a district, similarly Nayabat is the sub tehsil of a tehsil. [10]

See also

Related Research Articles

Taluqdar

The Talukdars or Talukders, were aristocrats who formed the ruling class during the Delhi Sultanate, Bengal Sultanate,Mughal Empire and British times. They were owners of a vast amount of lands, consistently hereditary, and were responsible for collecting taxes. The Taluqdars played helpful roles in the progression of Indian architecture and Indian economy during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb, particularly in Bengal Subah, the most economically developed province in South Asia.

Hyderabad district, India District of Telangana in India

Hyderabad district is a district in the state of Telangana in India that contains a part of the metropolitan area of Hyderabad. It is headed by a district collector who is drawn from the IAS cadre and is appointed by the state government. It is the smallest of all the districts in the state, but has the highest human density. Old MCH area, which is central region of Hyderabad city comes under this district.The district share boundaries with Rangareddy and Medhchal districts.

The administrative divisions of India are subnational administrative units of India; they are composed of a nested hierarchy of country subdivisions.

A subdistrict or sub-district is an administrative division that is generally smaller than a district.

Panchayat samiti is a rural local government (panchayat) body at the intermediate tehsil (taluka/mandal) level in India. It works for the villages of the tehsil that together are called a development block. It has been said to be the "panchayat of panchayats".

Panchayati raj in India

Panchayati Raj is the system of local self-government of villages in rural India as opposed to urban and suburban municipalities.

A block is an administrative division of some South Asian countries.

In India and Pakistan, a tehsildar is a tax officer accompanied by revenue inspectors. They are in charge of obtaining taxes from a tehsil with regard to land revenue. A tehsildar is also known as an Executive Magistrate of the tehsil concerned.

Local government in India refers to governmental jurisdictions below the level of the state. India is a federal republic with three spheres of government: central, state and local. The 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments give recognition and protection to local governments and in addition each state has its own local government legislation. Since 1992, local government in India takes place in two very distinct forms. Urban localities, covered in the 74th amendment to the Constitution, have Nagar Palika but derive their powers from the individual state governments, while the powers of rural localities have been formalized under the panchayati raj system, under the 73rd amendment to the Constitution.

Community development block Town area earmarked for administration and development in India

In India, a community development block is a rural area administratively earmarked for planning and development. The area is administered by a Block Development Officer, supported by several technical specialists and village-level workers. A community development block covers several gram panchayats, the local administrative units at the village level.

Katol taluka is a taluka in Katol subdivision of Nagpur district in Maharashtra state, India. It covers an area of 9,017 hectares, and as of 2001 had a population of 155,668, of whom 37,435 were urban dwellers, and 118,233 were rural. The administrative center of the taluka is the city of Katol.

Udgir Taluka is a taluka and administrative subdivision of Latur District in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The administrative center for the taluka is the town of Udgir. In the 2011 census there were eighty-seven panchayat villages in Udgir Taluka.

Ausa Taluka is a taluka, administrative subdivision, of Latur District in Maharashtra, India. The administrative center for the taluka is the town of Ausa. In the 2011 census there were 108 panchayat villages in Ausa Taluka.

The Zila Panchayat or District Council or Mandal Parishad or District Panchayat is the third tier of the Panchayati Raj system and functions at the district levels in all states. A Zila Parishad is an elected body. Block Pramukh of Block Panchayat are also represented in Zila Parishad. The members of the State Legislature and the members of the Parliament of India are members of the Zila Parishad. The Zila parishad is the top most tier of the panchayat raj system and acts as the link between the state government and the village-level Gram Panchayat.

Block Pramukh (president) are Panchayats at the Apex or District Level in Panchayat Raj Institutions.

References

  1. Bureau, Our (3 May 2006). "Five satellite towns to decongest Bangalore". Business Standard India. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  2. "tehsil". Lexico UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press.
  3. Dutt, Ashok K.; Noble, Allen G.; Costa, Frank J.; Thakur, Sudhir K.; Thakur, Rajiv; Sharma, Hari S. (15 October 2015). Spatial Diversity and Dynamics in Resources and Urban Development: Volume 1: Regional Resources. Springer. ISBN   9789401797719 via Google Books.
  4. Rajiv Balakrishnan (2007), Participatory Pathways: People's Participation in Development Initiatives, Pearson Education India, pp. 65–, ISBN   978-81-317-0034-1
  5. Sharma, A. K. (2012). Population and Society. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company. p. 53. ISBN   978-81-8069-818-7. The main purpose of the census is to provide data on size and composition of population of India and its geographic divisions, i.e., population of different states and union territories, districts, blocks and villages.
  6. Rahman, Syed Amanur, ed. (2006). The Beautiful India: Chhatisgarh. New Delhi: Reference Press. p. 34]. ISBN   978-81-8405-017-2.
  7. "class six civics pacnhayati raj". www.excellup.com.
  8. "taluk". dictionary.com. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  9. "Notes On Rural Administration - Tamilnadu board Class 6 Civics". www.nextgurukul.in. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  10. "Complete List of New Administrative Units". Greater Kashmir. 14 March 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2020.