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|Culture of Peru|
Television in Peru has a history of more than 60 years. There are 105 television broadcasters in Peru, 22 of which are in Lima. In regard to television receivers, in 2003 there were 5,470,000 — that is 200 televisions for every thousand inhabitants. The number of cable subscribers was 967,943 in 2011.
The first experimental transmission of television in Peru occurred on September 21, 1939, transmitting a film and an artistic program from Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe school in Lima. Another test transmission was made by Antonio Pereyra from the Bolivar Hotel on May 28, 1954. On January 17, 1958, the Ministry of Education and UNESCO inaugurated the State Channel 7 and conducted a test broadcast.The first commercial television broadcast was on Channel 4 Radio América in Lima, on December 15, 1958 by Nicanor González and José Antonio Umbert. Channel 4 Radio America's creation was possible because of an agreement with NBC and RCA.
Several commercial television stations followed, including Channel 2 (Radiodifusora Victoria S.A.), Channel 13 — later changed to Channel 5 (Panamericana Televisión S.A.), Channel 9 (Compañía Peruana de Producciones Radiales y TV), Channel 11 (Bego Televisión S.A.). Many of them soon acquired — or were associated with — stations outside Metropolitan Lima. In just two months, November and December 1959, Lima stores recorded sales of 10,000 television sets, and full page ads in newspapers and magazines announced the start of the era of television in Peru. By April 1960, there were 55,000 television sets operating in the Peruvian capital. The growth was explosive, considering the fact that in 1958 there were only 5,000 televisions.
This section needs expansionwith: What format is the digital television broadcast in?. You can help by adding to it.(May 2019)
On March 30, 2010, Peru starts digital television transition, with TV Perú being the first television station to begin broadcast digitally.The analog broadcast in Peru will be discontinued in 2020.
The broadcast stations in Lima are:
On VHF (Except for Channel 11, all are national chains that transmit via satellite all across the country.)
On TDT HD:
There are three major cable providers in Peru: Movistar TV (Telefónica), DirecTV, and Claro TV (formerly Cable Express, Megacable, and Telmex TV). The following are Media Networks channels used exclusively for Movistar TV:
The Catholic Church in Peru is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope, the curia in Rome, and the Peruvian Episcopal Conference.
ATV, is a Peruvian television network founded in 1959 and relaunched in 1983. The network is the flagship property of Grupo ATV one of Peru’s largest media and broadcasting companies.
América Televisión is a Peruvian television network, founded in 1958. The network is owned by Plural TV, which is a joint venture of the El Comercio and La República daily newspapers. It was the second television channel to be founded in Peru, the first commercial station with regular broadcasts, and Peru's highest-rated network.
Movistar TV is a subscription television service operated by Telefónica. Currently, the service is available in Chile, Perú, Colombia, El Salvador, Venezuela and Argentina. In Spain, this service merged with the satellite platform Canal+, resulting in a new platform called Movistar+.
Radio Programas del Perú (RPP) is a radio and television broadcasting company in Peru within the Grupo RPP formed in Lima in 1963 by Manuel Delgado Parker and Emilio Checa. RPP has the largest radio coverage in Peru, covering 97 percent of the country.
Television in Spain was launched in October 1956, when the state broadcaster Televisión Española (TVE) started regular broadcasts. The first private channels started in 1990. Colour transmissions started in 1972 after two years of test transmissions, with all programming transmitted in color from 1977, and colour commercials, which started in 1978. Currently, television is one of the leading mass media of the country, and by 2008 was in 99.7% of households in Spain according to INE statistics.
Television in Latin America currently includes more than 1,500 television stations and more than 60 million TV sets throughout the 20 countries that constitute Latin America. Due to economic and political problems television networks in some countries of this region have developed less than the North American and European networks, for instance. In other countries like Colombia or Chile, television broadcasting has historically been public-broadcast dominated until the 1990s. The largest commercial television groups are Mexico-based Televisa, Brazil-based Globo and Canada-based Canwest Latin American Group. Due to the shared language of Spanish by two thirds of Latin Americans a lot of programmes and broadcasters operate throughout the region, offering both United States television and Spanish-language television.
Antena TV before called Antena Norte is a Peruvian television station, which transmits its signal since 2003, from Trujillo city for several cities of Peru. The channel is operated by Grupo NORTEL - RED TV company. It was one of the first regional channels airing in Trujillo city.
Telefe Internacional is the international signal of Argentina's channel Telefe. It broadcasts television programs produced by Telefe, mostly consisting of telenovelas, series, comedies, teen and children's series, etc. It is available in Asia, America, Europe, Canada, Oceania, Israel, Africa and now in the Philippines.
Grupo ATV is a media conglomerate Peruvian television communication company created in 2006, which is owned by the conglomerate Albavisión television, owned by Remigio Angel González.
Global Television is a television network that transmits to all of Peru. It was founded in 1986 and is one of the six networks with national coverage.
Mávila Milagros Huertas Centurión is a Peruvian journalist, writer, actress, and radio and television presenter.